Yes, and to add insult to the injury, their reward for helping the US locate Black Hawk, they had their lands taken away and were put in to the Demilitarized Zone called the Neutral Ground, across the river in Iowa.
This was initially to keep the Sioux and Sac-Fox apart and from waring. As this area was empty and things had settled down somewhat, the solution of the time was to put the removed Winnebago Ho Chunk there as a holding area. It did not work out well and when the soldiers were needed on the Mexincan border, they abandoned the fort and a trail of tears for the Winnebago started to Winona, then St. Paul at Fort Snelling.
A sad story that I hoped the yearly Rendez-vous at the fort started by a local historical group would educate the public on the true reason the fort was built.
The story is told in Spencer Lone Trees books as well as others. He is related to both the DeCora's and the Winneshieks. Thanks for contributing to this story.
On Nov 16, 2013, at 8:54 AM, Ryan Howell wrote:
Of course the reason the Ho-Chunk ended up there was because they were marched out of their traditional homeland in Western Wisconsin, literally, at bayonet point (see the "Surrender of Dandy's Band" in WHC) and after several killings by U.S. Troops. A close reading of some of the Indian agent documents and letters from Fort Crawford (Prairie du Chien,WI) and Fort Winnebago (Portage, WI) agencies seems to suggest that this was very deliberate. By placing the Winnebago/Ho-Chunk between two more numerous enemies it was felt that two "problems" could be solved simultaneously: (1) two larger, aggressive groups not yet under U.S. control (the Dakota and Sauk/Fox) could be buffered from each other and (2) a smaller, but continuously difficult
to control group (the Ho-Chunk) would naturally either be wiped out or forced to submit to progessively even greater U.S. government and military control.
Diabolical U.S./Native American realpolitik in case study.
Ryan J. Howell, MA, RPA, CMA.
Senior Project Archaeologist
U.S. Army (Contractor)-CEMML-CSU
Fort McCoy, WI 54656
These are now called the dancing bears, with some objecting to the
military image of the former name.
These were seen by many soldiers on the road just along side the mound
group that connected the fort
at Prairie du Chien across the river to Fort Atkinson. This was the
"only fort built to protect an indian tribe.",
says a sign at that fort.
This of course begs the question why any self respecting first nation
tribe needed help in doing
That is a book of a story, with several being written after the Black
Hawk War that lead up to the reason
that the Winnebago needed protection from their traditional enemies,
the Sac and Fox and the Sioux.