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Re: [americancomm] Nice article

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  • humphrey_vernon@colstate.edu
    It will be interesting to see the outcome. Vern ... From: paul barefield Date: Tuesday, February 13, 2007 12:02 pm Subject: Re:
    Message 1 of 3 , Feb 13, 2007
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      It will be interesting to see the outcome.

      Vern



      ----- Original Message -----
      From: paul barefield <csbarefield@...>
      Date: Tuesday, February 13, 2007 12:02 pm
      Subject: Re: [americancomm] Nice article

      > good piece. thanks. paul
      > On Tuesday, February 13, 2007, at 10:38 AM, Tyrone Adams, Ph.D.
      wrote:
      >
      > >  
      > > Open season for researchers
      > >
      > > Pressure is growing for academic publishers to put the fruits of
      > > publicly funded labour on the web
      > >
      > > Jessica Shepherd
      > > Tuesday February 13, 2007
      > >
      > > Guardian
      > >
      > > "Ours is the best of businesses: we get our raw material for
      > free and
      > > our customers pay us a year in advance," joked the publisher of
      > an
      > > academic journal to a university researcher.
      > >
      > > Perhaps not for much longer. Momentum is growing for publicly
      > funded
      > > published academic research to be available free on the
      > internet.
      > > So-called "open access" would mean anyone could view an article
      > in a
      > > scholarly journal shortly after it was published.
      > >
      > > Most academic publishers are not pleased. This would sharply cut
      > their
      > > subscriptions, the "customers who pay a year in advance". Some
      > even
      > > fear it could make them bankrupt.
      > >
      > > This week publishers, researchers and research funders from
      > across
      > > Europe will debate the issue in Brussels at a conference hosted
      > by the
      > > European commission.
      > >
      > > "We are at tipping point," says Peter Burnhill, director of a
      > national
      > > data centre that serves UK universities and colleges. "There is
      > a
      > > movement towards open access and this conference, 'Scientific
      > > publishing in the European research area', might make the
      > difference.">
      > > Up until now, university libraries have subscribed to journals,
      > giving
      > > their academics access either online or in print. But libraries
      > > increasingly do not have the funds or choose not to subscribe to
      > > certain journals. Academics may therefore be unable to see
      > research
      > > papers crucial to their work. The general public, and even some
      > > academics, who are not part of a university cannot see the
      > fruits of
      > > publicly funded published research without subscribing to journals.
      > >
      > > Open access would change this. Its advocates propose two models.
      > The
      > > first is a system in which the author of an academic paper pays
      > a
      > > journal publisher for his or her peers to review the research,
      > and for
      > > the publishing team to edit the work and market the research. In
      > > reality, it is not the academic who would pay but the
      > organisation
      > > that funds the research, such as the British Heart Foundation or
      > a
      > > research council. The Public Library of Science, the US-based
      > > publisher of scientific and medical journals, announced it would
      > adopt
      > > this model in 2002 to give its scientists more choice and
      > control over
      > > the way their work was published.
      > >
      > > The second is a system in which an academic posts his or her
      > research
      > > paper on the university's database - known as a repository - for
      > all
      > > academics and the general public to see via the internet once
      > the
      > > paper has been accepted by a journal. This is known as "author
      > > archiving".
      > >
      > > Already more than 19,000 scholars have signed a petition to urge
      > the
      > > European commission in favour of open access. They include Nobel
      > > laureates Harold Varmus and Richard Roberts, and the Wellcome
      > Trust,
      > > the world's largest medical research charity.
      > >
      > > Wellcome's head of e-strategy, Robert Kiley, says: "We believe
      > that
      > > the dissemination of research is just part of the research
      > process. We
      > > give an academic a grant and pay for their time, accommodation
      > and
      > > test-tubes. It seems strange, then, that after a year or two,
      > the
      > > outcome is an article which the academic gives to a publisher
      > and
      > > which we then have to buy back."
      > >
      > > Ian Gibson, chairman of the science and technology select
      > committee,
      > > says the whole idea of research is to engage the public and this
      > is
      > > something that can only be properly done with open access. "We
      > should
      > > never underestimate how much the public wants to know the
      > conclusions
      > > of particular academic research at first hand," he says.
      > "Academics
      > > have got to start engaging with the world, not just 12 or 13
      > other
      > > people interested in their field."
      > >
      > > Professor Nicholas Mann, dean of the School of Advanced Study at
      > the
      > > University of London, has signed the petition. He points out
      > that the
      > > internet has provided the technical means for open access. "The
      > > majority of academics are only too happy to share their research
      > more
      > > widely with the public and each other."
      > >
      > > Most also believe it is their duty to help those in developing
      > > countries who cannot afford journal subscriptions to enjoy the
      > fruits
      > > of academic labour.
      > >
      > > But traditional journal publishers argue that open access would
      > > trigger a dramatic drop in subscriptions, especially for
      > > subject-specific journals published by learned societies such as
      > the
      > > London Mathematical Society. They say the societies, which rely
      > on
      > > revenues from journals, could collapse in the long-term and
      > > haemorrhage readers in the short-term.
      > >
      > > The publishers also argue that open access is associated with
      > research
      > > that has not been peer-reviewed and that this could be damage
      > the
      > > reputation of research freely available on the web.
      > >
      > > Susan Hezlet, publisher of the London Mathematical Society's
      > journals,
      > > says: "If all publicly funded published research was made
      > available
      > > free on the internet, publishers would all go bust and no one
      > would
      > > manage the peer review, editing and distribution processes. We
      > would
      > > be forced to wind down what we do in terms of supporting and
      > > disseminating mathematics. The losers would be the mathematical
      > > community and those who believe that supporting this culture is
      > > important."
      > >
      > > Ian Russell, head of the Association of Learned and Professional
      > > Society Publishers, says: "Even open access lobbyists agree that
      > > author archiving will cause subscription cancellations and
      > journals to
      > > go out of business. That's trouble because currently it is the
      > > journals that provide the quality control and give authority to
      > the
      > > literature. Some learned societies would go bankrupt with open
      > access.
      > > Others would have to radically reduce the work they do due to
      > the dent
      > > in their income."
      > >
      > > Pity for the journals and their publishers has been thin on the
      > > ground. The European Research Council has argued that the high
      > price
      > > of scientific journals was "impeding scientific progress".
      > >
      > > And last year the European commission published an independent
      > report
      > > showing the price of scientific journals had risen 200%-300%
      > beyond
      > > inflation between 1975 and 1995. The market, the study said, was
      > worth
      > > up to $11bn (£5.6bn) a year.
      > >
      > > Some major commercial publishers are softening to the idea of
      > open
      > > access. Reed Elsevier, the world's largest scientific publisher,
      > has
      > > agreed to allow contributors to post articles on their own
      websites.
      > >
      > > Nick Fowler, director of strategy at Elsevier, says: "Publishers
      > are
      > > open to and are continually exploring different models, together
      > with
      > > the research communities we serve. For example, last year 41 of
      > our
      > > journals began offering authors the option to sponsor unlimited
      > access
      > > to their articles.
      > >
      > > So the daggers are drawn for this week's conference. "I think
      > the
      > > losers need to be able to lose gracefully and feel that they
      > have been
      > > given the chance to speak," says Burnhill.
      > >
      >
      > >
      > >
      > > --
      > > Tyrone L. Adams, Ph.D.
      > > Richard D'Aquin Associate Professor of Journalism and
      Communications
      > > Department of Communication
      > > http://comm.louisiana.edu
      > > University of Louisiana at Lafayette
      > > P.O. Box 43650
      > > Lafayette, LA USA 70504
      > > Direct Phone: 337.482.6077
      > > Facsimile: 337.482.6104
      > > http://www.swampboy.com/
      > >
      > > "One can resist the invasion of an army
      > > but one cannot resist the invasion of
      > > ideas."    --Victor Hugo
      > >
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