Dalits In News 21.08.07
NATIONAL CAMPAIGN ON DALIT HUMAN RIGHTS is an Advocacy Platform committed for Dalit Human Rights at the Grass root, National and International levels. Dalits In News aims at sensitizing Civil societies, HR Mechanisms and providing updates of HR violations on Dalits for their Intervention.
NATIONAL CAMPAIGN ON DALIT HUMAN RIGHTS
Dalits In News
August 21, 2007
Govt compensates Harijan for lost years - NDTV http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20070023298
Eleven Girijan women allege gang-rape by policemen- The Hindu http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/21/stories/2007082158260100.htm
FIR against former minister under SC/ST Act - Indianews.com
Hostels for SC/ST students planned in eight districts - The Hindu http://www.indiapress.org/gen/news.php/The_Hindu/400x60/0
Call for economic uplift of Dalits- New Indpress
Marketing casteism- Economic Times http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Perspectives/Marketing_casteism/articleshow/2296650.cms
Govt compensates Harijan for lost years
Tuesday, August 21, 2007 (Cuttack)
A young lawyer's untiring efforts finally paid off after a poor Harijan youth, who was wrongfully kept in jail, was awarded Rs 8 lakh as compensation.
Pratap Nayak was sentenced to jail when he was only 13 in a murder case in 1989 but was acquitted by the High Court in 1994. But the poor Harijan youth spent another eight years at Phulbhani jail because of a clerical error. He walked free only in 2003.
On Monday, responding to a PIL the court ordered that Pratap be compensated.
''The hon'ble court observed that in case of fundamental rights violation or human rights violation, a poor man does not deserve lesser compensation,'' said Prabir Das, lawyer.
The compensation amount will be deposited in Pratap's name in a nationalised bank in the form of a fixed deposit for 10 years. Pratap can withdraw 75 per cent of the interest earned every month.
On being released, Pratap told NDTV: ''I was in jail for 14 years and they should have released me. But even my family did nothing to help me. The government must give me assistance or loan''.
Moved by his plight, lawyer Prabir Das filed a PIL but the petition was rejected.
The High Court responded when he filed a fresh petition following a Supreme Court order.
Prabir's fellow lawyers are full of praise for him.
''This historic judgement will impact society. Credit goes to Prabir Das who fought this case without any remuneration or self-interest,'' said Chandan Dey, lawyer.
Pratap's case is yet another example of how delivery of justice can be delayed or even denied due to administrative apathy.
Eleven Girijan women allege gang-rape by policemen
Women sent for medical examination to Visakhapatnam
Women brought to Paderu by MLA Raja Rao
Superintendent of Police denies incident
VISAKHAPATNAM: Eleven Girijan women of Vakapalli under Nurmati panchayat in G. Madugula mandal in the Visakha agency area alleged that they had been gang-raped by Greyhound policemen in their village on Monday morning. The women were brought to Paderu by local MLA Lake Raja Rao where they lodged a complaint with Sub-Collector D. S. Lokesh Kumar in the evening.
The 11 women were sent to the King George Hospital here for medical examination. The alleged gang-rape took place in the background of the police intensively searching for the accused in the ZPP Vice-Chairman S. Ravishankar's murder case.
Meanwhile, Superintendent of Police Akun Sabharwal denied the gang-rape incident. "No complaint was lodged with the police anywhere in the district. But I have asked Additional SP B. Ananda Rao to probe the matter. A case was also registered against the Greyhound policemen under the SC, ST Atrocities (Prevention) Act. Action would be taken depending on the result of the inquiry".
In fact, the police party had been withdrawn from the village on Monday night, Dr. Sabharwal said. According to the victims, the 21 Greyhound policemen entered the village around 6 a.m. along with two youth of the village -- Pangi Prakash and Pangi Suryam -- who were found missing since August 14.
The police raided their houses and destroyed household articles. The women said they were raped in their homes or in the fields or near a stream to where they had gone to fetch water. Soon after the incident, all the villagers moved to Nurmati. Some reporters met the victims at Nurmati. The women said the police who denied earlier that they had picked up Prakash and Suryam, brought them to Vakapalli on Monday.
Meanwhile the State Human Rights Commission directed the SP to submit a report on the incident by 10.30 a.m. on Tuesday, its Chairman Justice B. Subhashan Reddy told The Hindu from Hyderabad. The Commission reacted after a complain t was faxed to it by Padma of Andhra Pradesh Mahila Samakhya.
Hyderabad Special Correspondent adds: The CPI State Council and balladeer Gadar on Monday condemned the alleged rape of 11 tribals and demanded initiation of criminal proceedings against the offenders. Both CPI secretary K. Narayana and Gadar demanded a judicial enquiry into the incident and arrest of the policemen involved. Gadar wanted Tribal Welfare Minister D. Redya Naik to resign owning moral responsibility for the incident and suspension of SP. The CPI leader sought compensation and jobs for the victims.
Mr. Narayana called for steps to protect tribals in agency areas from brutalities of special police teams.
FIR against former minister under SC/ST Act
20 August 2007
An FIR has been lodged against former Uttar Pradesh minister Rajendra Singh Rana under the SC/ST Act for allegedly manhandling a person during the MLC elections in 2004.
The State Home department said here that the FIR was lodged under the 'special FIR drive' launched by the Mayawati government to register cases which were delibrately not lodged during the previous Mulayam Singh Yadav government.
Citing SSP (Saharanpur) Vijay Garg, the Home department said one Rajpal of Deoband has charged the minister of manhandling him and snatching his money in the year 2004 during the MLC elections.
"While the SSP has confirmed manhandling, the snatching of money from the victim could not be confirmed," a Home department spokesperson said.
Rana had switched loyalties to join the Samajwadi Party when Ms Mayawati had resigned as the CM in August, 2002. On February 14 this year, the Supreme Court had disqualified a total of 13 MLAs, including Rana under the Anti-Defection Law.
Over 7000 FIRs were lodged in Uttar Pradesh in a month's time during the special FIR drive.
Recently, Chief Minister Mayawati had announced setting of special counters to lodge FIRs in cases which were not lodged during the previous Mulayam Singh Yadav government.
In a month's time (between June 22 and July 22), 7057 FIRs were registered in the various districts. Of these, while 6369 cases were investigated, 688 FIRs were dismissed.
Final report was presented in 607 cases and 1236 charge sheets were filed. "As of now, 4526 cases are under investigation.
As per the figures provided by the state police, there are a total of 22381 named accused in the FIRs registered in one month even as 3923 cases were found to be false.
The special FIR drive will continue till August 22. (UNI)
Hostels for SC/ST students planned in eight districts http://www.indiapress.org/gen/news.php/The_Hindu/400x60/0
A sum of Rs. 300 crore has been set aside for it, says Kumaraswamy
4,000 students would be accommodated in these hostels
Jarkiholi comes in for praise from Chief Minister
Bangalore: Chief Minister H.D. Kumaraswamy said here on Monday that hostels for 500 students each belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes would be built in Gulbarga, Mysore, Belgaum, Hassan, Davangere, Shimoga, Haveri and Dharwad districts and Rs. 300 crore had been set apart for it. In all, 4,000 students would be accommodated in the hostels in these districts.
He was addressing a huge gathering of people belonging to the backward classes, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and minorities after inaugurating the 92nd birth anniversary of the late Chief Minister D. Devaraj Urs.
Earlier, he and Deputy Chief Minister B.S.Yediyurappa paid tributes to Urs at the western gate of the Vidhana Soudha.
Mr. Kumaraswamy also announced construction of hostels for Dalits on the land belonging to the Central Relief Committee (Beggars Colony) on Magadi Road here to accommodate 5,000 students. He said he had received complaints about the encroachment of the land. Two other hostels to accommodate 1,000 each for beggars and working women would be constructed at the same place. The modalities were yet to be worked out.
Taking credit for implementing many welfare measures for the Dalits, backward classes and minorities during his 18-month rule, the Chief Minister said had the Dwarakinath Committee on Backward Classes submitted its report, his Government could have implemented it also. He was all praise for Social Welfare Minister Balachandra Jarkiholi for his efforts in helping these people get benefits from the Government.
Mr. Kumaraswamy distributed loans to the physically challenged persons, artisans and beneficiaries under different schemes, selected from Bangalore Rural and Kolar districts.
Mr.Yediyurappa said that the coalition Government had sincerely tried to fulfil the dreams of Urs for social and economic uplift of the people belonging to the weaker sections.
The Deputy Chief Minister said he had earmarked Rs. 54 crore in the budget for 2007-08 to the Devaraj Urs Backward Classes Development Corporation for the welfare of OBCs.
He said that he had provided Rs.1.01 crore for people belonging to Savita Samaja (barber community) and Rs. 4 crore for the most backward classes and nomadic tribes. The Government had aimed at helping 32,922 people belonging to OBCs and provided Rs. 74 crore during the year for the purpose. The National Backward Classes Development Finance Corporation had also given Rs.20 crore for them.
He said that a special programme had been implemented for the most backward class people, semi-nomadic tribes, landless agricultural and workers in the unorganised sector in the last financial year. A micro credit scheme was formulated for them in the current year.
Mr. Jarkiholi said that the funds under the Ganga Kalyana programme had been increased to Rs. 27 crore for providing irrigation to the small and marginal farmers in the OBC category as against Rs. 23.50 crore earmarked last year.
Call for economic uplift of Dalits
Monday August 20 2007 13:10 IST
TIRUPATI: It is rather a worrying factor that Dalits have not achieved development even six decades after Independence and things need to be changed, said Usha Mehra, chairperson of Commission on Categorisation of Scheduled Castes in Andhra Pradesh.
Usha Mehra along with members of the commission visited some SC colonies in Tirupati and surrounding areas on Sunday.
Interacting with people of Gandhi Nagar, she urged them to keep their surroundings clean to prevent the outbreak of diseases.
Later, the commission members visited Chaitanyapuram Dalit Colony and received representations from people on categorisation of Scheduled Castes.
Usha Mehra said the commission would submit a report to Parliament after eliciting views of Dalits in the State on categorisation of SCs. She also visited Gandhipuram and Arundhati Colony in Tirupati rural mandal. MRPS leaders Raju Madiga, Gopi Madiga and Erraiah Madiga who met the commission, stressed the need for categorisation of SCs to provide social justice to all the castes.
Mahajana Charmakarula Sangham president Muniratnam, Budaga Jangama Hakkula Porata Samithi leaders Kullayappa and Marranna and some research scholars from Tirupati also met the commission seeking categorisation of SCs.
21 Aug, 2007, 0435 hrs IST,Pothik Ghosh, TNN
It's hardly surprising that 'financial inclusion' remains as much the central dogma of governance in this high noon of economic reforms and liberalisation as it was during the heyday of the so-called welfare state.
But such inclusion is meant to be accomplished today, not by compromising on commercial efficiency — aggressive deposit mobilisation, high recovery rates and cautious lending — but by actually making "business opportunity" the fulcrum of banking practices. That is in sharp contrast to the policy vision of social and development banking, which envisaged such inclusion in terms of privileging the idea of entitlements of citizens, especially members of marginal social groups, over considerations of profitability.
But the question is how equitable has the financial sector, vis-a-vis access to formal lending, been ever since the Indian banking paradigm was shifted. That is an important issue, considering that the financial sector was made to change tack not merely to reduce economic inefficiency, but to bring about greater equity as well.
A paper in the Economic and Political Weekly (August 4-10, 2007) analyses data from the 1992 and 2002 rounds of the NSSO's All India Debt and Investment Survey (AIDIS) to figure out whether or not formal lending has become relatively more accessible to Dalits in the period of liberalised (or market-determined) interest rates than it was when those rates were regulated (or state-determined). It reveals that 55.2% of the total debt of rural Dalit households in the country in 2002 was from informal sources, while formal sources accounted for only 44.8% of their loans. That is much less than the 59% of formal borrowing for rural non-Dalit households during the same period.
That said, it would be difficult to deny that the decline in formal borrowing and a concomitant rise in informal debt between the period of 'social and development' banking and the era of financial liberalisation has been a general phenomenon for all Indian rural households. Formal lending between the 1992 and 2002 rounds of ADIS declined by 6.9 percentage points for all rural households. But, clearly, Dalits have suffered much more than the non-Dalits. The decline in formal borrowing for rural Dalit households between the 1992 and 2002 was a huge 16.3 percentage points compared to only 5.6 percentage points for non-Dalit ones.
This decline in formal borrowing is a complete reversal of the trend during the 1962-92 period when the share of formal sources, particularly commercial banks, in country-wide rural household debt rose steadily: 16.9% (1962), 29.1% (1972), 55.6% (1982), 64% (1992). Also, between the 1992 and 2002 ADIS rounds the number of Dalit rural households that took at least one fresh loan from formal sources during the survey years fell by 2.9 percentage points. Not unexpectedly, there was a simultaneous rise, by 3.9 percentage points, in the number of Dalit households that went in for at least one fresh loan from informal sources. (see table.)
The decline in formal sector borrowing by rural Dalit households between 1991-92 and 2002-03 was mostly in the realm of commercial-bank credit, which dipped by 13 percentage points. And since societies, like nature abhor vacuum, professional moneylenders automatically occupied the space yielded by commercial banks. Obviously, that impacted Dalits the most. The share of borrowing from the moneylender grew by 17.2 percentage points between 1991-92 (10.4%) and 2002-03 (27.6%) for rural Dalit households. That is disturbing, considering that the non-Dalit households' share of debt from moneylenders increased only by 7.9 percentage points.
Clearly then, market-determined banking practices, contrary to neo-liberal assertions and assumptions, have not turned out to be more equitable than the social and development banking model mired in casteist hierarchies and patronage networks of the Indian public sector.
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