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Intentional versus accidental introductions of N.A. bees

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  • Sam Droege
    T ai, Good idea regarding the avenue of bee introductions. Below is the list again. I have added an I in front of the name if I believe it intentionally
    Message 1 of 5 , Apr 14, 2008
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      T'ai,  Good idea regarding the avenue of bee introductions.

      Below is the list again.  I have added an I in front of the name if I believe it intentionally introduced, an A if accidental or possibly natural, or a ? if I am not sure.  Its unclear if some of the Megachile were intentionally introduced or not.

      sam

      I Apis mellifera
      I Anthophora plumipes

      A Ceratina cobaltina

      A Ceratina dallatoreana

      A Centris nitida

      A Euglossa viridissima
       
      A Xylocopa tabaniformis parkinsoniae


      Andrenidae


      A Andrena wilkella


      Colletidae

       
      A Hylaeus leptocephalus

      A Hylaeus hyalinatus

      A Hylaeus punctatus

       
      Halictidae


      A Lasioglossum eleutherense

      A Lasioglossum leucozonium

      A Halictus tectus


      Megachilidae


      A Anthidium manicatum
       
      A Anthidium oblongatum
      A Chelostoma campanularum
      A Chelostoma rapunculi

      A Coelioxys coturnix
      A Hoplitis anthocopoides
      A Lithurgus chrysurus

      ? Megachile apicalis

      ? Megachile concinna
      A Megachile lanata
      ? Megachile rotundata

      A Megachile sculpturalis
      A Osmia caerulescens

      I Osmia cornifrons
      I Osmia cornuta

      A Osmia taurus


                                                     
      Sam Droege  Sam_Droege@...                      
      w 301-497-5840 h 301-390-7759 fax 301-497-5624
      USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
      BARC-EAST, BLDG 308, RM 124 10300 Balt. Ave., Beltsville, MD  20705
      Http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov


      THE BLUE-EYED EXTERMINATOR

      The exterminator has arrived. He has not intruded. He was summoned.
      At the most fruitless spot, a regiment
      of the tiniest of ants, obviously deluded,
      have a jetty ferment of undisclosed intent.


      The blue-eyed exterminator is friendly and fair;
      one can tell he knows exactly what he is about.
      He is young as the day that makes the buds puff out,
      grass go rampant, big bees ride the air;


      it seems the spring could drown him in its flood.
      But though he appears modest as what he was summoned for,
      he will prove himself more potent than grass or bud,
      being a scion of the greatest emperor.


      His success is total: no jet platoon on the wall.
      At the door he calls good-bye and hitches his thumb.
      For an invisible flick, grass halts, buds cramp, bees stall
      in air. He has called, and what has been called has come.



      Josephine Jacobsen

    • Sam Droege
      Hi Sam and All, Great to see this list of alien bees in the US! I have been have great fun working on two recently naturalized bees, Euglossa viridissima and
      Message 2 of 5 , Apr 14, 2008
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        Hi Sam and All,

        Great to see this list of alien bees in the US!

        I have been have great fun working on two recently naturalized bees,
        Euglossa viridissima and Centris nitida, in Florida. Sam, by the
        way, found the first C. nitida in Florida. These bees are really
        fascinating and have lots interesting interactions. As you see, much
        of this work as been with post doc Hong Liu, who has just become an
        assistant professor of Biology in the Department of Enviromental
        Sciences at Florida International University in Miami. We will post
        additional papers of these bees as they come out.

        thanks,

        Bob Pemberton

        USDA-ARS Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, Ft. Lauderdale, FL
        Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Cables, FL

        Here are some published papers on them and some others that are in
        press.

        Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. 2008. The naturalization of an oil
        collecting bee Centris nitida in Florida and the eastern United
        States, with notes on the Centris species native to Florida. Florida
        Entomologist 91: 101-109. Florida Entomologist articles can be down
        loaded on line at no charge

        Pemberton, R.W. 2007. An orchid bee naturalizes in Florida;
        implications for orchids and other plants. Orchids (magazine of the
        American Orchid Society) 76: 446-448.

        Pemberton, R.W. 2007. Invasive orchid bee, Euglossa viridissima,
        pollinates the ornamental orchid (Guarianthe skinneri) in Florida.
        Lankesteriana 7: 461-468.

        Pemberton, R.W. and G.S. Wheeler. 2006. Orchid bees don't need
        orchids, evidence from the naturalization of an orchid bee in
        Florida. Ecology 87: 1995-2001.


        In Press
        Pemberton, R.W. in press. Pollination of the ornamental Oncidium
        sphacelatum by the naturalized oil-collecting bee (Centris nitida)
        in Florida. Selbyana

        Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. A naturalized orchid bee pollinates
        resin reward flowers in southern Florida; novel and known
        mutualisms. Biotropica

        Another ms that will be in press any day is:

        Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. Potential of invasive and native
        solitary specialist bee pollinators to help restore the rare cowhorn
        orchid (Cyrtopodium punctatum) in Florida. Biological Conservation




        --- In beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com, Sam Droege <sdroege@...> wrote:
        >
        > All:
        >
        > If any of you have additions, corrections, or comments on the
        species
        > listed below, I would love to incorporate them.  If not then I
        will add
        > this list to the Handy Bee Manual as a reference point.
        >
        > Thanks.
        >
        > Sam
        > -------------------------------------------------------------------
        --------------
        > North American (North of Mexico) Established Introduced and Alien
        Bee
        > Species
        >
        > Information on distributions come from the literature, active
        North
        > American collectors, online collection data available via the
        global
        > mapper on www.discoverlife.org, and John Ascher?s compilation of
        > distributional data.   Thanks for the contributions from Mike
        Arduser,
        > John Ascher, Rob Jean, and Jack Neff.
        >
        > April 2008
        >
        > Account Layout:  Genus, Species, Decade of Establishment, Probably
        Source
        > Population, Current Status in North America north of Mexico
        >
        > Apidae
        >
        > Apis mellifera  1620.   Europe, Mediterranean region.  Feral
        colonies
        > present throughout North America north to???  Colony numbers and
        > persistence recently have declined following the introduction of
        parasitic
        > mites in the 1980s and 1990s.
        > Anthophora plumipes  1980.  Europe and southern China.  Introduced
        at the
        > USDA Beltsville, MD Honey Bee Laboratory.  Numbers were initially
        low, but
        > now found commonly in early spring throughout the Washington D.C.
        > metropolitan area where it nests in the ground under porches and
        frequents
        > planted azaleas.  Has the potential to spread throughout North
        America.
        > Ceratina cobaltina 1970. Mexico. While it is possible this is
        simply a
        > disjunct Texas population, specimens for this distinctive Mexican
        species
        > were only recently discovered in Travis and Hidalgo counties
        > Ceratina dallatoreana 1940. Mediterranean region.  Central
        California.
        > Centris nitida 2000.  Southwestern U.S., Texas, Mexico, Central
        America
        > and Northwestern South America.   Recently discovered in southern
        Florida.
        >  Not expected to spread outside of Florida.
        > Euglossa viridissima 2000. Mexico and Central America.   Recently
        > discovered in southern Florida.  Currently found only on the
        eastern side
        > of the state. Expected to spread to the western side but not
        invade much
        > further north.
        > Xylocopa tabaniformis parkinsoniae Recent.  South Texas.  Recently
        left
        > its historical haunts along the Rio Grande and now found commonly
        in urban
        > areas of Central Texas, perhaps translocated there via firewood,
        but
        > possibly colonized naturally.
        >
        > Andrenidae
        >
        > Andrena wilkella 1900s.  Europe and northern Asia.  Common
        throughout the
        > north central and northeastern U.S. and southern Canada.
        >
        > Colletidae
        >  
        > Hylaeus leptocephalus 1900.  Europe.  Found throughout the U.S.
        and
        > southern Canada.  Particularly associated with gardens, urban and
        > disturbed sites.  Often found on Melilotus.
        > Hylaeus hyalinatus 1990. Europe.  Currently found in urban areas
        from New
        > York City and southern Ontario.  Has potential to spread
        throughout North
        > America.
        > Hylaeus punctatus 1980.  Europe.  Currently found in central
        California,
        > southern South America, New York City, and Washington D.C.  Has
        potential
        > to spread throughout North America
        >  
        > Halictidae
        >
        > Lasioglossum eleutherense 1990.  Bahamas and Cuba.  Four
        individuals found
        > in the University of Miami Arboretum.  Current status unknown.  
        Not
        > expected to spread out of Florida.
        > Lasioglossum leucozonium 1900s.  Europe and northern China.  
        Despite its
        > extensive range in Europe and Asia it is limited to the northern
        areas of
        > central and eastern U.S. and southern Canada.
        > Halictus tectus 2000.  Southern Europe to Mongolia.  Known from 2
        sites in
        > downtown Philadelphia, PA and Beltsville, MD.  Appears to prefer
        highly
        > disturbed sites with European weeds.
        >
        >  Megachilidae
        >
        > Anthidium manicatum 1960.  Europe, North Africa, Near East, South
        Central
        > and South Eastern South America.  Currently found predominantly in
        > northeastern U.S. and southern Canada, however, individuals have
        shown up
        > in the central states and on the West Coast.  Likely to spread
        throughout
        > North America.  Associated with large urban and suburban gardens,
        > particularly planted with Stachys.
        > Anthidium oblongatum 1990.  Europe and the Near East.  Currently
        common in
        > northeastern U.S. and southern Canada and moving into the central
        states
        > and provinces.  Found in most open habitats.  Has potential to
        spread
        > throughout North America.
        > Chelostoma campanularum 1960.  Europe and the Near East.  Found in
        Upstate
        > New York, Connecticut, and southern Ontario. Has potential to
        spread
        > throughout North America.
        > Chelostoma rapunculi 1960.  Europe and the Near East.  Found in
        Upstate
        > New York and southern Ontario. Has potential to spread throughout
        North
        > America.
        > Coelioxys coturnix 2000.  Southwestern Europe, North Africa,
        India.
        > Currently found in the Baltimore-Washington D.C. corridor.  Has
        potential
        > to spread throughout the range of Megachile rotundata (its
        presumed host).
        > Hoplitis anthocopoides 1960.  Europe.  Found from West Virginia to
        > southern Ontario.  Potential spread perhaps limited to the range
        of its
        > reported preferred pollen source, Viper?s Bugloss (Echium vulgare).
        > Lithurgus chrysurus 1970.  Europe, Near East, North Africa. Found
        only in
        > Phillipsburg, New Jersey and Lehigh Gap, Pennsylvania.  Until 2007
        there
        > were no recent records, but perhaps due to nobody making an effort
        to
        > look. Apparently oligolectic on Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea
        maculosa) and
        > burrows into wood to make a nest.  This species has the potential
        to be
        > much more destructive than Xylocopa virginica.
        > Megachile apicalis 1930.  Europe, North Africa, Near and Middle
        East.
        > Western and eastern U.S.   Relatively few records in the East but
        > widespread in the West.
        > Megachile concinna 1940.  Africa.  West Indies, Mexico, throughout
        the
        > U.S. except for the upper Midwest.
        > Megachile lanata 1700-1800.  India and China.  Introduced into the
        West
        > Indies and northern South America where it possibly made its way
        > secondarily to Florida.  Found throughout much of Florida but not
        likely
        > to spread farther unless it is brought to the southwestern deserts.
        > Megachile rotundata 1920-1940.  Europe to China.  Throughout North
        America
        > to northern Mexico.
        > Megachile sculpturalis 1990.  Far eastern China, Korea, Japan.  
        Eastern
        > and central U.S. and southern Canada.  May move throughout the
        portion of
        > the continent as they use widely planted, introduced summer
        blooming
        > leguminous trees and shrubs.
        > Osmia caerulescens 1800s.  Europe, North Africa. Near East, India.
        > Northeastern and Northcentral U.S. and southern Canada. Appears to
        be less
        > common than it once was, at least towards the south.  No recent
        records
        > for the mid-Atlantic area despite a great deal of collecting, but
        still
        > common in upstate New York.
        > Osmia cornifrons 1960.  Eastern China, Korea, and Japan.  
        Introduced to
        > pollinate tree fruit crops.  Feral populations established in the
        > Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern U.S.
        > Osmia cornuta 1980.  Europe, North Africa, Near East.  Introduced
        as a
        > pollinator of tree fruit crops, but its establishment has not been
        > documented.
        > Osmia taurus 2000.  Eastern China, Japan.  Mid-Atlantic area and
        > Appalachian Mountains.  Appears to be rapidly spreading and often
        > abundant.
        >

      • Leslie Saul
        Hi Bob! Great list of papers, amazing that we are both find ourselves working on bees! I am continuing to work on the chemistry of Habropoda and Anthophora
        Message 3 of 5 , Apr 15, 2008
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          Re: [beemonitoring] A draft annotated list of Established
          Hi Bob!

          Great list of papers, amazing that we are both find ourselves working on bees!  I am continuing to work on the chemistry of Habropoda and Anthophora bees. It's been a long time since we ran into each other in SF.

          Saul-Gershenz, L.S., Millar, J. G. 2006. Phoretic nest parasites use sexual deception to obtain transport to their host's nest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103:14039-14044

          Saul-Gershenz L., Fiedler P. L., Barlow M., Rokich D. 2004. Pollinator assemblage of the endangered plant Cordylanthus palmatus at Springtown Wetlands Reserve, Livermore, California.

          Best,

          Leslie 

          Leslie Saul-Gershenz
          Director of Conservation
          SaveNature.Org (Center For Ecosystem Survival)
          699 Mississippi Street, Suite 106
          San Francisco, California  94107
          USA


          Hi Sam and All,

          Great to see this list of alien bees in the US!

          I have been have great fun working on two recently naturalized bees,
          Euglossa viridissima and Centris nitida, in Florida. Sam, by the
          way, found the first C. nitida in Florida. These bees are really
          fascinating and have lots interesting interactions. As you see, much
          of this work as been with post doc Hong Liu, who has just become an
          assistant professor of Biology in the Department of Enviromental
          Sciences at Florida International University in Miami. We will post
          additional papers of these bees as they come out.

          thanks,

          Bob Pemberton

          USDA-ARS Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, Ft. Lauderdale, FL
          Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Cables, FL

          Here are some published papers on them and some others that are in
          press.

          Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. 2008. The naturalization of an oil
          collecting bee Centris nitida in Florida and the eastern United
          States, with notes on the Centris species native to Florida. Florida
          Entomologist 91: 101-109. Florida Entomologist articles can be down
          loaded on line at no charge

          Pemberton, R.W. 2007. An orchid bee naturalizes in Florida;
          implications for orchids and other plants. Orchids (magazine of the
          American Orchid Society) 76: 446-448.

          Pemberton, R.W. 2007. Invasive orchid bee, Euglossa viridissima,
          pollinates the ornamental orchid (Guarianthe skinneri) in Florida.
          Lankesteriana 7: 461-468.

          Pemberton, R.W. and G.S. Wheeler. 2006. Orchid bees don't need
          orchids, evidence from the naturalization of an orchid bee in
          Florida. Ecology 87: 1995-2001.


          In Press
          Pemberton, R.W. in press. Pollination of the ornamental Oncidium
          sphacelatum by the naturalized oil-collecting bee (Centris nitida)
          in Florida. Selbyana

          Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. A naturalized orchid bee pollinates
          resin reward flowers in southern Florida; novel and known
          mutualisms. Biotropica

          Another ms that will be in press any day is:

          Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. Potential of invasive and native
          solitary specialist bee pollinators to help restore the rare cowhorn
          orchid (Cyrtopodium punctatum) in Florida. Biological Conservation


          -- 
          
          Leslie Saul-Gershenz
          Director of Conservation
          SaveNature.Org (Center For Ecosystem Survival)
          699 Mississippi Street, Suite 106
          San Francisco, California  94107
          USA

          PH: 415.648.3390
          FX:  415.824.6526

          http://www.savenature.org

          http://www.lsaul.com
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