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Shen Ari--dandelion--Taraxacum : a "simple herb" with many medical benefits {from Philipiine medical plantes]

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  • harold jitschak bueno de mesquita
    v*Dandelion* *Taraxacum officinale Weber IRISH DAISY * *Scientific names* *Common names* *Taraxacum officinale *WeberDandelion *Leontodon taraxacum* Linn.Irish
    Message 1 of 1 , May 15, 2012
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      vDandelion

      Taraxacum officinale Weber
      IRISH DAISY

      Scientific names Common names 
      Taraxacum officinale WeberDandelion 
      Leontodon taraxacum Linn.Irish daisy 
      Taraxacum dens-leonis Desf.Lion's tooth 
      Taraxacum davidssoniiBlowball 
      Taraxacum latilobumMilk gowan 
      Taraxacum palustrePriest's crown 
       White endive 
       Puff ball 
       Swine snout 

      Gen info 
      The word Dandelion derives from the old French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth." referring to the toothed edges of its leaves. It has been in use medicinally since the 10th century.

      Botany
      Dandelion is a milkly perennial herb. Roots are vertical. Leaves are all radical, smooth, or wooly on the crown and scaped. Leaves are stalkless, oblanceolate, spatulate or oblong, 7 to 20 cm long, toothed and pinnatifid in the margins; lobes are pointed and more or less toothed. Heads are solitary and grow on stalks 10-20 cm long with numerous golden yellow flowers. Involucre is bell-shaped, 1.5 to 2 cm long. The inner involucral bracts are erect, and often thickened or clawed at the tip; the outer ones are ovate, or linear, appressed, and more or less recurved. Achenes are narrowly obovoid, ribbed, and about 3 mm long, with the beak one-half as long as the body.

      Distribution
      - Found wild in the Benguet Subprovince, Luzon, as a naturalized species on lawns, at an altitude of about 1,400 m.
      - Introduced, being a temperate zone weed.
      - Native of Europe.


      Constituents 

      • Plant contains inosit, asparagine, a reducing sugar, a bitter principle, saponin, tyrosinase, palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, resinic acids, cholin. 
      • The flowers contain inulin and a bitter alkaloid,taraxacin
      • The milky juice contains taraxin, inosit, and taraxacerin.
      • The root contains an abundance of sesquiterpene lactones (taraxacin and taraxacerin). Other compounds include beta-amyrin, taraxasterol, and free sterols.
      • Contains an antioxidant, luteolin.

      Properties
      • Aperient, depurative, diuretic, laxative,stomachic, tonic.
      • Root is milky and bitter.


      Parts used
      Roots, leaves.

      Uses
      Nutritional
      Used by some as salad component.
      A rich source of vitamins A, B, C and D as well as minerals.
      Folkloric
      • Its multiplicity of uses rates it a herbal cure-all, especially for the treating hepato-biliary disease and as a diuretic.
      • in Europe, widely used for gastrointestinal ailments. It is taken as broth with leaves of sorrel and egg yolk for chronic liver congestion.

      • Used for its gently laxative effect and as bitter tonic in atonic dyspepsia.
      • Promotes appetite and digestion.
      • Root preparation used for a variety of conditions: fevers, diabetes, eczema, scurvy, bowel inflammation.
      • Pounded poultice of leaves applied to wounds and cuts.
      • As a drink: 20 gms of root to a cup of boiling water, take 3-5 glasses a day.
      • Juice of the stalk used to remove warts.
      • Powdered dried roots used with coffee, and a substitute for coffee when roasted and powdered.
      • Extract of dandelion used as remedy for fevers and chills.
      • Infusion used to treat anemia, jaundice and nervousness.
      • Decoction of root herb taken for scrofula, eczema, scurvy and various skin eruptions.
      • Used for eczema and acne.
      • Native American Indians have used infusions and decoctions of the root and herb for kidney diseases, dyspepsia and heartburn.
      • Traditional Arabian medicine has used it for liver and spleen diseases.
      • Used in Chinese medicine for hepatitis,bronchitis, pneumonia, as a topical compress for mastitis.
      Others
      Dandelion wine.

      Studies
      • Studies in laboratory animals (1) suggest root may possess anti-inflammatory properties (2) report antioxidant activity from the flower extract, and (3) leaves might have a mild diuretic effect.
      • Liver cancer: South Korean study suggests that Taraxacum officinale decreased cell viability and increased the TNF-alpha and interleukin-1alpha production. 
      • Lipid metabolism: Dandelion water extract had effects on lipid metabolism: decreased total chol and triglycerides while increasing the HDL-chol in diabetic rats.
      • Anti-inflammatory / Anti-angiogenic / Antinociceptive: The study showed Taraxacum officinale contains anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-noniceptive activities through inhibition of NO production and COX-2 expression and/or oxidative activity.
      • Anticancer: Study of aqueous extracts from mature leaves, flowers and roots showed anti-carcinogenic activity on breast and prostate cancer cells and suggests that the extracts or individual components may be of value as novel cancer agents.[coloured by me]
      • Antioxidant / Radical Scavenging: Study identified flavonoids and coumaric acid derivatives from the dandelion flower.The dandelion flower extract suppressed both superoxide and hydroxyl radical.
      • Hypoglycemic Effect: (1) Animal studies have shown hypoglycemic activities attributed in part to the high inulin content of the plant. (2) A case report of hypoglycemia attributed to ingestion of dandelion. 
      • Cytotoxicity / Antitumore: Previous studies have indicated Taraxacum officinale exhibits anti-tumor properties. In a study investigating its effect on cytotoxicity and production of cytokines in human hepatoma cell line, results showed cytotoxicity effects through TNF-a and IL-1a secretion in Hep G2 cells.

      Availability
      Wild-crafted.
      Cultivated for its flowering plant.







































      prptaraxacum prpbreastcancer

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