[balkans] Text of accord on disarming KLA
- View SourceSubject: Text of accord on disarming KLA
From: Network for Peace in the Balkans
This is the full text of the accord on the demilitarisation of the Kosovo
Liberation Army (KLA, known in Kosovo by its initials UCK) signed by KLA
chief Hashim Thaqi and KFOR commander Lieutenant-General Mike Jackson in
Pristina on June 21, 1999:
UNDERTAKING OF DEMILITARISATION AND TRANSFORMATION BY THE UCK
1. This Undertaking provides for a ceasefire by the UCK, their
disengagement from the zones of conflict, subsequent demilitarisation and
reintegration into civil society, in accordance with the terms of UNSCR
1244 and taking account of the obligations agreed to at Rambouillet and the
public commitments made by the Kosovar Albanian Rambouillet delegation.
2. The UCK undertake to renounce the use of force, to comply with the
directions of the Commander of the international security force in Kosovo
(COMKFOR), and where applicable the head of the interim civil
administration for Kosovo, and to resolve peacefully any questions relating
to the implementation of this undertaking.
3. The UCK agree that the International Security Presence (KFOR) and the
international civil presence will continue to deploy and operate without
hindrance within Kosovo and that KFOR has the authority to take all
necessary action to establish and maintain a secure environment for all
citizens of Kosovo and otherwise carry out its mission.
4. The UCK agrees to comply with all of the obligations of this Undertaking
and to ensure that with immediate effect all UCK forces in Kosovo and in
neighbouring countries will observe the provisions of this Undertaking,
will refrain from all hostile or provocative acts, hostile intent and
freeze military movement in either direction across international borders
or the boundary between Kosovo and other parts of the FRY, or any other
actions inconsistent with the spirit of UNSCR 1244. The UCK in Kosovo agree
to commit themselves publicly to demilitarise in accordance with paragraphs
22 and 23, refrain from activities which jeopardise the safety of
international governmental and non-governmental personnel including KFOR,
and to facilitate the deployment and operation of KFOR.
5. For purposes of this Undertaking, the following expressions shall have
the meanings as described below:
a) The UCK includes all personnel and organisations within Kosovo,
currently under UCK control, with a military or paramilitary capability and
any other groups or individuals so designated by Commander KFOR (COMKFOR).
b) "FRY Forces" includes all of the FRY and Republic of Serbia personnel
and organisations with a military capability. This includes regular army
and naval forces, armed civilian groups, associated paramilitary groups,
air forces, national guards, border police, army reserves, military police,
intelligence services, Ministry of Internal Affairs, local, special, riot
and anti-terrorist police, and any other groups or individuals so
designated by Commander KFOR (COMKFOR).
c) The Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) is defined as a 5-kilometre zone that
extends beyond the Kosovo province border into the rest of FRY territory.
It includes the terrain within that 5-kilometre zone.
d) Prohibited weapons are any weapon 12.7mm or larger, any anti-tank or
anti-aircraft weapons, grenades, mines or explosives, automatic and long
6. The purposes of this Undertaking are as follows:
a) To establish a durable cessation of hostilities.
b) To provide for the support and authorisation of the KFOR and in
particular to authorise the KFOR to take such actions as are required,
including the use of necessary force in accordance with KFORs rules of
engagement, to ensure compliance with this Undertaking and protection of
the KFOR, and to contribute to a secure environment for the international
civil implementation presence, and other international organisations,
agencies, and non-governmental organisations and the civil populace.
7. The actions of the UCK shall be in accordance with this Undertaking.
"The KFOR" commander in consultation, where appropriate, with the interim
civil administrator will be the final authority regarding the
interpretation of this Undertaking and the security aspects of the peace
settlement it supports. His determinations will be binding on all parties
Cessation of Hostilities
8. With immediate effect on signature the UCK agrees to comply with this
Undertaking and with the directions of COMKFOR. Any forces which fail to
comply with this Undertaking or with the directions of COMKFOR will be
liable to military action as deemed appropriate by COMKFOR.
9. With immediate effect on signature of this Undertaking all hostile acts
by the UCK will cease. The UCK Chief of General Staff undertakes to issue
clear and precise instructions to all units and personnel under his
command, to ensure contact with the FRY forces is avoided and to comply
fully with the arrangements for bringing this Undertaking into effect. He
will make announcements immediately following final signature of this
Undertaking, which will be broadcast regularly through all appropriate
channels to assist in ensuring that instructions to maintain this
Undertaking reach all the forces under his command and are understood by
the public in general.
10. The UCK undertakes and agrees in particular:
a) To cease the firing of all weapons and use of explosive devices.
b) Not to place any mines, barriers or checkpoints, nor maintain any
observation posts or protective obstacles.
c) The destruction of buildings, facilities or structures is not permitted.
It shall not engage in any military, security, or training related
activities, including ground, or air defence operations, in or over Kosovo
or GSZ, without the prior express approval of COMKFOR.
d) Not to attack, detain or intimidate any civilians in Kosovo, nor shall
they attack, confiscate or violate the property of civilians in Kosovo.
11. The UCK agrees not to conduct any reprisals, counter-attacks, or any
unilateral actions in response to violations of the UNSCR 1244 and other
extant agreements relating to Kosovo.
This in no way denies the right of self-defence.
12. The UCK agrees not to interfere with those FRY personnel that return to
Kosovo to conduct specific tasks as authorised and directed by COMKFOR.
13. Except as approved by COMKFOR, the UCK agrees that its personnel in
Kosovo will not carry weapons of any type:
a) Within 2 kilometres of VJ and MUP assembly areas;
b) Within 2 kilometres of the main roads and the towns upon them listed at
c) Within 2 kilometres of external borders of Kosovo;
d) In any other areas designated by COMKFOR.
14. Within 4 days of signature of this Undertaking:
a) The UCK will close all fighting positions, entrenchments, and
checkpoints on roads, and mark their minefields and booby traps.
b) The UCK Chief of General Staff shall report in writing completion of the
above requirement to COMKFOR and continue to provide weekly detailed
written status reports until demilitarisation, as detailed in the following
paragraphs, is complete.
15. With immediate effect the UCK will cease the movement of armed bodies
into neighbouring countries. All movement of armed bodies into Kosovo will
be subject to the prior approval of COMKFOR.
Monitoring the Cessation of Hostilities
16. The authority for dealing with breaches of this Undertaking rests with
COMKFOR. He will monitor and maintain and if necessary enforce the
cessation of hostilities.
17. The UCK agrees to co-operate fully with KFOR and the interim civil
administration for Kosovo. The Chief of the General Staff of the UCK will
ensure that prompt and appropriate action is taken to deal with any
breaches of this Undertaking by his forces as directed by COMKFOR.
18. Elements of KFOR will be assigned to maintain contact with the UCK and
will be deployed to its command structure and bases.
19. KFOR will establish appropriate control at designated crossing points
into Albania and the FYROM.
Joint Implementation Commission (JIC)
20. A JIC will be established in Pristina within 4 days of the signature of
this Undertaking. The JIC will be chaired by COMKFOR, and will comprise the
senior commanders of KFOR and the UCK, and a representative from the
interim civil administration for Kosovo.
21. The JIC will meet as often as required by COMKFOR throughout the
implementation of this Undertaking. It may be called without prior notice
and representation by the UCK is expected at a level appropriate with the
rank of the KFOR chairman. Its functions will include:
a) Ensuring compliance with agreed arrangements for the security and
activities of all forces;
b) The investigation of actual or threatened breaches of this Undertaking;
c) Such other tasks as may be assigned to it by COMKFOR in the interests of
maintaining the cessation of hostilities.
Demilitarisation and Transformation
22. The UCK will follow the procedures established by COMKFOR for the
phased demilitarisation, transformation and monitoring of UCK forces in
Kosovo and for the further regulation of their activities. They will not
train or organise parades without the authority of COMKFOR.
23. The UCK agrees to the following timetable which will commence from the
signature of this Undertaking:
a) Within 7 days, the UCK shall establish secure weapons storage sites,
which shall be registered with and verified by the KFOR;
b) Within 7 days the UCK will clear their minefields and booby traps,
vacate their fighting positions and transfer to assembly areas as agreed
with COMKFOR at the JIC. Thereafter only personnel authorised by COMKFOR
and senior Officers of the UCK with their close protection personnel not
exceeding 3, carrying side arms only, will be allowed outside these
c) After 7 days automatic small arms weapons not stored in the registered
weapons storage sites can only be held inside the authorised assembly areas.
d) After 29 days, the retention of any non automatic long barrelled weapons
shall be subject to authorisation by COMKFOR.
e) Within 30 days, subject to arrangements by COMKFOR if necessary, all UCK
personnel who are not of local origin, whether or not they are legally
within Kosovo, including individual advisors, freedom fighters, trainers,
volunteers, and personnel from neighbouring and other States, shall be
withdrawn from Kosovo.
f) Arrangements for control of weapons are as follows: (1) Within 30 days
the UCK shall store in the registered weapons storage sites all prohibited
weapons with the exception of automatic small arms. 30 per cent of their
total holdings of automatic small arms weapons will also be stored in these
sites at this stage. Ammunition for the remaining weapons should be
withdrawn and stored at an approved site authorised by COMKFOR separate
from the assembly areas at the same time.
(2) At 30 days it shall be illegal for UCK personnel to possess prohibited
weapons, with the exception of automatic small arms within assembly areas,
and unauthorised long barrelled weapons.
Such weapons shall be subject to confiscation by the KFOR.
(3) Within 60 days a further 30 per cent of automatic small arms, giving a
total of 60 per cent of the UCK holdings, will be stored in the registered
weapons storage sites.
(4) Within 90 days all automatic small arms weapons will be stored in the
registered weapons storage sites. Thereafter their possession by UCK
personnel will be prohibited and such weapons will be subject to
confiscation by KFOR.
g) From 30 days until 90 days the weapons storage sites will be under joint
control of the UCK and KFOR under procedures approved by COMKFOR at the
JIC. After 90 days KFOR will assume full control of these sites.
h) Within 90 days all UCK forces will have completed the processes for
their demilitarisation and are to cease wearing either military uniforms or
insignia of the UCK.
i) Within 90 days the Chief of General Staff UCK shall confirm compliance
with the above restrictions in writing to COMKFOR.
24. The provisions of this Undertaking enter into force with immediate
effect of its signature by the Kosovar Albanian representative(s).
25. The UCK intends to comply with the terms of the United Nations Security
Council Resolution 1244, and in this context that the international
community should take due and full account of the contribution of the UCK
during the Kosovo crisis and accordingly give due consideration to:
a) Recognition that, while the UCK and its structures are in the process of
transformation, it is committed to propose individual current members to
participate in the administration and police forces of Kosovo, enjoying
special consideration in view of the expertise they have developed.
b) The formation of an Army in Kosovo on the lines of the US National Guard
in due course as part of a political process designed to determine Kosovos
future status, taking into account the Rambouillet Accord.
26. This Undertaking is provided in English and Albanian and if there is
any doubt as to the meaning of the text the English version has precedence.
OFFERED BY HASHIM THAQI, COMMANDER IN CHIEF UCK
RECEIVED BY LT GEN MIKE JACKSON, COMMANDER KFOR
21 June 1999
1) Pec - Lapusnik - Pristina 2) Border - Djakovica - Klina 3) Border -
Prizren - Suva Reka - Pristina 4) Djakovica - Orahovac - Lapusnik -
Pristina 5) Pec-Djakovica - Prizren - Urosevac - Border 6) Border -
Urosevac - Pristina - Podujevo - Border 7) Pristina - Kosovska Mitrovica -
Border 8) Kosovka Mitrovica - (Rakos) - Pec 9) Pec - Border with Montenegro
(through Rozaj) 10) Pristina - Lisica - Border with Serbia 11) Pristina -
Gnjilane - Urosevac 12) Gnjilane - Veliki Trnovac - Border with Serbia; 13)
Prizren - Doganovic
This is the text of the G8 peace plan taken to Belgrade by the EU and
Russian envoys, and agreed to on June 3 by the Serbian Parliament and
Agreement should be reached on the following principles to move toward a
resolution of the Kosovo crisis:
1.Immediate and verifiable end of violence and repression in Kosovo.
2.Verifiable withdrawal from Kosovo of all military, police and
paramilitary forces according to a rapid timetable.
3.Deployment in Kosovo under UN auspices of effective international civil
and security presences, acting as may be decided under Chapter VII of the
Charter, capable of guaranteeing the achievement of common objectives.
4.The international security presence, with substantial Nato participation,
must be deployed under unified command and control, and authorised to
establish a safe environment for all people in Kosovo and to facilitate the
safe return to their homes of all displaced persons and refugees.
5.Establishment of an interim administration for Kosovo, as part of the
international civil presence, under which the people of Kosovo can enjoy a
substantial autonomy within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, to be
decided by the Security Council of the United Nations. Interim
administration to provide transitional administration while establishing
and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing
institutions to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life of all
inhabitants in Kosovo.
6.After withdrawal, an agreed number of Yugoslav and Serbian personnel will
be permitted to return to perform the following functions:
Liaison with international civil mission and international security
presence Marking/clearing minefields Maintaining a presence at Serb
patrimonial sites Maintaining a presence at key border crossings.
7.Safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons under the
supervision of the UNHCR and unimpeded access to Kosovo by humanitarian aid
8.A political process towards the establishment of an interim political
framework agreement providing for a substantial self-government for Kosovo,
taking full account of the Rambouillet accords and the principles of
sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
and the other countries of the region, and the demilitarisation of the KLA.
Negotiations between the parties for a settlement should not delay or
disrupt the establishment of democratic self-governing institutions.
9.Comprehensive approach to the economic development and stabilisation of
the crisis region. This will include the implementation of a Stability Pact
for South-Eastern Europe with broad international participation in order to
further promotion of democracy, economic prosperity, stability and regional
10.Suspension of military activity will require acceptance of the
principles set forth above in addition to agreement to other, previously
identified, required elements, which are specified in the footnote below. A
military-technical agreement will then be rapidly concluded that would,
among other things, specify additional modalities, including the roles and
functions of Yugoslav/Serb personnel in Kosovo.
Procedures for withdrawals, including the phased, detailed schedule and
delineation of a buffer area in Serbia beyond which forces will be withdrawn.
Equipment associated the returning personnel. Terms of reference for their
functional responsibilities. Timetable for their return. Delineation of
their geographical areas of operation. Rules governing their relationship
to international security presence and international civil mission.
Other required elements
Rapid and precise timetable for withdrawals meaning, for example 7 days to
complete withdrawal; air defence weapons withdrawn outside a 25km mutual
safety zone within 48 hours. Return of personnel for the functions
specified above will be under the supervision of the international security
presence and will be limited to a small agreed number (hundreds, not
thousands). Suspension of military activity will occur after the beginning
of verifiable withdrawals. The discussion and achieving of a
military-technical agreement shall not extend the previously determined
time for completion of withdrawals.
A second footnote refers to the composition of the international force, as
It is understood that Nato considers an international security force with
"substantial Nato participation" to mean unified command and control and
having Nato at the core.
This in turn means a unified Nato chain of command under the political
direction of the North Atlantic Council in consultation with non-Nato force
All Nato countries, partners and other countries will be eligible to
contribute to the international security force. Nato units would be under
It is understood that Russia's position is that the Russian contingent will
not be under Nato command and its relationship to the international
presence will be governed by relevant additional agreements.
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