Re: further proof of Polynesian -South American contact
- Francisco ad All,I forgot to send the link for the old Chicha-brewing/chewing technique:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fcf8WUB33hg&feature=youtube_gdata_player
--- In email@example.com, Susan English <beldingenglish@...> wrote:
> Intriguing possibilities for diffusion here, Francisco. I came across a similarly produced brew in ancient Egypt but cannot find the link.
> Early in my marriage we manufactured a lot of beer and wine using our bathtub for fermentation. Now, the only thing I ferment--- a gallon or two at a time-- is a fungi and yeast health beverage called Kombiucha (or, kvass, manchurian tea, Soumonto, and terms from dozens of regions around the world).
> I therefore found the article and its manufacture particularly interesting. Some of you might enjoy this short Youtube Old Masters Chicha-brewing (and chewing) website. Far back into antiquity making intentional use of human saliva for enzymes, and likely too various bacteria and yeasts, in order to produce a beneficial product further raises my admiration of the ingenuity of ancient people. Even more when evidence indicates that these important concoctions may have been shared across extensive regions/waterways of the world.
> There is also a web site put out by the Smithsonian called the Beer Archaelogist /links to Chicha and other ancient beverages.
> Thank you too, Renoud deJong (from the Netherlands), for submitting into our Files three more interrelated articles which appear to be recently written. First link includes a very good photo of a copper oxide from Crete, presumably designed as such for easier transport. Does anyone have a photo, or know if ancient copper oxhides have been found within the Americas?
> COPPER & TIN FROM AMERICA:
> LIFE ON CRETE (Phaistos Disc, c. 1458 B. C.):
> DECIPHERMENT OF THE PHAISTOS DISC, "The Power of God Protects the King":
> On Feb 21, 2012, at 9:10 AM, Francisco J. GonzÃÂ¡lez guajataca01@... wrote:
> > Yeast biologist Javier Carvajal Barriga in Ecuador collected scrapings
> > from ancient clay fermentation vessels dated to 680 CE used by Andean
> > peoples to ferment an alcoholic beverage called Chicha, and coaxed
> > dormant yeast cells that look to ve recently aritten. back to life using a special scientific method. H
> > found that the yeast was unlike any modern strains of yeast and
> > confirmed Spanish reports that the Incas fermented their Chicha with
> > human saliva, feces and animal bones. They may have added psychotropic
> > plants to the brew which produces only 4% alcohol. Strangely enough,
> > this yeast also turned up in a study in Taiwan in fermented tea. Was
> > this due to contact between Polynesians and South Americans thousands
> > of years ago? Carvajal found yet another ancient yeast that has been
> > collected in Australia, Costa Rica and the Galapagos and the genetic
> > analysis is identical among the three. This yeast is associated with
> > Tflowers of the sweet potato.
> > Scientific American has the story here;
> > http://wwwe.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=new-species-resurrected-ancient-andean-tomb&print=tr
> > A tiny URL;
> > http://goo.gl/Tl
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