Dalits In News 11.11.07
NATIONAL CAMPAIGN ON DALIT HUMAN RIGHTS is an Advocacy Platform committed for Dalit Human Rights at the Grass root, National and International levels. Dalits In News aims at sensitizing Civil societies, HR Mechanisms and providing updates of HR violations on Dalits for their Intervention.
NATIONAL CAMPAIGN ON DALIT HUMAN RIGHTS
Dalits In News
November 11, 2007
Delhi government spending funds for Dalits on animals: NGO- Earth Times
Banking sector has failed to meet targets for weaker sections- Hindu.com
A dark Deepavali for Dalits- New Indpress
Years of neglect, displacement forcing tribals to take up arms- News Indpress http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEQ20071110003108&Page=Q&Headline=Years+of+neglect%2C+displacement+forcing+tribals+to+take+up+arms&Title=ORISSA&Topic=0http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEQ20071110003108&Page=Q&Headline=Years+of+neglect%2C+displacement+forcing+tribals+to+take+up+arms&Title=ORISSA&Topic=0
Delhi government spending funds for Dalits on animals: NGO
New Delhi, Nov 7 - The Delhi government was diverting funds meant for welfare of Dalits for treating animals and distributing Diwali gifts, an activist body alleged Wednesday on the basis of information retrieved using the Right to Information (RTI) Act.
Rashtriya Shoshit Parishad president Jai Bhagwan Jatav alleged that out of a fund of Rs.8.80 billion allocated in fiscal 2006-07 for upliftment of the Scheduled Castes, the state government was able to spend only Rs.60 million for them.
Jatav said as per the Planning Commission guidelines, a sum of Rs.8.80 billion was allocated for schemes related to the Scheduled Castes in proportion to their numbers in the total population - 16.09 percent in Delhi.
He pointed out the plan panel guidelines stipulate that the funds for the Scheduled Caste population are 'non-lapsable and non-divertable', that is, they can neither be diverted to other schemes nor can they be returned.
Such funds have to be added to funds under the same head for the subsequent fiscal, explained Jatav, a close associate of former prime minister V.P. Singh.
Yet the Delhi government, out of the amount of Rs.8.8 billion, spent over Rs.9 million on items such as treatment of sick animals and their vaccination and treating them for diseases related to sterility, Jatav alleged.
Giving another example of diversion of funds for Dalits, Jatav said in response to one of his queries under the RTI Act, the Delhi government informed him that it had spent Rs.650,000 from the fund meant for Dalits in distributing Diwali gifts and another Rs.1.9 million on entertainment.
Banking sector has failed to meet targets for
JAIPUR: The banking sector in the country does not seem to be paying adequate attention to the flow of finances to Dalits and underprivileged sections and has failed to meet the priority sector credit targets for them. Whatever flow of funds is visible, it is for the implementation of various schemes. Making these observations, a new study on "Financial exclusion and the underprivileged in India" here has suggested announcement of special packages for credit disbursal to the Scheduled Castes and making them creditworthy by investing in their education, health and infrastructure.
The study, conducted by the newly appointed Director of the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Surjit Singh, reveals that the much talked about economic reforms have reinforced financial exclusion of landless people belonging to weaker sections who would suffer the most in the current agrarian crisis and uprooting as a result of industrialisation and urbanisation.
Access to institutional credit is denied to a large majority of households located at the lowest rung of both the economic hierarchy and the caste-based hierarchical social stratification. At the scheme level, access is denied because of non-inclusion in lists like Below Poverty Line (BPL) at times and also because of social exclusion.
The study cites the National Sample Survey Organisation's figures of 2005 to point out that 49.77 per cent of Scheduled Caste and 63.68 per cent of Scheduled Tribe farmer households were excluded from the formal financial system that included the provisions of savings, loans, insurance, payments and remittance facilities.
The participation of the Scheduled Castes as members of the Primary Agricultural Credit Societies improved from 13.5 per cent in 1978-79 to 33.18 per cent in 2003 to fall to 30.61 per cent in 2004. The Scheduled Castes' share as borrowing members fell from 11.5 per cent in 2003 to 6.49 per cent in 2004, clearly indicating their continued exclusion.
Since 1993, the number of Scheduled Caste bank accounts declined sharply from 100.44 lakh to 72.62 lakh in 1997 and then to 61.61 lakh in 2001 and to 41.47 lakh in 2004. The study revealed that the figures showed a decline in the share as well as absolute numbers of Scheduled Castes. The number of women Scheduled Caste accounts also fell significantly from 21 lakh in 1997 to 11.3 lakh in 2004.
The average amount of outstanding loan per Scheduled Caste farmer household was Rs.7,167 compared to Rs.12,585 for all farmer households. The proportion of indebted farmers at the national level is 18 per cent, while the proportion of indebted Scheduled Caste farmers varied from 36.4 per cent in Uttarakhand to 4.5 per cent in Kerala.
Dr. Singh said the most important purpose of Scheduled Caste farmers obtaining loans was capital expenditure and current expenditure in farm business. For every Rs.1,000 taken as loan, Scheduled Caste farmer households borrowed Rs.446 for these purposes. The Scheduled Caste farmer households borrowed for education as well and it was higher than other social groups.
Saturday November 10 2007 10:29 IST
MADURAI: For the Dalits of Avarampatti village in Vilampatti police limits in Nilakkottai taluk of Dindigul district, Deepavali this year was of a different kind.
They were beaten up by the people from high caste, and many of their houses were damaged.
The Dalits and the people of the high caste communities had remained daggers drawn for some months.
On Thursday, around 4 in the evening, a Dalit youth had hurled a stone at a dog. The stone had fallen into the house of Karuppiah.
His sons had entered into an argument with Senthil which led to fistcuffs. The Dalits, who came there, had told Karuppiah to keep his sons under check or they would go to the police station.
Karuppiah, who is also a Dalit, had said that he also had his supporters and brought about 150 people from the high castes.
This mob had gone on a rampage attacking the Dalits and damaging houses. Over 20 Dalits were injured and 12 of them had been admitted to the government hospitals.
As many as 20 houses were damaged and two of them had been set on fire. On receipt of information, a fact-finding team from Evidence, a Madurai based NGO, had gone to the village for an assessment of the situation.
Years of neglect, displacement forcing tribals to
take up arms
Saturday November 10 2007 10:52 IST
BHUBANESWAR: Years of neglect, lack of support both from the Centre and the State and displacement due to industrialisation has forced the adivasis to join the Naxal ranks, observed eminent historian Ramchandra Guha.
Focussing on the plight of adivasis while presenting the Pradyumna Bal Memorial lecture on the leader's 75th birth anniversary here on Thursday, he felt the rising Naxal menace could have been tackled effectively had the Government operationalised the 5th Schedule of the Constitution guaranteeing their right over the land.
''It has dishonoured its policies for their uplift. As a result, neither they have been properly rehabilitated nor longterm strategies drawn to bring them to the mainstream,'' he rued. While adivasis constitute just eight percent of the population, they make up for over 40 percent of the displaced people in the country.
Describing their condition as an outcome of a unique 'predicament,' he underlined key factors such as lack of presence in the national stage and geographical isolation for their prevailing state. ''They are even worse off than Dalits,'' he noted.
This is mainly because Dalits had a leader like B.R.Ambedkar in them. He still continues to inspire the community. In contrast, Adivasis have none. Dalits have elected representatives taking up their issues in Parliament, but there is no adivasi leader who can ventilate their plight.
Being a minuscule minority and isolated, they have even failed to influence vote bank politics. As a result, there has been a general absence of the community in the political agenda. Consequently, they have taken up arms. But things can be changed for better, provided there is a concerted effort from all sections to alleviate their sufferings, Guha asserted.
Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik spoke on the occasion. Pradyumna Bal's wife Saswati Bal gave away the Pradyumna Bal Memorial award to Kalahandi-based social activist Udit Narayan Pradhan.
The function was organised by Pradyumna Bal Memorial Trust and attended by BPUT Vice-Chancellor Prof Omkarnath Mohanty, trust member Sambit Bal, KIIT Chancellor Achyut Samant and others.
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