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Poor people do not get much benefit from PDS in Odisha- NSSO survey Report

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  • Pradip Pradhan
    * Poor people do not get much benefit from PDS in Odisha-* *NSSO survey Report* * * PDS is viewed as one of the most important food security programme in
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 27, 2013
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       Poor people do not get much benefit from PDS in Odisha-

      NSSO survey Report

       

      PDS is viewed  as one of the most  important  food security programme in the state.  State Govt. takes much credit of supplying   rice at the rate of Rs. 2 per kg ( now one rupee for kg rice)  to the BPL card holders  in order  to  check hunger and starvation in the state.  But in reality, it has not   given much benefit to the poor as revealed from NSSO survey. The 66th round of NSSO survey on household consumption expenditure from PDS and consumption of rural households from home produced stock was carried out from July 2009 to June 2010. It is   a nation-wide survey aimed at generating estimates of average household monthly per capita consumer expenditure, its distribution over households and persons for different socio-economic groups.    The study of consumption from PDS was restricted to four items distributed through PDS viz rice, wheat, sugar and kerosene. Estimate of average consumption per household (both quantity and value ) from PDS and other sources, proportion of households making any consumption from PDS during past 30 days , proportion of rural households using different sources of consumption coming from home produce etc are also analyzed  by NSSO.

       

      Some important findings of NSSO survey  on Consumption of PDS items is as follows.

       

      PDS Rice

       

      a.      Percentage of households reporting consumption of PDS rice in rural Odisha is 51.6%. Whereas it is highest in Tamil Nadu (91 %), followed by Andhra Pradesh (84%), Karnataka (74.6%),   Chhatissgarh  (67.4%), at all India level (39.2%).   Percentage of  households  consuming  less quantity of PDS rice in  rural areas of  other states are Punjab ( 0.1%), Rajasthan ( 0.2%), Harayana (0.4%) etc.

      b.      Percentage of households reporting consumption of PDS rice in urban Odisha is 18.9%. Whereas it is highest in Karnataka (67%), Chhatisgarh( 34.7%), Andhra Pradesh (42.7%), at all India level ( 20.6%).

      c.         Share of  PDS contribution in total consumption of rice by HHs in rural Odisha   is 24.8% only. But It is 52.7% in Tamilnadu, 45% in Karnataka, 41% in Chhatisgarh, 23.5% at all India level.

      d.      Share of PDS Contribution in total consumption  of rice  by HHs in urban Odisha is 13.3% only. Whereas  It is  highest in  Tamilnadu ( 40.9%) followed by Chhatisgarh (25.7%), Madhya Pradesh (24%), Andhra Pradesh ( 21.5%). It  is  18.0% at all India level.

       

      PDS Wheat

       

      a.      Percentage of Households reporting consumption from PDS wheat is just 5.2% in rural Odisha. It means only 5.2% of the total HHs get opportunity to consume PDS wheat in a 30-day period. Whereas it is highest in Karnataka (69.2%) followed by Tamil Nadu (57.3%), Madhya Pradesh (45.7%), Maharastra ( 44.2%), Chhatsigarh (27.5%), Jharkhand (25.2%). It is 27.6 % at all India level.

      b.      Percentage of Households reporting consumption from PDS wheat is just 7.5% in  urban Odisha.  But it  is 50.8% in Tamil Nadu, 23.3% in Karnataka, 24.6% in Chhatisgarh, 24.0% in  Madhya Pradesh, 17.6%  at all India level.

      c.       Share of  PDS contribution in total consumption of  wheat  by HHs in rural Odisha   is  17.0% only. Whereas it is 85.8% in Tamil Nadu, 51.5% in Karnataka, 39.1% in Chhatisgarh, 20.6% in Jharkhand, 21.8% in Madhya Pradesh and 14.6% at all India level.

      d.      Share of  PDS contribution in total consumption of wheat  by HHs in urban  Odisha   is 10.2% only. But  is is  highest in Tamil Nadu( 64.7%) followed by Kerala (33.1%), Chhatisgarh (17.9%), Karnataka (13.5%) . It is 9.1%  at all India level.

      PDS Sugar

       

      a.      Proportion  of Households reporting   PDS purchase of  sugar  during a 30-day period   is just  19.1% in rural Odisha.  But  it is highest  in Tamil Nadu ( 86.4%), followed by Andhra Pradesh (57%), Chhatisgarh ( 53.8%), Karnataka(47.0%), Madhya Pradesh ( 27.4%). It is 27.8% at all India level.  

      b.      Proportion of Households reporting   PDS purchase of  sugar  during a 30-day period   is just  10.7% in  urban  Odisha.  But it is 77.7% in Tamil Nadu, 31.8% in Andhra Pradesh, 30.9% in Chhatisgarh, 11.2% in MP. It is 18.7% at all India level.

      c.       Contribution of  PDS purchases    in total consumption of sugar  in rural Odisha is   75.4% only. Whereas It is 99% in Rajasthan, 99.4 % in Punjab, 92.4% in UP, 92.8% in West Bengal, 74.5% in Chhatisgarh, 92.8% in Maharastra , 84.4% at all India level.

      d.      Contribution of  PDS purchases    in total consumption of sugar  in urban  Odisha is   83.0% only. It is highest  in  97.3% in Harayana, 97.5% in Punjab, 94.6% in Rajasthan, 89.9% in Kerala and 85.4%  at all India level.

       

      PDS Kerosene

       

      a.      Percentage of  HHs  reporting consumption of PDS  kerosene  in rural Odisha  is 82.8%.  It is highest in Bihar ( 93.8%) followed by West Bengal ( 91.4%),  MP ( 90.5%), UP(90.4%), Chhatisgarh ( 84.5%). It is 81.8% at all India level.

      b.      Percentage of  HHs  reporting consumption of PDS  kerosene  in urban  Odisha  is  34.2%. Whereas, it is highest in West Bengal ( 61.5%),    kerala ( 59%), Bihar (58.3%), UP (48.7%), Chhatisgarh (38%). It is 33.0% at all India level.

      c.       Share of PDS kerosene  in total consumption of kerosene  by HHs  in rural Odisha is 83.53%. It is 95.59% in Kerala, 93.51% in Rajasthan,  93.47% in Gujurat, 91.47% in AP,  91.49% in Tamil Nadu,  89.34% in Chhatisgarh and  86.24%  at all India level.

      d.      Share of PDS kerosene  in total consumption of kerosene  by HHs  in urban Odisha is  52.52%. Whereas it  is 90.37 % in Kerala, 82.69% in UP, 79.80% in Rajasthan, 79.33% in Madhya Pradesh, 82.38% in Chhatisgarh, 63.58% at all India level.

       

      Prepared by

      Pradip Pradhan

      M-99378-43482

      Date-28.2.13


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