17160Glossary of Terms - at least partially on-topic
- Feb 6, 2005I thought this might be of interest to the folks here - we're
uploading a basic glossary of terms related to anime and manga genres,
with definitions for the many genres/names for yaoi and yuri to the
Onna! website (http://www.onnafest.com).
I know there are always questions about terminology and what various
genre names mean, so I thought I'd pass it on to you folks. When the
page goes live, I'll send the link out - feel free to link to it and
disseminate it where you will. :-) All the definitions are *current*
(which, in at least one case is quite important!) and the
pronounciations should correct.
In the meantime, with my great thanks to Erin S. for proofing this,
and Paulette H for the original version, here's the Glossary of Terms:
An artistic movement of the 1960's and early 1970's that preceded
yaoi. Aestheticism is characterized by bishounen in extremely close
emotional, possibly romantic, relationships. Related terms: Yaoi;
Bishounen; Shounen-ai; June; Boys' Love
Pron. (ah-nee-may). French, but used by the Japanese to describe
animation of all kinds. US fans of Japanese animation use animè for
Japanese works only.
Pron. (bee-say-nen). Similar to bishounen, biseinen refers to
beautiful older male youths. Related terms: Aestheticism
Pron. (bee-show-joe). Refers to extremely good-looking girls
(usually between 12 and 16 years old) featured in a series. Also used
to describe a genre of games for males, which usually feature dating
and/or sexual relationships.
Pron. (bee-show-nen). Japanese for "beautiful boy," bishounen are
artistically and often stylistically rendered young men. Related
terms: Aestheticism; Biseinen
Current term for stories that feature male/male relationships.
This term includes both sexual and romantic stories. Related terms:
Yaoi; June; Aestheticism; Shounen-ai
A group of people who work together to produce doujinshi, games,
novels or other works. Some circles create parody material; others
original. Related terms: Doujinshi
Pron. (dough-jin-shee) Small-press or self-published comics.
Doujinshi are sometimes parodies of existing anime, manga, novels,
games and even popular celebrities; but are also often original works.
Related terms: Doujinshika; Circle
Pron. (dough-jin-shee-kah) Person who creates doujinshi. Related
Art based on copyrighted characters and situations, done by fans
(usually not with the creator's permission). Also written as "Fan
Stories based on copyrighted characters and situations, written by
fans (usually not with the creator's permission). Also called "Fan
Fiction", or "Fanfiction".
Stories by fans of western series that include female/female
romantic or sexual relationships. Related terms: Shoujo-ai; Yuri;
Slash; Girls' Love
An analogue for Boys' Love, Girls' Love is being used by Japanese
publishers to create a new category that includes yuri and shoujo-ai
series. Related terms: Yuri; Shoujo-ai; Boys' Love; Femmeslash
Pron. (joo-neh) June is the name of a seminal publication that
features male/male relationships; the word came to be a synonym for
Boys' Love stories. The term is now outdated. Related terms: Boys'
Love; Yaoi; Shounen-ai; Aestheticism
Pron. (hen-tie) Also called "H", or "Ero". Hentai series are
Japanese rendering of the English word "Comics." Manga and
komikkusu are used nearly interchangeably. Related term: Manga
Pron. (joe-say) Animation and comics targeted to young women (late
high school to college-age). Josei series often include sexual
relationships, sometimes explicitly.
Rediizu Komikkusu, i.e., Ladies' comics, refer to manga targeted
to adult females. These are often sexually explicit. Related term: OL
Pron. (mah-hoe) "Mahou Shoujo" = "magical girl". This is the
best-known subgenre of girls' anime, and refers to any series
featuring a female protagonist who uses magical powers.
Pron. (mahn-gah) "Loose pictures." The Japanese term for comics
and comic books. Related term: Komikkusu.
Pron. (mahn-gah-kah) Person who creates manga. Related terms:
Pron. (moo-ku) Short for "monthly book," mooks are monthly manga
magazines. Printed on cheap paper and running as many as two-dozen
serialized manga stories simultaneously, mook are a popular way to
read manga in Japan. Related term: Manga
OL is short for "Office Ladies." This subgenre of Ladies' Comics
usually features women in a semi-subservient position in a Japanese
company. (OLs serve tea, change lightbulbs and do many other low-level
tasks around Japanese offices. Many women take positions as OLs just
to find a good husband.) OL Comics are commonly sexually explicit.
Related term: Ladies' Comics
Pron. (oh-tah-koo) Describes extremely devoted followers of anime
and manga. This is a derogatory term Japanese people use to refer to
people who collect or are fans of something obsessively. Many anime
and manga fans use it to describe themselves, often as a
(Erica's note: Otaku means "house" as in "The House of Windsor" and
refer to both the fact that otaku often don't leave the house much
and, the fact that when they do, they are so socially challenged that
they speak over-formally.)
Pron. (say-nen). Animation and comics targeted to young men (late
high school to college-age).
Pron (show-joe). Also spelled sh?jo. Shoujo means "young girls and
describes animation and comics targeted to young girls.
Pron. (show-joe-eye) A term used by western fans to describe
series featuring female/female romantic relationships, as opposed to
sexual relationships. This term is not used in Japan at all, but is a
literal translation of "Girls' Love," which *is* being used in Japan,
primarily by publishers. Related terms: Yuri; Girls' Love; Femmeslash
Pron. (show-nen). Also spelled sh?nen. The word means "young boy"
and refers to animation and comics targeted to young boys.
Pron. (show-nen eye) An out-of-date term for series that portray
male/male relationships. Used in the west to denote romantic as
opposed to sexual relationships, but in Japan the phrase is now used
to denote adult males that like young boys. Related terms:
Aestheticism; Yaoi; Boys' Love; June
Stories by fans of western series pairing male characters in
homosexual romantic or sexual relationships. The term comes from the
phrase "Kirk/Spock." Related terms: Femmeslash; Yaoi; Shounen-ai;
Pron. (tan-koh-bohn) A collected volume of manga chapters. Usually
five chapters of a serialized manga make up a tankoubon. Related term:
Pron. (yah-oh-ee or yah-oy) Comes from "YAmanashi, Ochinashi,
Iminashi" (no climax, no ending, no meaning). Used by non-Japanese
fans to denote series featuring sexually graphic male/male
relationships, as opposed to romantic ones. No longer used in Japan,
where the term "Boys' Love" has superseded it. Related terms: Boys'
Love; Shounen-ai; Aestheticism; June; Slash
Pron. (you-ree). Used in the west to denote series with explicit
female/female sexual relationships, as opposed to romantic ones. In
Japan the phrase refers to any work that contains a lesbian
relationship, whether sexual or romantic. Related terms: Shoujo-ai;
Girls' Love; Femmeslash.
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