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FWD: (CN) China's Giant Pandas Face Relentless Human Threats

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  • Dr John Wedderburn
    Reuters Apr 8 2001 9:18AM WASHINGTON (Reuters) - China s giant panda may be able to escape extinction, experts say, despite the human onslaught on their
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 13, 2001
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      Apr 8 2001 9:18AM

      WASHINGTON (Reuters) - China's giant panda may be able to escape
      extinction, experts say, despite the human onslaught on their
      mountainous habitat and lack of data on how many of the beloved
      black-and-white creatures remain in the wild.
      "If you look at the big picture, this is a time for guarded optimism,
      more so than ever before, about the giant panda's future," said Karen
      Baragona, the World Wildlife Fund's giant panda conservation program
      A study released last Thursday by researchers at Michigan State
      University and collaborators in China cast doubt on the effectiveness
      of efforts to protect the endangered giant pandas, detailing the
      ongoing destruction of prime habitat in Wolong Nature Reserve. It is
      the largest protected area for the conservation of the giant panda,
      whose range now consists of only half a dozen mountain ranges in
      But the study found that the human population within the reserve had
      grown by 70 percent since Wolong was created in 1975, and that
      downing of trees for fuel wood, farming, tourism and other human
      activities had eradicated prime panda habitat.
      "It's a dire situation, but I think this is a major opportunity to be
      involved with pandas and try to work with the Chinese in getting some
      things turned around," said Don Lindberg, who heads the giant panda
      team at the San Diego Zoo. "We always have to hope. None of us will
      settle for extinction of the wild population and just a few living in
      zoos left for future generations. That is completely unacceptable."
      Baragona said she has reason to be hopeful, noting that the number of
      reserves for pandas has more than doubled since 1993, currently
      standing at 32. That is "a very significant milestone for the Chinese
      government," she said.
      Baragona also said that since 1998 there has been a complete
      moratorium on commercial logging in the entire range of the giant
      panda, which provides the opportunity to protect and restore panda
      habitat even outside the reserves. She said more technical and
      financial support than ever before is flowing into China from
      international organizations and zoos.
      "Efforts are intensifying. The Chinese government has elevated giant
      panda conservation to a higher level than ever before. I think
      conservationists are working harder than ever before. The quality of
      reserve management is improving. Things won't just stay the same.
      Things are improving," she said.
      Giant pandas are perhaps the most unusual of the world's eight
      species of bears. Their diet consists almost entirely of various
      bamboo species found in high-mountain areas.
      No precise numbers exist for how many live in the wild. The last
      official estimate was made in the 1980s, placing the population at
      somewhere around 1,000. Chinese survey teams have been in the field
      since 1999 carrying out a panda census. Results are due in the middle
      of next year, the WWF said.
      "There may be more pandas than we've been led to believe," Lindberg
      said. "On the other hand, the worry is that there will be
      substantially fewer when the census numbers come out next year."
      International groups such as the WWF and zoos around the world are
      helping to bankroll conservation efforts in China. Baragona said the
      WWF provides about $1 million in support annually in the form of
      training and support in the reserves.
      Zoos with pandas on loan from China are chipping in. Lindberg said
      his zoo gives China $1 million annually for two adult pandas and
      $600,000 annually for a cub born a year and a half ago, with the
      money earmarked for panda conservation. Zoos in Washington and
      Atlanta have similar arrangements.
      Jianguo Liu, who led the Michigan State study, said good intentions
      on the part of the Chinese government have not always yielded good
      "Everybody loves pandas," Liu said. "To be fair, the government has
      spent a lot of time, a lot of attention and a lot of money to protect
      the habitat for the pandas. But even so, the results are not
      exciting. So there are some ways that we could do better."
      For example, he said the government could reverse the growing human
      population within the reserves by providing better educational
      opportunities, allowing young people to attend technical schools and
      colleges and obtain jobs outside the reserve.
      Liu said that if only 22 percent of the reserve's young people
      relocated as a result of attending college, getting married or taking
      outside jobs, the human population in the Wolong reserve would be
      reduced from 4,260 now to about 700 by the year 2047, and the giant
      panda habitat would recover and increase by 7 percent.

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