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CfP: Territorial governance in the Mediterranean New Paradigms

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  • Denis Bocquet by way of Florian Bieber
    From: H-Med Staff Subjetc:Territorial governance in the Mediterranean new paradigms Date: December 17, 2001 Dear colleagues,
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 17, 2001
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      From: H-Med Staff <denis.bocquet@...>
      Subjetc:Territorial governance in the Mediterranean new paradigms
      Date: December 17, 2001

      Dear colleagues,

      Let us just remind that the Mediterranean Meeting organizers have extended the
      deadline for paper submission for Workshop 6 until tomorrow December the 18th.


      WORKSHOP 6

      Territorial Governance in the Mediterranean New Paradigms?
      Directed by Michael Keating (EUI, Florence) & John Loughlin (University of
      Wales and Visiting Fellow EUI, Florence)

      The underlying assumption of the Mediterranean Programme is that 'the
      Mediterranean' is a geographical region with distinct features based on common
      climatic, historical and, perhaps, cultural experiences. Historians,
      anthropologists and geographers will be aware of those features that
      Mediterranean societies have in common. Political scientists and sociologists,
      on the other hand, will be aware that within this broadly defined region, there
      exist important differences with regard to the nature of political and social
      systems of these societies, not least the importance of religious differences.
      The Mediterranean has been the bridge but also the barrier between the
      societies dominated by the three major monotheistic religions Christianity
      (Catholic and Orthodox), Islam and Judaism.

      This means that we should be cautious in emphasizing the supposed unity of a
      Mediterranean culture and society. Rather, there are several distinct political
      complexes within the broader region. In 'Southern Europe' (Portugal, Spain,
      Southern France, Italy and Greece) where the Napoleonic state form has been
      dominant, although each of these states differs considerably from the rest. In
      North Africa, state traditions have been influenced both by Arab and Kabyl
      influences but also by colonial domination at the end of the 19th century:
      Morocco by Spain and France; Algeria and Tunisia by France; Libya by Italy, and
      Egypt by Britain. The Middle East is dominated by the conflict between
      Palestinians and Israelis over the legitimacy of the state of Israel and the
      setting up of an independent Palestinian state. Neighbouring countries such as
      Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt have been drawn into this conflict, with
      Lebanon perhaps suffering the worst consequences of the conflict. Again, all of
      these countries emerged as independent states in the post WW-II period when the
      colonial powers of France and Britain withdrew from the region. Finally,
      mention must be made of the large number of islands in the Mediterranean. The
      political status of these islands varies from independent statehood as is the
      case with Malta and Cyprus (complicated, it is true, by the occupation of part
      of the island by the Turkish Army), through islands with a greater or lesser
      degree of autonomy such as Sicily and Sardinia in Italy, the Balearic Isles in
      Spain, and Corsica in France, to large islands such as Crete which have no
      distinctive administrative status at all. It is clear, then, that there is a
      great variety of state forms and administrative arrangements in
      the "Mediterranean", but, it might be argued that this variety is underlain by
      a number of common cultural and anthropological features (for example, the
      importance of the family, the position of men and women in society, the
      survival of concepts such as 'honour', etc) all of which influence the nature
      and functioning of the political and administrative institutions.

      The primary concern of this Workshop will be to examine the effects on these
      political and administrative systems of wider processes such as globalization,
      the strengthening of European integration, new technological developments and
      societal change. We are especially concerned with the question of 'territorial
      governance' at the subnational level. Spain, Italy and France have all, to
      varying degrees carried out regionalization processes since the 1980s. In each
      of these countries, the territorial question is still central to political
      debate: in Spain, there is a continual tension between the central government
      and the 'advanced' Autonomous Communities of Catalonia, the Basque Country and
      Galicia; in Italy, the question of the federalization of the state is still
      high on the political agenda despite the referendum of 7 October; in France,
      the problem of the status of Corsica has raised the whole question of the place
      of regions in France and the nature of the French Constitution. In Greece,
      there have been attempts at decentralization but little real regionalization
      despite pressure from the European Commission in this direction. In Portugal, a
      referendum in 1998 advocating the setting up of political regions was
      decisively defeated. Thus, Greece and Portugal seem to going in a different
      direction from the other three countries of Southern Europe. In North Africa,
      the problems of territorial governance are quite different from Southern
      Europe. Each country has a distinct set of issues. Algeria and Morocco contain
      Kabyl populations concentrated in particular regions that sometimes demand
      political recognition. Egypt and Algeria contain important Islamic
      fundamentalist groups, while Egypt has a large Coptic Christian population.
      Finally, Morocco has the problem of the Northwest Sahara, which has been the
      subject of a bloody dispute. We have already mentioned the problems of the
      Middle East, with its mosaic of peoples and religions exemplified by the
      Lebanon.

      Specific questions which arise from these reflections and which will form the
      basis for papers in the Workshop are the following:

      · To what extent have the wider forces outlined above affected territorial
      governance at the subnational level?

      · What has been the impact of European integration and policy and
      administrative models (e.g. regional and agricultural development policy
      models) influenced by this on subnational territorial governance in the
      Mediterranean?

      · Is there a convergence or divergence between Southern Europe and Northern
      Europe on the one hand, and between Southern Europe and the rest of the
      Mediterranean on the other?

      · How can we explain the diverging patterns of Spain, Italy and France (more
      regionalization) and Greece and Portugal (resistance to regionalization)?

      · If we accept the hypothesis that a significant transformation of territorial
      governance is occurring, how have political parties, party systems and interest
      groups adapted to this transformation?

      · Are new forms of territorial governance at the subnational level emerging,
      especially in those areas of the Middle East, which have experienced violent
      conflict?


      Please see:

      http://www.iue.it/RSC/MED/meeting2002/Welcome.html#6

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