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Re: [beemonitoring] draft North American Pronunciation Guide to the Genera of Bees

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  • Jamese_Hemsley@nps.gov
    Hey. Sam, Is there a Pronunciation Guide that don t have all the names crossed out as viewed on your attachment or is this something that is retrievable from
    Message 1 of 3 , Aug 14, 2008
    • 0 Attachment
      Hey. Sam,

      Is there a Pronunciation Guide that don't have all the names crossed out as
      viewed on your attachment or is this something that is retrievable from the
      web.

      Any assistance would be greatly appreciated.

      Thanks.
      Jamese H.




      Sam Droege
      <sdroege@...> To: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
      Sent by: cc: (bcc: Jamese Hemsley/NACE/NPS)
      beemonitoring@yaho Subject: [beemonitoring] draft North American Pronunciation Guide to the Genera of
      ogroups.com Bees


      08/13/2008 04:30
      PM AST
      Please respond to
      beemonitoring














      All:





      Below is an expanded file that was created a number of years ago as an aid in
      scientific name pronunciation. It was meant to reflect what was more or less the
      common way to pronounce names in North America...or really in the U.S. since those
      were the people consulted. Originally, it was just a guide to eastern North
      America, but recently Faith Kuehn reminded me t hat I hadn't included this file in
      the Handy Bee Manual and that it was useful to those just starting out.





      I believe the Spanish speaking countries have a very different method of
      pronouncing scientific names and that there may be differences in Canada too. My
      thought would be to keep the guide to English pronunciation and note differences
      between Canada and the U.S. where applicable.





      Since for many of the western genera I have no real experience with pronouncing
      their names out loud I have used my experience with eastern species as a guide as
      well as the information pulled off the web at the very bottom on pronunciation.





      I am looking for corrections or feedback from anyone who cares to contribute, so,
      if you have time please check the list below.








      Thanks.





      sam





      P.S. Some of the formating is off in this email, but will be repaired in the final
      document.





      ------------------------------------------------





      Eastern Bee Genera (and Selected Subgenera) Pronunciation Guide


      Created: Fall 2003 – Modified Summer 2008





      This pronunciation guide is designed to help the beginning bee biologist. What are
      presented appears to be the most commonly underst ood pronunciation of the bee
      genera (and a few subgenera) in North America. You can expect to hear a number of
      differing pronunciations as you talk with researchers and taxonomists, as
      pronunciation is governed by culture rather than set rules. Suggestions for
      changes or additions are encouraged and can be sent to Sam Droege (
      sdroege@...).








      Acanthopus /a-CAN-tho-puss/


      Agapanthinus /aguh-PAN-thin-us


      Agapostemon /ag-uh-PAHST-eh-mon/


      Agapostemonoides /aguh-pahst-em-OH-noy-dees/


      Aglae /AG-lee/


      Aglaomelissa /ag-lay-oh-mel-ISS-uh/


      Ancylandrena /ann-sill-ann-DREE-nuh/


      Ancyloscelis /ann-sill-oh-SELL-iss/


      Andinaugochlora /ann-din-aug-oh-KLOR-uh/


      Andrena /ann-DREE-nuh/


      Anthedonia /ann-theh-DOE-knee-yuh/


      Anthemurgus /ann-theh-MURG-us/


      Anthidiellum /ann-thid-e-ELL-um/


      Anthodioctes /ann-thoh-dee-OCK-tees/


      Anthidium /ann-THID-ee-yum/


      Anthophora /ann-THAH-for-uh/


      Apis /A-piss/


      Ashmeadiella /ASH-mead-ee-el-uh/


      Atoposmia - /ate-op-oz-meeuh/


      Augochlora /awe-go-KLOR-uh/


      Augochlorella /awe-go-klor-EL-uh/


      < SPAN style="COLOR: black;">Augochloropsis /awe-go-klor-OP-sis/


      Aztecanthidium /Az-tech-ann-THID-ee-yum/


      Bombus /BOM-bus/


      Brachynomada /bracky-no-MOD-duh/


      Caenaugochlora /s een-aug-oh-KLOR-uh/


      Caenohalictus /seen-oh-hal-ICK-tus/


      Calliopsis /cal-LEE-op-sis/


      Caupolicana /kaup-po-LIH-can-uh/


      Cemolobus /sea-moh-LOW-bus/


      Centris /SEN-tris/


      Ceratina /sera-TIE-nuh/


      Chelostoma /chel-AHST-oh -mah/


      Cephalotrigona /seph-al-oh-trig-OH-nuh/


      Chlerogella /clair-oh-GELL-uh/


      Chilicola /chill-LICK-oh-luh/


      Coelioxoides /sealy-ox-OID-ees/


      Coelioxys /sealy-OX-ees/


      Colletes /koh-LEE-teez/


      Conanthalictus /koh-nanth-hal-ICK-tuss/


      Crawfordapis /kraw-ford-A-piss/


      Ctenioschelus /ten-eeoh-SHELL-us/


      Deltoptila /delt-OH-till-uh/


      Diadasia /die-uh-DAY-zeeuh


      Dialictus /die-uh-LICK-tuss/


      Dianthidium /die-ann-THID-ee-um/


      Dieunomia /die-u-NOH-mee-uh/


      Dinagapostemon /dine-ag-uh-PAHST-eh-mon/


      Dioxys /die-OX-eez/


      Doeringiella /dew-er-rinj-ee-EL-uh/


      Dolichostelis /dole-ih-koe-STEEL-iss/


      Duckeanthidium /duck-ee-ann-THID-ee-um/


      Dufourea /dew-four-EE-uh/


      Epanthidium /epp-ann-THID-ee-um/


      Epeoloides /e-pee-oh-LLOYD-eez/


      Epeolus /e-pee-OH-lus/


      Epicharis /EPI-care-us/


      Ericrocis /air-ih-KROE-sis/


      Eucera /u-SIR-uh/


      Eufriesea /u-FREE-jee-uh/


      Eulaema /u-LEE-ma/


      Eulonchopria /u-lon-chaw-PREE-uh/


      Evylaeus < /FONT>/ev-uh-LEE-us/


      Exaerete /ex-ee-RAY-tee/


      Exomalopsis /ex-oh-mal-LOP-sis/


      Florilegus /flor-ih-LEG-us/


      Frieseomelitta /freeze-e e-oh-mel-IT-tuh/


      Gaesischia /jee-sish-SHEE-uh/


      Geotrigona /jee-oh-trig-OH-nuh/


      Habralictus /hab-rah-LICK-tuss/


      Habropoda /hab-roh-PODA/


      Halictus /ha-LICK-tuss/


      Hemihalictus /hem-ee-hah-LICK-tuss/


      Heriades /her-EYE-ah-deez/


      Hesperapis /hes-per-A-piss/


      Heterosarus /het-er-o-SAUR-us/


      Hexepeolus /hex-ee-PEE-oh-lus/


      Holcopasites /hole-koe-pah-SITE-eez/


      Hoplitis /hop-LIE-tuss/


      Hoplostelis /hop-low-STEE-liss/


      Hylaeus /hi-LEE-us/


      Hypanthidioides /hi-pan-thid-EE-oid-eez/


      Hypanthidium /hi-pan-thid-EE-um/


      Lasioglossum /laz-ee-oh-GLOSS-um/


      Leiopodus /lee-ee-oh-pod-us/

      trih-mel-IT-tuh/


      Lithurge /LIH-thurj/


      Macropis /ma-CROW-piss/


      Macrotera /ma-CROW-terr-uh/


      Martinapis /mar-TIN-a-piss/


      Megachile /meg-uh-KILE-ee/


      Megalopta /meg-uh-LOP-tah/


      Megaloptilla /meg-uh-lop-TILL-uh/


      Megandrena /meg-ann-DREE-nuh/


      Megommation /meg-ohm-MAY-shun/


      Melecta /mel-LECK-tuh/< /FONT>


      Melissodes /mel-ih-SOH-deez/


      Melissoptila /mel-lis-SOP-till-uh/


      Melipona /mel-LIH-poe-nuh/


      Melitoma /mel-lih-TOE-mah/


      Melitta /mel-IT-tuh/


      Meliwillea /mel-lih-WILL-eeuh/


      Mesocheira /meez-oh-KEER-uh/


      Mesoplia /meez-oh-PLEE-uh/


      Mesoxaea /meez-ox-EE-uh/


      Metapsaenythia /met-uh-see-NEE-thee-uh/


      Mexalictus /mex-al-LICK-tus/


      Micralictoides /mike-crugh-lick-TOY-deez/


      Microsphecodes /mike-crow-SFECK-code-eez/


      Monoeca /mon-EE-kuh/


      Mydrosoma /my-droh-SOH-muh/


      Nanorhathymus /nan-oh-rath-THIGH-mus/


      Nannotrigona /nan-oh-trig-GOH-nuh/


      Neocorynura /knee-oh-CORY-nur-uh/


      Neolarra /knee-oh-LAIR-uh/


      Neopasites /knee-oh-pass-EYE-teez /


      Nesosphecodes /knee-zoh-sfeck-O-deez /


      Nogueirapis /nog-yew-ee-eye-RAPE-is/


      Nomada /no-MOD-uh/


      Nomia /NO-mea/


      Odyneropsis /oh-dee-ner-OP-sis/


      Oreopasites /oh-reeoh-pass-EYE-teez/


      Osiris /oh-SIGH-ris/


      Osmia /OZ-me-yuh/


      Oxaea /ox-ee-aye/


      Oxytrigona /ox-ee-trig-OH-nuh/


      Panurginus /pan-ur-JINE-us/


      Paragapostemon /pear-uh-ag-uh-PAHST-eh-mon/


      Paralictus /pear-uh-LICK-tuss/


      Paranomada /pear-uh-no-MOD-uh/


      Paranthidium /pear-uh-an-thid-EE-um/


      Paratetrapedia /pear-uh-tet-rah-PEE-dee-uh/


      Paratrigona /pear-uh-trig-OWN-uh/


      Partamona /part-uh-MOW-nuh/


      Peponapis /pep-o-NAY-piss/


      Perdita /per-DIH-t uh/


      Pereirapis /pear-ee-eye-RAPE-is/


      Plebeia /pleb-ee-EE-uh


      Prostelis /proe-toe-STEEL-iss/


      Protandrena /prot-an-DREE-nuh/


      Protodufourea /pro-toe-dew-four-EE-uh/


      Protosmia /pro-TOZ-mee-uh/


      Protosiris /pro-toe-SIRE-is/


      Protoxaea /pro-tox-EE-uh/


      Pseudopanurgus /sue-doe-pan-UR-gus /


      Pseudaugochlora /sood-aug-oh-KLOR-uh/


      Psithyrus /SITH-ih-russ/


      Ptilocleptis /till-oh-KLEP-tiss/


      Ptiloglossa /till-oh-GLOSS-uh/


      Ptilothrix /til-O-thricks/


      Ptilotrigona /till-oh-trig-OH-nuh/


      Rhathymus /rath-THEE-mus/


      Rhinetula /rhine-ET-tule-uh/


      Rhopalolemma /rope-al-oh-LEM-uh/


      Scaptotrigona /scrap-toe-trig-OH-nuh/


      Scaura /SCOUR-uh/


      Simanthedon /sigh-MAN-theh-don/


      Sphecodes /sfeck-OH-deez/


      Sphecodogastra /sfeck-ko de-oh-GAST-ruh/


      Sphecodosoma /sfeck-oh-doe-SOH-ma/


      Stelis /STEEL-iss/


      Svastra /SVAS-tra/


      Syntric halonia /sin-trick-uh-loan-EE-uh/


      Temnosoma /tem-no-SOH-mah/


      Tetragona /tet-rah-GOHN-uh/


      Tetragonisca /tet-rah-go-NISK-uh/


      Tetraloniella /tet-rah-LOAN-ee-el-uh/


      Tetrapedia /tet-rah-pee-DEE-uh/


      Thalestria /thal-lest-TREE-uh/


      Thygater /thigh-GATE-er/


      Townsendiella /town-send-ee-EL-uh/


      Trachusa /trah-KOOS-uh/


      Trigona /trig-OH-nuh/


      Trigonisca /trig-oh-NIS-cuh/


      Triopasites /tree-oh-pass-EYE-teez/


      Xenoglossa /zee-no-GLOSS-uh/


      Xeralictus /zeer-ah-LICK-tus/


      Xeroheriades /zeer-oh-her-EYE-uh-deez/


      Xeromelecta /zero-mel-LECK-tuh/


      Xylocopa /zile-low-COPE-uh/


      Zacosmia /zack-OZ-mee-uh/


      Zikanapis /zick-ann-A-piss/





      P Please don't print this e-mail unless really needed.





      Several authors have identified rules that describe the traditional English
      pronunciation. Usage varies among individuals and continues to evolve, but the
      descriptive rules serve as a convenient pronunciation benchmark.


      Letter Sounds:


      Letter sounds are as in English words (and therefore vary with dialect).


      The digraphs AE and OE are treated as the letter E.


      LONG E as in me, we, be: anaemia, caecum, aether, chamaeleon, larvae, vertebrae, f
      oetus, amoeba, phoenix.


      SHORT E as in met, wet, set: aesthetic, aestivate, aestuary haemorrhage, oe
      sophagus, oestrogen.


      Note the AE ending in group names: dog family, Canidae, ("CAN-id-ee" not
      "caniday"), rose family, Rosaceae ("ro-SAY-see-ee"), cat subfamily, felinae
      ("fe-LINE-ee"), olive tribe, oleeae ("ol-EE-ee-ee"), etc.


      [AE and OE are often now written simply as E: anemia, fetus, ameba, estrogen.]


      C or G preceding AE or OE is pronounced as though followed by E:


      Caesar = "seesar"


      caecum = "seekum"


      coelom = "seelom"


      algae = "aljee"


      CH is pronounced as K: chorus, echo, chrysanthemum.


      TH as in thorax, thymus, thuja ("THOO-ja")


      A final vowel is always voiced, as in flora, hero, Apollo.


      fungi = "FUNJ-eye," i as in alibi


      cocci = "COCKS-eye," i as i n alibi


      ovale = "oh-VAY-lee," e as in Daphne, hyperbole, anemone, Aphrodite, Chloe


      difficile = "dif-ISS-il-ee," (as in the bacterial species name Clostridium
      difficile, C. difficile -"see dif-ISS-il-ee"), e as in Daphne, hyperbole, anemone,
      Aphrodite, Chloe


      stapes = "STAY-peez" e as in Achilles, meninges, diabetes


      Some initial consonants are silent when followed by a consonant.


      pterosaur = "TER-o-saur"


      pseudopod = "SOO-do-pod"


      pneuma = "NEW-ma"
      <br/><br/>(Message over 64 KB, truncated)
    • Jamese_Hemsley@nps.gov
      Hey. Sam. I have a Pronunciation Guide now that s doesn t have the names crossed out. Thanks. JH Jamese_Hemsley@nps .gov To:
      Message 2 of 3 , Aug 14, 2008
      • 0 Attachment
        Hey. Sam.

        I have a Pronunciation Guide now that's doesn't have the names crossed out.

        Thanks.
        JH



        Jamese_Hemsley@nps
        .gov To: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
        Sent by: cc: (bcc: Jamese Hemsley/NACE/NPS)
        beemonitoring@yaho Subject: Re: [beemonitoring] draft North American Pronunciation Guide to the Genera of
        ogroups.com Bees


        08/14/2008 05:16
        PM AST
        Please respond to
        beemonitoring










        Hey. Sam,

        Is there a Pronunciation Guide that don't have all the names crossed out as
        viewed on your attachment or is this something that is retrievable from the
        web.

        Any assistance would be greatly appreciated.

        Thanks.
        Jamese H.




        Sam Droege
        <sdroege@...> To: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
        Sent by: cc: (bcc: Jamese Hemsley/NACE/NPS)
        beemonitoring@yaho Subject: [beemonitoring] draft North American Pronunciation
        Guide to the Genera of
        ogroups.com Bees


        08/13/2008 04:30
        PM AST
        Please respond to
        beemonitoring














        All:





        Below is an expanded file that was created a number of years ago as an aid in
        scientific name pronunciation. It was meant to reflect what was more or less the
        common way to pronounce names in North America...or really in the U.S. since those

        were the people consulted. Originally, it was just a guide to eastern North
        America, but recently Faith Kuehn reminded me t hat I hadn't included this file in

        the Handy Bee Manual and that it was useful to those just starting out.





        I believe the Spanish speaking countries have a very different method of
        pronouncing scientific names and that there may be differences in Canada too. My
        thought would be to keep the guide to English pronunciation and note differences
        between Canada and the U.S. where applicable.





        Since for many of the western genera I have no real experience with pronouncing
        their names out loud I have used my experience with eastern species as a guide as
        well as the information pulled off the web at the very bottom on pronunciation.





        I am looking for corrections or feedback from anyone who cares to contribute, so,
        if you have time please check the list below.








        Thanks.





        sam





        P.S. Some of the formating is off in this email, but will be repaired in the final

        document.





        ------------------------------------------------





        Eastern Bee Genera (and Selected Subgenera) Pronunciation Guide


        Created: Fall 2003 – Modified Summer 2008





        This pronunciation guide is designed to help the beginning bee biologist. What are

        presented appears to be the most commonly underst ood pronunciation of the bee
        genera (and a few subgenera) in North America. You can expect to hear a number of
        differing pronunciations as you talk with researchers and taxonomists, as
        pronunciation is governed by culture rather than set rules. Suggestions for
        changes or additions are encouraged and can be sent to Sam Droege (
        sdroege@...).








        Acanthopus /a-CAN-tho-puss/


        Agapanthinus /aguh-PAN-thin-us


        Agapostemon /ag-uh-PAHST-eh-mon/


        Agapostemonoides /aguh-pahst-em-OH-noy-dees/


        Aglae /AG-lee/


        Aglaomelissa /ag-lay-oh-mel-ISS-uh/


        Ancylandrena /ann-sill-ann-DREE-nuh/


        Ancyloscelis /ann-sill-oh-SELL-iss/


        Andinaugochlora /ann-din-aug-oh-KLOR-uh/


        Andrena /ann-DREE-nuh/


        Anthedonia /ann-theh-DOE-knee-yuh/


        Anthemurgus /ann-theh-MURG-us/


        Anthidiellum /ann-thid-e-ELL-um/


        Anthodioctes /ann-thoh-dee-OCK-tees/


        Anthidium /ann-THID-ee-yum/


        Anthophora /ann-THAH-for-uh/


        Apis /A-piss/


        Ashmeadiella /ASH-mead-ee-el-uh/


        Atoposmia - /ate-op-oz-meeuh/


        Augochlora /awe-go-KLOR-uh/


        Augochlorella /awe-go-klor-EL-uh/


        < SPAN style="COLOR: black;">Augochloropsis /awe-go-klor-OP-sis/


        Aztecanthidium /Az-tech-ann-THID-ee-yum/


        Bombus /BOM-bus/


        Brachynomada /bracky-no-MOD-duh/


        Caenaugochlora /s een-aug-oh-KLOR-uh/


        Caenohalictus /seen-oh-hal-ICK-tus/


        Calliopsis /cal-LEE-op-sis/


        Caupolicana /kaup-po-LIH-can-uh/


        Cemolobus /sea-moh-LOW-bus/


        Centris /SEN-tris/


        Ceratina /sera-TIE-nuh/


        Chelostoma /chel-AHST-oh -mah/


        Cephalotrigona /seph-al-oh-trig-OH-nuh/


        Chlerogella /clair-oh-GELL-uh/


        Chilicola /chill-LICK-oh-luh/


        Coelioxoides /sealy-ox-OID-ees/


        Coelioxys /sealy-OX-ees/


        Colletes /koh-LEE-teez/


        Conanthalictus /koh-nanth-hal-ICK-tuss/


        Crawfordapis /kraw-ford-A-piss/


        Ctenioschelus /ten-eeoh-SHELL-us/


        Deltoptila /delt-OH-till-uh/


        Diadasia /die-uh-DAY-zeeuh


        Dialictus /die-uh-LICK-tuss/


        Dianthidium /die-ann-THID-ee-um/


        Dieunomia /die-u-NOH-mee-uh/


        Dinagapostemon /dine-ag-uh-PAHST-eh-mon/


        Dioxys /die-OX-eez/


        Doeringiella /dew-er-rinj-ee-EL-uh/


        Dolichostelis /dole-ih-koe-STEEL-iss/


        Duckeanthidium /duck-ee-ann-THID-ee-um/


        Dufourea /dew-four-EE-uh/


        Epanthidium /epp-ann-THID-ee-um/


        Epeoloides /e-pee-oh-LLOYD-eez/


        Epeolus /e-pee-OH-lus/


        Epicharis /EPI-care-us/


        Ericrocis /air-ih-KROE-sis/


        Eucera /u-SIR-uh/


        Eufriesea /u-FREE-jee-uh/


        Eulaema /u-LEE-ma/


        Eulonchopria /u-lon-chaw-PREE-uh/


        Evylaeus < /FONT>/ev-uh-LEE-us/


        Exaerete /ex-ee-RAY-tee/


        Exomalopsis /ex-oh-mal-LOP-sis/


        Florilegus /flor-ih-LEG-us/


        Frieseomelitta /freeze-e e-oh-mel-IT-tuh/


        Gaesischia /jee-sish-SHEE-uh/


        Geotrigona /jee-oh-trig-OH-nuh/


        Habralictus /hab-rah-LICK-tuss/


        Habropoda /hab-roh-PODA/


        Halictus /ha-LICK-tuss/

        -ee-hah-LICK-tuss/


        Heriades /her-EYE-ah-deez/


        Hesperapis /hes-per-A-piss/


        Heterosarus /het-er-o-SAUR-us/


        Hexepeolus /hex-ee-PEE-oh-lus/


        Holcopasites /hole-koe-pah-SITE-eez/


        Hoplitis /hop-LIE-tuss/


        Hoplostelis /hop-low-STEE-liss/


        Hylaeus /hi-LEE-us/


        Hypanthidioides /hi-pan-thid-EE-oid-eez/


        Hypanthidium /hi-pan-thid-EE-um/


        Lasioglossum /laz-ee-oh-GLOSS-um/


        Leiopodus /lee-ee-oh-pod-us/

        trih-mel-IT-tuh/


        Lithurge /LIH-thurj/


        Macropis /ma-CROW-piss/


        Macrotera /ma-CROW-terr-uh/


        Martinapis /mar-TIN-a-piss/


        Megachile /meg-uh-KILE-ee/


        Megalopta /meg-uh-LOP-tah/


        Megaloptilla /meg-uh-lop-TILL-uh/


        Megandrena /meg-ann-DREE-nuh/


        Megommation /meg-ohm-MAY-shun/


        Melecta /mel-LECK-tuh/< /FONT>


        Melissodes /mel-ih-SOH-deez/


        Melissoptila /mel-lis-SOP-till-uh/


        Melipona /mel-LIH-poe-nuh/


        Melitoma /mel-lih-TOE-mah/


        Melitta /mel-IT-tuh/


        Meliwillea /mel-lih-WILL-eeuh/


        Mesocheira /meez-oh-KEER-uh/


        Mesoplia /meez-oh-PLEE-uh/


        Mesoxaea /meez-ox-EE-uh/


        Metapsaenythia /met-uh-see-NEE-thee-uh/


        Mexalictus /mex-al-LICK-tus/


        Micralictoides /mike-crugh-lick-TOY-deez/


        Microsphecodes /mike-crow-SFECK-code-eez/


        Monoeca /mon-EE-kuh/


        Mydrosoma /my-droh-SOH-muh/


        Nanorhathymus /nan-oh-rath-THIGH-mus/


        Nannotrigona /nan-oh-trig-GOH-nuh/


        Neocorynura /knee-oh-CORY-nur-uh/


        Neolarra /knee-oh-LAIR-uh/


        Neopasites /knee-oh-pass-EYE-teez /


        Nesosphecodes /knee-zoh-sfeck-O-deez /


        Nogueirapis /nog-yew-ee-eye-RAPE-is/


        Nomada /no-MOD-uh/


        Nomia /NO-mea/


        Odyneropsis /oh-dee-ner-OP-sis/


        Oreopasites /oh-reeoh-pass-EYE-teez/


        Osiris /oh-SIGH-ris/


        Osmia /OZ-me-yuh/


        Oxaea /ox-ee-aye/


        Oxytrigona /ox-ee-trig-OH-nuh/


        Panurginus /pan-ur-JINE-us/


        Paragapostemon /pear-uh-ag-uh-PAHST-eh-mon/


        Paralictus /pear-uh-LICK-tuss/


        Paranomada /pear-uh-no-MOD-uh/


        Paranthidium /pear-uh-an-thid-EE-um/


        Paratetrapedia /pear-uh-tet-rah-PEE-dee-uh/


        Paratrigona /pear-uh-trig-OWN-uh/


        Partamona /part-uh-MOW-nuh/


        Peponapis /pep-o-NAY-piss/


        Perdita /per-DIH-t uh/


        Pereirapis /pear-ee-eye-RAPE-is/


        Plebeia /pleb-ee-EE-uh


        Prostelis /proe-toe-STEEL-iss/


        Protandrena /prot-an-DREE-nuh/


        Protodufourea /pro-toe-dew-four-EE-uh/


        Protosmia /pro-TOZ-mee-uh/


        Protosiris /pro-toe-SIRE-is/


        Protoxaea /pro-tox-EE-uh/


        Pseudopanurgus /sue-doe-pan-UR-gus /


        Pseudaugochlora /sood-aug-oh-KLOR-uh/


        Psithyrus /SITH-ih-russ/


        Ptilocleptis /till-oh-KLEP-tiss/


        Ptiloglossa /till-oh-GLOSS-uh/


        Ptilothrix /til-O-thricks/


        Ptilotrigona /till-oh-trig-OH-nuh/


        Rhathymus /rath-THEE-mus/


        Rhinetula /rhine-ET-tule-uh/


        Rhopalolemma /rope-al-oh-LEM-uh/


        Scaptotrigona /scrap-toe-trig-OH-nuh/


        Scaura /SCOUR-uh/


        Simanthedon /sigh-MAN-theh-don/


        Sphecodes /sfeck-OH-deez/


        Sphecodogastra /sfeck-ko de-oh-GAST-ruh/


        Sphecodosoma /sfeck-oh-doe-SOH-ma/


        Stelis /STEEL-iss/


        Svastra /SVAS-tra/


        Syntric halonia /sin-trick-uh-loan-EE-uh/


        Temnosoma /tem-no-SOH-mah/


        Tetragona /tet-rah-GOHN-uh/


        Tetragonisca /tet-rah-go-NISK-uh/


        Tetraloniella /tet-rah-LOAN-ee-el-uh/


        Tetrapedia /tet-rah-pee-DEE-uh/


        Thalestria /thal-lest-TREE-uh/


        Thygater /thigh-GATE-er/


        Townsendiella /town-send-ee-EL-uh/


        Trachusa /trah-KOOS-uh/


        Trigona /trig-OH-nuh/


        Trigonisca /trig-oh-NIS-cuh/


        Triopasites /tree-oh-pass-EYE-teez/


        Xenoglossa /zee-no-GLOSS-uh/


        Xeralictus /zeer-ah-LICK-tus/


        Xeroheriades /zeer-oh-her-EYE-uh-deez/


        Xeromelecta /zero-mel-LECK-tuh/


        Xylocopa /zile-low-COPE-uh/


        Zacosmia /zack-OZ-mee-uh/


        Zikanapis /zick-ann-A-piss/





        P Please don't print this e-mail unless really needed.





        Several authors have identified rules that describe the traditional English
        pronunciation. Usage varies among individuals and continues to evolve, but the
        descriptive rules serve as a convenient pronunciation benchmark.


        Letter Sounds:


        Letter sounds are as in English words (and therefore vary with dialect).


        The digraphs AE and OE are treated as the letter E.


        LONG E as in me, we, be: anaemia, caecum, aether, chamaeleon, larvae, vertebrae, f

        oetus, amoeba, phoenix.


        SHORT E as in met, wet, set: aesthetic, aestivate, aestuary haemorrhage, oe
        sophagus, oestrogen.


        Note the AE ending in group names: dog family, Canidae, ("CAN-id-ee" not
        "caniday"), rose family, Rosaceae ("ro-SAY-see-ee"), cat subfamily, felinae
        ("fe-LINE-ee"), olive tribe, oleeae ("ol-EE-ee-ee"), etc.


        [AE and OE are often now written simply as E: anemia, fetus, ameba, estrogen.]


        C or G preceding AE or OE is pronounced as though followed by E:


        Caesar = "seesar"


        caecum = "seekum"


        coelom = "seelom"



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