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Tharros found

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  • Yigal Levin
    ... ====================================================================== Port of second Carthage found Ancient Phoenician harbour discovered off Sardinian
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 1, 2008
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      Port of 'second Carthage' found
      Ancient Phoenician harbour discovered off Sardinian coast

      (ANSA) - Oristano, September 25 - Archaeologists in Sardinia said
      Thursday they have found the port of the Phoenician city of Tharros,
      held by some to be the ancient people's most important colony in the
      Mediterranean after Carthage.

      Researchers from the University of Cagliari and Sassari found the
      submerged port in the Mistras Lagoon, several kilometres from the city
      ruins.

      Excavations have long been going on at the site of the city itself, on
      a peninsula overlooking the Bay of Oristano in western Sardinia, but
      this is the first time its waterfront has been located despite almost
      two centuries of hunting.

      As well as an impressive sandstone wall 100 metres in length and four
      metres in width, the archaeologists discovered a basin carved in the
      rock, similar to Carthage's man-made, protected inner harbour.

      A rectilinear waterfront stretches for 225 metres with a 190-metre
      jetty and there is a 50-metre-long approach canal for ships, the
      researchers said.

      The city of Tharros was founded in the eighth century BC. The
      Phoenicians were an ancient maritime trading people who formed a
      massive commercial empire across the Mediterranean from their bases
      along the coast of modern-day Lebanon, Syria and Israel.

      The city was later populated by the Romans before being destroyed by
      Saracen raiders in the tenth century AD.

      Among the Italian cities the Phoenicians founded is today's capital of
      Sardinia, Cagliari, and the Sicilian capital Palermo.

      Other colonies included Cadiz and Malaga in Spain and Tangiers in Morocco.
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