Re: [azsecularhumanists] Re: The American Civil War
>Arizona did not exist as a separate territory
>i think thats correct kevin.
>the north wanted to force the south to
>buy goods from the NORTH which were
>much more expensive then the same
>goods made in england. and in my
>stinking libertarian eyes this is
>effectivelly a tax.
>>Perhaps Mike was refering to the tariff issue
>>direct taxation. �That may have been a minor
>also some of the things joel touched on
>i remember reading about.
>for example slavery was an issued concerning
>future states. im not sure but i think the
>the south wanted all the new states to be
>slave states. which included arizona.
>if you dig up the arizona terrortial constition
>you will see some interesting references to
>slaves which were legal back in the arizona
>terrority. from when i read it a while back
>the referneces seemed to refer to indian slaves.
until 1863, and it was created, like the
state of West Virginia, for purely political
reasons, pursuant to the Emancipation Proclamation
under the "designated part of any state" clause.
Since by 1 January 1863, neither the region
that became Arizona nor the region that became
West Virginia were still "in a state of
rebellion" against the United States, they
were not to be included in the emancipation
of slaves that would apply to the rest of
New Mexico Territory and the rest of the state
of Virginia. So technically slavery was legal
in Arizona until the 13th Amendment passed in
The upshot is that there is no Arizona
territorial constitution. The constitution
that affected Arizona territory was the
constitution of New Mexico territory, which
passed in 1850. I seem to recall this
constitution gave the franchise to any 21+
year old white male. The language seemed
to indicate that Mexican-American men were
considered "white" and therefore could vote
but that free Blacks and Indians were not
eligible to vote. How it worked in practice
I don't know. I don't remember the part
about Indian slaves, but it's been a long
time since I read the document. I'm given
to understand that when the war began in
1861, there were nine Negro slaves in the
entire New Mexico Territory (which then
included modern New Mexico, Arizona, and
southeastern Nevada). Clearly existing
slavery in Arizona wasn't a big issue.
The Confederates may have anticipated that
slavery would expand west from Texas with