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Alabama History/Culture in the News: 15 Feb-13 March

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  • A.J. Wright
    fyi..aj wright // ajwright@uab.edu Listings for 2003 are being archived at
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 13, 2003

      fyi..aj wright // ajwright@... <mailto:ajwright@...>

      Listings for 2003 are being archived at http://www.anes.uab.edu/alahistnews2.htm

      Listings for July-December 2002 are at http://www.anes.uab.edu/alahistnews.htm

      Material in brackets are my additions.

      A listing of Alabama history links can be found at <http://www.anes.uab.edu/alahistory.htm>
      Please send me information on broken links you find or links I don't have listed!

      **State quarter should show up next month
      Mobile Register 13 March 2003

      **Singer Lillian Strong Monroe dies
      Mobile Register 13 March 2003

      **Authors announced for Athenaeum series
      Writers to discuss works at Bay Minette Public Library this spring and summer
      Mobile Register 13 March 2003

      **Start your engines [Barber Motorsports Park; includes museum and library]
      Birmingham News 12 March 2003

      **Old Methodist Church Museum to hold arts and crafts festival displaying traditional Daphne crafts
      [Museum, in Daphne, built in 1858 and is second-oldest bldg in Baldwin Co.]
      Mobile Register 12 March 2003

      **Research Park developer Bob Heath dies at 62
      Philanthropist a 'true visionary,' gave more than $3.5M to UAH
      Huntsville Times 12 March 2003

      **Project is behind schedule [restoration of GM&O 1907 Spanish baroque bldg]
      Main contractor says tax credits are holding up money
      Mobile Register 12 March 2003

      **Noted doctor Ivey Williamson dies
      Gastroenterologist served as Mobile police surgeon
      Mobile Register 12 March 2003

      ** 1924 March 13- A heavy, wet snow fell across north and central Alabama causing
      quite a bit of damage. 6.5 inches fell at Birmingham and 1.4 inches fell at

      1993 March 13- The "Great Blizzard of '93" clobbered the eastern US on this day
      and produced perhaps the largest swath of heavy snow ever recorded. Heavy
      snow was driven to the Gulf Coast with 3 inches falling at Mobile, Alabama
      and up to 5 inches reported in the Florida panhandle, the greatest single
      snowfall in the state's history. 13 inches blanketed Birmingham, Alabama to
      set not only a new 24 hour snowfall record for any month, but also set a
      record for maximum snow depth, maximum snow for a single storm, and maximum
      snow for a single month. Tremendous snowfall amounts occurred in the
      Appalachians. Mount Leconte in Tennessee recorded an incredible 60 inches.
      Mount Mitchell in North Carolina was not far behind with 50 inches.
      Practically every official weather station in West Virginia set a new 24
      hour record snowfall. Further to the north, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
      measured 25 inches, Albany, New York checked in with 27 inches, and
      Syracuse, New York was buried under 43 inches. The major population corridor
      from Washington, DC to Boston, Massachusetts was not spared this time as all
      the big cities got about a foot of snow before a changeover to rain. A
      rather large amount of thunderstorm activity accompanied the heavy snow.
      Winds to hurricane force in gusts were widespread. Boston recorded a gust to
      81 mph, the highest wind gust at the location since hurricane Edna in 1954.
      Numerous cities in the south and mid Atlantic states recorded their lowest
      barometric pressure ever as the storm bottomed out at 960 millibars (28.35
      inches) over Chesapeake Bay. 208 people were killed by the storm and total
      damage was estimated at 6 billion dollars -- the costliest extratropical
      storm in history.

      1993 March 12- An incredible blizzard known as "The Storm of the Century struck
      the eastern United States from March 12-15, 1993. The storm has been
      described as the most costly non-tropical storm ever to strike the USA doing
      an estimated $6 billion in damage. The storm was as strong as a hurricane in
      terms of winds and low pressure. The pressure dropped to an incredible 28.35
      inches mercury or 960 mb when then storm was located over the Chesapeake
      Bay. Boston recorded a wind gust to 81 mph, the strongest wind they had
      recorded Hurricane Edna in 1954. In addition, as the storm was intensifying
      over the Gulf of Mexico, a wind gust to 99 mph was recorded on an offshore
      oil rig. It dumped incredible amounts of snow from Alabama to New England.
      The snow amounts were significant everywhere, but for places like
      Birmingham, Alabama, the 17 inches recorded during the storm brought the
      city to a standstill for three days. Mount Leconte NC recorded a whopping 60
      inches of snow during the storm. Practically every weather station in West
      Virginia established a new 24 hour snowfall record during the storm.
      Syracuse NY was buried under 43 inches of snow. 270 people were killed
      during the storm and another 48 lost at sea. The storm also brought a 12
      foot storm surge and 15 tornadoes to Florida, where 51 people were killed.
      Air travel was brought to a halt as every major airport from Atlanta north
      was closed during the height of the storm. During the late evening into the
      early morning hours of the 13th, a vicious squall line swept through Florida
      and spawned 11 tornadoes resulting in 5 fatalities. Thunderstorm winds
      gusted to 110 mph at Alligator Point and 109 mph at Dry Tortugas. Extremely
      high tides occurred along the western Florida coast. A 13 foot storm surge
      occurred in Taylor County, Florida, resulting in 10 deaths with 57
      residences destroyed. A 5 to 8 foot storm surge moved ashore in Dixie
      County. Over 500 homes were destroyed with major damage to another 700
      FROM: The Weather Notebook

      **Bon Secour celebrates wildlife refuge centennial
      Act by Theodore Roosevelt in 1903 led to 540 wildlife sanctuaries, including system on Fort Morgan peninsula
      Mobile Register 11 March 2003

      **Dig reveals Civil War past at site of Stevenson home
      Union general prepared his troops here 140 years ago
      Huntsville Times 10 March 2003

      **Peter D. Petroff Dies at 83; Devised a Digital Wristwatch
      New York Times 9 March 2003 [requires free registration for access]

      **Old gravesites present obstacle in zoo expansion
      Birmingham News 9 March 2003

      **Revolution vet's grave is shrouded in mystery
      Family tradition says woman took treasure from the cemetery in 1931
      Huntsville Times 8 March 2003

      **Heritage Museum board meets [Baldwin County]
      Mobile Register 8 March 2003

      **Tom Rast, real estate exec, dies
      Birmingham News 8 March 2003

      **1861 Feb 18: C.S.A. President Jefferson Davis is inaugurated at Montgomery, AL.

      1864 Feb 17-CSS "HL Hunley" [built in Mobile] becomes first submarine to sink an enemy ship.
      FROM: Poor Gabriel's Almanac poorgabriel@...

      **1999 March 13- Evander Holyfield [b. Atmore, AL], the WBA and IBF champion, and Lennox Lewis,
              the WBC champion, keep their respective titles after fighting
              to a controversial draw in New York.

      1918 March 13- John Rhoden is born in Birmingham, Alabama.  An art student who
              will study with Richmond Barthe' and at Talledega College,
              Rhoden's sculptures will have strong romantic and classical
              elements.  He will receive commissions for Harlem Hospital and
              Metropolitan Hospital in New York City, exhibit his work at
              the Atlanta University annuals, the Art Institute of Chicago,
              and the Whitney Museum and be represented in museums in the
              United States and Europe.  Among his major works will be
              "Safari," "Eve," and "Quarter Horse."

      1965 March 11- During civil rights demonstrations in Selma, Alabama, the Reverend
              James J. Reeb, a white minister from Boston, dies after being
              beaten by whites.

      1926 March 11- Ralph David Abernathy is born in Linden, Alabama.  He will become
              a famed minister, civil rights advocate, and confidant of Martin
              L. King, Jr.  After King's assassination, he will become the
              president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and
              write an autobiography that will attract widespread criticism for
              his comments on King's alleged womanizing.

      1861 March 11- The Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, Alabama, adopts a
              constitution which declares that the passage of any "law denying
              or impairing the right of property in Negro slaves is prohibited."

      1965 March 9- Three white Unitarian ministers, including the Rev. James J. Reeb,
              are attacked with clubs on the streets of Selma, Alabama, while
              participating in a civil rights demonstration.  Reeb will later
              die in a Birmingham, Alabama hospital.

      1871 March 9- Oscar De Priest is born in Florence, Alabama.  He will be the
              first congressman elected from a northern state.  He will
              represent Illinois and be an active advocate for pensions for
              African American ex-slaves, lynching prevention, and civil rights

      1965 March 7- John Lewis leads a group of civil rights marchers across the Edmund
              Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, where they are attacked by Alabama
              state troopers and sheriff's deputies with tear gas and
              billy clubs.  This violent confrontation will be known as "Bloody
              Sunday," and will spark the historic Selma-to-Montgomery voting
              rights march led by Martin Luther King Jr.

      1942 March 7- The first five cadets graduate from the Tuskegee Flying School:
              Captain Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. and Second Lieutenants Mac Ross,
              Charles DeBow, L.R. Curtis, and George S. Roberts.  They will
              become part of the famous 99th Pursuit Squadron.

      1869 March 4- The forty-second Congress convenes (1871-73) with five African
              American congressmen: Joseph H. Rainey, Robert Carlos Delarge,
              and Robert Brown Elliott from South Carolina; Benjamin S. Turner,
              of Alabama; Josiah T. Walls of Florida.  Walls is elected in an
              at-large election and is the first African American congressman
              to represent an entire state.

      1867 March 2- Elections are ordered for constitutional conventions and freedmen
              are enfranchised.  Commanders in some states change the status of
              African Americans by military orders.  Major General E.R.S. Canby
              opens the jury box to African Americans.  African Americans are
              named policemen in Mobile, Alabama.

      1867 March 2- Howard University is chartered by Congress in Washington, DC.
              Also founded or chartered are Talladega College in Talledega,
              Alabama, Morgan State College in Baltimore, Maryland, Johnson C.
              Smith College in Charlotte, North Carolina, and St. Augustine's
              College in Raleigh, North Carolina.

      1960 March 1- The Alabama State Board of Education expels nine Alabama State
              University students for participating in sit-in demonstrations.

      1960 March 1- Montgomery, Alabama, police break up a protest demonstration on
              the Alabama State University campus and arrest thirty-five
              students, a teacher and her husband.

      1949 March 1- Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champion after holding
              the title for a record eleven years and eight months.

      1965 Feb 26- During civil rights demonstrations in Selma, Alabama, that were
              designed to get the attention of the Johnson administration in
              Washington, DC, police violence erupts against the marchers. In
              an effort to protect his mother from a beating, 26 year old
              Jimmie Lee Jackson strikes a police officer.  He will join the
              ancestors after being shot and killed.  Civil rights activists,
              outraged by his death, will plan a march from the Edmund Pettus
              Bridge in Selma to Montgomery.

      1978 Feb 25- Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr. joins the ancestors at the age of 58
              in Colorado Springs, Colorado.  James was an early graduate of
              the Tuskegee Institute Flying School and flew more than 100
              missions during the Korean War.  He was the first African
              American to achieve the rank of four-star general.

      1940 Feb 21- John Lewis is born in Troy, Alabama.  He will become founder and
              chairman of SNCC, organizer of the Selma-to-Montgomery March in
              1965, executive  director of the Voter Education Project, and
              congressman from Georgia's 5th District.  Lewis' power will
              continue to be felt when he is named Democratic deputy whip by
              Speaker of the House Thomas S. Foley in 1991.

      1963 Feb 20- Baseball great, Willie "The Say Hey Kid" Mays, signs with the San
              Francisco Giants as baseball's highest paid player (at that
              time). He will earn $100,000 a year.

      1963 Feb 20- Charles Barkley is born in Leeds, Alabama.  He will forego his
              senior year at Auburn University to enter the NBA as a forward
              for the Philadelphia 76ers.  Barkley will post averages of 20 or
              more points and at least 10 rebounds per game for 11 seasons.
              His achievements during that span will be remarkable.  He will
              be an All-NBA First Team selection in 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991 and
              1993, an All-NBA Second Team pick in 1986, 1987, 1992, 1994 and
              1995 and an All-NBA Third Team choice in 1996.  He will be
              selected to 10 consecutive All-Star Games, and receive more All
              Star votes than any other player in 1994, and will be MVP in
              the 1991 All-Star classic.

      2002 Feb 19- Vonetta Flowers becomes the first Black athlete from any country
              to win a gold medal in the Olympic Winter Games. She and her
              partner win the women's two-person bobsled event at the Salt Lake
              City games. They finished their two runs in 1 minute 37.76 seconds.

      1941 Feb 17- Joe Louis retains his world heavyweight boxing crown by knocking
              out Gus Dorazio.

      1965 Feb 15- Nat King Cole, singer and pianist, joins the ancestors in Santa
              Monica, California at the age of 45.  He succumbs to lung
      FROM: Today in Black History
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      **Peddler of the blue & gray: Civil War antiques dealer Robert Parham mixes his job with a love of history
      You'd rarely catch Robert Parham coming in late for work.
      It hard to be late when time has come to a standstill with the antique merchandise in which he deals. And with his job and hobby being one and the same, why not always be on time?
      Parham is owner, operator and employee of his Parham's Civil War Relics, which opens at 10 a.m. and closes at 5:30 p.m. Monday through Saturday.
      Decatur Daily 2 March 2003

      **Hamming it up: Decatur Amateur Radio Club still running loud and clear after 50 years
         It was 1953 - the year of the first color television broadcast and the invention of instant iced tea, Saran Wrap and radial tires. Transistors were only a three-year-old technology, and the television remote control was two years away.
      Decatur Daily 24 February 2003

      **Connected to Monticello: Courtland residents descend from Jefferson slave Jupiter
      COURTLAND -- A little boy walked outside his home near the foot of Courtland Mountain more than 50 years ago.
      He looked to the sky, and then glanced at the place his family called the "big house." He knew the Hotchkiss family lived in the home, but he didn't understand the relationship between them and his family.
      That little boy, Lester Diggs, is 63 now. And he's still learning about the relationship that started more than 200 years ago at Monticello, the famous Virginia plantation of President Jefferson.
      Dectur Daily 23 February 2003

      A.J. Wright, MLS
      Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
      Director, Section on the History of Anesthesia

      Dept of Anesthesiology/Library
      School of Medicine
      University of Alabama at Birmingham
      619 19th Street South, JT965
      Birmingham AL 35249-6810

      205-975-5963 [fax]



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