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NEWS on Way to Copenhagen Climate Talks from Delhi and Barcelona

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  • Indian Society For Sustainable Agricultur
    NEWS Bulletin from Indian Society For Sustainable Agriculture And Rural Development ...   1. Delhi Climate Ministerial Concludes - India s proposal of green
    Message 1 of 2 , Oct 26, 2009
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      NEWS Bulletin from Indian Society For Sustainable Agriculture And Rural Development
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      1. Delhi Climate Ministerial Concludes - India's proposal of green tech network adopted by nations - Barcelona meet to focus on tech and finance transfers
       
      2. UNFCCC chief suggests three pillars for climate talks - India calls for tech transfer and fund flow to developing world
       
      3. Brushing aside border disputes - India, China agree to cooperate in Copenhagen climate talks - Annual Ministerial Meetings to review progress in bilateral cooperation
       
      4. Climate Politics & Cooperation - India-Norway MoU to boost CDM projects - Biodiversty Project in Andhra Pradesh on the anvil
       
      5. South Asian Environment Ministers meet in Delhi - SAARC to develop common strategy for Copenhagen climate meet - Vows to draw up Action Plan
       
      6. Despite deadlock at Bangkok climate meet - IPCC chief expresses optimisim about upcoming Copenhagen talks - Urges world leaders to revisit Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophy
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      Delhi Climate Ministerial Concludes

      India's proposal of green tech network adopted by nations

      Barcelona meet to focus on tech and finance transfers
       

      By: ASHOK B SHARMA on: Fri 23 of Oct., 2009 18:31 UTC

      New Delhi, Oct 23 : The high level global conference on climate change and technology development and transfer which concluded in Delhi on Friday has warmed up the sentiments for the upcoming crucial climate conference at Copenhagen. This may become more fine-tuned and focused when the environment ministers meet in Barcelona about two weeks later.
       
      The agenda for the Delhi conference carefully avoided discussions on the contentious issue of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission cut and focused primarily on the need for green technology development and transfer and adequate fund flow to the developing world. It was a success for the host country, India to the extent its proposal for setting up an international network of Climate Innovation Centres (CICs) was adopted by the conference. Other gains for India were the signing of cooperation with China for work on climate change and a Memorandum of Understanding with Norway on clean development mechanism (CDM) projects.

      Delhi conference had participation from 58 delegations from different countries, of which 30 were at the ministerial or vice ministerial levels. There were participation by about 30 experts and 148 corporate houses.

      Denmark’s climate and Energy Minister, Ms Connie Hedegaard claimed the success of the Delhi conference by saying it has provided “a technology pack” for the Copenhagen conference. She said the UNFCCC’s crucial 15th conference of parties (CoP-15) to be hosted by her country in Copenhagen six weeks later would hopefully arrive at an ambitious green technology deal for mitigation and adaptation. “There is also a need to include the building blocs from the Bali Declaration,” she said.

      Delhi summit was a follow up of the Beijing summit on technology development and transfer held in November, 2008.

      Hedegaard emphasized the need for deploying existing green technologies and upscaling technological cooperation. As development of new green technologies would provide jobs to millions of people, research and development need to be strengthened, a new technology body for capacity building needs to be set up at the global level and a roadmap should be drawn for guidance for technology action.

      On financing of climate projects, she said : “hopefully we may get some headway when the heads of European states meet next week to discuss this issue. The US and Japan also need to come forward. The G-20 meeting is also scheduled on November 6, this year. Funds from both public and private sectors are needed. Already CDM is generating fund flows to some developing countries.”

      Hedegaard noted that the US administration was seriously engaging its attention on climate issues. Many countries including developing nations are coming out with action plans on climate change. A binding deal can be reached in Copenhagen with “a political will and by changing controversy into compromise”, she said.

      The valedictory session of the Delhi conference was also addressed by the UNCTAD Secretary General, Supachai Panitchpakdi, UNDESA Under Secretary General, Sha Zukang and the IPCC chair, RK Pachauri who appealed for the urgent need for a binding deal in Copenhagen. Supachai called for “a global structural change” He said that climate goods and services cannot be left to private sector alone. The public sector has to play a crucial role. CDM, a promising asset, has remained under utilized. Zukang said that mitigation should not come at the cost of development. There was a need to subsidise renewable sources of energy, transfer of technology and capacity building, he said. Pachari said that technology developed in time can reduce emissions. Carbon capature and storage is needed to a level where it is commercially viable. Modern bio-energy should be implemented in developing countries. Existing technologies was needed for short-term solution, while the new ones for long-term solutions, he said.

      The Delhi Statement on Global Cooperation on Climate Technology stressed the need for accelerating largescale global deployment of environmentally sound and climate technologies and to minimize the time lag between their initial development, transfer and deployment particularly in developing countries. It called for enhanced cooperation worldwide at all stages of the technology cycle. On financing of climate projects, the statement only recognized the roles of both public and private sectors in enabling accelerated largescale development, transfer and deployment of technologies for adaptation and mitigation.

      The environment minister of Poland, Bernard Blaszczyk was the most eloquent in the context of his country’s generous commitment to provide its share of global financial and other resources to others to ensure that they work out a burden sharing formula based on emission as well as ability to pay so that this formula can continue to be used transparently and predictably in the future.

      Some environment ministers said that the IPR regime was acting as a barrier to technology transfer and developed and urged for setting up of a mechanism for to oversee the problem. A mechanism should also be set up for periodic assessment of technology transfer and also a verification panel for technology. Several speakers alluded to the CGIAR network as a model for addressing the challenges of food and energy security. Some wanted a global Marshall Plan for renewable technology.

      Maldives President, Mohamed Nasheed urged the developed world to drastically cut their GHG emissions so that by 2020 at the global level carbon emission can come down to 350 ppm from the current level of 387 ppm and the global temperature rise can stabilize around 1.5 degree C. He called upon the developing world to embrace renewable sources of energy. He called for a Green Technology Revolution on the lines of Green Revolution. He invited India’s cooperation in setting up of a solar energy plant in his country.

      Afghanistan’s environment minister, Mohammed Mustafa Zahir said there was a global public pressure to save the planet from vagaries of climate change.

      China’s environment minister, Xie Zuhua urged for technology and fund transfer to the developing countries and removing obstables of IPR regime to technology transfer. Mauritius environment minister, Lormus Bundhoo also called for a Green Technology Revolution and replicating the success of Montreal Protocol for addressing problems of climate change. The environment minister of Nepal, Thakur B Sharma urged for technology transfer within a timeframe.

      Environment minister of Norway, Erik Solheim urged for a Green Technology revolution on the lines Internet Revolution and green Revolution. He called for public-private partnership in carbon capture and storage. Developed nations should take the leading in financing climate projects. Singapore environment minister, Dr Yaacob Ibrahim in addition urged for market incentives for innovation.

      UK environment minister, Lord Philip Hunt called for support for deploying existing technologies in developing countries and collaboration with developing countries for developing new technologies in developing countries. He however defended a strong IPR regime. Iraq’s environment minister, Mrs Nermeen Othman Hassan urged the world to help her country from the vagaries of nature. Japan’s vice minister for global environment affairs, Kazuhiko Takemoto said his country was ready to give additional assistance

      Kenya’ environment minister, Ramadhan Kajemba stressed the need for adaptation technology. Sudan’s permanent representative to UN, representing G-77 suggested the need for a technology pool at the global level to solve the problems of technology transfer.#
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      Two-day global meet in Delhi to sort out climate issues
       
      UNFCCC chief suggests three pillars for climate talks
       
      India calls for tech transfer and fund flow to developing world
       
       
       

      By: ASHOK B SHARMA on: Thu 22 of Oct., 2009 16:58 UTC
       
      New Delhi, Oct 22 : Barely six weeks to go before the crucial climate conference in Copenhagen, the nodal institution United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) has urged the member countries to urgently address three pillars – greenhouse gas (GHG) emission cut and reduction in growth of emission, significant funding and technology transfer and setting up of a suitable mechanism for monitoring.

      The UNFCCC Executive Director, Yvo de Boer said that though in the long run $200 billion per year would be needed for effective reduction in emission cut and another $100 per year would be needed for adaptation, the member countries can do with a short-term funding of $10 billion. This would be a good beginning, he said.

      Boer, who is in India to attend the high level global conference on climate change, technology development and transfer in New Delhi, said : “Copenhagen climate conference has to deliver at this crucial juncture. Not much has been done in the areas of capacity building, technology transfer and adaptation.”

      The two-day high level global conference on climate change, technology development and transfer is being attended by 30 environment ministers and 58 delegations from various countries and 148 corporate houses across the world.

      On emission cut he was of the view that it would be difficult to agree to bring down the emission to the level of 350 ppm from the current level of 387 ppm as being demanded by small island countries, keeping in view of containing global temperature rise to 1.5 degree C. “Rather it is more logical at this juncture to limit the global temperature rise to 2 degree C and follow the decision of G-8 plus 5 to try to bring down the emission level to 450 ppm. We need more adaptation measures to fill the gap,” he said and added that the developed countries have agreed to effect a cut in their emissions in the range of 25% to 40% by 2020.

      Though the developing countries have no obligations to effect a cut in their emission under common but differentiated responsibilities, Boer said : “They should not take it as business as usual. They should make 15% cut in their emission in the long run, particularly those which are rapidly industrializing.”

      On the future of clean development mechanism (CMD), he said that US was shifting its stance on this issue. The US had earlier criticized CDM. Many countries want reforms in CDM to make it more efficient accessible to small and medium sized countries, he said.
      In response to the Indian Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh’s inaugural address suggesting that the world leaders should adopt the same approach regarding IPR regime for environment technologies as they have for done for pharmaceutical technologies for the benefit of HIV/AIDS victims in developing countries, Boer said : “It is a good concept. It is possible in case of HIV/AIDS victims who require one or two effective medicines. It is not possible in the case of environment technologies which are more in number. We have to reward the investments made by the private sector for developing technologies. My suggestion is that there should be a resource pool at the global level to help the developing countries to purchase these technologies. Public fund should also be used by national governments to purchase the technologies already available for deployment at the ground level.”

      In his inaugural address the Indian Prime Minister urged to view environment technologies as “global public goods” and advocated transfer of appropriate technologies and adequate funds to the developing world so that they can meet their developmental goals while at the same time minimize ecological costs.

      Giving his views on IPR regime on environment technologies, he said : “Suitable mechanism must be found that will provide incentives for developing new technologies while also facilitating their deployment in developing countries at affordable cost…..An important barrier to technology adoption is the poor absorptive capacities of large number of developing countries. This situation cannot be remedied through forced harmonization of standards. We have to strengthen the limited innovation capabilities in many countries to realize the potential of these new technologies.”

      Further clarifying he said that India has proposed setting up of an international network of Climate Innovation Centres (CICs) which would act as vehicles for enhancing technology innovation and capacity building in developing countries. These centres would assess and identify locally-relevant key technologies and support their successful and faster development and deployment. Their task may also include addressing the diverse development and diffusion of specific technologies. The CICs in different countries may also cross-fertilise each other by sharing of learning-by-doing experience.

      Equating GHG emissions across nations on a per capita basis was the only just and fair basis for a long-term global arrangement on climate change, he said.

      On CDM, the Indian Prime Minister said that it proved to be an effective vehicle for promoting sustainable development in many developing countries, while helping developed countries accomplish the abatement of their GHG emissions at lower cost. “CDM revenues often take some of the sting out of the risks associated with the introduction and adoption of newer and cleaner technologies,” he said.

      The Under Secretary General of United Nations Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), Sha Zukang said that global climate policy would succeed or fail depending on whether it brings low emission technologies and adaptation technologies within the reach of poor countries and communities without further delay. UNDESA has advocated big investment push in renewable energy sector in the developing world he said.

      The guest of honour and the Maldives President, Mohamed Nasheed said that the common but differentiated responsibilities of UNFCCC was the only basis to strike a fair deal in climate negotiations. The developed countries should drastically cut their levels of emissions and the developing countries should choose a different path and take recourse to renewable sources of energy.
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      Brushing aside border disputes
       
      India, China agree to cooperate in Copenhagen climate talks
       
      Annual Ministerial Meetings to review progress in bilateral cooperation
       
       

      By: ASHOK B SHARMA on: Wed 21 of Oct., 2009 10:45 UTC
       
      New Delhi, Oct 21 : Two great Asian neighbours – India and China – putting aside the simmering border tensions on Wednesday agreed to cooperate with each other in mitigating global climate change.

      The visiting Chinese Minister and Vice Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission, Xie Zhenhua signed an agreement on addressing climate change with the Indian Environment and Forests Minister, Jairam Ramesh, signaling closer cooperation between the two countries at the upcoming crucial global climate summit in Copenhagen. Both sides agreed that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol are the most appropriate institutions for addressing climate change, the common concern of humankind.

      Reaffirming the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, both countries agreed that in particular the developed countries should take the lead in and continue to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and provide financial resources, technology transfer and capacity building support to developing countries.

      Ramesh said : “There is not much difference of opinion between India and China on the issue of addressing climate change. However there is a difference of opinion on the levels of GHG emission cut, keeping in view economic development. China’s GHG emission is five times that of India.”

      India and China have already announced their National Action Plans on Climate Change to achieve a sustainable path for development which provides, inter alia, for international cooperation for research, development, sharing and transfer of technologies in relation to climate change.

      Zhenhua said : “ Developed nations’ emission has impacted the whole world. Developing countries face the challenge of addressing the dual issue of poverty alleviation and protection of environment. We agree to a partnership with India for addressing climate change. The way to Copenhagen may not be easy. Therefore, we need to gear up.”
      Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh is slated to meet his Chinese counterpart at the ASEAN Summit slated from October 24 in Bangkok. The Chinese foreign minister is expected to visit Bangalore within a few days. These events are likely iron out some of the differences between the two countries on many outstanding issues. Ramesh said that he would be meeting Zhenhua two times – in Beijing and Barcelona before Copenhagen climate submit
       
      India-China agreement on addressing climate change emphasized the need to intensify cooperation in the areas of energy efficiency, renewable energy technologies, sustainable agriculture and afforestation, transportation, sustainable habitat, methane recovery and utilization, clean coal technology. Both sides agreed to annual ministerial meetings to review the progress of cooperation followed by regular joint working group meetings of scientists, economists.

      India-China cooperation on addressing climate change encompasses also the area of adaptation like evaluation of adverse impact of climate change, adaptation related policies, measures and technologies and also capacity building activities.

      Clarifying India’s position on climate change negotiation, Ramesh in an official note said : “while India is prepared to discuss and make public periodically the implementation of its National Action Plan on climate change, India will never accept internationally legally binding emission reduction targets or commitments as part of any agreement or deal or outcome. Inida will never accept any dilution or renegotiation of the provisions and principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In particular. we will never agree to the elimination of the distinction between developed (“Annex I”) countries and developing (“non-Annex I”) countries as far as internationally legally binding emission reduction obligations are concerned. Internationally legally binding emission reduction targets are for developed countries and developed countries alone, as globally agree under the Bail Action Plan.”

      India will agree to consider international measurement, reporting and verification (“MRV”) of its mitigation actions only when such actions are enabled and supported by international finance and technology.

      India, like other developing countries, fully expects developed countries to fulfill their obligations on transfer of technology and financial transfer that they committed to under the UNFCCC and the Bali Action for both mitigation and adaptation actions.

      According to Ramesh India is prepared work closely with China and G-77 at climate change negotiations. However, there is a possibility of some flexibility in India’s stance, keeping the above non–negotiable firmly intact and keeping India irrevocably anchored in the UNFCCC of 1992 and the Bali Action Plan of 2007.#
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      Climate Politics & Cooperation
       
      India-Norway MoU to boost CDM projects
       
      Biodiversty Project in Andhra Pradesh on the anvil
       
       

      By: ASHOK B SHARMA on: Fri 23 of Oct., 2009 07:46 UTC
       
      New Delhi, Oct 22 : India, which is the second largest beneficiary of clean development (CDM) projects after China, got a boost to its activities on Thursday with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Norway at the sidelines of the ongoing two-day high level global conference on climate change and technology development and transfer in Delhi.
       
      The MoU was signed between the Indian minister for environment and forests, Jairam Ramesh and the Norwegian minister of environment and international development, Erik Solheim. It comes into effect from the date of signing and will remain in force until the end of the first commitment period of Kyoto Protocol in 2012 unless either party notifies the other party its intention to terminate it through diplomatic means at least six months in advance.

      After signing the MoU with his counterpart, Ramesh said ; “India, with 1400 approved projects, is the second largest beneficiary under CDM after China. If all these projects are implemented by 2012, it would result in an inflow of $6 billion and would neutralize 10% of the annual global GHG emissions. Now with a MoU with Norway we expect a boost in our CDM activities.”

      He said that India has been cooperating with Norway in many climate projects. Indian company, Tata Motors is collaborating with a Norwegian company for producing electric cars for European consumers. Tata Consultancy Services is rendering green consultancy in Norway. “Norway is the leader in carbon capture and storage and is using it for oil recovery. Indian entrepreneurs can seize this opportunity,” he said.

      As a first fruit of the MoU, Solheim announced that a biodiversity project with Norwegian assistance and with partnership with the Andhra Pradesh government’s Environment Protection Training and Research Institute in Hyderabad would soon come into operation.
      Ramesh said that similar biodiversity projects would be initiated for northeastern India, Western Ghats and the Himalayas.

      Solheim said : “CDM has to be improved to benefit African countries also where it has a negligible presence. It is child which should not be killed but nurtured properly It should include technology transfer."

      He suggested that India should help Norway in hydro-electric power, solar energy and greening of IT projects in which it has adequate expertise. He suggested setting up of a Norway-India Fund on Renewable Energy.

      Suggesting the urgent need for a Green Technological Revolution on the lines of Internet Revolution and Green Revolution, Solheim said : “lot of green technologies are already available. We need to scale them up. We need to foster public-private partnership more particularly in carbon capture and storage. In Copenhagen climate talks, there is a need to identify green technologies for rendering incentives. We need to draw up a global roadmap for technology development and transfer. We support the concept of global network for centres of excellence for green technologies mooted by India. Financing of green technology project is also important.”

      According to the India-Norway MoU, parties would jointly agree to define areas of priority for the development and implementation of projects under CDM. Approval and implementation of project activities of interest will also depend upon the conformity of such project activities with environment laws and regulations of both countries. There will be regular exchange of information.

      In the event that any joint activity involves access to, sharing, transfer or joint development of technology that is subject to patents or other intellectual property rights, the participants or their representatives will decide in advance as to the adequate consideration of intellectual property rights, in accordance with relevant legislation in both countries.#
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      South Asian Environment Ministers meet in Delhi
       
      SAARC to develop common strategy for Copenhagen climate meet
       
      Vows to draw up Action Plan
       
       
      By: ASHOK B SHARMA on: Tue 20 of Oct., 2009 11:28 UTC
       
      New Delhi, Oct 20 : In a countdown to the upcoming UNFCCC’s 15th Conference of Parties (CoP-15) meeting in Copenhagen in December, this year, South Asian nations have geared up to develop a common strategy.

      As part of the common strategy, South Asian nations may jointly demand the need for afforestation and sustainable management of forests leading to REDD Plus programme to be an integral part of any agreement on forestry under UNFCCC.

      The environment ministers of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) who met in Delhi on Tuesday also agreed to work on a Climate Change Action Plan for the region and publish a compendium before the climate conference in Copenhagen. The common strategy of SAARC nations would be present to CoP-15 by Sri Lanka Apart from a broad common strategy, the member countries would be free to summit separate approach papers at the CoP-15?. SAARC will also organise an event at the sidelines of the Copenhagen climate conference.

      SAARC consists of eight nations including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. SAARC Secretariat is based in Kathmandu in Nepal.

      Environment ministers from seven countries, except Pakistan participated in the ministerial meeting. Pakistan was represented by its environment secretary.

      The SAARC nations also planned a series of events after the Copenhagen climate conference which includes hosting of the first meeting to review the Climate Change Action Plan in Delhi by March 2010, finalisation of a regional environment treaty for discussion at SAARC Summit in Thimphu in Bhutan in April 2010. The proposed SAARC Summit in Thimphu is also slated to finalise and adopt Natural Disaster Rapid Response Mechanism for the region.

      The SAARC environment ministers appreciated and acknowledged the support of India in SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC) and reaffirmed the decision of SMRC to set up a network of SAARC weather stations to monitor weather patterns, especially storms, across the member countries, starting with the establishment of 50 automatic weather stations - three GPS Sonde Stations and a Droppler Radar in Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh in the first phase. Afghanistan and Pakistan would be covered in the second phase while Maldives and Sri Lanka would be covered in the third phase.

      It was also agreed upon to identify transboundary biodiversity zones and develop a framework for transboundary biodiversity conservation, including exploration of potential biodiversity conservation corridors. SAARC technical committee on environment will examine the concept and develop a framework within six months.

      SAARC environment ministers appreciated India’s offer to provide $ one million each to the SAARC Forestry Centre, Thimphu and the SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre, Male.#
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      Despite deadlock at Bangkok climate meet
       
      IPCC chief expresses optimisim about upcoming Copenhagen talks
       
      Urges world leaders to revisit Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophy
       
      http://www.news.anypursuit.com/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=804
       
      By: ASHOK B SHARMA on: Wed 14 of Oct., 2009 13:14 UTC
       
      New Delhi, Oct 14 : As the December deadline for the Copenhagen climate talks is drawing nearer, the chairman of the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Dr Rajendra K Pachauri has expressed his optimism about its successful completion despite the deadlock in recent Bangkok talks.
       
      “We should not be unduly swayed by pessimistic utterances about the fate of the upcoming UNFCC’s CoP-15 talks at Copenhagen. The world is more conscious about the adverse impact of climate change today. There is an urgent need to mitigate climate change or else we would have to pay a heavy price in the future,” he said.

      Pachauri urged the world leaders to revisit Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophy on simple life style and conservation of environment and ecology which would be helpful in mitigating climate change.
       
      Pachauri expects that the world leaders would agree on three pillars – emission cut, avoiding deforestation and financing of climate projects. According to him there may be an agreement on some type of formula for cut on greenhouse gas emissions, but he is not sure whether there would be an agreement on verifiable and reportable institution for monitoring emissions.

      On financing of climate projects, he said that the pledged amount of $200 billion was nothing compared to the amount doled out by countries in combating the impact of global financial crisis.
       
      However, Pachauri admitted that after UNFCCC came into existence in Rio in 1992, the spirit of the world leaders had dampened. Thereafter the historic agreement in Kyoto raised some hopes. Kyoto Protocol was the result of the efforts of Al Gore which gave a head start to climate negotiations for the future. “Kyoto Protocol established a carbon market for the first time and a developed institution. But the Protocol has some flaws and weakness,” he said.
       
      Showcasing ‘Mahatma Gandhi and the Environment: Analysing Gandhian environmental thought’ – the first of the series of publications from TERI Press that was presented to the Prime Minister of India Dr Manmohan Singh on October 12 – Pachauri said: “It is an opportune moment for world leaders to be guided by Gandhiji’s writings and thoughts for achieving a lasting solution at COP 15.”
       
      Pointing out how Mahatma Gandhi has influenced many by his philosophy of simplicity and equality, Pachauri noted that even the US President Barack Obama, when asked recently with whom he would love to have dinner, remarked “Gandhiji of course” Obama is reported to have added that he knew that the meal - as well as the attire for the evening - would be “so simple !"
       
      Referring to Gandhiji’s simple lifestyle, which is supremely relevant today, Pachauri said that “the flawed models of development” encourages migration from rural areas to the cities. Fruit production is a good example, he said. In spite of being one of the largest fruit producers in the world, not much of the produce actually reaches the market because of lack of infrastructure. This robs many of potential incomes and prompts migration town-wards”.
       
      Recalling Gandhiji’s prophetic words that “the earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs but not every man’s greed,” he deplored the belief that only one pattern of development was good. “This tunnel vision has to go if we are to get on to the path of sustainable development,” he stressed.
       
      This has happened in countries like Japan, Germany, and Israel that have espoused renewable energy sources like solar power, and also in the State of California in the United States, which offers attractive incentives to people to switch over to renewable energy sources. The European Union is planning to set up solar energy plants in north Africa.
      “The technology required to make the change is not prohibitively expensive. TERI, for instance, is the technology partner to the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI) which has joined hands with the Governments of Gujarat and Rajasthan to develop 3500-5000 MW solar thermal power plants – to be set up as clusters of 100 MW each. This proves that such technologies are not only feasible, but that they already exist. These modular plants could soon make heavy machinery obsolete and power generation much cheaper,” Pachauri said.
       
      Referring to the “subtle but often unstated views of Mahatma Gandhi in the field of human ecology”, he described the apostle of peace as “a profound environmentalist who rejected the idea of blindly following western industrialism without regard to its attendant environmental, social, and economic problems.”
       
      Gandhiji, said Pachauri, foresaw all this and recommended protecting Earth’s environment and natural resources to safeguard the future of the human race and all species on this planet.
       
      Regarding India, he said that it needs to fight against poverty and for this ample energy was required. It should take recourse to new and renewable sources of energy. The Prime Minister’s Advisory Council on Climate Change has become proactive. Solar Energy Mission and other missions are likely to be launched soon before the Copenhagen climate talks.#
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    • Amukta Mahapatra
      Here is a link for the report of the study done during the base year when the Activity Based Learning program was upscaled across the state of Tamil Nadu,
      Message 2 of 2 , Oct 27, 2009
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        Here is a link for the report of the study done during the base year when the Activity Based Learning program was upscaled across the state of Tamil Nadu, including more than 37,000 schools.
         The surveys were done by SchoolScape in collaboration with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, TN, India and the report is on their website: www.ssa.tn.nic.in

        The link given will take you directly to the report:
        http://www.ssa.tn.nic.in/Docu/Effectiveness%20of%20ABL%20under%20SSA.pdf

        with good wishes
        Amukta

         


         

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        Amukta Mahapatra
        Director,
        SchoolScape, Centre for Educators,
        39 (16). First St, D.P. Nagar, Kotturpuram, Chennai 600 085 India
        Tel:+91-44 - 43123363 Mob:+91 - 99400 71854
        Email: amukta.m@... & schoolscape@...
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