Anthroposophical Guidelines - intermezzo 3 [cont.]
This third member also has a cosmic environment. It is that of the second hierarchy. A shadow-image of this second hierarchy is given in human speech. Man lives with his astral body within the realm of this hierarchy.
We can go further. In speaking man participates with part of his being; he puts his inner self in motion. What surrounds his inner self remains in repose in speech itself. The motion involved in speaking wrests itself from the human being in repose. But the whole man goes into motion when he activates his limbs. In this movement he is no less expressive than in remembrance and speech. Remembrance expresses experiences; the essence of speech is that it expresses something. Thus man in movement with his whole being expresses a "something".
Anthroposophy describes what is thus expressed as an additional component of the human being. Through intuitive cognition it speaks of the "true self" or the "I". It also finds its cosmic environment: that of the first hierarchy.
By moving toward his remembrance-thoughts, man is met by a primary super-sensible component, his own etheric being. By grasping himself as a speaker, his astral being comes to meet him. This is no longer grasped only by what acts inwardly, like remembrance. Inspiration sees it as that which, in speaking, forms a physical act that originates in the spirit. Speech is a physical process. Fundamentally it is a function from the realm of the second hierarchy.
In the whole man in motion a more intensive physical action is present than in speaking. It is not "something" which is formed; it is the whole person. Here the first hierarchy is active in the formation of the active physical human being.
In this way true self-knowledge can be practiced. One does not grasp his own self alone in this way however. Gradually he grasps his component members: the physical body, the etheric body, the astral body, the self. And in grasping these elements, he gradually approaches the higher worlds in which his being unfolds just as the three kingdoms of nature: the animal, the vegetable, the mineral belong as three spiritual realms to the cosmos as a whole.
The third hierarchy manifests itself as pure spirit-soul. It acts in what man experiences psychically, that is, in his soul. Processes could take place neither in the etheric nor in the astral regions if only this hierarchy were active. Only the spiritual-psychic would exist.