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Exposure of bees to neonicotinoid insecticides through treated corn seed

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  • Stoner, Kimberly
    Not as sexy as zombie bees, but important - particularly where there are large acreages of corn treated with systemic insecticides. This paper also came out
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 4, 2012
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      Not as sexy as zombie bees, but important – particularly where there are large acreages of corn treated with systemic insecticides.  This paper also came out today in PLOS one – my colleague Brian Eitzer is a co-author:

       

      http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0029268

       

      Multiple Routes of Pesticide Exposure for Honey Bees Living Near Agricultural Fields

      Populations of honey bees and other pollinators have declined worldwide in recent years. A variety of stressors have been implicated as potential causes, including agricultural pesticides. Neonicotinoid insecticides, which are widely used and highly toxic to honey bees, have been found in previous analyses of honey bee pollen and comb material. However, the routes of exposure have remained largely undefined. We used LC/MS-MS to analyze samples of honey bees, pollen stored in the hive and several potential exposure routes associated with plantings of neonicotinoid treated maize. Our results demonstrate that bees are exposed to these compounds and several other agricultural pesticides in several ways throughout the foraging period. During spring, extremely high levels of clothianidin and thiamethoxam were found in planter exhaust material produced during the planting of treated maize seed. We also found neonicotinoids in the soil of each field we sampled, including unplanted fields. Plants visited by foraging bees (dandelions) growing near these fields were found to contain neonicotinoids as well. This indicates deposition of neonicotinoids on the flowers, uptake by the root system, or both. Dead bees collected near hive entrances during the spring sampling period were found to contain clothianidin as well, although whether exposure was oral (consuming pollen) or by contact (soil/planter dust) is unclear. We also detected the insecticide clothianidin in pollen collected by bees and stored in the hive. When maize plants in our field reached anthesis, maize pollen from treated seed was found to contain clothianidin and other pesticides; and honey bees in our study readily collected maize pollen. These findings clarify some of the mechanisms by which honey bees may be exposed to agricultural pesticides throughout the growing season. These results have implications for a wide range of large-scale annual cropping systems that utilize neonicotinoid seed treatments.

       

      From: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com [mailto:beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Izzy Hill
      Sent: Wednesday, January 04, 2012 12:59 PM
      To: Skinner, John A
      Cc: Nicole Freeman; beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: Re: [beemonitoring] Interesting News Story

       

       

      Here is the research paper that article was based on.  A little less spin and a little more science: 
      http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0029639

      - Izzy

      On Wed, Jan 4, 2012 at 12:45 PM, Skinner, John A <jskinner@...> wrote:

       

      Interesting. Zombies! Zowie, What will be reported next? I think I will wait until I see some real science.

       

      John A. Skinner

      Professor and Apiculture Specialist

      University of Tennessee                         

      2431 Joe Johnson Drive

      205 Ellington Plant Sciences

      Knoxville, TN  37996-4560

      (865) 974-0209, jskinner@...

      Description: cid:image001.png@01CA69DB.B89A1360

       

      From: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com [mailto:beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Nicole Freeman
      Sent: Wednesday, January 04, 2012 12:08 PM
      To: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [beemonitoring] Interesting News Story

       

       

      Here's a link to an interesting news story with the latest possible explanation for colony collapse disorder.  A fly species already documented parasitising bumble bees is now know to use honey bees for hosts as well.  Hosts are often disoriented which gives them the zombie look that inspired the articles's title and its possible these parasites act as a vector for other honey bee diseases.

       

      http://news.yahoo.com/zombie-fly-parasite-killing-honeybees-230200867.html

       

      Enjoy!

       

      --Nicole Freeman

       

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