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Rahi & Kosh

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  • Yahoo!
    The thread had become too long, so I started a fresh mail. Astronomy, by nature of subject has to be universal, so I usually avoid discussions on racial
    Message 1 of 2 , Apr 7, 2013
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      The thread had become too long, so I started a fresh mail. Astronomy, by nature of subject has to be universal, so I usually avoid discussions on racial superiority and reverse trend in India to show Indian inferiority in each matter, which has become sole sign of scholarship in so called free India dominated by another foreign and baseless thought called Marxism. Many persons have just become Govt scholars by sole research that Rishis ate beef only-some of such research is also related to astronomy.
      Vedas have 3 sets of meaning as per Gita (8/1-5). Adhidaivika meaning is about cosmic structure and has to be based on astronomy. Since physical world is created within cosmic system, earth world (Adhibhautika) and Human body (Adhyatmika) are images of cosmic system. In that sense, even Bible, Genesis (1/27) says that God created man after His own image.
      Taittiriya upanishad, Shiksha valli tells about 5 sets of meanings where 2 are related to astronomy. Here, Adhidaivika and Adhijyotisha are related to astronomy. Adhijyotisha is cosmic structure, Adhidaivika is energy (Prana) field). There is a fifth aspect-Adhi-vidya. Each point is influenced by all others specially nearby. By influence of nearby bodies reaches us, if we are in their Sama (field of influence) and that is source of their perception. 4 stages of perception are 4 vedas. Complex of all individual perceptions is Adhi-vidya which decides the future development called Niyati (nature, destiny, outcome etc.).
      Lalit ji has quoted some verses and there will be thousands more in Rigveda etc out of which he has promised to send some more samples. I am quoting just one verse of Rigved indicating definition and measurement of solar system-neither of which has been achieved in modern science. In fact, I had written 2 more facts in 3 national institutes in 2001 which were found by Cassini probe to Uranus by NASA in 2007 only after which Pluto was removed from list of planets.
      Measure of solar system is given in Ŗk veda (10/189/3)
       त्रिंशद्धाम वि-राजति वाक् पतङ्गाय धीमहि । प्रति वस्तोरहद्युभिः ॥ (ऋक्, १०/१८९/३)
       Up to 30 Dhāma, brightness is more (than background of Galaxy), which is understood as Vāk = field of Patanga = sun. Each Vasta (location) of Dyu (sky) is measured in Ahar. Ahar and vasta both mean day. Dhāma and yojana both words have been used in Ṛgveda (1/123/8) for measure of Uşā (twilight)
      सदृशीरद्य सदृशीरिदु श्वो दीर्घं सचन्ते वरुणस्य धाम ।
      अनवद्यास्त्रिंशतं योजनान्येकैका क्रतुं परियन्ति सद्यः ॥ (ऋक्, १/१२३/८)
      They (Uşā) are same today and will be same tomorrow. They spread towards place of Varuņa, one by one. Dhāma of Varuņa are 30 without break. They are ahead of Kratu = sun by 30 Yojanas. Measure of Dhāma here is not defined. Here measuring rod is earth itself as in Sūrya-siddhānta (1600 part of its diameter is yojana)-
       मा छन्दः तत् पृथिवी, अग्निर्देवता .. (मैत्रायणी संहिता, /१४/९३, काठक संहिता, ३९/३९)
      Measure of loka has started in Taittirīya upanişad (2/8) from Earth-called Manuşya-loka.
      Bŗhadāraņyaka upanişad (3/3/2)-
      ...द्वात्रिशतं वै देवरथाह्न्यन्ययं लोकस्तसमन्तं पृथिवी द्विस्तावत्पर्येति तासमन्तं पृथिवीं द्विस्तावत्समुद्रः पर्येति..... (बृहदारण्यक उपनिषद् ३/३/२)
      = 32 ahar (Plural is aha̅ni) is measure of Deva-ratha, its double in all directions is Pŗthivī (enclosure of solar system), that is surrounded all around by Samudra (ocean) of twice size.
      Thus all measure starts from earth as measuring rod. But there are 3 Dhāmas within earth, so, Dhāma 3 = earth. Distance from center of measure is equal to radius of earth. Radius of Dhāma 4 = 2 x earth radius, radius of Dhāma 5 = 4 x earth radius, and so on. Thus, solar system is 30 Dhāma beyond earth, i.e. it is earth x 230.
      यजुर्वेद (१/१)-ईषे त्वा ऊर्जे त्वा वायवस्थः = Energy in flow (vāyu) is called īśā.
      विष्णु पुराण (२/८/२)-योजनानां सहस्राणि भास्करस्य रथो नव। ईषादण्डस्तथैवास्य द्विगुणो मुनिसत्तम॥ = In Ratha (body or extent) of solar system, Īṣā-daṇḍa is 18000 yojanas, radius is 3000.
      These are-(1) Till 1974, solar wind was assumed to be upto earth orbit. Mariner probe showed it upto Mars orbi. Still on basis of opening verse of Yajurveda and Bhagavata purana, I stated that solar wind (Isha-danda of sun) extends upto Uranus orbit.
      (2) NASA estimate was 70,000 Plutonic bodies of over 100 km diameter at 45-65 AU from sun. Balkhilya sukta, Bhagavata purana, Suryasiddhanta chaptee 12 indicate that there are 60,000 Balakhilyas of over 135 kms diameter at average distance of 60 AU called Nakshatra-kaksha of sun.
      Editors at GN Jha institute, Allahabad and Sandipani Veda Vidyapeetha thought these as arbitrary calculations and just published them. Melkote Institute strongly protested my measurements but after long correspondence for 2 years, no body could find any different meaning of verses quoted by me. So, 2001 issue of Tattvaloka was published 1 year after 2002 issue. Anybody can see Tattvaloka of 2001 which lists at back page 2002 issue among publications of institute.
      By nature of study and calculations, astronomy has to be universal-
      (1) All Greek-Roman authors stat that India is quadrilateral. In fact none has stated correct shape of their own country also. But readers may see any purana. India has always stated to be reverse triangle wider in north. By ancient convention, north direction is called up in map and reverse triangle is called Shakti-trikona. Being main part of 9 divisions of Bharata, this called Kumarika-khanda, because Kumari is root form of Shakti.
      (2) There are many region names based on shape which can be known by only an accurate world map-The long chain of coral islands from Laccadiv (Lanka-dvipa) to Maldives (Mali-dvipa) was Lanka which is on same longitude as Ujjain. Present Srilanka was Simhal, politically part of Lanka. So, Chilly is called Lanka in Bengal & Orissa, in same way as Chile in south America is named now. Java (barley grain shape) and Bali dvipa (sand grain) are seen like that on map of Asia. Only an accurate map of Asia will show that east Himalaya on Burma border looks like elephant head on a relief map and chain of land mass from south Thailand till Indonesia is like trunk (Shunda) of elephant. So, Indonesia has been called Shunda dvipa in Valmiki Ramayana, Kishkindha Kanda, chapter 40. Even today, west and east parts of the country are called greater and smaller shunda group divided by Shunda strait. North America and Rockey mountain there, both look like flying bird on map. So it is called Krauncha dvipa with Krauncha mountain of same shape. Southernmost land of Antarctica is called Yama-dvipa as Yama has 2 meanings-lord of south direction and twin. In 1985, it was learnt that it is dual land mass, but south pole is not on dividing channel but on land mass. This has been stated by Aryabhata also that south pole is on land and north pole in sea. World map was made in 4 sheets for north hemisphere in 4 colours called colours of 4 faces of Meru. Map scale becomes infinite for polar region. This does not create problem for north hemisphere as north pole is ocean. only. But in 4 sheets of south hemisphere, Antarctica cannot be shown like that. It becomes of infinite size, so it was called Ananta.
      (3) Map of any country needs measure of longitude, latitude, direction by spherical trigonometry, not by assumed copy of non-existent sine table of Hipparchus by Aryabhata. 
      (4) Surya siddhanta gives 4 cardinal points separated by 90 deg longitude, Valmiki Ramayana, Kishkindha kanda (40/54, 64) tells that Brahma had constructed a door (Pyramid of sun in Mexico) to mark end of east direction (180 deg east of Ujjain). Puranas give more ancient set of 4 cardinal towns.
      (5) Only after accurate map of world, distance of moon can be measured. Measurement has to be in far away countries, simultaneously (how?) and with accuracy of less than 1 second of angle.
      (6) There after there stages of measurements of sun, other planets, 6 zones (Vashatkar) of solar system not done so far in modern astronomy, width of spiral arm having 1000 stars (1000 heads of Sheshanaga of which one head holds earth like a dot), measures of galaxy (Brahmanda), and visible universe. Measure of galaxy was known in Mayan astronomy also. Mayan and Aryabhata of same time used 18 digit system only because diameter of galaxy is 10 power 17 when we take earth diameter as 1000 yojans.
      Some references are given below-
      Arun Kumar Upadhyay, 09437034172
      विष्णु पुराण (१/१०/११)-क्रतोश्च सन्ततिर्भार्या वालखिल्यानसूयत।
      षष्टिपुत्रसहस्राणि मुनीनामूर्ध्वरेतसाम्। अंगुष्ठपर्वमात्राणां ज्वलद् भास्करतेजसाम्।
      भागवत पुराण (५/२१/१७)-तथा बालखिल्यानां ऋषयोऽङ्गुष्ठपर्वमात्राः षष्टि सहस्राणि पुरतः सूर्य सूक्त वाकाय नियुक्ताः संस्तुवन्ति।
       60000 Bālakhilyas of 1 anguṣṭha (thumb) size are at end of Kratu (creative zone of sun). They are santati (son) as they are after end of father’s period. In space, earth is Puruṣa (man) of 96 angula (fingures). Thus, 1 angula or anguṣṭha is earth diameter (12800 km) divided by 96 = 135 kms. It is same as modern estimate of 70000 bodies of above 100 km diameter. It has been called Nakṣatra orbit of 60 AU radius in Sūrya-siddhānta (12/80). That is much smaller than orbit of stars which is stated in same chapter, verse 90.
      सूर्य सिद्धान्त (१२)- भवेद् भकक्षा तिग्मांशो र्भ्रमणं षष्टिताडितम्। सर्वोपरिष्टाद् भ्रमति योजनैस्तैर्भमण्डलम्॥८०॥
      ख-व्योम-खत्रय-ख-सागर-षट्क-नाग-व्योमा-ष्ट-शून्य-यम-रूप-नगा-ष्ट-चन्द्राः।
      ब्रह्माण्ड संपुटपरिभ्रमणं समन्तादभ्यन्तरा दिनकरस्य करप्रसाराः॥९०॥
       Measurement of Brahmāṇḍa (galaxy) is gven above as 1.87 x 1016 in units of Bha-yojana = 27 earth-yojanas = 216 kms. It extends up to distance where sun will be just visible as a point-star. Its circumference has been stated as parārdha-yojana, where parā = 1017 and yojana is ½ degree on equator = 55.5 kms. This measure is given in definition of Uṣā above where it is stated that it is 30 Dhāma west from place of sun-rise. In India, this zone is taken as 150 longitude (1 hour time), thus, 1 Dhāma = 0.5 degree. Its length will differ for each latitude circle, but is fixed for equator (40000 kms), where it is Dhāma-yojana = 40000/720 = 55.5 kms. (circle has 3600). Thus, diameter of galaxy comes to 97000 lght years. Estimate of NASA in 1990 was 100,000 and in 2005, it was 95000 LY.
      कठोपनिषद् (१/३/१)-ऋतं पिबन्तौ सुकृतस्य लोके गुहां प्रविष्टौ परमे परार्धे।
      छायातपौ ब्रह्मविदो वदन्ति, पञ्चाग्नयो ये च त्रिणाचिकेताः॥
      Here, Sukṛuta loka = pious man. In space (Loka), means creation of god or cosmic creation, where created, created, material and base-all are Brahma. Parama (largest) guhā (cave, enclosure) is of parārdha size

      (Message over 64 KB, truncated)
    • Sunil Nair
      Dear Arun Ji   Many thanks for this article   I am trying to understand this  and all this shows India has much more deep rooted traditions in
      Message 2 of 2 , Apr 7, 2013
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        Dear Arun Ji
         
        Many thanks for this article
         
        I am trying to understand this  and all this shows India has much more deep rooted traditions in understanding the whole world and cosmos
         
        I hope the greek vaadi s read this and try to see their own claims than Looking for exact words in veda and some Name s to torture us 

        Thanks for the contribution and u r doing a great service ,pls keep on contributing 
         
        Rgrds sunil nair
         
        --- In ancient_indian_astrology@yahoogroups.com, Yahoo! <arunupadhyay30@...> wrote:
        >
        > The thread had become too long, so I started a fresh mail. Astronomy, by nature of subject has to be universal, so I usually avoid discussions on racial superiority and reverse trend in India to show Indian inferiority in each matter, which has become sole sign of scholarship in so called free India dominated by another foreign and baseless thought called Marxism. Many persons have just become Govt scholars by sole research that Rishis ate beef only-some of such research is also related to astronomy.
        > Vedas have 3 sets of meaning as per Gita (8/1-5). Adhidaivika meaning is about cosmic structure and has to be based on astronomy. Since physical world is created within cosmic system, earth world (Adhibhautika) and Human body (Adhyatmika) are images of cosmic system. In that sense, even Bible, Genesis (1/27) says that God created man after His own image.
        > Taittiriya upanishad, Shiksha valli tells about 5 sets of meanings where 2 are related to astronomy. Here, Adhidaivika and Adhijyotisha are related to astronomy. Adhijyotisha is cosmic structure, Adhidaivika is energy (Prana) field). There is a fifth aspect-Adhi-vidya. Each point is influenced by all others specially nearby. By influence of nearby bodies reaches us, if we are in their Sama (field of influence) and that is source of their perception. 4 stages of perception are 4 vedas. Complex of all individual perceptions is Adhi-vidya which decides the future development called Niyati (nature, destiny, outcome etc.).
        > Lalit ji has quoted some verses and there will be thousands more in Rigveda etc out of which he has promised to send some more samples. I am quoting just one verse of Rigved indicating definition and measurement of solar system-neither of which has been achieved in modern science. In fact, I had written 2 more facts in 3 national institutes in 2001 which were found by Cassini probe to Uranus by NASA in 2007 only after which Pluto was removed from list of planets.
        > Measure of solar system is given in Å–k veda (10/189/3)
        >  तà¥à¤°à¤¿à¤‚शदà¥à¤§à¤¾à¤® वि-राजति वाकॠपतङà¥à¤—ाय धीमहि । पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¤¿ वसà¥à¤¤à¥‹à¤°à¤¹à¤¦à¥à¤¯à¥à¤­à¤¿à¤ƒ ॥ (ऋकà¥, १०/१८९/३)
        >  Up to 30 DhÄma, brightness is more (than background of Galaxy),
        > which is understood as VÄk = field of Patanga = sun.Each Vasta (location) of Dyu (sky) is measured in Ahar. Ahar and vasta both mean day. DhÄma and yojana both words have been used in Ṛgveda (1/123/8) for measure of UÅŸÄ (twilight)
        > सदृशीरदà¥à¤¯ सदृशीरिदॠशà¥à¤µà¥‹ दीरà¥à¤˜à¤‚ सचनà¥à¤¤à¥‡ वरà¥à¤£à¤¸à¥à¤¯ धाम
        > । 
        > अनवदà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¿à¤‚शतं योजनानà¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤•à¥ˆà¤•à¤¾ कà¥à¤°à¤¤à¥à¤‚ परियनà¥à¤¤à¤¿
        > सदà¥à¤¯à¤ƒ ॥ (ऋकà¥, १/१२३/८)
        > They (UÅŸÄ) are same today and will be same tomorrow. They spread
        > towards place of Varuņa, one by one.DhÄma of Varuņa are 30 without break.
        > They are ahead of Kratu = sun by 30 Yojanas.Measure of DhÄma here is not defined. Here measuring rod is earth itself as in SÅ«rya-siddhÄnta (1600 part of its diameter is yojana)-
        >  मा छनà¥à¤¦à¤ƒ ततॠपृथिवी, अगà¥à¤¨à¤¿à¤°à¥à¤¦à¥‡à¤µà¤¤à¤¾ .. (मैतà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤¯à¤£à¥€ संहिता, २/१४/९३, काठक संहिता, ३९/३९)
        > Measure of loka has started in Taittirīya
        > upaniÅŸad (2/8) from Earth-called ManuÅŸya-loka. 
        > BÅ—hadÄraņyaka upaniÅŸad(3/3/2)- 
        > ...दà¥à¤µà¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¿à¦‚शतं वै देवरथाहà¥à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¤¯à¤‚ लोकसà¥à¤¤à¦‚ समनà¥à¤¤à¤‚ पृथिवी
        > दà¥à¤µà¤¿à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤µà¤¤à¥à¤ªà¤°à¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤¤à¤¿ ताং समनà¥à¤¤à¤‚ पृथिवीं दà¥à¤µà¤¿à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤µà¤¤à¥à¤¸à¤®à¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¤ƒ
        > परà¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤¤à¤¿..... (बृहदारणà¥à¤¯à¤• उपनिषदॠ३/३/२)
        > = 32 ahar (Plural is ahaÌ…ni) is
        > measure of Deva-ratha, its double in all directions is Pŗthivī (enclosure
        > of solar system), that is surrounded all around by Samudra (ocean) of
        > twice size. 
        > Thus all measure starts from earth as measuring
        > rod. But there are 3 DhÄmas within earth, so, DhÄma 3 = earth.
        > Distance from center of measure is equal to radius of earth. Radius of DhÄma 4 = 2 x earth radius, radius of DhÄma 5 = 4 x earth radius, and so on.Thus, solar system is 30 DhÄmabeyond earth, i.e. it is earth x 230.
        > यजà¥à¤°à¥à¤µà¥‡à¤¦ (१/१)-ईषे तà¥à¤µà¤¾ ऊरà¥à¤œà¥‡ तà¥à¤µà¤¾ वायवसà¥à¤¥à¤ƒ=
        > Energy in flow (vÄyu) is called Ä«Å›Ä.
        > विषà¥à¤£à¥
        > पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£ (२/८/२)-योजनानां सहसà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£à¤¿ भासà¥à¤•à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¯ रथो नव। ईषादणà¥à¤¡à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¥à¥ˆà¤µà¤¾à¤¸à¥à¤¯ दà¥à¤µà¤¿à¤—à¥à¤£à¥‹
        > मà¥à¤¨à¤¿à¤¸à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¤®à¥¥ = In Ratha (body or extent) of solar system, ĪṣÄ-daṇá¸a is 18000 yojanas, radius is
        > 3000. 
        > These are-(1) Till 1974, solar wind was assumed to be upto earth orbit. Mariner probe showed it upto Mars orbi. Still on basis of opening verse of Yajurveda and Bhagavata purana, I stated that solar wind (Isha-danda of sun) extends upto Uranus orbit.
        > (2) NASA estimate was 70,000 Plutonic bodies of over 100 km diameter at 45-65 AU from sun. Balkhilya sukta, Bhagavata purana, Suryasiddhanta chaptee 12 indicate that there are 60,000 Balakhilyas of over 135 kms diameter at average distance of 60 AU called Nakshatra-kaksha of sun.
        > Editors at GN Jha institute, Allahabad and Sandipani Veda Vidyapeetha thought these as arbitrary calculations and just published them. Melkote Institute strongly protested my measurements but after long correspondence for 2 years, no body could find any different meaning of verses quoted by me. So, 2001 issue of Tattvaloka was published 1 year after 2002 issue. Anybody can see Tattvaloka of 2001 which lists at back page 2002 issue among publications of institute.
        > By nature of study and calculations, astronomy has to be universal-
        > (1) All Greek-Roman authors stat that India is quadrilateral. In fact none has stated correct shape of their own country also. But readers may see any purana. India has always stated to be reverse triangle wider in north. By ancient convention, north direction is called up in map and reverse triangle is called Shakti-trikona. Being main part of 9 divisions of Bharata, this called Kumarika-khanda, because Kumari is root form of Shakti.
        > (2) There are many region names based on shape which can be known by only an accurate world map-The long chain of coral islands from Laccadiv (Lanka-dvipa) to Maldives (Mali-dvipa) was Lanka which is on same longitude as Ujjain. Present Srilanka was Simhal, politically part of Lanka. So, Chilly is called Lanka in Bengal & Orissa, in same way as Chile in south America is named now. Java (barley grain shape) and Bali dvipa (sand grain) are seen like that on map of Asia. Only an accurate map of Asia will show that east Himalaya on Burma border looks like elephant head on a relief map and chain of land mass from south Thailand till Indonesia is like trunk (Shunda) of elephant. So, Indonesia has been called Shunda dvipa in Valmiki Ramayana, Kishkindha Kanda, chapter 40. Even today, west and east parts of the country are called greater and smaller shunda group divided by Shunda strait. North America and Rockey mountain there, both look like flying bird on map.
        > So it is called Krauncha dvipa with Krauncha mountain of same shape. Southernmost land of Antarctica is called Yama-dvipa as Yama has 2 meanings-lord of south direction and twin. In 1985, it was learnt that it is dual land mass, but south pole is not on dividing channel but on land mass. This has been stated by Aryabhata also that south pole is on land and north pole in sea. World map was made in 4 sheets for north hemisphere in 4 colours called colours of 4 faces of Meru. Map scale becomes infinite for polar region. This does not create problem for north hemisphere as north pole is ocean. only. But in 4 sheets of south hemisphere, Antarctica cannot be shown like that. It becomes of infinite size, so it was called Ananta.
        > (3) Map of any country needs measure of longitude, latitude, direction by spherical trigonometry, not by assumed copy of non-existent sine table of Hipparchus by Aryabhata. 
        > (4) Surya siddhanta gives 4 cardinal points separated by 90 deg longitude, Valmiki Ramayana, Kishkindha kanda (40/54, 64) tells that Brahma had constructed a door (Pyramid of sun in Mexico) to mark end of east direction (180 deg east of Ujjain). Puranas give more ancient set of 4 cardinal towns.
        > (5) Only after accurate map of world, distance of moon can be measured. Measurement has to be in far away countries, simultaneously (how?) and with accuracy of less than 1 second of angle.
        > (6) There after there stages of measurements of sun, other planets, 6 zones (Vashatkar) of solar system not done so far in modern astronomy, width of spiral arm having 1000 stars (1000 heads of Sheshanaga of which one head holds earth like a dot), measures of galaxy (Brahmanda), and visible universe. Measure of galaxy was known in Mayan astronomy also. Mayan and Aryabhata of same time used 18 digit system only because diameter of galaxy is 10 power 17 when we take earth diameter as 1000 yojans.
        > Some references are given below-
        > Arun Kumar Upadhyay, 09437034172

        > विषà¥à¤£à¥
        > पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£ (१/१०/११)-कà¥à¤°à¤¤à¥‹à¤¶à¥à¤š सनà¥à¤¤à¤¤à¤¿à¤°à¥à¤­à¤¾à¤°à¥à¤¯à¤¾ वालखिलà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¨à¤¸à¥‚यत। 
        > षषà¥à¤Ÿà¤¿à¤ªà¥à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¸à¤¹à¤¸à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£à¤¿
        > मà¥à¤¨à¥€à¤¨à¤¾à¤®à¥‚रà¥à¤§à¥à¤µà¤°à¥‡à¤¤à¤¸à¤¾à¤®à¥à¥¤ अंगà¥à¤·à¥à¤ à¤ªà¤°à¥à¤µà¤®à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£à¤¾à¤‚ जà¥à¤µà¤²à¤¦à¥ भासà¥à¤•à¤°à¤¤à¥‡à¤œà¤¸à¤¾à¤®à¥à¥¤
        > भागवत पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£
        > (५/२१/१७)-तथा बालखिलà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¨à¤¾à¤‚ ऋषयोऽङà¥à¤—à¥à¤·à¥à¤ à¤ªà¤°à¥à¤µà¤®à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤ƒ षषà¥à¤Ÿà¤¿ सहसà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£à¤¿ पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¤ƒ सूरà¥à¤¯ सूकà¥à¤¤
        > वाकाय नियà¥à¤•à¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤ƒ संसà¥à¤¤à¥à¤µà¤¨à¥à¤¤à¤¿à¥¤ 
        >  60000 BÄlakhilyas of 1 anguṣṭha (thumb) size are at end of Kratu (creative zone of
        > sun). They are santati (son) as they are after end of father’s period.
        > In space, earth is Puruṣa (man) of 96 angula (fingures). Thus, 1 angula or anguṣṭha is earth diameter (12800 km) divided by 96 = 135 kms. It is
        > same as modern estimate of 70000 bodies of above 100 km diameter. It has been
        > called Naká¹£atra orbit of 60 AU radius in SÅ«rya-siddhÄnta (12/80).
        > That is much smaller than orbit of stars which is stated in same chapter, verse
        > 90.
        > सूरà¥à¤¯
        > सिदà¥à¤§à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¤ (१२)- भवेदॠभककà¥à¤·à¤¾ तिगà¥à¤®à¤¾à¤‚शो रà¥à¤­à¥à¤°à¤®à¤£à¤‚ षषà¥à¤Ÿà¤¿à¤¤à¤¾à¤¡à¤¿à¤¤à¤®à¥à¥¤ सरà¥à¤µà¥‹à¤ªà¤°à¤¿à¤·à¥à¤Ÿà¤¾à¤¦à¥
        > भà¥à¤°à¤®à¤¤à¤¿ योजनैसà¥à¤¤à¥ˆà¤°à¥à¤­à¤®à¤£à¥à¤¡à¤²à¤®à¥à¥¥à¥®à¥¦à¥¥
        > ख-वà¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤®-खतà¥à¤°à¤¯-ख-सागर-षटà¥à¤•-नाग-वà¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤®à¤¾-षà¥à¤Ÿ-शूनà¥à¤¯-यम-रूप-नगा-षà¥à¤Ÿ-चनà¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤ƒà¥¤
        > बà¥à¤°à¤¹à¥à¤®à¤¾à¤£à¥à¤¡
        > संपà¥à¤Ÿà¤ªà¤°à¤¿à¤­à¥à¤°à¤®à¤£à¤‚ समनà¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤¦à¤­à¥à¤¯à¤¨à¥à¤¤à¤°à¤¾ दिनकरसà¥à¤¯ करपà¥à¤°à¤¸à¤¾à¤°à¤¾à¤ƒà¥¥à¥¯à¥¦à¥¥
        >  Measurement of BrahmÄṇá¸a (galaxy) is gven above as 1.87 x 1016 in units of Bha-yojana = 27 earth-yojanas= 216
        > kms. It extends up to distance where sun will be just visible as a point-star. Its
        > circumference has been stated as parÄrdha-yojana, where parÄ = 1017 and yojana is
        > ½ degree on equator = 55.5 kms. This measure is given in definition of Uá¹£Ä above where it is stated that it is 30 DhÄma west from place of sun-rise. In India, this zone is taken as 150 longitude (1 hour time), thus, 1 DhÄma = 0.5 degree. Its length will differ for each latitude circle, but is fixed for
        > equator (40000 kms), where it is DhÄma-yojana = 40000/720 = 55.5 kms.
        > (circle has 3600).Thus, diameter of
        > galaxy comes to 97000 lght years. Estimate of NASA in 1990 was 100,000 and in
        > 2005, it was 95000 LY.
        > कठोपनिषदॠ(१/३/१)-ऋतं पिबनà¥à¤¤à¥Œ सà¥à¤•à¥ƒà¤¤à¤¸à¥à¤¯ लोके गà¥à¤¹à¤¾à¤‚ पà¥à¤°à¤µà¤¿à¤·à¥à¤Ÿà¥Œ परमे परारà¥à¤§à¥‡à¥¤ 
        > छायातपौ बà¥à¤°à¤¹à¥à¤®à¤µà¤¿à¤¦à¥‹ वदनà¥à¤¤à¤¿, पञà¥à¤šà¤¾à¤—à¥à¤¨à¤¯à¥‹ ये
        > च तà¥à¤°à¤¿à¤£à¤¾à¤šà¤¿à¤•à¥‡à¤¤à¤¾à¤ƒà¥¥
        > Here, Suká¹›uta loka = pious man. In space (Loka),
        > means creation of god or cosmic creation, where created, created, material and
        > base-all are Brahma. Parama (largest) guhÄ (cave, enclosure) is
        > of parÄrdha size (circumference). There are 5 condensed bodies (agni)
        > out of which 3 (solar, lunar orbit, earth) are not distinct (chiketa),
        > i.e. effects are mixed.
        > PurÄṇasgive same
        > meaure as ratha of sun of 157 lakh yojanas (sun-diameter). 
        > विषà¥à¤£à¥ पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£ (१/८/३)-सारà¥à¤§à¤•à¥‹à¤Ÿà¤¿à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¥à¤¾ सपà¥à¤¤ नियà¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¤§à¤¿à¤•à¤¾à¤¨à¤¿ वै।
        > योजनानां तॠतसà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤•à¥à¤·à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¤à¥à¤° चकà¥à¤°à¤‚ पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¤¿à¤·à¥à¤ à¤¿à¤¤à¤®à¥à¥¥
        > In VÄyu-purÄṇa (6/1-24) this yojana used for solar system is
        > clear. It tells that body of VarÄha is 100 yojana high and 10 yojana wide (from sun). On its teeth, earth is just a dot. Thus, earth should be
        > within 100 to 110 yojanas from sun within varÄha. Its distance
        > varies from 108-109 sun-diameters, thus, yojana here is equal to
        > sun-diameter. 
        > वायॠपà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£, अधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¯ ६-आपो हà¥à¤¯à¤—à¥à¤¨à¥‡ समभवनà¥à¤¨à¤·à¥à¤Ÿà¥‡à¤—à¥à¤¨à¥Œ पृथिवीतले। सानà¥à¤¤à¤°à¤¾à¤²à¥ˆà¤•à¤²à¥€à¤¨à¥‡à¤½à¤¸à¥à¤®à¤¿à¤¨à¥à¤¨à¤·à¥à¤Ÿà¥‡
        > सà¥à¤¥à¤¾à¤µà¤°à¤œà¤™à¥à¤—मे॥१॥
        > à¤à¤•à¤¾à¤°à¥à¤£à¤µà¥‡
        > तदा तसà¥à¤®à¤¿à¤¨à¥à¤¨ पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤œà¥à¤žà¤¾à¤¯à¤¤ किंचन॥२॥ बà¥à¤°à¤¹à¥à¤®à¤¾ नारायणाखà¥à¤¯à¤ƒ स सà¥à¤·à¥à¤µà¤¾à¤ª सलिले तदा॥३॥
        > आपो नारा
        > वै तनव इतà¥à¤¯à¤ªà¤¾à¤‚ नाम शà¥à¤¶à¥à¤°à¥à¤®à¥¤ अपà¥à¤¸à¥ शेते च यतà¥à¤¤à¤¸à¥à¤®à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¥‡à¤¨ नारायणः सà¥à¤®à¥ƒà¤¤à¤ƒà¥¥à¥«à¥¥
        > तà¥à¤²à¥à¤¯à¤‚
        > यà¥à¤—सहसà¥à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¯ नैशं कालमà¥à¤ªà¤¾à¤¸à¥à¤¯ सः। शरà¥à¤µà¤°à¥à¤¯à¤¨à¥à¤¤à¥‡ पà¥à¤°à¤•à¥à¤°à¥à¤¤à¥‡ बà¥à¤°à¤¹à¥à¤®à¤¤à¥à¤µà¤‚ सरà¥à¤—कारणातà¥à¥¥à¥¬à¥¥
        > जलकà¥à¤°à¥€à¤¡à¤¾à¤¸à¥
        > रà¥à¤šà¤¿à¤°à¤‚ वाराहं रूपमसà¥à¤®à¤°à¤¤à¥à¥¤ अधृषà¥à¤¯à¤‚ सरà¥à¤µà¤­à¥‚तानां वाङà¥à¤®à¤¯à¤‚ धरà¥à¤®à¤¸à¤‚जà¥à¤žà¤¿à¤¤à¤®à¥à¥¥à¥§à¥¦à¥¥
        > दश-योजन विसà¥à¤¤à¥€à¤°à¥à¤£à¤‚ शतयोजनमà¥à¤šà¥à¤›à¥à¤°à¤¿à¤¤à¤®à¥à¥¤ नीलेमेघपà¥à¤°à¤¤à¥€à¤•à¤¾à¤¶à¤‚ मेघसà¥à¤¤à¤¨à¤¿à¤¤ निःसà¥à¤µà¤¨à¤®à¥à¥¥à¥§à¥§à¥¥
        > रसातल तले मगà¥à¤¨à¤¾à¤‚ रसातलतलेगतामà¥à¥¤à¤ªà¥à¤°à¤­à¥à¤°à¥à¤²à¥‹à¤•à¤¹à¤¿à¤¤à¤¾à¤°à¥à¤¥à¤¾à¤¯ दंषà¥à¤Ÿà¥à¤°à¤¯à¤¾à¤½à¤­à¥à¤¯à¥à¤œà¥à¤œà¤¹à¤¾à¤° गामà¥à¥¥à¥¨à¥ªà¥¥
        > Texts of astronomy have given cardinal points on earth separated from LankÄ or Ujjain at intervals of 900 each. Yama-koá¹­i-pattana is 900 east (Yama DvÄ«pa = Antarctica, Yama is lord of south, yama = 2, Yama-koá¹­i dvÄ«pa is nearest twin island Newzealand, its south
        > western tip is 900 east), Romaka-pattana is 900 west (Konacry = KoṇÄrka or some place west of Rabat = place of sun)-both
        > are ports (pattana). 1800 east (or west) is Siddhapura whereBrahmÄ had constructed a dvÄra to mark the end of east
        > direction (RÄmÄyaṇa, Kiá¹£kindhÄ kÄṇá¸a 40/54, 64)-that is place of
        > greatest Pyramid in Mexico. This was not a pattana or a coastal town. 
        > उजà¥à¤œà¤¯à¤¿à¤¨à¥€ लङà¥à¤•à¤¾à¤¯à¤¾à¤ƒ सनà¥à¤¨à¤¿à¤¹à¤¿à¤¤à¤¾ योतà¥à¤¤à¤°à¥‡à¤£ समसूतà¥à¤°à¥‡à¥¤ 
        > तनà¥à¤®à¤§à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¥‹ यà¥à¤—पतॠविषमो दिवसो विषà¥à¤µà¤¤à¥‹à¤½à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¤ƒà¥¤ (वराहमिहिर, पञà¥à¤šà¤¸à¤¿à¤¦à¥à¤§à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¤à¤¿à¤•à¤¾, १३/१७)
        > सà¥à¤µà¤°à¥à¤®à¥‡à¤°à¥ सà¥à¤¥à¤²à¤®à¤§à¥à¤¯à¥‡ नरको बडवामà¥à¤–ं च जलमधà¥à¤¯à¥‡à¥¤ अमरमरा मनà¥à¤¯à¤¨à¥à¤¤à¥‡ परसà¥à¤ªà¤°à¤®à¤§à¤ƒ सà¥à¤¥à¤¿à¤¤à¤¾à¤¨à¥
        > नियतानॠ॥१२॥
        > उदयो यो लङà¥à¤•à¤¾à¤¯à¤¾ सोऽसà¥à¤¤à¤®à¤¯à¤ƒ सवितà¥à¤°à¥‡à¤µ सिदà¥à¤§à¤ªà¥à¤°à¥‡à¥¤ मधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¥‹ यवकोटà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ रोमकविषयेऽरà¥à¤§à¤°à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤‚
        > सà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¤à¥ ॥१३॥
        > सà¥à¤¥à¤²à¤œà¤²à¤®à¤§à¥à¤¯ लङà¥à¤•à¤¾ भूककà¥à¤·à¤¾à¤¯à¤¾ भवेचà¥à¤šà¤¤à¥à¤°à¥à¤­à¤¾à¤—े। उजà¥à¤œà¤¯à¤¿à¤¨à¥€ लङà¥à¤•à¤¾à¤¯à¤¾à¤ƒ तचà¥à¤šà¤¤à¥à¤°à¤‚शे समोतà¥à¤¤à¤°à¤¤à¤ƒà¥¥à¥§à¥ªà¥¥
        >  (आरà¥à¤¯à¤­à¤Ÿà¥€à¤¯ ४/१२-१४)
        > भूवृतà¥à¤¤à¤ªà¤¾à¤¦à¥‡ पूरà¥à¤µà¤¸à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ यमकोटीति विशà¥à¤°à¥à¤¤à¤¾à¥¤ भदà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤¶à¥à¤µà¤µà¤°à¥à¤·à¥‡ नगरी सà¥à¤µà¤°à¥à¤£à¤ªà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤•à¤¾à¤°à¤¤à¥‹à¤°à¤£à¤¾à¥¥à¥©à¥®à¥¥
        > यामà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ भारते वरà¥à¤·à¥‡ लङà¥à¤•à¤¾ तदà¥à¤µà¤¨à¥ महापà¥à¤°à¥€à¥¤ पशà¥à¤šà¤¿à¤®à¥‡ केतà¥à¤®à¤¾à¤²à¤¾à¤–à¥à¤¯à¥‡ रोमकाखà¥à¤¯à¤¾ पà¥à¤°à¤•à¥€à¤°à¥à¤¤à¤¿à¤¤à¤¾à¥¥à¥©à¥¯à¥¥
        > उदकॠसिदà¥à¤§à¤ªà¥à¤°à¥€ नाम कà¥à¤°à¥à¤µà¤°à¥à¤·à¥‡ पà¥à¤°à¤•à¥€à¤°à¥à¤¤à¤¿à¤¤à¤¾ (४०) भूवृतà¥à¤¤à¤ªà¤¾à¤¦à¤µà¤¿à¤µà¤°à¤¾à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤¶à¥à¤šà¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¤‚
        > पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¤¿à¤·à¥à¤ à¤¿à¤¤à¤¾ (४१)
        > तासामà¥à¤ªà¤°à¤¿à¤—ो याति विषà¥à¤µà¤¸à¥à¤¥à¥‹ दिवाकरः। न तासॠविषà¥à¤µà¤šà¥à¤›à¤¾à¤¯à¤¾ नाकà¥à¤·à¤¸à¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤¨à¥à¤¨à¤¤à¤¿à¤°à¤¿à¤·à¥à¤¯à¤¤à¥‡
        > ॥४२॥ 
        > (सूरà¥à¤¯ सिदà¥à¤§à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¤ १२/३८-४२) 
        > यलà¥à¤²à¤™à¥à¤•à¥‹à¤œà¥à¤œà¤¯à¤¿à¤¨à¥€à¤ªà¥à¤°à¥‹à¤ªà¤°à¤¿ कà¥à¤°à¥à¤•à¥à¤·à¥‡à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤¦à¤¿à¤¦à¥‡à¤¶à¤¾à¤¨à¥ सà¥à¤ªà¥ƒà¤¶à¤¤à¥à¥¤ सूतà¥à¤°à¤‚ मेरà¥à¤—तं सा मधà¥à¤¯à¤°à¥‡à¤–ा
        > भà¥à¤µà¤ƒà¥¥
        > निरकà¥à¤·à¤¦à¥‡à¤¶à¤¾à¤¤à¥ कà¥à¤·à¤¿à¤¤à¤¿à¤·à¥‹à¤¡à¤¶à¤¾à¤‚शे भवेदवनà¥à¤¤à¥€ गणितेन यसà¥à¤®à¤¾à¤¤à¥ (सिदà¥à¤§à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¤ शिरोमणि, गोलाधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¯, मधà¥à¤¯à¤—ति वासना, २४ )
        > वालà¥à¤®à¥€à¤•à¤¿ रामायण किषà¥à¤•à¤¿à¤¨à¥à¤§à¤¾ काणà¥à¤¡, अधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¯ ४०-
        > यतà¥à¤¨à¤µà¤¨à¥à¤¤à¥‹ यवदà¥à¤µà¥€à¤ªà¤‚ सपà¥à¤¤à¤°à¤¾à¤œà¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤ªà¤¶à¥‹à¤­à¤¿à¤¤à¤®à¥à¥¤ सà¥à¤µà¤°à¥à¤£à¤°à¥‚पà¥à¤¯à¤•à¤¦à¥à¤µà¥€à¤ªà¤‚
        > सà¥à¤µà¤°à¥à¤£à¤¾à¤•à¤°à¤®à¤£à¥à¤¡à¤¿à¤¤à¤®à¥à¥¥à¥©à¥¦à¥¤
        > ततः समà¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¤¦à¥à¤µà¥€à¤ªà¤¾à¤‚शà¥à¤š सà¥à¤­à¥€à¤®à¤¾à¤¨à¥ दà¥à¤°à¤·à¥à¤Ÿà¥à¤®à¤°à¥à¤¹à¤¥à¥¤à¥¤à¥©à¥¬à¥¥ 
        > सà¥à¤µà¤¾à¤¦à¥‚दसà¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¤°à¥‡ तीरे योजनानि तà¥à¤°à¤¯à¥‹à¤¦à¤¶à¥¤ जातरूपशिलो नाम सà¥à¤®à¤¹à¤¾à¤¨à¥ कनकपà¥à¤°à¤­à¤ƒà¥¥à¥«à¥¦à¥¥
        > तà¥à¤°à¤¿à¤¶à¤¿à¤°à¤¾à¤ƒ काञà¥à¤šà¤¨à¤ƒ केतà¥à¤®à¤¾à¤²à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¸à¥à¤¯ महातà¥à¤®à¤¨à¤ƒà¥¥à¥«à¥©à¥¥à¤ªà¥‚रà¥à¤µà¤¸à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ दिशि निरà¥à¤®à¤¾à¤£à¤‚ कृतं
        > ततॠतà¥à¤°à¤¿à¤¦à¤¶à¥‡à¤¶à¥à¤µà¤°à¥ˆà¤ƒà¥¥à¥«à¥ªà¥¥
        > पूरà¥à¤µà¤®à¥‡à¤¤à¤¤à¥ कृतं दà¥à¤µà¤¾à¤°à¤‚ पृथिवà¥à¤¯à¤¾ भà¥à¤µà¤¨à¤¸à¥à¤¯ च। सूरà¥à¤¯à¤¸à¥à¤¯à¥‹à¤¦à¤¯à¤¨à¤‚ चैव पूरà¥à¤µà¤¾ हà¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤·à¤¾
        > दिगà¥à¤šà¥à¤¯à¤¤à¥‡ ॥६४॥ 
        > PurÄṇasgive 4 cardinal towns of Indra-VasvaukasÄrÄ,
        > Soma-VibhÄvarÄ« (900 east), Varuṇa-SukhÄ (1800 east), and Yama-SanyamanÄ« (900 west) separated by 900 longitude. These could be at junction of Talas or could be earlier
        > division at time of SvÄyambhuva Manu.
        > विषà¥à¤£à¥
        > पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£ (२/८)-मानसोतà¥à¤¤à¤°à¤¶à¥ˆà¤²à¤¸à¥à¤¯ पूरà¥à¤µà¤¤à¥‹ वासवी पà¥à¤°à¥€à¥¤ 
        > दकà¥à¤·à¤¿à¤£à¥‡
        > तॠयमसà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤¯à¤¾ पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¥€à¤šà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ वारà¥à¤£à¤¸à¥à¤¯ च। उतà¥à¤¤à¤°à¥‡à¤£ च सोमसà¥à¤¯ तासां नामानि मे शृणà¥à¥¥à¥®à¥¥
        > वसà¥à¤µà¥Œà¤•à¤¸à¤¾à¤°à¤¾
        > शकà¥à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¯ यामà¥à¤¯à¤¾ संयमनी तथा। पà¥à¤°à¥€ सà¥à¤–ा जलेशसà¥à¤¯ सोमसà¥à¤¯ च विभावरी।९।
        > शकà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤¦à¥€à¤¨à¤¾à¤‚
        > पà¥à¤°à¥‡ तिषà¥à¤ à¤¨à¥ सà¥à¤ªà¥ƒà¤¶à¤¤à¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤· पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¯à¤®à¥à¥¤ विकोणौ दà¥à¤µà¥Œ विकोणसà¥à¤¥à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¥à¤°à¥€à¤¨à¥ कोणानà¥à¤¦à¥à¤µà¥‡ पà¥à¤°à¥‡
        > तथा।॥१६॥
        > उदितो वरà¥à¤¦à¥à¤§à¤®à¤¾à¤¨à¤¾à¤­à¤¿à¤°à¤¾à¤®à¤§à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¤ªà¤¨à¥
        > रविः। ततः परं हà¥à¤°à¤¸à¤¨à¥à¤¤à¥€à¤­à¤¿à¤°à¥à¤—ोभिरसà¥à¤¤à¤‚ नियचà¥à¤›à¤¤à¤¿à¥¥à¥§à¥­à¥¥ 
        > à¤à¤µà¤‚ पà¥à¤·à¥à¤•à¤°à¤®à¤§à¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤¨
        > यदा याति दिवाकरः। तà¥à¤°à¤¿à¤‚शदॠभागं तॠमेदिनà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ƒ तदा मौहूरà¥à¤¤à¤¿à¤•à¥€ गतिः।२६॥
        > सूरà¥à¤¯à¥‹
        > दà¥à¤µà¤¾à¤¦à¤¶à¤­à¤¿à¤ƒ शैघà¥à¤°à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¨à¥à¤®à¥à¤¹à¥‚रà¥à¤¤à¥ˆà¤°à¥à¤¦à¤•à¥à¤·à¤¿à¤£à¤¾à¤¯à¤¨à¥‡à¥¤ तà¥à¤°à¤¯à¥‹à¤¦à¤¶à¤¾à¤°à¥à¤¦à¥à¤§à¤®à¥ƒà¤•à¥à¤·à¤¾à¤£à¤¾à¤®à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¤¾ तॠचरति दà¥à¤µà¤¿à¤œà¥¤
        > मà¥à¤¹à¥‚रà¥à¤¤à¥ˆà¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤¾à¤µà¤¦à¥ƒà¤•à¥à¤·à¤¾à¤£à¤¿
        > नकà¥à¤¤à¤®à¤·à¥à¤Ÿà¤¾à¤¦à¤¶à¥ˆà¤¶à¥à¤šà¤°à¤¨à¥à¥¥à¥©à¥ªà¥¥
        > मतà¥à¤¸à¥à¤¯
        > पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤£ अधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¯ १२४-मेरोः पà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤šà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ दिशायां तॠमानसोतà¥à¤¤à¤°à¤®à¥‚रà¥à¤§à¤¨à¤¿à¥¥à¥¨à¥¦à¥¥ 
        > वसà¥à¤µà¥Œà¤•à¤¸à¤¾à¤°à¤¾
        > माहेनà¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¥€ पà¥à¤£à¥à¤¯à¤¾ हेमपरिषà¥à¤•à¥ƒà¤¤à¤¾à¥¤ दकà¥à¤·à¤¿à¤£à¥‡à¤¨ पà¥à¤¨à¤°à¥à¤®à¥‡à¤°à¥‹à¤°à¥à¤®à¤¾à¤¨à¤¸à¤¸à¥à¤¯ तॠपृषà¥à¤ à¤¤à¤ƒà¥¥à¥¨à¥§à¥¥
        > वैवसà¥à¤µà¤¤à¥‹
        > निवसति यमः संयमने पà¥à¤°à¥‡à¥¤ पà¥à¤°à¤¤à¥€à¤šà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ तॠपà¥à¤¨à¤°à¥à¤®à¥‡à¤°à¥‹à¤°à¥à¤®à¤¾à¤¨à¤¸à¤¸à¥à¤¯ तॠमूरà¥à¤§à¤¨à¤¿à¥¥à¥¨à¥¨à¥¥
        > सà¥à¤–ा नाम
        > पà¥à¤°à¥€ रमà¥à¤¯à¤¾ वरà¥à¤£à¤¸à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ªà¤¿ धीमतः। दिशà¥à¤¯à¥à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ मेरोसà¥à¤¤à¥ मानससà¥à¤¯à¥ˆà¤µ मूरà¥à¤§à¤¨à¤¿à¥¥à¥¨à¥©à¥¥
        > तà¥à¤²à¥à¤¯à¤¾
        > महेनà¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¤ªà¥à¤°à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ªà¤¿ सोमसà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ªà¤¿ विभावरी।
        > वैवसà¥à¤µà¤¤à¥‡
        > संयमने उदà¥à¤¯à¤¨à¥ सूरà¥à¤¯à¤ƒ पà¥à¤°à¤¦à¥ƒà¤¶à¥à¤¯à¤¤à¥‡à¥¤ सà¥à¤–ायामरà¥à¤§à¤°à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¥ विभावरà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤®à¥‡à¤¤à¤¿ च॥२८॥
        > वैवसà¥à¤µà¤¤à¥‡
        > संयमने मधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¥‡ तॠरविरà¥à¤¯à¤¦à¤¾à¥¤ सà¥à¤–ायामशà¥à¤š वारà¥à¤£à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤®à¥à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¤¿à¤·à¥à¤ à¤¨à¥ स तॠदृशà¥à¤¯à¤¤à¥‡à¥¥à¥¨à¥¯à¥¥
        > विभावरà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤®à¤°à¥à¤§à¤°à¤¾à¤¤à¥à¤°à¤‚
        > माहेनà¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤®à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¤®à¥‡à¤µ च। सà¥à¤–ायामथ वारà¥à¤£à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ मधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¥‡ तॠरविरà¥à¤¯à¤¦à¤¾à¥¥à¥©à¥¦à¥¥
        > विभावरà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚
        > सोमपà¥à¤°à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤®à¥à¤¤à¥à¤¤à¤¿à¤·à¥à¤ à¤¤à¤¿ विभावसà¥à¤ƒà¥¤ महेनà¥à¤¦à¥à¤°à¤¸à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤®à¤°à¤¾à¤µà¤¤à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤®à¥à¤¦à¥à¤—चà¥à¤›à¤¤à¤¿ दिवाकरः॥३१॥
        > सà¥à¤–ायामथ
        > वारà¥à¤£à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤‚ मधà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¹à¥à¤¨à¥‡ तॠरविरà¥à¤¯à¤¦à¤¾à¥¤ स शीघà¥à¤°à¤®à¥‡à¤µ परà¥à¤¯à¥‡à¤¤à¤¿ भानà¥à¤°à¤¾à¤²à¤¾à¤¤à¤šà¤•à¥à¤°à¤µà¤¤à¥à¥¥à¥©à¥¨à¥¥
        > 7 talas are as per BrahmÄṇá¸a purÄna (1/2/20)-
        > (1) Tala = Kṛṣṇa-bhūmi, house of Indra and Namuchi-also
        > called GabhastimÄn, KumÄrikÄ Samudra. South globe from 300 43’
        > (or 310) east to 1210 east. Madhusdan Ojha has identified
        > it as Maluku island between Borneo and Papua-new Guinea at about127.50 east. However, in Indian ocean, it could be Madagaskar.
        > (2) Sutala = PÄṇá¸u-bhÅ«mi,-House of MahÄjambha, vipras,
        > daitya, Śankha, Kadru and Takṣaka etc. North Globe from 120043’
        > east to 1490 17’ west. (Su = north as in Sumeru, from
        > Japan = Pañchajana)
        > (3) TalÄtala = NÄ«la-bhÅ«mi-PrahlÄda (Til-At-tala Amarna in
        > Ezypt), NÄ«la river in Africa, TÄraka Asura  and Tripura (Tripoli) -South Globe
        > from 590 west to 300 43’ east.  
        > (4) Atala = PÄ«ta-bhÅ«mi-Garuá¸a, KÄlanemi (DÄnavas near Danube, Daityas near Deutsch, Duch). Atala = Italy, AtalÄntaka (ocean at its end) = north Atlantic, old Atlantis island. North Globe
        > from 590 17’ west to 300 43’ east. 
        > (5) Tala or MahÄtala = ÅšarkarÄ-bhÅ«mi-Virochana, HiraṇyÄká¹£a,
        > MÄlÄ«, Vidyut-jihva. South Atlantic beyond Mali in west Africa. HiraṇyÄká¹£a was in Amazon delta as per Zend-Avesta. Warrior women of Mali were also
        > called Amazon.  South Atlantic- South
        > Globe from 590 17’ west to 1490 17’ west.
        > (6) RasÄtala = ÅšilÄ-bhÅ«mi-VÄsuki, Daitya KesarÄ«, PulomÄ, SuramÄ-putra of 100 heads. This is opposite to BhÄrata. South Globe from 120043’
        > east to 1490 17’ west.
        > (7) PÄtÄla is just opposite to RasÄtala in North Globe from 120043’
        > east to 1490 17’ west.
        > Ananta-Its description in BhÄgavata and Viṣṇu purÄṇas given above gives 3 meanings-
        > (1) It is the infinite source of universe from which fourth part is created
        > universe-called Puruṣa. Uncreated source is variously called as ucchhiṣṭa
        > Gaṇapati, Jyeṣṭha Brahma, Śeṣa etc. All 4 parts of universe are indicated
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