Hauss doth schreibble :
> I saw this article on MSN on the psychoactive effects of
> frankincense, a popular incense used in many religious traditions at:
Hi, Hauss ~
Here are a few related links that you might find
Incensole acetate: a novel neuroprotective agent
isolated from Boswellia carterii.
Moussaieff A, Shein NA, Tsenter J, Grigoriadis S,
Simeonidou C, Alexandrovich AG, Trembovler V,
Ben-Neriah Y, Schmitz ML, Fiebich BL, Munoz E,
Mechoulam R, Shohami E.
 Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural
Products, Medical Faculty, Hebrew University,
 Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy,
Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
Boswellia resin has been used as a major anti-inflammatory
agent and for the healing of wounds for centuries.
Incensole acetate (IA), isolated from this resin, was shown
to inhibit the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB, a key
transcription factor in the inflammatory response.
We now show that IA inhibits the production of inflammatory
mediators in an in vitro model system of C6 glioma and human
Given the involvement of postinjury inflammation in the
pathophysiology and outcome of traumatic brain injury, we
examined the effect of IA on the inflammatory process and
on the recovery of neurobehavioral and cognitive functions
in a mouse model of closed head injury (CHI).
In the brains of post-CHI mice, IA reduced glial activation,
inhibited the expression of interleukin-1beta, and tumor
necrosis factor-alpha mRNAs, and induced cell death in
macrophages at the area of trauma.
A mild hypothermic effect was also noted.
Subsequently, IA inhibited hippocampal neurodegeneration
and exerted a beneficial effect on functional outcome
after CHI, indicated by reduced neurological severity
scores and improved cognitive ability in an object
This study attributes the anti-inflammatory activity of
Boswellia resin to IA and related cembranoid diterpenes
and suggests that they may serve as novel neuroprotective
~ from :
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism
advance online publication, 16 April 2008;
Incensole acetate, a novel anti-inflammatory compound
isolated from Boswellia resin, inhibits nuclear
factor-kappa B activation.
" The resin of Boswellia species, particularly of Boswellia
carteri (Burseraceae), known as frankincense or olibanum (in
Greek) or lebona (in Hebrew), is a major component of Middle
Eastern and European incense, and apparently has been used
in worship since ancient times, it was a major product of
commerce - frankincense was grown in the southern part
of Arabia and in East Africa and camel caravans brought it
north to Egypt and the Middle East.
There are scattered indications that it may have sedative
In the Middle East during the first centuries A.D. it was
administered in wine to prisoners sentenced to death, to
'take away' or to 'confuse' their minds.
In Abyssinia, where Boswellia trees are common, it is
believed to have a tranquilizing effect and to "relieve
people from evil spirits”.
We found that incensole acetate, a component of Boswellia,
is active in mice in a tetrad of assays commonly used to
evaluate cannabinoid activity.
These, and additional data in mice indicate that incensole
acetate causes pharmacological activities reminiscent of
those produced by THC and by anandamide, the endogenous
cannabinoid, but its activity is somewhat lower.
However, as it does not bind to the CB1 cannabinoid
receptor, its activity is obviously not via this particular
On the basis of the content of active material in the resin
and the level of activity, compared to THC, we assume that
its effect on users would be considerably lower than
that of marijuana or hashish. "
~ from :
*The importance of being a sceptic* .PDF
Moussaieff, A., and Bregman, T.
Incensole Acetate: A Psycho-Active Compound Derived from
Frankincense, with a Partial Cannabimimetic Profile
15th Annual Symposium On The Cannabinoids
2005 Program ~ .PDF
Back in the 60s, Andrija Puharich and Harry Smith did
some extensive testing on the psychoactive effects of
resins used for incense that contained terpenes,
diterpenes, sesquiterpenes, &tc.
This work grew out of their own personal interest in
the various incense formulations to be found in old
I don't know what Andrija used for his tests, but Harry
described for me a bong-like hotplate/thermocouple/fan
contraption that he built for his work.
As you might imagine, this sort of behavior didn't do much
to endear him to Ruth and Arthur Young, whose hospitality
he was enjoying at the time.
More recently, Christian Ratsch has discussed the
potentiating effects of such resins when used with other
known psychoactive substances, such as cannabis.
> So I wondered what is the importance of using proper incense for the
> Abramelin ritual. During one of my earlier searches for Abramelin
> incense, I came across the Jewish Qetoret (also spelled "Ketoret").
> The ingredients will be familiar to all of us here since we already
> know about the Abramelin incense. What I didn't know was the great
> religious and spiritual significance the incense has.
As I have mentioned here and elsewhere, the procedures
in the *Mystical Kabbalah* of Abraham Elim are drawn from
the book of *Exodus* in the *Torah*, and so it should come
as no surprise to discover that the incense formulation is
based on the receipt in *Exodus*, as well.
Here are some links to a couple of my old posts here with
regard to the formulation of the Incense and the Anointing Oil:
Anointing Oil & Kaneh Bosem
Message #245 of 534
EARLY DIFFUSION AND FOLK USES OF HEMP
Message #246 of 534
Cors in Manu Domine,
~ Khem Caigan
"Heat and Moisture are Active to Generation;
Cold and Dryness are Passive, in and to each thing;
Fire and Air, Active by Elementation;
Water and Earth, Passive to Generation."
'Of the Division of Chaos'
-Dr. Simon Forman