Alabama History/Culture in the News: 15 Feb-13 March
fyi..aj wright // ajwright@... <mailto:ajwright@...>
Listings for 2003 are being archived at http://www.anes.uab.edu/alahistnews2.htm
Listings for July-December 2002 are at http://www.anes.uab.edu/alahistnews.htm
Material in brackets are my additions.
A listing of Alabama history links can be found at <http://www.anes.uab.edu/alahistory.htm>
Please send me information on broken links you find or links I don't have listed!
**State quarter should show up next month
Mobile Register 13 March 2003
**Singer Lillian Strong Monroe dies
Mobile Register 13 March 2003
**Authors announced for Athenaeum series
Writers to discuss works at Bay Minette Public Library this spring and summer
Mobile Register 13 March 2003
**Start your engines [Barber Motorsports Park; includes museum and library]
Birmingham News 12 March 2003
**Old Methodist Church Museum to hold arts and crafts festival displaying traditional Daphne crafts
[Museum, in Daphne, built in 1858 and is second-oldest bldg in Baldwin Co.]
Mobile Register 12 March 2003
**Research Park developer Bob Heath dies at 62
Philanthropist a 'true visionary,' gave more than $3.5M to UAH
Huntsville Times 12 March 2003
**Project is behind schedule [restoration of GM&O 1907 Spanish baroque bldg]
Main contractor says tax credits are holding up money
Mobile Register 12 March 2003
**Noted doctor Ivey Williamson dies
Gastroenterologist served as Mobile police surgeon
Mobile Register 12 March 2003
** 1924 March 13- A heavy, wet snow fell across north and central Alabama causing
quite a bit of damage. 6.5 inches fell at Birmingham and 1.4 inches fell at
1993 March 13- The "Great Blizzard of '93" clobbered the eastern US on this day
and produced perhaps the largest swath of heavy snow ever recorded. Heavy
snow was driven to the Gulf Coast with 3 inches falling at Mobile, Alabama
and up to 5 inches reported in the Florida panhandle, the greatest single
snowfall in the state's history. 13 inches blanketed Birmingham, Alabama to
set not only a new 24 hour snowfall record for any month, but also set a
record for maximum snow depth, maximum snow for a single storm, and maximum
snow for a single month. Tremendous snowfall amounts occurred in the
Appalachians. Mount Leconte in Tennessee recorded an incredible 60 inches.
Mount Mitchell in North Carolina was not far behind with 50 inches.
Practically every official weather station in West Virginia set a new 24
hour record snowfall. Further to the north, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
measured 25 inches, Albany, New York checked in with 27 inches, and
Syracuse, New York was buried under 43 inches. The major population corridor
from Washington, DC to Boston, Massachusetts was not spared this time as all
the big cities got about a foot of snow before a changeover to rain. A
rather large amount of thunderstorm activity accompanied the heavy snow.
Winds to hurricane force in gusts were widespread. Boston recorded a gust to
81 mph, the highest wind gust at the location since hurricane Edna in 1954.
Numerous cities in the south and mid Atlantic states recorded their lowest
barometric pressure ever as the storm bottomed out at 960 millibars (28.35
inches) over Chesapeake Bay. 208 people were killed by the storm and total
damage was estimated at 6 billion dollars -- the costliest extratropical
storm in history.
1993 March 12- An incredible blizzard known as "The Storm of the Century struck
the eastern United States from March 12-15, 1993. The storm has been
described as the most costly non-tropical storm ever to strike the USA doing
an estimated $6 billion in damage. The storm was as strong as a hurricane in
terms of winds and low pressure. The pressure dropped to an incredible 28.35
inches mercury or 960 mb when then storm was located over the Chesapeake
Bay. Boston recorded a wind gust to 81 mph, the strongest wind they had
recorded Hurricane Edna in 1954. In addition, as the storm was intensifying
over the Gulf of Mexico, a wind gust to 99 mph was recorded on an offshore
oil rig. It dumped incredible amounts of snow from Alabama to New England.
The snow amounts were significant everywhere, but for places like
Birmingham, Alabama, the 17 inches recorded during the storm brought the
city to a standstill for three days. Mount Leconte NC recorded a whopping 60
inches of snow during the storm. Practically every weather station in West
Virginia established a new 24 hour snowfall record during the storm.
Syracuse NY was buried under 43 inches of snow. 270 people were killed
during the storm and another 48 lost at sea. The storm also brought a 12
foot storm surge and 15 tornadoes to Florida, where 51 people were killed.
Air travel was brought to a halt as every major airport from Atlanta north
was closed during the height of the storm. During the late evening into the
early morning hours of the 13th, a vicious squall line swept through Florida
and spawned 11 tornadoes resulting in 5 fatalities. Thunderstorm winds
gusted to 110 mph at Alligator Point and 109 mph at Dry Tortugas. Extremely
high tides occurred along the western Florida coast. A 13 foot storm surge
occurred in Taylor County, Florida, resulting in 10 deaths with 57
residences destroyed. A 5 to 8 foot storm surge moved ashore in Dixie
County. Over 500 homes were destroyed with major damage to another 700
FROM: The Weather Notebook
**Bon Secour celebrates wildlife refuge centennial
Act by Theodore Roosevelt in 1903 led to 540 wildlife sanctuaries, including system on Fort Morgan peninsula
Mobile Register 11 March 2003
**Dig reveals Civil War past at site of Stevenson home
Union general prepared his troops here 140 years ago
Huntsville Times 10 March 2003
**Peter D. Petroff Dies at 83; Devised a Digital Wristwatch
New York Times 9 March 2003 [requires free registration for access]
**Old gravesites present obstacle in zoo expansion
Birmingham News 9 March 2003
**Revolution vet's grave is shrouded in mystery
Family tradition says woman took treasure from the cemetery in 1931
Huntsville Times 8 March 2003
**Heritage Museum board meets [Baldwin County]
Mobile Register 8 March 2003
**Tom Rast, real estate exec, dies
Birmingham News 8 March 2003
**1861 Feb 18: C.S.A. President Jefferson Davis is inaugurated at Montgomery, AL.
1864 Feb 17-CSS "HL Hunley" [built in Mobile] becomes first submarine to sink an enemy ship.
FROM: Poor Gabriel's Almanac poorgabriel@...
**1999 March 13- Evander Holyfield [b. Atmore, AL], the WBA and IBF champion, and Lennox Lewis,
the WBC champion, keep their respective titles after fighting
to a controversial draw in New York.
1918 March 13- John Rhoden is born in Birmingham, Alabama. An art student who
will study with Richmond Barthe' and at Talledega College,
Rhoden's sculptures will have strong romantic and classical
elements. He will receive commissions for Harlem Hospital and
Metropolitan Hospital in New York City, exhibit his work at
the Atlanta University annuals, the Art Institute of Chicago,
and the Whitney Museum and be represented in museums in the
United States and Europe. Among his major works will be
"Safari," "Eve," and "Quarter Horse."
1965 March 11- During civil rights demonstrations in Selma, Alabama, the Reverend
James J. Reeb, a white minister from Boston, dies after being
beaten by whites.
1926 March 11- Ralph David Abernathy is born in Linden, Alabama. He will become
a famed minister, civil rights advocate, and confidant of Martin
L. King, Jr. After King's assassination, he will become the
president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and
write an autobiography that will attract widespread criticism for
his comments on King's alleged womanizing.
1861 March 11- The Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, Alabama, adopts a
constitution which declares that the passage of any "law denying
or impairing the right of property in Negro slaves is prohibited."
1965 March 9- Three white Unitarian ministers, including the Rev. James J. Reeb,
are attacked with clubs on the streets of Selma, Alabama, while
participating in a civil rights demonstration. Reeb will later
die in a Birmingham, Alabama hospital.
1871 March 9- Oscar De Priest is born in Florence, Alabama. He will be the
first congressman elected from a northern state. He will
represent Illinois and be an active advocate for pensions for
African American ex-slaves, lynching prevention, and civil rights
1965 March 7- John Lewis leads a group of civil rights marchers across the Edmund
Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, where they are attacked by Alabama
state troopers and sheriff's deputies with tear gas and
billy clubs. This violent confrontation will be known as "Bloody
Sunday," and will spark the historic Selma-to-Montgomery voting
rights march led by Martin Luther King Jr.
1942 March 7- The first five cadets graduate from the Tuskegee Flying School:
Captain Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. and Second Lieutenants Mac Ross,
Charles DeBow, L.R. Curtis, and George S. Roberts. They will
become part of the famous 99th Pursuit Squadron.
1869 March 4- The forty-second Congress convenes (1871-73) with five African
American congressmen: Joseph H. Rainey, Robert Carlos Delarge,
and Robert Brown Elliott from South Carolina; Benjamin S. Turner,
of Alabama; Josiah T. Walls of Florida. Walls is elected in an
at-large election and is the first African American congressman
to represent an entire state.
1867 March 2- Elections are ordered for constitutional conventions and freedmen
are enfranchised. Commanders in some states change the status of
African Americans by military orders. Major General E.R.S. Canby
opens the jury box to African Americans. African Americans are
named policemen in Mobile, Alabama.
1867 March 2- Howard University is chartered by Congress in Washington, DC.
Also founded or chartered are Talladega College in Talledega,
Alabama, Morgan State College in Baltimore, Maryland, Johnson C.
Smith College in Charlotte, North Carolina, and St. Augustine's
College in Raleigh, North Carolina.
1960 March 1- The Alabama State Board of Education expels nine Alabama State
University students for participating in sit-in demonstrations.
1960 March 1- Montgomery, Alabama, police break up a protest demonstration on
the Alabama State University campus and arrest thirty-five
students, a teacher and her husband.
1949 March 1- Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champion after holding
the title for a record eleven years and eight months.
1965 Feb 26- During civil rights demonstrations in Selma, Alabama, that were
designed to get the attention of the Johnson administration in
Washington, DC, police violence erupts against the marchers. In
an effort to protect his mother from a beating, 26 year old
Jimmie Lee Jackson strikes a police officer. He will join the
ancestors after being shot and killed. Civil rights activists,
outraged by his death, will plan a march from the Edmund Pettus
Bridge in Selma to Montgomery.
1978 Feb 25- Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr. joins the ancestors at the age of 58
in Colorado Springs, Colorado. James was an early graduate of
the Tuskegee Institute Flying School and flew more than 100
missions during the Korean War. He was the first African
American to achieve the rank of four-star general.
1940 Feb 21- John Lewis is born in Troy, Alabama. He will become founder and
chairman of SNCC, organizer of the Selma-to-Montgomery March in
1965, executive director of the Voter Education Project, and
congressman from Georgia's 5th District. Lewis' power will
continue to be felt when he is named Democratic deputy whip by
Speaker of the House Thomas S. Foley in 1991.
1963 Feb 20- Baseball great, Willie "The Say Hey Kid" Mays, signs with the San
Francisco Giants as baseball's highest paid player (at that
time). He will earn $100,000 a year.
1963 Feb 20- Charles Barkley is born in Leeds, Alabama. He will forego his
senior year at Auburn University to enter the NBA as a forward
for the Philadelphia 76ers. Barkley will post averages of 20 or
more points and at least 10 rebounds per game for 11 seasons.
His achievements during that span will be remarkable. He will
be an All-NBA First Team selection in 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991 and
1993, an All-NBA Second Team pick in 1986, 1987, 1992, 1994 and
1995 and an All-NBA Third Team choice in 1996. He will be
selected to 10 consecutive All-Star Games, and receive more All
Star votes than any other player in 1994, and will be MVP in
the 1991 All-Star classic.
2002 Feb 19- Vonetta Flowers becomes the first Black athlete from any country
to win a gold medal in the Olympic Winter Games. She and her
partner win the women's two-person bobsled event at the Salt Lake
City games. They finished their two runs in 1 minute 37.76 seconds.
1941 Feb 17- Joe Louis retains his world heavyweight boxing crown by knocking
out Gus Dorazio.
1965 Feb 15- Nat King Cole, singer and pianist, joins the ancestors in Santa
Monica, California at the age of 45. He succumbs to lung
FROM: Today in Black History
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**Peddler of the blue & gray: Civil War antiques dealer Robert Parham mixes his job with a love of history
You'd rarely catch Robert Parham coming in late for work.
It hard to be late when time has come to a standstill with the antique merchandise in which he deals. And with his job and hobby being one and the same, why not always be on time?
Parham is owner, operator and employee of his Parham's Civil War Relics, which opens at 10 a.m. and closes at 5:30 p.m. Monday through Saturday.
Decatur Daily 2 March 2003
**Hamming it up: Decatur Amateur Radio Club still running loud and clear after 50 years
It was 1953 - the year of the first color television broadcast and the invention of instant iced tea, Saran Wrap and radial tires. Transistors were only a three-year-old technology, and the television remote control was two years away.
Decatur Daily 24 February 2003
**Connected to Monticello: Courtland residents descend from Jefferson slave Jupiter
COURTLAND -- A little boy walked outside his home near the foot of Courtland Mountain more than 50 years ago.
He looked to the sky, and then glanced at the place his family called the "big house." He knew the Hotchkiss family lived in the home, but he didn't understand the relationship between them and his family.
That little boy, Lester Diggs, is 63 now. And he's still learning about the relationship that started more than 200 years ago at Monticello, the famous Virginia plantation of President Jefferson.
Dectur Daily 23 February 2003
A.J. Wright, MLS
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Director, Section on the History of Anesthesia
Dept of Anesthesiology/Library
School of Medicine
University of Alabama at Birmingham
619 19th Street South, JT965
Birmingham AL 35249-6810