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DiscoverLife bee genera guide: integumental coloration of the face

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  • Michael Orr
    Hello, Based upon the variation between females and males, it has been decided that the following character will be split into separate female/male characters:
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 11, 2011
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      Hello,


      Based upon the variation between females and males, it has been decided that the following character will be split into separate female/male characters:
      Head, Face, Presence of yellow, white, or red surface markings - Note, this is NOT hair color
      This is necessary in order to cut down on the necessity of specific group vs group characters and hopefully streamline the genera guide as a result. 

      As the scoring necessary for these two independent characters will be demanding and many exceptions exist which I may not have access to, I have decided to send my initial scorings for the two characters to the listserv for your viewing. If you have time and expertise in any of the relevant groups (mostly of North America and the Caribbean+Mexico, although I've tried to consider South American species as well to avoid the need to rescore later), your input and additional scorings where necessary would be greatly appreciated.


      Female, head, face, presence of NON-METALLIC white, yellow, or red surface markings on the integument when NOT INCLUDING the antennae, labrum or mandibles
      Absent (Agapostemon, Ancylandrena, Ancyloscelis, Andrena, Anthemurgus, Anthidiellum, Anthidium, Anthodioctes, Anthophora, Anthophorula, Apis, Ashmeadiella, Atoposmia, Augochlora, Augochloropsis, Aztecanthidium, Bombus, Brachynomada, Caenaugochlora, Caenohalictus, Calliopsis, Caupolicana, Cemolobus, Centris, Cephalotrigona, Ceratina, Chelostoma, Chilicola, Coelioxoides, Coelioxys, Colletes, Conanthalictus, Crawfordapis, Ctenioschelus, Dasypoda, Deltoptila, Diadasia, Dieunomia, Dinagapostemon, Dioxys, Dufourea, Epanthidium, Epeoloides, Epeolus, Epicharis, Ericrocis, Eucera, Eufriesea, Euglossa, Eulaema, Eulonchopria, Exomalopsis, Florilegus, Frieseomelitta, Gaesischia, Geotrigona, Habralictus, Habropoda, Halictus, Heriades, Hesperapis, Hexepeolus, Holcopasites, Hoplitis, 
      Hylaeus, Hypanthidioides, Hypanthidium, Lasioglossum, Leiopodus, Lestrimelitta, Lithurgus, Macropis, Macrotera, Martinapis, Megachile, Megalopta, Megandrena, Megommation, Melecta, Melipona, Melissodes, Melissoptila, Melitoma, Melitta, Mesocheira, Mesoplia, Mesoxaea, Mexalictus, Micralictoides, Microsphecodes, Monoeca, Mydrosoma, Nannotrigona, Neocorynura, Neolarra, Neopasites, Nesosphecodes, Nomia, Odyneropsis, Oreopasites, Osiris, Osmia, Oxaea, Panurginus, Panurgus, Paragapostemon, Paranomada, Paratetrapedia, Peponapis, Perdita, Pereirapis, Plebeia, Protandrena, Protodufourea, Protosmia, Protoxaea, Pseudopanurgus, Ptilocleptis, Ptiloglossa, Ptilothrix, Rhopalolemma, Scaptotrigona, Scaura, Simanthedon, Sphecodes, Sphecodosoma, Stelis, Svastra, Syntrichalonia, Temnosoma, Tetragonisca, Tetraloniella, Tetrapedia, Thygater, Townsendiella, Trachusa, Triepeolus, Trigona, Trigonisca, Triopasites, Xenoglossa, Xeralictus, Xeroheriades, Xeromelecta, Xylocopa, Zacosmia, Zikanapis)
      Present (Agapostemon, Ancyloscelis, Andrena, Anthidiellum, Anthidium, Anthodioctes, Anthophora, Anthophorula, Aztecanthidium, Calliopsis, Centris, Ceratina, Deltoptila, Dianthidium, Epanthidium, Epicharis, Euglossa, Frieseomelitta, Gaesischia, Habralictus, Habropoda, Hoplostelis, Hylaeus, Hypanthidioides, Hypanthidium, Nannotrigona, Lasioglossum, Lestrimelitta, Macrotera, Megalopta, Megommation, Melipona, Microsphecodes, Monoeca, Mydrosoma, Nomada, Odyneropsis, Osiris, Oxytrigona, Panurginus, Panurgus, Paranomada, Paranthidium, Paratetrapedia, Paratrigona, Partamona, Peponapis, Perdita, Plebeia, Protandrena, Pseudoanthidium, Pseudopanurgus, Ptilocleptis, Rhopalolemma, Scaptotrigona, Stelis, Svastra, Tetragona, Tetragonisca, Tetrapedia, Trachusa, Trigona, Trigonisca, Triopasites, Xenoglossa)


      Male, head, face, presence of NON-METALLIC white, yellow, or red surface markings on the integument when NOT INCLUDING the antennae, labrum or mandibles
      Absent (Agapanthinus, Ancyloscelis, Andrena, Anthidiellum, Anthidium, Anthodioctes, Anthophorula, Apis, Ashmeadiella, Atoposmia, Augochlora, Augochlorella, Augochloropsis, Aztecanthidium, Bombus, Brachynomada, Caenaugochlora, Caenohalictus, Calliopsis, Caupolicana, Centris, Ceratina, Chelostoma, Chilicola, Coelioxoides, Coelioxys, Colletes, Conanthalictus, Crawfordapis, Ctenioschelus, Dasypoda, Diadasia, Dieunomia, Dioxys, Dufourea, Epanthidium, Epeoloides, Epeolus, Epicharis, Ericrocis, Eufriesea, Euglossa, Eulaema, Eulonchopria, Exomalopsis, Geotrigona, Halictus, Heriades, Hesperapis, Hexepeolus, Holcopasites, Hoplitis, Hoplostelis, Hylaeus, Lasioglossum, Leiopodus, Lestrimelitta, Lithurgus, Macrotera, Megachile, Megalopta, Melecta, Melipona, Melissodes, Melitoma, Melitta, Mesocheira, Mesoplia, Mesoxaea, Mexalictus, Micralictoides, Microsphecodes, Monoeca, Mydrosoma, Nannotrigona, Neocorynura, Neolarra, Neopasites, Nesosphecodes, Nomia, Odyneropsis, Oreopasites, Osmia, Oxaea, Panurginus, Panurgus, Paranomada, Paratetrapedia, Peponapis, Perdita, Plebeia, Protandrena, Protodufourea, Protosmia, Protoxaea, Ptilocleptis, Ptiloglossa, Ptilothrix, Rhopalolemma, Scaptotrigona, Scaura, Sphecodes, Sphecodosoma, Stelis, Svastra, Temnosoma, Tetragonisca, Tetraloniella, Tetrapedia, Thygater, Townsendiella, Triepeolus, Trigona, Trigonisca, Triopasites, Xeralictus, Xeroheriades, Xeromelecta, Xylocopa, Zacosmia)
      Present (Agapostemon, Ancylandrena, Ancyloscelis, Andrena, Anthemurgus, Anthidiellum, Anthidium, Anthodioctes, Anthophora, Anthophorula, Augochlora, Augochlorella, Augochloropsis, Aztecanthidium, Caenaugochlora, Caenohalictus, Calliopsis, Cemolobus, Centris, Cephalotrigona, Ceratina, Chilicola, Deltoptila, Diadasia, Dianthidium, Dinagapostemon, Epanthidium, Epicharis, Eucera, Euglossa, Eulaema, Florilegus, Frieseomelitta, Gaesischia, Habralictus, Habropoda, Halictus, Hoplostelis, Hylaeus, Hypanthidioides, Hypanthidium, Lasioglossum, Leiopodus, Lestrimelitta, Macropis, Macrotera, Martinapis, Megalopta, Megandrena, Megommation, Melipona, Melissodes, Melissoptila, Microsphecodes, Monoeca, Mydrosoma, Nannotrigona, Nomada, Odyneropsis, Osiris, Oxytrigona, Panurginus, Panurgus, Paragapostemon, Paranomada, Paranthidium, Paratetrapedia, Paratrigona, Partamona, Peponapis, Perdita, Pereirapis, Plebeia, Protandrena, Pseudoanthidium, Pseudopanurgus, Ptilocleptis, Ptiloglossa, Rhopalolemma, Scaptotrigona, Simanthedon, Stelis, Svastra, Syntrichalonia, Tetragona, Tetragonisca, Tetraloniella, Tetrapedia, Trachusa, Trigona, Triopasites, Xenoglossa, Xylocopa, Zikanapis)


      Thank you for any assistance you can provide.


      -Michael Orr
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