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Re: [beemonitoring] bee kleptoparasites

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  • Jack Neff
    One has to be a bit careful with the term kleptoparasite .  Bombyliids, mutillids, conopids and the chalcidoids (among others) don t really qualify since
    Message 1 of 5 , Dec 13, 2011
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      One has to be a bit careful with the term "kleptoparasite".  Bombyliids, mutillids, conopids and the chalcidoids (among others) don't really qualify since they only consume the host (usually as a mature larva), not the provisions.  I prefer the term cuckoo bee for "parasitic" bees since they don't literally steal provisions.  Of course, that ignores things like chrysids who are non-bees behaving essentially as cuckoo bees.

      John L. Neff
      Central Texas Melittological Institute
      7307 Running Rope
      Austin,TX 78731 USA

      From: Doug Yanega <dyanega@...>
      To: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
      Sent: Tuesday, December 13, 2011 11:27 AM
      Subject: Re: [beemonitoring] bee kleptoparasites

      >I know some of the more well known kleptoparasite taxa like
      >Chrysididae, Nomadinae, Sphecodes, etc., but does anyone know of any
      >exhaustive lists of bee kleptoparasite taxa?

      Once you get outside of bees, the list of parasites (klepto or
      otherwise) is not terribly long; a very few chrysidids (most attack
      sphecoids or vespoids), a number of bombyliids, some sapygids, some
      mutillids, a few meloids, and then a smattering of endoparasites like
      phorids, ripiphorids, and conopids, along with a tiny number of
      chalcidoids (e.g., leucospids, Melittobia) and gasteruptiids. Not an
      awful lot beyond that. If it weren't for the things that attack
      Megachilids, the list would be a lot shorter. ;-)


      Doug Yanega Dept. of Entomology Entomology Research Museum
      Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0314 skype: dyanega
      phone: (951) 827-4315 (standard disclaimer: opinions are mine, not UCR's)
      "There are some enterprises in which a careful disorderliness
      is the true method" - Herman Melville, Moby Dick, Chap. 82

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