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[balkans] Text of accord on disarming KLA

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  • Florian Bieber
    Subject: Text of accord on disarming KLA From: Network for Peace in the Balkans -http://www.balkanpeacenetwork.freeserve.co.ukThis is the full text of the
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 28, 1999
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      Subject: Text of accord on disarming KLA
      From: Network for Peace in the Balkans

      This is the full text of the accord on the demilitarisation of the Kosovo
      Liberation Army (KLA, known in Kosovo by its initials UCK) signed by KLA
      chief Hashim Thaqi and KFOR commander Lieutenant-General Mike Jackson in
      Pristina on June 21, 1999:


      1. This Undertaking provides for a ceasefire by the UCK, their
      disengagement from the zones of conflict, subsequent demilitarisation and
      reintegration into civil society, in accordance with the terms of UNSCR
      1244 and taking account of the obligations agreed to at Rambouillet and the
      public commitments made by the Kosovar Albanian Rambouillet delegation.

      2. The UCK undertake to renounce the use of force, to comply with the
      directions of the Commander of the international security force in Kosovo
      (COMKFOR), and where applicable the head of the interim civil
      administration for Kosovo, and to resolve peacefully any questions relating
      to the implementation of this undertaking.

      3. The UCK agree that the International Security Presence (KFOR) and the
      international civil presence will continue to deploy and operate without
      hindrance within Kosovo and that KFOR has the authority to take all
      necessary action to establish and maintain a secure environment for all
      citizens of Kosovo and otherwise carry out its mission.

      4. The UCK agrees to comply with all of the obligations of this Undertaking
      and to ensure that with immediate effect all UCK forces in Kosovo and in
      neighbouring countries will observe the provisions of this Undertaking,
      will refrain from all hostile or provocative acts, hostile intent and
      freeze military movement in either direction across international borders
      or the boundary between Kosovo and other parts of the FRY, or any other
      actions inconsistent with the spirit of UNSCR 1244. The UCK in Kosovo agree
      to commit themselves publicly to demilitarise in accordance with paragraphs
      22 and 23, refrain from activities which jeopardise the safety of
      international governmental and non-governmental personnel including KFOR,
      and to facilitate the deployment and operation of KFOR.

      5. For purposes of this Undertaking, the following expressions shall have
      the meanings as described below:
      a) The UCK includes all personnel and organisations within Kosovo,
      currently under UCK control, with a military or paramilitary capability and
      any other groups or individuals so designated by Commander KFOR (COMKFOR).
      b) "FRY Forces" includes all of the FRY and Republic of Serbia personnel
      and organisations with a military capability. This includes regular army
      and naval forces, armed civilian groups, associated paramilitary groups,
      air forces, national guards, border police, army reserves, military police,
      intelligence services, Ministry of Internal Affairs, local, special, riot
      and anti-terrorist police, and any other groups or individuals so
      designated by Commander KFOR (COMKFOR).
      c) The Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) is defined as a 5-kilometre zone that
      extends beyond the Kosovo province border into the rest of FRY territory.
      It includes the terrain within that 5-kilometre zone.
      d) Prohibited weapons are any weapon 12.7mm or larger, any anti-tank or
      anti-aircraft weapons, grenades, mines or explosives, automatic and long
      barrelled weapons.

      6. The purposes of this Undertaking are as follows:
      a) To establish a durable cessation of hostilities.
      b) To provide for the support and authorisation of the KFOR and in
      particular to authorise the KFOR to take such actions as are required,
      including the use of necessary force in accordance with KFORs rules of
      engagement, to ensure compliance with this Undertaking and protection of
      the KFOR, and to contribute to a secure environment for the international
      civil implementation presence, and other international organisations,
      agencies, and non-governmental organisations and the civil populace.

      7. The actions of the UCK shall be in accordance with this Undertaking.
      "The KFOR" commander in consultation, where appropriate, with the interim
      civil administrator will be the final authority regarding the
      interpretation of this Undertaking and the security aspects of the peace
      settlement it supports. His determinations will be binding on all parties
      and persons.
      Cessation of Hostilities

      8. With immediate effect on signature the UCK agrees to comply with this
      Undertaking and with the directions of COMKFOR. Any forces which fail to
      comply with this Undertaking or with the directions of COMKFOR will be
      liable to military action as deemed appropriate by COMKFOR.

      9. With immediate effect on signature of this Undertaking all hostile acts
      by the UCK will cease. The UCK Chief of General Staff undertakes to issue
      clear and precise instructions to all units and personnel under his
      command, to ensure contact with the FRY forces is avoided and to comply
      fully with the arrangements for bringing this Undertaking into effect. He
      will make announcements immediately following final signature of this
      Undertaking, which will be broadcast regularly through all appropriate
      channels to assist in ensuring that instructions to maintain this
      Undertaking reach all the forces under his command and are understood by
      the public in general.

      10. The UCK undertakes and agrees in particular:
      a) To cease the firing of all weapons and use of explosive devices.
      b) Not to place any mines, barriers or checkpoints, nor maintain any
      observation posts or protective obstacles.
      c) The destruction of buildings, facilities or structures is not permitted.
      It shall not engage in any military, security, or training related
      activities, including ground, or air defence operations, in or over Kosovo
      or GSZ, without the prior express approval of COMKFOR.
      d) Not to attack, detain or intimidate any civilians in Kosovo, nor shall
      they attack, confiscate or violate the property of civilians in Kosovo.

      11. The UCK agrees not to conduct any reprisals, counter-attacks, or any
      unilateral actions in response to violations of the UNSCR 1244 and other
      extant agreements relating to Kosovo.
      This in no way denies the right of self-defence.

      12. The UCK agrees not to interfere with those FRY personnel that return to
      Kosovo to conduct specific tasks as authorised and directed by COMKFOR.

      13. Except as approved by COMKFOR, the UCK agrees that its personnel in
      Kosovo will not carry weapons of any type:
      a) Within 2 kilometres of VJ and MUP assembly areas;
      b) Within 2 kilometres of the main roads and the towns upon them listed at
      Appendix A;
      c) Within 2 kilometres of external borders of Kosovo;
      d) In any other areas designated by COMKFOR.

      14. Within 4 days of signature of this Undertaking:
      a) The UCK will close all fighting positions, entrenchments, and
      checkpoints on roads, and mark their minefields and booby traps.
      b) The UCK Chief of General Staff shall report in writing completion of the
      above requirement to COMKFOR and continue to provide weekly detailed
      written status reports until demilitarisation, as detailed in the following
      paragraphs, is complete.

      Cross-Border Activity

      15. With immediate effect the UCK will cease the movement of armed bodies
      into neighbouring countries. All movement of armed bodies into Kosovo will
      be subject to the prior approval of COMKFOR.

      Monitoring the Cessation of Hostilities

      16. The authority for dealing with breaches of this Undertaking rests with
      COMKFOR. He will monitor and maintain and if necessary enforce the
      cessation of hostilities.

      17. The UCK agrees to co-operate fully with KFOR and the interim civil
      administration for Kosovo. The Chief of the General Staff of the UCK will
      ensure that prompt and appropriate action is taken to deal with any
      breaches of this Undertaking by his forces as directed by COMKFOR.

      18. Elements of KFOR will be assigned to maintain contact with the UCK and
      will be deployed to its command structure and bases.

      19. KFOR will establish appropriate control at designated crossing points
      into Albania and the FYROM.
      Joint Implementation Commission (JIC)

      20. A JIC will be established in Pristina within 4 days of the signature of
      this Undertaking. The JIC will be chaired by COMKFOR, and will comprise the
      senior commanders of KFOR and the UCK, and a representative from the
      interim civil administration for Kosovo.

      21. The JIC will meet as often as required by COMKFOR throughout the
      implementation of this Undertaking. It may be called without prior notice
      and representation by the UCK is expected at a level appropriate with the
      rank of the KFOR chairman. Its functions will include:
      a) Ensuring compliance with agreed arrangements for the security and
      activities of all forces;
      b) The investigation of actual or threatened breaches of this Undertaking;
      c) Such other tasks as may be assigned to it by COMKFOR in the interests of
      maintaining the cessation of hostilities.

      Demilitarisation and Transformation

      22. The UCK will follow the procedures established by COMKFOR for the
      phased demilitarisation, transformation and monitoring of UCK forces in
      Kosovo and for the further regulation of their activities. They will not
      train or organise parades without the authority of COMKFOR.

      23. The UCK agrees to the following timetable which will commence from the
      signature of this Undertaking:
      a) Within 7 days, the UCK shall establish secure weapons storage sites,
      which shall be registered with and verified by the KFOR;
      b) Within 7 days the UCK will clear their minefields and booby traps,
      vacate their fighting positions and transfer to assembly areas as agreed
      with COMKFOR at the JIC. Thereafter only personnel authorised by COMKFOR
      and senior Officers of the UCK with their close protection personnel not
      exceeding 3, carrying side arms only, will be allowed outside these
      assembly areas.
      c) After 7 days automatic small arms weapons not stored in the registered
      weapons storage sites can only be held inside the authorised assembly areas.
      d) After 29 days, the retention of any non automatic long barrelled weapons
      shall be subject to authorisation by COMKFOR.
      e) Within 30 days, subject to arrangements by COMKFOR if necessary, all UCK
      personnel who are not of local origin, whether or not they are legally
      within Kosovo, including individual advisors, freedom fighters, trainers,
      volunteers, and personnel from neighbouring and other States, shall be
      withdrawn from Kosovo.
      f) Arrangements for control of weapons are as follows: (1) Within 30 days
      the UCK shall store in the registered weapons storage sites all prohibited
      weapons with the exception of automatic small arms. 30 per cent of their
      total holdings of automatic small arms weapons will also be stored in these
      sites at this stage. Ammunition for the remaining weapons should be
      withdrawn and stored at an approved site authorised by COMKFOR separate
      from the assembly areas at the same time.
      (2) At 30 days it shall be illegal for UCK personnel to possess prohibited
      weapons, with the exception of automatic small arms within assembly areas,
      and unauthorised long barrelled weapons.
      Such weapons shall be subject to confiscation by the KFOR.
      (3) Within 60 days a further 30 per cent of automatic small arms, giving a
      total of 60 per cent of the UCK holdings, will be stored in the registered
      weapons storage sites.
      (4) Within 90 days all automatic small arms weapons will be stored in the
      registered weapons storage sites. Thereafter their possession by UCK
      personnel will be prohibited and such weapons will be subject to
      confiscation by KFOR.
      g) From 30 days until 90 days the weapons storage sites will be under joint
      control of the UCK and KFOR under procedures approved by COMKFOR at the
      JIC. After 90 days KFOR will assume full control of these sites.
      h) Within 90 days all UCK forces will have completed the processes for
      their demilitarisation and are to cease wearing either military uniforms or
      insignia of the UCK.
      i) Within 90 days the Chief of General Staff UCK shall confirm compliance
      with the above restrictions in writing to COMKFOR.

      24. The provisions of this Undertaking enter into force with immediate
      effect of its signature by the Kosovar Albanian representative(s).

      25. The UCK intends to comply with the terms of the United Nations Security
      Council Resolution 1244, and in this context that the international
      community should take due and full account of the contribution of the UCK
      during the Kosovo crisis and accordingly give due consideration to:
      a) Recognition that, while the UCK and its structures are in the process of
      transformation, it is committed to propose individual current members to
      participate in the administration and police forces of Kosovo, enjoying
      special consideration in view of the expertise they have developed.
      b) The formation of an Army in Kosovo on the lines of the US National Guard
      in due course as part of a political process designed to determine Kosovos
      future status, taking into account the Rambouillet Accord.

      26. This Undertaking is provided in English and Albanian and if there is
      any doubt as to the meaning of the text the English version has precedence.
      21 June 1999

      Appendix A
      1) Pec - Lapusnik - Pristina 2) Border - Djakovica - Klina 3) Border -
      Prizren - Suva Reka - Pristina 4) Djakovica - Orahovac - Lapusnik -
      Pristina 5) Pec-Djakovica - Prizren - Urosevac - Border 6) Border -
      Urosevac - Pristina - Podujevo - Border 7) Pristina - Kosovska Mitrovica -
      Border 8) Kosovka Mitrovica - (Rakos) - Pec 9) Pec - Border with Montenegro
      (through Rozaj) 10) Pristina - Lisica - Border with Serbia 11) Pristina -
      Gnjilane - Urosevac 12) Gnjilane - Veliki Trnovac - Border with Serbia; 13)
      Prizren - Doganovic
      This is the text of the G8 peace plan taken to Belgrade by the EU and
      Russian envoys, and agreed to on June 3 by the Serbian Parliament and
      President Milosevic:
      Agreement should be reached on the following principles to move toward a
      resolution of the Kosovo crisis:

      1.Immediate and verifiable end of violence and repression in Kosovo.

      2.Verifiable withdrawal from Kosovo of all military, police and
      paramilitary forces according to a rapid timetable.
      3.Deployment in Kosovo under UN auspices of effective international civil
      and security presences, acting as may be decided under Chapter VII of the
      Charter, capable of guaranteeing the achievement of common objectives.

      4.The international security presence, with substantial Nato participation,
      must be deployed under unified command and control, and authorised to
      establish a safe environment for all people in Kosovo and to facilitate the
      safe return to their homes of all displaced persons and refugees.

      5.Establishment of an interim administration for Kosovo, as part of the
      international civil presence, under which the people of Kosovo can enjoy a
      substantial autonomy within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, to be
      decided by the Security Council of the United Nations. Interim
      administration to provide transitional administration while establishing
      and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing
      institutions to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life of all
      inhabitants in Kosovo.

      6.After withdrawal, an agreed number of Yugoslav and Serbian personnel will
      be permitted to return to perform the following functions:
      Liaison with international civil mission and international security
      presence Marking/clearing minefields Maintaining a presence at Serb
      patrimonial sites Maintaining a presence at key border crossings.

      7.Safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons under the
      supervision of the UNHCR and unimpeded access to Kosovo by humanitarian aid

      8.A political process towards the establishment of an interim political
      framework agreement providing for a substantial self-government for Kosovo,
      taking full account of the Rambouillet accords and the principles of
      sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
      and the other countries of the region, and the demilitarisation of the KLA.
      Negotiations between the parties for a settlement should not delay or
      disrupt the establishment of democratic self-governing institutions.

      9.Comprehensive approach to the economic development and stabilisation of
      the crisis region. This will include the implementation of a Stability Pact
      for South-Eastern Europe with broad international participation in order to
      further promotion of democracy, economic prosperity, stability and regional

      10.Suspension of military activity will require acceptance of the
      principles set forth above in addition to agreement to other, previously
      identified, required elements, which are specified in the footnote below. A
      military-technical agreement will then be rapidly concluded that would,
      among other things, specify additional modalities, including the roles and
      functions of Yugoslav/Serb personnel in Kosovo.

      Procedures for withdrawals, including the phased, detailed schedule and
      delineation of a buffer area in Serbia beyond which forces will be withdrawn.

      Returning Personnel
      Equipment associated the returning personnel. Terms of reference for their
      functional responsibilities. Timetable for their return. Delineation of
      their geographical areas of operation. Rules governing their relationship
      to international security presence and international civil mission.

      Other required elements
      Rapid and precise timetable for withdrawals meaning, for example 7 days to
      complete withdrawal; air defence weapons withdrawn outside a 25km mutual
      safety zone within 48 hours. Return of personnel for the functions
      specified above will be under the supervision of the international security
      presence and will be limited to a small agreed number (hundreds, not
      thousands). Suspension of military activity will occur after the beginning
      of verifiable withdrawals. The discussion and achieving of a
      military-technical agreement shall not extend the previously determined
      time for completion of withdrawals.
      A second footnote refers to the composition of the international force, as
      It is understood that Nato considers an international security force with
      "substantial Nato participation" to mean unified command and control and
      having Nato at the core.
      This in turn means a unified Nato chain of command under the political
      direction of the North Atlantic Council in consultation with non-Nato force
      All Nato countries, partners and other countries will be eligible to
      contribute to the international security force. Nato units would be under
      Nato command.
      It is understood that Russia's position is that the Russian contingent will
      not be under Nato command and its relationship to the international
      presence will be governed by relevant additional agreements.

      Florian Bieber
      Alsoerdosor utca 3
      H-1076 Budapest


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