KANSAS EMIGRATION FROM ALABAMA--COL. BUFORD'S SCHEME, &c. 
- "New York Daily Times" (New York, New York), 21 February 1856, page
KANSAS EMIGRATION FROM ALABAMA--COL. BUFORD'S SCHEME, &c.
Correspondence of the New-York Daily Times.
Montgomery, Ala., Thursday, Feb. 14.
The severities of a Winter of unprecedented length are still upon us.
For more than two months there has been hardly a single day of that
bright weather peculiar to the South. Stock in places has suffered
much, since no provision is made against such a season as this. A
planter from northern Mississippi tells me, that of a drove of two
hundred he will lose sixty or seventy head. And this is not a
The navigable waters of the State are getting low again,
notwithstanding so much rain has fallen in the last few months. The
state of the roads has kept back much cotton from the markets, yet
with a few weeks of good weather the most of it will be sent forward.
A considerable portion of the crop is still ungathered, in some of
the richer regions of the State. Spring work will necessarily be
Corn is abundant at fifty to sixty cents, whilst other provisions are
higher than at the North. Potatoes and fruits, especially, are held
at enormously high prices. What would people think in New-England, if
compelled to pay from five to seven dollars per barrel for Irish
potatoes and apples?
Col. Buford is stumping the State in behalf of his Kansas scheme, but
with little success. Having embarked a large fortune in the
enterprise, failure now will ruin him. He appeals to Southern pride,
which responds languidly to his urgent call. Five, ten, rarely twenty
dollars is the sum one sees generally on his subscription papers. He
is forming Emigrant Societies wherever he can, which collect funds to
send the poor out. The terms which Col. Buford offers are these: He
pays the expenses of an immigrant and aids him in securing a
preemption claim of [100?] acres; in six months from the time of
landing in Kansas his money is to be refunded or he is to receive as
an equivalent one-half of the land which his proteges hold by right
of preemption. He says that he shall be able to take out three or
four hundred in April on these terms. I need not tell you what sort
of men go on such and expedition from a Southern State. The Free
State men should be well armed with whisky, and there will be little
need for Sharpe's rifles.
There really is no enthusiasm on this subject in the State, despite
all the stumping and newspaper writing. I will keep you "posted" on
ADN Editor's Note: For more on the Buford Expedition, see:
Jefferson Buford, 1807-1861
(Territorial Kansas Online, 1854-1861: A Virtual Repository for
Territorial Kansas History)
A.J. Wright, M.L.S.
Director, Section on the History of Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology Library
University of Alabama at Birmingham
619 19th Street South, JT965
Birmingham AL 35249-6810
(205) 975-5963 [fax]