Re: [americancomm] Nice article
- It will be interesting to see the outcome.
----- Original Message -----
From: paul barefield <csbarefield@...>
Date: Tuesday, February 13, 2007 12:02 pm
Subject: Re: [americancomm] Nice article
> good piece. thanks. paul
> On Tuesday, February 13, 2007, at 10:38 AM, Tyrone Adams, Ph.D.
> > Open season for researchers
> > Pressure is growing for academic publishers to put the fruits of
> > publicly funded labour on the web
> > Jessica Shepherd
> > Tuesday February 13, 2007
> > Guardian
> > "Ours is the best of businesses: we get our raw material for
> free and
> > our customers pay us a year in advance," joked the publisher of
> > academic journal to a university researcher.
> > Perhaps not for much longer. Momentum is growing for publicly
> > published academic research to be available free on the
> > So-called "open access" would mean anyone could view an article
> in a
> > scholarly journal shortly after it was published.
> > Most academic publishers are not pleased. This would sharply cut
> > subscriptions, the "customers who pay a year in advance". Some
> > fear it could make them bankrupt.
> > This week publishers, researchers and research funders from
> > Europe will debate the issue in Brussels at a conference hosted
> by the
> > European commission.
> > "We are at tipping point," says Peter Burnhill, director of a
> > data centre that serves UK universities and colleges. "There is
> > movement towards open access and this conference, 'Scientific
> > publishing in the European research area', might make the
> > Up until now, university libraries have subscribed to journals,
> > their academics access either online or in print. But libraries
> > increasingly do not have the funds or choose not to subscribe to
> > certain journals. Academics may therefore be unable to see
> > papers crucial to their work. The general public, and even some
> > academics, who are not part of a university cannot see the
> fruits of
> > publicly funded published research without subscribing to journals.
> > Open access would change this. Its advocates propose two models.
> > first is a system in which the author of an academic paper pays
> > journal publisher for his or her peers to review the research,
> and for
> > the publishing team to edit the work and market the research. In
> > reality, it is not the academic who would pay but the
> > that funds the research, such as the British Heart Foundation or
> > research council. The Public Library of Science, the US-based
> > publisher of scientific and medical journals, announced it would
> > this model in 2002 to give its scientists more choice and
> control over
> > the way their work was published.
> > The second is a system in which an academic posts his or her
> > paper on the university's database - known as a repository - for
> > academics and the general public to see via the internet once
> > paper has been accepted by a journal. This is known as "author
> > archiving".
> > Already more than 19,000 scholars have signed a petition to urge
> > European commission in favour of open access. They include Nobel
> > laureates Harold Varmus and Richard Roberts, and the Wellcome
> > the world's largest medical research charity.
> > Wellcome's head of e-strategy, Robert Kiley, says: "We believe
> > the dissemination of research is just part of the research
> process. We
> > give an academic a grant and pay for their time, accommodation
> > test-tubes. It seems strange, then, that after a year or two,
> > outcome is an article which the academic gives to a publisher
> > which we then have to buy back."
> > Ian Gibson, chairman of the science and technology select
> > says the whole idea of research is to engage the public and this
> > something that can only be properly done with open access. "We
> > never underestimate how much the public wants to know the
> > of particular academic research at first hand," he says.
> > have got to start engaging with the world, not just 12 or 13
> > people interested in their field."
> > Professor Nicholas Mann, dean of the School of Advanced Study at
> > University of London, has signed the petition. He points out
> that the
> > internet has provided the technical means for open access. "The
> > majority of academics are only too happy to share their research
> > widely with the public and each other."
> > Most also believe it is their duty to help those in developing
> > countries who cannot afford journal subscriptions to enjoy the
> > of academic labour.
> > But traditional journal publishers argue that open access would
> > trigger a dramatic drop in subscriptions, especially for
> > subject-specific journals published by learned societies such as
> > London Mathematical Society. They say the societies, which rely
> > revenues from journals, could collapse in the long-term and
> > haemorrhage readers in the short-term.
> > The publishers also argue that open access is associated with
> > that has not been peer-reviewed and that this could be damage
> > reputation of research freely available on the web.
> > Susan Hezlet, publisher of the London Mathematical Society's
> > says: "If all publicly funded published research was made
> > free on the internet, publishers would all go bust and no one
> > manage the peer review, editing and distribution processes. We
> > be forced to wind down what we do in terms of supporting and
> > disseminating mathematics. The losers would be the mathematical
> > community and those who believe that supporting this culture is
> > important."
> > Ian Russell, head of the Association of Learned and Professional
> > Society Publishers, says: "Even open access lobbyists agree that
> > author archiving will cause subscription cancellations and
> journals to
> > go out of business. That's trouble because currently it is the
> > journals that provide the quality control and give authority to
> > literature. Some learned societies would go bankrupt with open
> > Others would have to radically reduce the work they do due to
> the dent
> > in their income."
> > Pity for the journals and their publishers has been thin on the
> > ground. The European Research Council has argued that the high
> > of scientific journals was "impeding scientific progress".
> > And last year the European commission published an independent
> > showing the price of scientific journals had risen 200%-300%
> > inflation between 1975 and 1995. The market, the study said, was
> > up to $11bn (£5.6bn) a year.
> > Some major commercial publishers are softening to the idea of
> > access. Reed Elsevier, the world's largest scientific publisher,
> > agreed to allow contributors to post articles on their own
> > Nick Fowler, director of strategy at Elsevier, says: "Publishers
> > open to and are continually exploring different models, together
> > the research communities we serve. For example, last year 41 of
> > journals began offering authors the option to sponsor unlimited
> > to their articles.
> > So the daggers are drawn for this week's conference. "I think
> > losers need to be able to lose gracefully and feel that they
> have been
> > given the chance to speak," says Burnhill.
> > --
> > Tyrone L. Adams, Ph.D.
> > Richard D'Aquin Associate Professor of Journalism and
> > Department of Communication
> > http://comm.louisiana.edu
> > University of Louisiana at Lafayette
> > P.O. Box 43650
> > Lafayette, LA USA 70504
> > Direct Phone: 337.482.6077
> > Facsimile: 337.482.6104
> > http://www.swampboy.com/
> > "One can resist the invasion of an army
> > but one cannot resist the invasion of
> > ideas." --Victor Hugo