- ways smoking affects the bones..
Smoking increases your risk of developing exercise-related injuries:
Rotator cuff (shoulder) tears in smokers are nearly twice as large as
those in nonsmokers. Additionally, a study of young Army recruits
showed that smokers were 1.5 times more likely to suffer overuse
injuries such as bursitis or tendinitis than nonsmokers. Smokers were
also more likely to suffer traumatic injuries, such as sprains or
Smoking increases your risk of developing osteoporosis:
Smoking has a detrimental effect on bone density. Studies have shown
that smoking reduces the blood supply to bones and that nicotine slows
the production of bone-forming cells (osteoblasts) and impairs the
absorption of calcium. With less bone mineral, smokers develop fragile
bones (osteoporosis). Smoking also reduces the protective effect of
estrogen replacement therapy.
Smoking increases your risk of a hip fracture as you age:
Osteoporosis is often a risk factor in hip fractures. Elderly smokers
have a 41 percent increase in the rate of hip fracture.
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