Ancient Nubian Civilization Part I - Kingdom of Kerma
- Nubia is a region that includes part of southern Egypt and a substantial portion of the northern Sudan. Several kingdoms existed in that area in ancient times.The Kingdom of Kerma was the first; it lasted from about 2500-1520 B.C. It was established during the time of the 1st dynastry of Egypt (3100-2890 B.C.). Kerma and Egypt sometimes came into conflict with each other. The Egyptians started expanding their rule south around 2500 B.C. But during the 1st Intermediate Period 2184-2055 B.C.), Egypt was in a state of disunity and unable to expand.During the reign of the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmosis I (1504-1492 B.C.), Kerma came under Egyptian rule. Thutmosis led a military expedition to the 3rd cataract of the Nile and slew a Nubian king. Much Egyptian cultural influence was instilled during the time of Egyptian rule. However, in the 11th century B.C., Egypt underwent some severe internal conflicts. Nubia was able to break away from Egyptian rule and thus regained independance. The capital of the new Nubian Kingdom was established at the city of Napata. That city had been built in 1405 B.C.during Egyptian rule, during the reign of Thuthmosis III (1479-1425 B.C.). It was on the west bank of the Nile and about 400 km. north of where Khartoum is today.Neal Robbins
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