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Re: [Arkitect India] RE: [muslimindians] Oh India! W hy I can’t pay tribute to Thackeray

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  • Dr Hiren Gohain
    Bal Thackeray s rise accompanied and followed the steep decline in the influence of the secular and non-sectarian Left movement.Indeed there had been at that
    Message 1 of 3 , Nov 20, 2012
      Bal Thackeray's rise accompanied and followed the steep decline
      in the influence of the secular and non-sectarian Left
      movement.Indeed there had been at that time serious thuggish attacks
      on Left union leaders and various trade union activities,and those
      attacks were sposored by powerful capitalists and encouraged by the
      Congress,which did little to protect Left leaders and workers.The
      vacuum had been quickly and efficiently filled by the Sena.Thackeray
      then ivented a role for himself as a Godfather,generous to those who
      submit and implacable to those who oppose him.The ideology expanded
      from Marathi ethnic interest to militant Hinduism.The conjuncture of
      such circumstances and the money that came from protection rackets
      explain his growing influence.There is no mystery here.But he
      seems to have had a flair for organisation.

      On 11/19/12, Razi Raziuddin <razi24@...> wrote:
      > Tariq bhai,
      > ASAK,
      > Be a realist and pragmatist. Thackeray played the politics of local
      > interests and it paid him well. That crowd is his followers, not anyone else
      > - Bombay and Maharashtra was ruled by him twice and he has a 22% share of
      > votes.
      > But that is not much of India, nor much of India is headed towards that
      > direction. Much of India rests and lives in the spirit of what is below in
      > the Editorial of Hindu newspaper and in the writings of Justice Katju (two
      > articles below). So, please don't ignore those realities. If India was
      > heading to that direction, we would have experienced a Hindu raj long back
      > ((after all Hindus are a 85% majority - so it is they who reject Thackerays
      > and Modiis and Advaniis, to make india remain a secular state - a solid 70%
      > plus protectors and guardians of secularism and democracy)).
      > My cousin is a section chief of Hindi division of ANI (or PTI) news agency.
      > When I asked him, last night, why all these channels in India are discussing
      > and displaying Thackeray so much. His response was - the electronic media
      > world over this tendency to display whatever is happening in their lands -
      > good or bad. Live wars are conducted elsewhere, frenzied masses are shown at
      > other places. This is a digital world now, and nothing is censored.
      > So, it is our job, as sensible and mature individuals to filter and
      > understand it through multiple means -exactly where our nation, and we as
      > people are headed? In my opinion, India with its 1.2 billions is heading
      > positively, with these minor hick ups and nuisances. This is how I see India
      > and Indians.
      > Regards.
      > Razi
      > To: thealigarhforum@yahoogroups.com; thegoodindians@yahoogroups.com;
      > muslimindians@yahoogroups.com
      > CC: aligarhnetwork@yahoogroups.com; amuobariyadh@yahoogroups.com;
      > amunetwork@yahoogroups.com; amuoba@yahoogroups.com;
      > arkitectindia@yahoogroups.com; worldofaligs@yahoogroups.com
      > From: tfarooqi2000@...
      > Date: Mon, 19 Nov 2012 06:57:23 -0800
      > Subject: Re: [muslimindians] Oh India! Why I can’t pay tribute to Thackeray
      > ASAK all: It is a troubling commentary when you get arrested for expressing
      > an opinion which is neither hateful or inciting. It is also troubling that
      > over 2 million people show up for the funeral of a person who personified
      > hatred, mafia style politics, and extreme regionalism. And the 24 hour
      > television coverage of this person is even more troubling.
      > Where are you headed India?
      > Tariq
      > --- On Mon, 11/19/12, Razi Raziuddin <razi24@...> wrote:
      > From: Razi Raziuddin <razi24@...>
      > Subject: [muslimindians] Oh India! Why I can’t pay tribute to Thackeray
      > To: "The Aligarh Forum The Aligarh Forum"
      > <thealigarhforum@yahoogroups.com>,
      > "thegoodindians@yahoogroups.com" <thegoodindians@yahoogroups.com>,
      > "muslimindians@yahoogroups.com" <muslimindians@yahoogroups.com>
      > Cc: "aligarhnetwork@yahoogroups.com" <aligarhnetwork@yahoogroups.com>,
      > "amuoba Riyad" <amuobariyadh@yahoogroups.com>, "AMUNetwork@yahoogroups.com"
      > <amunetwork@yahoogroups.com>, "amuoba@yahoogroups.com"
      > <amuoba@yahoogroups.com>, "arkitectindia@yahoogroups.com
      > arkitectindia@yahoogroups.com" <arkitectindia@yahoogroups.com>,
      > "worldofaligs@yahoogroups.com" <worldofaligs@yahoogroups.com>
      > Date: Monday, November 19, 2012, 9:08 AM
      > Vivek Prakash/ReutersA portrait of Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray at his
      > funeral in Mumbai, Maharashtra, on Sunday.MUMBAI—For over 30 hours following
      > the death of the Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray on Saturday, stores
      > throughout Mumbai closed their shutters and taxis and autorickshaws stayed
      > off the streets. While analysts throughout Mumbai debated whether the
      > citywide shutdown following the death of Mr. Thackeray was inspired by fear
      > or respect, one 21-year-old woman and her friend were arrested for raising a
      > similar question.On Sunday, the police in Palghar, in Thane district, on the
      > outskirts of Mumbai, arrested Shaheen Dhadha after she posted a status
      > update on Facebook that questioned the shutdown, also known as a bandh. A
      > local daily, the Mumbai Mirror, reported that Ms. Dhadha, 21, had written,
      > “People like Thackeray are born and die daily and one should not observe a
      > bandh for that.” The police also arrested her friend who “liked” the post,
      > whom NDTVidentified by her first name, Renu.The women were arrested under
      > Section 505 of the Indian Penal Code for “statements creating or promoting
      > enmity, hatred or ill will between classes.” Srikant Pingle, station house
      > in charge of the Palghar police, told India Ink
      > that the local Shiv Sena chief, whom he identified as “Mr. Bhushan,” filed
      > the complaint against Ms. Dhadha because her comment on Facebook hurt Shiv
      > Sena’s sentiments. Mr. Pingle declined to comment further on the details of
      > the arrests.Sudhir Gupta, the defense counsel for the two women, told NDTV,
      > “Their posts don’t incite violence. It can’t be said they have made any
      > derogatory remarks. They don’t belong to any political ideology.”In a phone
      > conversation with India Ink, a police officer of the Palghar station, who
      > identified himself only as Gavali, said that the arrest took place on Sunday
      > night and that the pair had been taken to court on Monday.The two women, who
      > were sentenced to 14 days in jail by the court, received bail after a bond
      > of 15,000 rupees ($270) was paid, reported NDTV.The Times of India reported
      > that a mob of 2,000 Shiv Sena workers vandalized her uncle’s orthopedic
      > clinic in Palghar. Repeated calls made to the Dhada orthopedic hospital in
      > Thane went unanswered, while Harshal Pradhan, a Shiv Sena spokesman, said
      > that he was unaware of the incident.A police officer at the Palghar Police
      > Station, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that no one has been
      > arrested in the attack on the clinic.Pranesh
      > Prakash, program manager with the Center for Internet and Society, said the
      > arrests of the two women were a violation of free speech and the
      > misapplication of the law. “There were thousands of people on Facebook,
      > Twitter and in person who were saying the exact same kinds of things that
      > this girl is alleged to have said,” said Mr. Prakash. “And the fact that
      > only she and one other person who liked that comment have been arrested
      > shows a clear arbitrariness in the application of the law.”In an open letter
      > addressed to the chief minister of Maharashtra, the former Supreme Court
      > Judge Markandey Katju defended the two women, saying, “To my mind it is
      > absurd to say that protesting against a bandh hurts religious sentiments.”
      > He
      > further said that the arrest appears to be a criminal act as it is a crime
      > to wrongfully arrest or wrongfully confine someone who has committed no
      > crime.On social networking sites, people came out in support of Ms. Dhadha
      > and her friend. The Facebook group “Ban Shiv Sena” had about 36,400 “likes”
      > as of Monday afternoon, while the party’s official Facebook page had just
      > under 2,700. On Twitter, several commenters expressed solidarity with the
      > two women, including Milind Deora, the government minister of state,
      > communications and information technology, who said, “To learn who rules
      > over you, simply find out who you are not allowed to criticize ~
      > Voltaire.”In Maharashtra, Shiv Sena has a history of banning books, movies
      > and other popular culture that are critical of the political party. In 2010,
      > Rohinton Mistry’s book, “Such a Long Journey,” was withdrawn from the
      > syllabus of Mumbai University after Shiv Sena officials complained that the
      > book insulted Bal Thackeray. Ironically,
      > in a January 2007 interview with Shekhar Gupta, the editor in chief of The
      > Indian Express, Mr. Thackeray said that what differentiated him from the
      > mafia is that journalists and others were free to disagree with him and
      > criticize him.Hari Kumar contributed
      > reporting.----------------------------------------------------------------The
      > Hindu
      > OPINION » EDITORIALNovember 19, 2012A troubling legacyLike all those who
      > mobilise on the basis of ethnicity and religion, Bal Thackeray fashioned the
      > Shiv Sena’s formidable clout out of political building blocks that were base
      > and primordial. The language of hate and, when needed, violence were
      > deployed to generate fear and insecurity, pride and solidarity. The
      > founder-leader of the Shiv Sena first invoked Maratha pride against the
      > State’s linguistic minorities and then the divisive agenda of Hindutva
      > against religious minorities. Mumbai’s jobless were not offered land or
      > employment, but they were taught whom to blame for all their miseries: the
      > south Indians, the Gujaratis, and the Muslims. As a strategy of political
      > mobilisation, this worked wonderfully well. The Sena’s brand of collective
      > identity and the use of lumpens in direct action displaced trade unionism as
      > the organising
      > principle in political bargaining. Thackeray’s legion of followers raised
      > him to the status of a demigod who could force an entire State to shut down
      > with the mere threat of violence. Of course, the Sena leader did not gather
      > strength overnight. From his days as a caricaturist, he perfected the art of
      > lampooning political rivals, and drew crowds with his acerbic oratorical
      > skills. Like Hitler, whom he admired, Thackeray knew how to command loyalty
      > and inflame passions. Every failing of his opponents added to his muscle
      > power. Although the Sena took time to grow into a political force, and come
      > to power with the help of the Bharatiya Janata Party, in another sense, it
      > was a rapid political success, inspiring organisational fear in opponent
      > parties, and proving to be of political use to the powerful and the moneyed
      > classes.But the Shiv Sena’s success came at a great price for not only
      > Mumbai and Maharashtra, but India as well. Mumbai’s communal fault lines
      > were thoroughly exploited by Thackeray and his Sainiks, especially in the
      > weeks after the demolition of the Babri Masjid in December 1992. As the
      > Srikrishna Commission documents, Muslims were systematically killed in riots
      > engineered by Sena leaders. The brazen anti-minorityism of the Sena fed the
      > BJP’s agenda in other parts of India too. Other States in India have seen
      > the rise of regional parties, which too have invoked regional and linguistic
      > pride in their political mobilisation. But none of these parties displays
      > the unreconstructed chauvinism of the Sena. Ironically the one outfit to
      > rival its methods and approach is the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena, which
      > broke away from Bal Thackeray in 2006. Even
      > as people in Mumbai and Maharashtra mourn the passing of the patriarch,
      > they ought to reflect on the manner in which his sectarian politics
      > diminished the great city and State and demand of his legatees a change of
      > course.Keywords: Bal Thackeray, Shiv Sena, Maharashtra politics, Maharashtra
      > Navnirman SenaRELATED NEWSUnprecedented crowds bid adieu to ThackerayThe
      > cartoonist and the campaignerLeader who brought ethnic politics to Mumbai
      > melting
      > pot_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      > STATES » OTHER STATESNEW DELHI, November 19, 2012Katju demands action
      > against Mumbai cops for arresting the girlsPTIPress Council of India chief
      > Markandey Katju on Monday demanded “immediate” action against police
      > personnel for reportedly arresting a woman in Mumbai protesting the shutdown
      > in the city on Bal Thackeray’s demise on social networking site Facebook.In
      > an e-mail to the Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan, he warned of
      > “legal
      > consequences” if the CM failed to act.“I will deem it that you as CM are
      > unable to run the state in a democratic manner as envisaged by the
      > Constitution to which you have taken oath and then legal consequences will
      > follow,” Mr. Katju said.He demanded that the Mr. Chavan immediately order
      > suspension, arrest, chargesheeting and criminal prosecution of the police
      > personnel responsible for arresting the women allegedly on the ground of
      > hurting sentiments.“To my mind it is absurd to say that protesting against
      > the bandh hurts religious sentiments. Under Article 19 of our Constitution,
      > freedom of speech is guaranteed fundamental right. We are living in a
      > democracy, not a fascist dictatorship.“In fact, this arrest itself appears
      > to be a criminal act since under sections 341 and 342, it is a crime to
      > wrongfully arrest or wrongfully confine someone who has committed no crime,”
      > he said.Keywords: Bal Thackrey funeral, FB post, Markandey Katju, social
      > networking post, Mumbai shutdown, Shiv Sainiks, Shaheen
      > Dhada---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OPINION
      > » OP-EDNovember 19, 2012Why I can’t pay tribute to ThackerayMARKANDEY
      > KATJUSHARE · COMMENT (103) · PRINT · T+ The HinduMarkandey
      > Katju.
      > TOPICSIndiaMaharashtrapoliticsstate politicsHis bhumiputra theory flies in
      > the face of our Constitution and works against the unity needed to ensure
      > developmentMuppadhu kodi mugamudayalEnil maipuram ondrudayalIval Seppumozhi
      > padhinetudayalEnil Sindhanai ondrudayal(This Bharatmata has 30 crore
      > facesBut her body is oneShe speaks 18 languagesBut her thought is one)Tamil
      > poet Subramania BharathiBhedad gana vinauyanti bhinnah supajapah
      > paraihTasmat samghatayogesu prayateran ganah sada(Republics have been
      > destroyed because of internal divisions among the people;Hence a republic
      > should always strive to achieve unity and good relations among the
      > people)Mahabharat, Shanti Parva, chapter 108, shloka 14Tesam
      > anyonyabhinnanam svauaktim anutisthatamNigrahah panditaih karyah ksipram eva
      > pradhanatah(Therefore the wise authorities should crush the separatist
      > forces trying to assert their strength)Mahabharat, Shanti Parva,
      > 108:26Political leaders, film stars, cricketers, etc. are all falling over
      > one another to pay tribute to the late Bal
      > Thackeray. Amidst this plethora of accolades and plaudits pouring in from
      > the high and mighty, I humbly wish to register my vote of dissent.I know of
      > the maxim De mortuis nil nisi bonum (of the dead speak only good), but I
      > regret I cannot, since I regard the interest of my country above observance
      > of civil proprieties.What is Bal Thackeray’s legacy?It is the anti-national
      > ‘sons of the soil’ (bhumiputra) theory.Article 1(1) of the Indian
      > Constitution states: “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union
      > of States.”Thus, India is not a confederation but a union.Article 19 (1)
      > (e) states: “All citizens shall have the right — to reside and settle in any
      > part of the territory of India.”Thus, it is a fundamental right of a
      > Gujarati, south Indian, Bihari, U.P.ite, or person from any other part of
      > India to migrate to Maharashtra and settle down there, just as it is of
      > Maharashtrians to settle down in any part of India (though there are some
      > restrictions in J&K, and some North-East States, due to historical
      > reasons).The bhumiputra theory states that
      > Maharashtra essentially belongs to Marathi people, while Gujaratis, south
      > Indians, north Indians, etc. are outsiders. This is in the teeth of Articles
      > 1(1) and 19(1)(e) of the Constitution. India is one nation, and hence
      > non-Maharashtrians cannot be treated as outsiders in Maharashtra.The Shiv
      > Sena created by Thackeray attacked south Indians in the 1960s and 70s, and
      > vandalised their restaurants and homes. In 2008, Biharis and U.P.ites living
      > in Mumbai (the bhaiyyas who eke out a livelihood as milk and newspaper
      > vendors, taxi drivers etc.) were described as infiltrators and attacked,
      > their taxis smashed, and several beaten up. Muslims were also vilifiedThis,
      > of course, created a vote bank for Thackeray based on hatred (as had
      > Hitler, of whom Thackeray was an admirer), and how does it matter if the
      > country breaks up and is Balkanised?Apart from the objection to the ‘sons of
      > the soil’ theory for being anti-national and unconstitutional, there is an
      > even more basic objection, which may rebound on Thackeray’s own people.India
      > is broadly a country of immigrants (like North America) and 92-93 per cent
      > of the people living in India today are not the original inhabitants but
      > descendants of immigrants who came mainly from the north-west seeking a
      > comfortable life in the sub-continent (see the article ‘What is India?’ on
      > my blog justicekatju.blogspot.in and the video on the website kgfindia.com
      > ).The original inhabitants (the
      > real bhumiputra) of India are the pre-Dravidian tribals, known as Adivasis
      > (the Bhils, Gonds, Santhals, Todas, etc.) who are only 7-8 per cent of our
      > population today.Hence if the bhumiputra theory is seriously implemented,
      > 92-93 per cent of Maharashtrians (including, perhaps, the Thackeray family)
      > may have to be regarded as outsiders and treated accordingly. The only real
      > bhumiputra in Maharashtra are the Bhils and other tribals, who are only 7-8
      > per cent of the population of Maharashtra.Several separatist and fissiparous
      > forces are at work in India today (including the bhumiputra theory). All
      > patriotic people must combat these forces.Why must we remain united? We must
      > remain united because only a massive modern industry can generate the huge
      > wealth we require for the welfare of our people — agriculture alone cannot
      > do this — and modern industry requires a huge market. Only a united India
      > can provide the huge market for the modern industry we must create to
      > abolish poverty, unemployment and other social evils, and to provide for the
      > huge health care and modern education systems we must set up if we wish to
      > come to the front ranks of the most advanced countries.Hence I regret I
      > cannot pay any tribute to Mr. Bal Thackeray.(Markandey Katju is Chairman,
      > Press Council of India.)Keywords: Markandey Katju, Bal
      > Thackeray, Shiv Sena
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