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more from The Independent,UK, Martin Hickman, re ASDA (unit of Wal-Mart Stores) and Marks & Spencer ban of aspartame, MSG, artificial chemical additives and dyes to prevent ADHD in kids: Murray 2007.05.16

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    more from The Independent,UK, Martin Hickman, re ASDA (unit of Wal-Mart Stores) and Marks & Spencer ban of aspartame, MSG, artificial chemical additives and
    Message 1 of 1 , May 15, 2007
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      more from The Independent,UK, Martin Hickman, re ASDA (unit of Wal-Mart Stores) and Marks & Spencer ban of aspartame, MSG, artificial chemical additives and dyes to prevent ADHD in kids: Murray 2007.05.16

      See also:

      ASDA (unit of Wal-Mart Stores WMT.N) and Marks & Spencer
      will join Tesco and also Sainsbury to ban and limit aspartame,
      MSG, artificial flavors dyes preservatives additives, trans fats,
      salt "nasties" to protect kids from ADHD: leading UK media:
      Murray 2007.05.15

      combining aspartame and quinoline yellow, or MSG and
      brilliant blue, harms nerve cells, eminent C. Vyvyan
      Howard et al, 2005 education.guardian.co.uk,
      Felicity Lawrence: Murray 2005.12.21

      50% UK baby food is now organic -- aspartame or MSG
      with food dyes harm nerve cells, CV Howard 3 year study
      funded by Lizzy Vann, CEO, Organix Brands,
      Children's Food Advisory Service: Murray 2006.01.13


      Health Medical

      Asda and M&S to phase out food additives by end of year
      By Martin Hickman, Consumer Affairs Correspondent
      Published: 16 May 2007

      Two of Britain's biggest food retailers have announced they will phase out artificial colours and flavourings amid concern about the substances' impact on children's behaviour.

      Asda said its new guarantee meant that E-numbers would be removed from all its own-brand products by the end of the year, while Marks & Spencer promised to do the same for 99 per cent of its food in the same time.

      The sweetener Aspartame is also being removed

      Some additives have been linked to temper tantrums, poor concentration, hyperactivity, and allergic reactions in children.

      A team from the University of Southampton has been researching the effect of seven additives on three-year-olds and eight-to-nine year olds in a study for the Food Standards Agency, which is expected to be published later this year.
      It is expected to raise concern about the combined chemical impact of six colours studied --
      tartrazine (E102),
      ponceau 4R (E124),
      sunset yellow (E110),
      carmoisine (E122),
      quinoline yellow (E104) and
      allura red AC (E129) and
      the preservative sodium benzoate (E211).

      Announcing its move, Asda, Britain's third biggest supermarket, said it will cost �30m to remove artificial colours, flavours, hydrogenated fat or flavour enhancers, such as monosodium glutamate from its 9,000 own label food and soft drinks.

      Artificial colours such as carmine (E120), erythrosine (E127), quinoline (E104) and sulphite ammonia caramel (E150d) will be either dropped outright or replaced with natural colours and fruit and vegetables.

      Artificial flavours will be replaced with natural flavours, such as vanilla.

      Aspartame is being replaced with Sucralose, a sweetener made from sugar.

      Acknowledging that parental concern on additives is rising, Darren Blackhurst, Asda's food trading director, said: "We know our customers, particularly the mums and dads, are becoming more and more concerned about what's in the food that they buy."

      M&S said that 4,455 food products and soft drinks would be free of artificial colours and flavours by the end of 2007.
      The chain, which is still working on ways of reformulating 45 items of confectionery and cola drinks, has already dropped monosodium glutamate and tartrazine from its products.

      Additives particularly associated with concerns about food intolerance and children's diets such as Ponceau 4R and Sunset Yellow are often used in cakes and bakery.
      "Removing artificial colourings and flavourings from our cakes was really important for us, as our birthday cakes are enjoyed by parents and children alike," said a spokesman. The artificial colours quinoline, brilliant blue, allura red, and carmosine once used in birthday cakes had been replaced with beetroot and paprika natural colours, the store said.

      M&S's director of technology, David Gregory, said 95 per cent of its foods would be free from artificial colourings and flavourings by September.

      Nick Giovannelli, the project director of the Hyperactive Children's Support Group, welcomed the news and said the retailer's step was "a significant undertaking and a big commitment."

      A brief guide to E-numbers

      Although all E-numbers have been tested and approved for use within the EU, concerns about them persist.

      Researchers have associated problems with the following:

      Tartrazine (E102)
      Colouring found in sweets, drinks and other food. Potential effects include headaches

      Ponceau 4R (E124)
      Colouring found in cake mixes and dessert toppings. Potential effects include hives, hay fever and hyperactivity

      Sunset Yellow (E110)
      Colouring found in fruit juice, cereal and confectionery. Potential effects include hay fever, eczema and hyperactivity

      Carmoisine (E122)
      Colouring found in sweets and marzipan. Potential effects include asthma

      Quinoline Yellow (E104)
      Colouring found in processed foods, lipsticks, soap and toothpaste. Potential effects include asthma, hives and skin rash

      Allura Red AC (E129)
      Colouring found in cereals and biscuits. Potential effects include allergic reactions, asthma and hyperactivity

      � 2007 Independent News and Media Limited


      David Gregory Head of Technology, Food, Marks and Spencer [ photo ]

      David Gregory David has worked with Marks & Spencer for 23 years and is responsible for ensuring Marks & Spencer's foods are technically innovative, safe and consistently meet high quality standards.

      He is responsible for a team of over 70 technical specialists in fields as diverse as animal welfare, pesticides, fish sourcing, nutrition and material science and ensuring that they are fully integrated into the commercial direction of the business.

      He chairs the Marks & Spencer Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Forum which facilities the management and integration of CSR into day-to-day decision making and business systems.

      David is a Chartered Scientist, a Chartered Environmental Health Practitioner and a Fellow of the Institute of Food Science and Technology.

      David has served on a number of Government bodies including DEFRA's Research Priorities Group, The Chemistry Leadership Council and is currently Chairman of DEFRA's Quality and Innovation Link Programme.

      David is also a Governor of the Institute of Food Research at Norwich.


      Institute of Food Research
      Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK
      Tel: +44(0)1603 255000 Fax: +44(0)1603 507723
      Email: ifr.communications@...

      formaldehyde as a potent unexamined cofactor in cancer research --
      sources include methanol, dark wines and liquors, aspartame, wood and
      tobacco smoke: IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks
      to Humans implicate formaldehyde in #88 and alcohol drinks in #96:
      some related abstracts: Murray 2007.05.15

      aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde) toxicity research summary: Rich
      Murray 2007.05.15

      One liter aspartame diet soda, about 3 12-oz cans,
      gives 61.5 mg methanol,
      so if 30% is turned into formaldehyde, the formaldehyde
      dose of 18.5 mg is 37 times the recent EPA limit of
      0.5 mg per liter daily drinking water for a 10-kg child:
      2007.01.05 [ does not discuss formaldehyde from methanol
      or aspartame ]
      http://www.epa.gov/teach/teachsurvey.html comments

      "Of course, everyone chooses, as a natural priority,
      to actively find, quickly share, and positively act upon
      the facts about healthy and safe food, drink, and

      Rich Murray, MA Room For All rmforall@...
      505-501-2298 1943 Otowi Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505

      group with 75 members, 1,427 posts in a public, searchable archive

      aspartame groups and books: updated research review of
      2004.07.16: Murray 2006.05.11

      Aspartame Controversy, in Wikipedia democratic
      encyclopedia, 72 references (including AspartameNM # 864
      and 1173 by Murray), brief fair summary of much more
      research: Murray 2007.01.01

      Dark wines and liquors, as well as aspartame, provide
      similar levels of methanol, above 120 mg daily, for
      long-term heavy users, 2 L daily, about 6 cans.

      Within hours, methanol is inevitably largely turned into
      formaldehyde, and thence largely into formic acid -- the
      major causes of the dreaded symptoms of "next morning"

      Fully 11% of aspartame is methanol -- 1,120 mg aspartame
      in 2 L diet soda, almost six 12-oz cans, gives 123 mg
      methanol (wood alcohol). If 30% of the methanol is turned
      into formaldehyde, the amount of formaldehyde, 37 mg,
      is 18.5 times the USA EPA limit for daily formaldehyde in
      drinking water, 2.0 mg in 2 L average daily drinking water.

      methanol products (formaldehyde and formic acid) are main
      cause of alcohol hangover symptoms [same as from similar
      amounts of methanol, the 11% part of aspartame]:
      YS Woo et al, 2005 Dec: Murray 2006.01.20

      methanol (formaldehyde, formic acid) disposition:
      Bouchard M et al, full plain text, 2001: substantial
      sources are degradation of fruit pectins, liquors,
      aspartame, smoke: Murray 2005.04.02

      "According to model predictions, congruent with the data in the
      literature [Dorman et al., 1994; Horton et al., 1992], a certain
      fraction of formaldehyde is readily oxidized to formate,
      a major fraction of which is rapidly converted to CO2 and exhaled,
      whereas a small fraction is excreted as formic acid in urine.

      However, fits to the available data in rats and monkeys of Horton et
      al. [1992] and Dorman et al. [1994] show that, once formed, a
      substantial fraction of formaldehyde is converted to unobserved forms.

      This pathway contributes to a long-term unobserved compartment.

      The latter, most plausibly, represents either the formaldehyde that
      [directly or after oxidation to formate] binds to various endogenous
      molecules [Heck et al., 1983; R�e, 1982] or is incorporated in the
      tetrahydrofolic-acid-dependent one-carbon pathway to become the
      building block of a number of synthetic pathways
      [R�e, 1982; Tephly and McMartin, 1984].

      That substantial amounts of methanol metabolites or by-products are
      retained for a long time is verified by Horton et al. [1992] who
      estimated that 18 h following an iv injection of 100 mg/kg of
      14C-methanol in male Fischer-344 rats,
      only 57% of the dose was eliminated from the body.

      >From the data of Dorman et al. [1994] and Medinsky et al. [1997],
      it can further be calculated that 48 h following the start
      of a 2-h inhalation exposure to 900 ppm of 14C-methanol vapors
      in female cynomolgus monkeys,
      only 23% of the absorbed 14C-methanol was eliminated from the body.

      These findings are corroborated by the data of Heck et al. [1983]
      showing that 40% of a 14C-formaldehyde inhalation dose remained
      in the body 70 h postexposure.

      In the present study, the model proposed rests on acute exposure
      data, where the time profiles of methanol and its metabolites were
      determined only over short time periods
      [a maximum of 6 h of exposure and a maximum of 48 h postexposure].

      This does not allow observation of the slow release from the long-term

      It is to be noted that most of the published studies on the detailed
      disposition kinetics of methanol regard controlled short-term
      [iv injection or continuous inhalation exposure over a few hours]
      methanol exposures in rats, primates, and humans
      [Batterman et al., 1998; Damian and Raabe, 1996;
      Dorman et al., 1994; Ferry et al., 1980; Fisher et al., 2000;
      Franzblau et al., 1995; Horton et al., 1992; Jacobsen et al., 1988;
      Osterloh et al., 1996; Pollack et al., 1993; Sedivec et al., 1981;
      Ward et al., 1995; Ward and Pollack, 1996].

      Experimental studies on the detailed time profiles following
      controlled repeated exposures to methanol are lacking."

      brain cell tangles and neuron death similar to Alzheimers
      via low dose formaldehyde from methanol,
      Chunlai Nie, Rongqiao He et al, China, 2007.01.23 BMC
      Neuroscience 28 pages, 63 references: Murray 2007.01.24

      Coca-Cola carcinogenicity in rats, Ramazzini Foundation,
      F Belpoggi, M Soffritti, Annals NY Academy Sciences
      2006 Sept, parts of 17 pages: Murray 2006.12.02

      Fiorella Belpoggi & Morando Soffritti of Ramazzini
      Foundation prove lifetime carcinogenicity of Coca-Cola,
      aspartame, and arsenic, Annals of the NY Academy of
      Sciences: Murray 2006.11.28

      Bristol, Connecticut, schools join state program to limit
      artificial sweeteners, sugar, fats for 8800 students,
      Johnny J Burnham, The Bristol Press: Murray 2006.09.22

      Connecticut bans artificial sweeteners in schools,
      Nancy Barnes, New Milford Times: Murray 2006.05.25

      soft drinks and adolescent hyperactivity, mental distress,
      conduct problems, Lars Lien, Nanna Lien, Sonja Heyerdahl,
      Mayne Thoresen, Espen Bjertness 2006 Oct., A J Pub Health:
      Murray 2006.10.21

      healthy diet, vitamins, and fish oil help reduce
      depression and violence, studies by Joseph Hibbeln,
      Bernard Gesch, and Stephen Schoenthaler, articles by
      Felicity Lawrence in UK Guardian Unlimited and Pat
      Thomas in The Ecologist: Murray 2006.10.21

      carcinogenic effect of inhaled formaldehyde, Federal
      Institute of Risk Assessment, Germany -- same safe level
      as for Canada: Murray 2006.06.02

      Home sickness -- indoor air often worse, as our homes
      seal in pollutants [one is formaldehyde, also from the 11%
      methanol part of aspartame],
      Megan Gillis, WinnipegSun.com: Murray 2006.06.01

      effect of aspartame on oncogene and suppressor gene expressions in
      mice, Katalin Gambos, Istvan Ember, et al, University of Pecs,
      Hungary, In Vivo 2007 Jan; scores of their relevant past studies since
      1977: Murray 2007.04.14

      toxicity in rat brains from aspartame, Vences-Mejia A,
      Espinosa-Aguirre JJ et al 2006 Aug: Murray 2006.09.06

      aspartame rat brain toxicity re cytochrome P450 enzymes,
      especially CYP2E1, Vences-Mejia A, Espinosa-Aguirre JJ
      et al, 2006 Aug, Hum Exp Toxicol: relevant abstracts re
      formaldehyde from methanol in alcohol drinks:
      Murray 2006.09.29

      combining aspartame and quinoline yellow, or MSG and
      brilliant blue, harms nerve cells, eminent C. Vyvyan
      Howard et al, 2005 education.guardian.co.uk,
      Felicity Lawrence: Murray 2005.12.21

      50% UK baby food is now organic -- aspartame or MSG
      with food dyes harm nerve cells, CV Howard 3 year study
      funded by Lizzy Vann, CEO, Organix Brands,
      Children's Food Advisory Service: Murray 2006.01.13

      all three aspartame metabolites harm human erythrocyte
      [red blood cell] membrane enzyme activity, KH Schulpis
      et al, two studies in 2005, Athens, Greece, 2005.12.14:
      2004 research review, RL Blaylock: Murray 2006.01.14

      NIH NLM ToxNet HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank
      inadequate re aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde,
      formic acid): Murray 2006.08.19

      HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Aspartame

      ASPARTAME CASRN: 22839-47-0
      METHANOL CASRN: 67-56-1
      FORMIC ACID CASRN: 64-18-6

      DMDC: Dimethyl dicarbonate 200mg/L in drinks adds methanol
      98 mg/L ( becomes formaldehyde in body ): EU Scientific
      Committee on Foods 2001.07.12: Murray 2004.01.22

      http://www.HolisticMed.com/aspartame mgold@...
      Aspartame Toxicity Information Center Mark D. Gold
      12 East Side Drive #2-18 Concord, NH 03301 603-225-2100

      "Scientific Abuse in Aspartame Research"

      safety of aspartame Part 1/2 12.4.2: EC HCPD-G SCF:
      Murray 2003.01.12 EU Scientific Committee on Food,
      a whitewash

      Mark Gold exhaustively critiques European Commission
      Scientific Committee on Food re aspartame ( 2002.12.04 ):
      59 pages, 230 references

      RTM: Smith, Terpening, Schmidt, Gums:
      full text: aspartame, MSG, fibromyalgia 2002.01.17
      Jerry D Smith, Chris M Terpening,
      Siegfried OF Schmidt, and John G Gums
      Relief of Fibromyalgia Symptoms Following
      Discontinuation of Dietary Excitotoxins.
      The Annals of Pharmacotherapy 2001; 35(6): 702-706.
      Malcolm Randall Veterans Affairs Medical Center,
      Gainesville, FL, USA.
      BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common rheumatologic
      disorder that is often difficult to treat effectively.
      CASE SUMMARY: Four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia
      syndrome for two to 17 years are described.
      All had undergone multiple treatment modalities with
      limited success.
      All had complete, or nearly complete,
      resolution of their symptoms within months after
      eliminating monosodium glutamate (MSG)
      or MSG plus aspartame from their diet.
      All patients were women with multiple comorbidities
      prior to elimination of MSG.
      All have had recurrence of symptoms whenever MSG
      is ingested.

      Siegfried O. Schmidt, MD Asst. Clinical Prof.
      Community Health and Family Medicine, U. Florida,
      Gainesville, FL Shands Hospital West Oak Clinic
      Gainesville, FL 32608-3629 352-376-5071

      formaldehyde toxicity: Thrasher & Kilburn: Shaham: EPA:
      Gold: Wilson: CIIN: Murray 2002.12.12

      Thrasher (2001): "The major difference is that the
      Japanese demonstrated the incorporation of FA and its
      metabolites into the placenta and fetus.
      The quantity of radioactivity remaining in maternal and
      fetal tissues at 48 hours was 26.9% of the administered
      dose." [ Ref. 14-16 ]

      Arch Environ Health 2001 Jul-Aug; 56(4): 300-11.
      Embryo toxicity and teratogenicity of formaldehyde.
      [100 references]
      Thrasher JD, Kilburn KH. toxicology@...
      Sam-1 Trust, Alto, New Mexico, USA. full text

      http://www.drthrasher.org/formaldehyde_1990.html full text
      Jack Dwayne Thrasher, Alan Broughton, Roberta Madison.
      Immune activation and autoantibodies in humans with
      long-term inhalation exposure to formaldehyde.
      Archives of Environmental Health. 1990; 45: 217-223.
      PMID: 2400243
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