Guidelines: 177 - 179
177. Observing the development of humanity in the natural-scientific age initially offers a sad perspective. Human knowledge with respect to the outer world is brilliant. One the other hand, a kind of consciousness has arisen which considers that knowledge of the spirit-world is no longer even possible.
178. It seems as though man possessed such knowledge only in ancient times and that as regards the spiritual world one must be satisfied accepting the old traditions and making them objects of faith.
179. Due to the resulting uncertainty in respect to the relation of man to the spiritual world during the middle ages, a disbelief in the spiritual content of ideas arose in nominalism, the continuation of which is the modern view of nature; and as the awareness of the reality of ideas in realism which, however, can only find its realization through Anthroposophy.