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New Publication: CITSEE Working Papers on citizenship in the post-Yugoslav states

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    The CITSEE research project (The Europeanisation of Citizenship in the Successor States of the Former Yugoslavia) is pleased to announce the publication of a
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 15, 2010
      The CITSEE research project (The Europeanisation of Citizenship in the
      Successor States of the Former Yugoslavia) is pleased to announce the
      publication of a number of new working papers dealing with citizenship
      regimes and policies in the former Yugoslavia and the post-Yugoslav
      states in its working paper series.

      They are all available for free download on the CITSEE website:

      Read on for short descriptions of each of the recent papers:

      “Serbia: Elusive Citizenship in an Elusive Nation-State” by Nenad Rava.

      This paper focuses on the current citizenship regime in Serbia, with an
      emphasis on the problematic nexus between citizenship, nation-formation,
      and state-building. Starting with an overview of main historical
      developments (with special attention placed on the controversial 1996
      Law on Citizenship of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), the study
      moves toward a thorough analysis of the current citizenship regime. Of
      particular significance is the return to an ethnic framework in the 2006
      Serbian Constitution and the current Serbian Law on Citizenship, and the
      implications this may have for Serbia’s relationships with its
      neighbours, especially in those states with a considerable Serb
      minority. At the end, the report sheds more light on current debates
      regarding an ethnocentric definition of citizenship, dual citizenship,
      Kosovo residents, and refugees.


      “A Citizenship Beyond the Nation-State: Dilemmas of the
      ‘Europeanisation’ of Bosnia and Herzegovina” by Eldar Sarajlic.

      This paper deals with the tension between the predominant ideas of
      citizenship in Bosnia and Herzegovina and those imposed upon the country
      by the EU integration dynamic. It tries to argue that the tension
      between citizenship as a concept moulded within the historical and
      conceptual parameters of the European nation-state and the complex
      sociopolitical reality of Bosnia and Herzegovina that clearly diverges
      from the nation-state model creates frictions and erodes the
      democratization process. The paper offers an analysis of citizenship
      legislation in Bosnia ad Herzegovina and a variety of historical,
      political and social determinants that have shaped the existing
      citizenship regime in the country. By doing this, it aims to examine the
      character of citizenship in contemporary Bosnia and Herzegovina, to
      question the social and political underpinnings of its historical
      development, to assess the possibility for the establishment of a
      liberal democratic citizenship framework and to chart a way for
      explaining new developments, driven by European integration processes.


      “Citizenship as a tool of state-building in Kosovo: status, rights, and
      identity in the new state” by Gezim Krasniqi

      This paper examines the emergence of an autonomous citizenship regime in
      Kosovo, with a particular focus on citizenship as a tool of
      state-building. It argues that in the case of Kosovo citizenship is
      meant to serve as a link between a war-torn community of people and a
      new polity based on principles of equality and all inclusiveness, or, as
      a tool of political integration within the new political entity, which
      aims at replacing divisions of ethnicity, religion or social status. In
      addition, it looks at the impact of the tension between the
      ethno-cultural and political aspects of nationhood in the ongoing
      state-building process in Kosovo, as well as the stateness problem and
      contested statehood on citizenship policies.


      “In Search of a Demos: Transformations of Citizenship and Belonging in
      the Republic of Macedonia” by Ljubica Spaskovska

      The paper explores the transformations of citizenship regimes and
      belonging in the Republic of Macedonia within the framework of five
      consecutive and at times overlapping phases: the (zero) socialist phase;
      the consolidation phase; the contestation phase; the intervention phase
      and the stabilisation phase. It argues that they were/are accompanied by
      a corresponding specific type of citizenship: supranational; abortive
      ethno-national; ethnizenship and new supranational (European)
      citizenship. Through analysis of context-specific and regional
      developments, the paper explores the phenomena of politicisation of
      citizenship, minority rights, diaspora and Europeanisation in addition
      to providing an insight into the different citizenship regimes Macedonia
      has gone through and the implications of their transformations and
      amendments at different points in time.


      “Citizenship and Belonging: Literary Themes and Variations from
      Yugoslavia” by Andrew Wachtel

      Works of literature can be effective tools for understanding the ways in
      which individuals understand different concepts of citizenship. Focusing
      on the territories of the former Yugoslavia, this paper examines
      attitudes to citizenship and national belonging in works from the 19th
      and 20th centuries - The Mountain Wreath (Gorski Vijenac) of Petar
      Petrovic Njegos, The Death of Smail-Aga Cengic (Smrt Smail-Age Cengica)
      by Ivan Mazuranic, The Bridge on the Drina (Na Drini cuprija) by Ivo
      Andric and The Fortress (Tvrdjava) by Mesa Selimovic - to describe a
      picture of citizenship “from the inside out”—that is, as experienced by
      and affecting the lives and thoughts of characters within these literary
      works. The analysis reveals a dynamic relationship between changing
      ideas of citizenship and the attitudes of characters, and shows that
      authors use the depiction of various attitudes to citizenship to
      explicate their own views on the proper relationship of the individual
      to the state.


      “Citizenship in an emigrant nation-state: the case of Albania” by Gezim

      This paper explores the emergence and transformation of citizenship in
      Albania since the country’s independence in 1912, with a particular
      focus on the developments in the aftermath of the fall of communism in
      1991. It argues that only after the fall of communism, which was
      followed by massive waves of emigration, and the subsequent
      liberalisation and democratisation of the Albanian state did citizenship
      in its modern and liberal sense slowly start to enter the political
      agenda in Albania. The paper also provides a detailed account of the
      current citizenship legislation in Albania, which reflects the country’s
      attempts to democratise and achieve EU membership.


      “Lineages of Citizenship in Montenegro” by Jelena Dzankic

      This paper explores the evolution of citizenship policies in Montenegro.
      It employs Richard Bellamy’s concept of the lineages of citizenship,
      which analyses the normative aspects of citizenship by looking at
      interactions between ‘state and society within a given national
      political community’. In unveiling the processes and the context that
      shaped the Montenegrin citizenship policies at different times, the
      paper examines the active relationship between three major aspects of
      citizenship: legal, political and identity/emotional. Following a
      historical overview of the development of citizenship policies, this
      paper focuses on the recent political circumstances that have shaped the
      normative aspects of citizenship. As such, it also triggers questions
      about what layer of identity the citizenship legislation in fact
      encapsulates. The final part of the paper examines the multivalence of
      citizenship in the context of Europeanisation. Transiting ‘the European
      route’ has, in fact, recalibrated the relationship between the legal,
      political and emotional/identity aspects of citizenship in Montenegro.


      On CITSEE:

      The Europeanisation of Citizenship in the Successor States of the Former
      Yugoslavia (CITSEE) is a research project based at the University of
      Edinburgh. It studies the citizenship regimes of the seven successor
      states of the former Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo,
      Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia).

      For more information on the CITSEE project and its activities, please
      check the website regularly: http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/citsee/

      For more information on a particular country visit the country profiles
      on the CITSEE website: http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/citsee/countryprofiles/

      You can also follow CITSEE on Facebook by joining our fan group:

      The University of Edinburgh is a charitable body, registered in
      Scotland, with registration number SC005336.
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