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Introduction to Yoga Sutras 2.30-2.34 Yamas and Niyamas

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  • Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati
    Introduction to Yoga Sutras 2.30-2.34 YAMAS AND NIYAMAS http://www.swamij.com/yoga-sutras-23034.htm YAMAS: The first of the eight rungs (2.29) of Yoga is the
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      Introduction to Yoga Sutras 2.30-2.34
      YAMAS AND NIYAMAS
      http://www.swamij.com/yoga-sutras-23034.htm

      YAMAS:

      The first of the eight rungs (2.29) of Yoga is the five Yamas (2.30),
      which have to do with training your actions, speech, and thoughts in
      relation to the external world, particularly with other people. They
      include:

      1) Non-harming (2.35),
      2) Truthfulness (2.36),
      3) Non-stealing (2.37),
      4) Remembering the higher reality (2.38)
      5) Non-possessiveness (2.39).

      As these are gently, lovingly practiced over time, they gradually
      evolve into great vows for living (2.31).

      NIYAMAS:

      The second of the eight rungs is the five Niyamas (2.32), which have
      to do with your relationship within yourself. They involve:

      1) Purifying your body and mind (2.40-2.41)
      2) Cultivating an attitude of contentment (2.42)
      3) Training your senses (2.43)
      4) Inner exploration (2.44)
      5) Letting go into your spiritual source (2.45).

      WHEN YOU ARE NOT DOING THE YAMAS AND NIYAMAS:

      When you are acting, speaking, or thinking against the Yamas and
      Niyamas (2.33), the suggestion is to remind yourself that such
      negative actions, speech, or thoughts are going in the wrong
      direction, and will bring you nothing but unending misery (2.34). It
      can be as straightforward as silently repeating the words to
      yourself, "Mind, this is not useful; this is going to bring me
      nothing but more suffering, and lead me into greater ignorance of
      truth." This simple practice is an extremely important way to
      balance, purify, and train the mind (2.34).

      27 VARIETIES OF NEGATIVITY:

      Those contrary actions, speech, or thoughts can be done by oneself,
      got done by another, or merely approved of. They may be accompanied
      by anger, greed, or delusion. They may be mild, medium, or intense.
      Thus, there are 27 combinations of these three triads (2.34).
      Awareness and witnessing of these is a very useful part of
      discrimination, which is the key to enlightenment (2.26-2.29).

      WHY PRACTICE THE EIGHT RUNGS?

      One of the most common principles that is missed is why one is
      practicing these eight rungs. The reason for practicing the eight
      rungs is discriminative knowledge, as described in the previous three
      sutras (2.26-2.29).
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