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Peroz I - A Sassanian King

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  • Neal Robbins
    Peroz I was a king of the Sassanian dynasty of Persia. He ruled during the years 457-484 A.D. His father was Yezdegerd II. Hormizd III, the brother of Peroz
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 12, 2005
       
          Peroz I was a king of the Sassanian dynasty of Persia. He ruled during the years 457-484 A.D. His father was Yezdegerd II. Hormizd III, the brother of Peroz had become king when their father died. But Peroz was not willing to accept the rule of his brother. Peroz formed an alliance with the Hephthalites (White Huns), who had invaded Bactria. With the assistance of the Hephthalites, Peroz was able to defeat and kill his brother in 459 A.D.
          Peroz committed terrible atrocities in trying to maintain his rule. He had most of his relatives killed and persecuted some Christians in Persia. However, he did tolerate the Nestorian Christian church. It was different from the branch of Christianity practiced by the Byzantines.
          However, Peroz did make a good effort to keep peace between Persia and the Byzantine empire. His attempt was relatively successful. But Peroz encountered difficulty with his old allies, the Hephthalites. He tried to overcome the Hephthalites, since they were making invasions into eastern Persia. Peroz received financial help from the Romans to pay for his campaigns against the Hephthalites. But his war against the Hephthalites was not successful. The Hephthalites captured Peroz. His son Kavadh volunteered to be a hostage and switched places with Peroz. The Hephthalites then released Peroz. Two years later Peroz paid a huge ransom to get Kavadh back.
           Peroz had made peace with the Hephthalites, but he went to war with them after Kavadh gained his freedom. After gathering a large army, Peroz launched a campaign in the east. It ended up in disaster. The Persian army got lost in the eastern desert. The Hephalites attacked and decimated the Persian force in 484 A.D. This victory by the Hephthalites enabled them to invade and pillage Persia for two years. However, a Persian man named Zarmihr (also called Sokhr) was able to step in and take control of the situation. He put Balash (a brother of Perox) on the throne.
       
      Neal Robbins
       
      P.S. Zarmihr was a Persian nobleman from the family of Karin.


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