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17160Glossary of Terms - at least partially on-topic

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  • atheniag
    Feb 6, 2005
      I thought this might be of interest to the folks here - we're
      uploading a basic glossary of terms related to anime and manga genres,
      with definitions for the many genres/names for yaoi and yuri to the
      Onna! website (http://www.onnafest.com).

      I know there are always questions about terminology and what various
      genre names mean, so I thought I'd pass it on to you folks. When the
      page goes live, I'll send the link out - feel free to link to it and
      disseminate it where you will. :-) All the definitions are *current*
      (which, in at least one case is quite important!) and the
      pronounciations should correct.

      In the meantime, with my great thanks to Erin S. for proofing this,
      and Paulette H for the original version, here's the Glossary of Terms:



      Aestheticism:
      An artistic movement of the 1960's and early 1970's that preceded
      yaoi. Aestheticism is characterized by bishounen in extremely close
      emotional, possibly romantic, relationships. Related terms: Yaoi;
      Bishounen; Shounen-ai; June; Boys' Love

      Animè:
      Pron. (ah-nee-may). French, but used by the Japanese to describe
      animation of all kinds. US fans of Japanese animation use animè for
      Japanese works only.

      Biseinen:
      Pron. (bee-say-nen). Similar to bishounen, biseinen refers to
      beautiful older male youths. Related terms: Aestheticism

      Bishoujo:
      Pron. (bee-show-joe). Refers to extremely good-looking girls
      (usually between 12 and 16 years old) featured in a series. Also used
      to describe a genre of games for males, which usually feature dating
      and/or sexual relationships.

      Bishounen:
      Pron. (bee-show-nen). Japanese for "beautiful boy," bishounen are
      artistically and often stylistically rendered young men. Related
      terms: Aestheticism; Biseinen

      Boys' Love:
      Current term for stories that feature male/male relationships.
      This term includes both sexual and romantic stories. Related terms:
      Yaoi; June; Aestheticism; Shounen-ai

      Circle:
      A group of people who work together to produce doujinshi, games,
      novels or other works. Some circles create parody material; others
      original. Related terms: Doujinshi

      Doujinshi:
      Pron. (dough-jin-shee) Small-press or self-published comics.
      Doujinshi are sometimes parodies of existing anime, manga, novels,
      games and even popular celebrities; but are also often original works.
      Related terms: Doujinshika; Circle

      Doujinshika:
      Pron. (dough-jin-shee-kah) Person who creates doujinshi. Related
      terms: Circle

      Fanart:
      Art based on copyrighted characters and situations, done by fans
      (usually not with the creator's permission). Also written as "Fan
      Art".

      Fanfic:
      Stories based on copyrighted characters and situations, written by
      fans (usually not with the creator's permission). Also called "Fan
      Fiction", or "Fanfiction".

      Femmeslash:
      Stories by fans of western series that include female/female
      romantic or sexual relationships. Related terms: Shoujo-ai; Yuri;
      Slash; Girls' Love

      Girls' Love:
      An analogue for Boys' Love, Girls' Love is being used by Japanese
      publishers to create a new category that includes yuri and shoujo-ai
      series. Related terms: Yuri; Shoujo-ai; Boys' Love; Femmeslash

      June:
      Pron. (joo-neh) June is the name of a seminal publication that
      features male/male relationships; the word came to be a synonym for
      Boys' Love stories. The term is now outdated. Related terms: Boys'
      Love; Yaoi; Shounen-ai; Aestheticism


      Hentai:
      Pron. (hen-tie) Also called "H", or "Ero". Hentai series are
      sexually explicit.

      Komikkusu:
      Japanese rendering of the English word "Comics." Manga and
      komikkusu are used nearly interchangeably. Related term: Manga

      Josei:
      Pron. (joe-say) Animation and comics targeted to young women (late
      high school to college-age). Josei series often include sexual
      relationships, sometimes explicitly.

      Ladies' Comics:
      Rediizu Komikkusu, i.e., Ladies' comics, refer to manga targeted
      to adult females. These are often sexually explicit. Related term: OL
      Comics

      Mahou:
      Pron. (mah-hoe) "Mahou Shoujo" = "magical girl". This is the
      best-known subgenre of girls' anime, and refers to any series
      featuring a female protagonist who uses magical powers.

      Manga:
      Pron. (mahn-gah) "Loose pictures." The Japanese term for comics
      and comic books. Related term: Komikkusu.

      Mangaka:
      Pron. (mahn-gah-kah) Person who creates manga. Related terms:
      Manga

      Mook:
      Pron. (moo-ku) Short for "monthly book," mooks are monthly manga
      magazines. Printed on cheap paper and running as many as two-dozen
      serialized manga stories simultaneously, mook are a popular way to
      read manga in Japan. Related term: Manga

      OL Comics:
      OL is short for "Office Ladies." This subgenre of Ladies' Comics
      usually features women in a semi-subservient position in a Japanese
      company. (OLs serve tea, change lightbulbs and do many other low-level
      tasks around Japanese offices. Many women take positions as OLs just
      to find a good husband.) OL Comics are commonly sexually explicit.
      Related term: Ladies' Comics

      Otaku:
      Pron. (oh-tah-koo) Describes extremely devoted followers of anime
      and manga. This is a derogatory term Japanese people use to refer to
      people who collect or are fans of something obsessively. Many anime
      and manga fans use it to describe themselves, often as a
      self-deprecatory joke.

      (Erica's note: Otaku means "house" as in "The House of Windsor" and
      refer to both the fact that otaku often don't leave the house much
      and, the fact that when they do, they are so socially challenged that
      they speak over-formally.)

      Seinen:
      Pron. (say-nen). Animation and comics targeted to young men (late
      high school to college-age).

      Shoujo:
      Pron (show-joe). Also spelled sh?jo. Shoujo means "young girls and
      describes animation and comics targeted to young girls.

      Shoujo-ai:
      Pron. (show-joe-eye) A term used by western fans to describe
      series featuring female/female romantic relationships, as opposed to
      sexual relationships. This term is not used in Japan at all, but is a
      literal translation of "Girls' Love," which *is* being used in Japan,
      primarily by publishers. Related terms: Yuri; Girls' Love; Femmeslash

      Shounen:
      Pron. (show-nen). Also spelled sh?nen. The word means "young boy"
      and refers to animation and comics targeted to young boys.

      Shounen-ai:
      Pron. (show-nen eye) An out-of-date term for series that portray
      male/male relationships. Used in the west to denote romantic as
      opposed to sexual relationships, but in Japan the phrase is now used
      to denote adult males that like young boys. Related terms:
      Aestheticism; Yaoi; Boys' Love; June

      Slash:
      Stories by fans of western series pairing male characters in
      homosexual romantic or sexual relationships. The term comes from the
      phrase "Kirk/Spock." Related terms: Femmeslash; Yaoi; Shounen-ai;
      June; Aestheticism

      Tankoubon:
      Pron. (tan-koh-bohn) A collected volume of manga chapters. Usually
      five chapters of a serialized manga make up a tankoubon. Related term:
      Manga; Mook

      Yaoi:
      Pron. (yah-oh-ee or yah-oy) Comes from "YAmanashi, Ochinashi,
      Iminashi" (no climax, no ending, no meaning). Used by non-Japanese
      fans to denote series featuring sexually graphic male/male
      relationships, as opposed to romantic ones. No longer used in Japan,
      where the term "Boys' Love" has superseded it. Related terms: Boys'
      Love; Shounen-ai; Aestheticism; June; Slash

      Yuri:
      Pron. (you-ree). Used in the west to denote series with explicit
      female/female sexual relationships, as opposed to romantic ones. In
      Japan the phrase refers to any work that contains a lesbian
      relationship, whether sexual or romantic. Related terms: Shoujo-ai;
      Girls' Love; Femmeslash.
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