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Yoga Sutra 1.31: Four companions to the nine obstacles

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  • Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati
    Yoga Sutras: Sutra 1.31: Four companions to the nine obstacles http://www.swamij.com/yoga-sutras-13032.htm#1.31 YOGA SUTRA 1.31: From these obstacles, there
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 17, 2005
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      Yoga Sutras: Sutra 1.31:
      Four companions to the nine obstacles
      http://www.swamij.com/yoga-sutras-13032.htm#1.31

      YOGA SUTRA 1.31: From these obstacles, there are four other
      consequences that also arise, and these are: 1) mental or physical
      pain, 2) sadness or dejection, 3) restlessness, shakiness, or
      anxiety, and 4) irregularities in the exhalation and inhalation of
      breath.
      (duhkha daurmanasya angam-ejayatva shvasa prashvasah vikshepa
      sahabhuva)

      DUHKHA = pain (mental or physical)
      DAURMANASYA = sadness, despair, dejection, frustration, depression,
      anguish
      ANGAM-EJAYATVA = shakiness, unsteadiness, movement, tremor of the
      limbs or body (anga = limbs or body)
      SHVASA = inhalation, inspiration (implying irregular inhalation)
      PRASHVASAH = exhalation, expiration (implying irregular exhalation)
      VIKSHEPA = distractions
      SAHABHUVA = companions, accompaniments, correlates

      THESE FOUR ARISE BECAUSE OF THE OTHER NINE: These four obstacles
      arise as a consequence of the nine that are given in the previous
      sutra. In one sense, it seems that all thirteen of these could be
      grouped together in one sutra. However, it's useful in practice to
      see that these four come as a result of the other nine. If you look
      at these four closely, you'll see that these are relatively easy to
      notice in yourself, compared to the other nine. When you see one of
      these four, it is a clue to you that something is going on at a
      subtler level. Then it is easier to see, and to adjust.

      THESE FOUR ARE GOOD INDICATORS OF THE SUBTLER OBSTACLES: If you think
      of these in terms of other people, notice how easy it is to observe
      when someone is experiencing pain, dejection, restlessness of body,
      or irregularities of breath (the four of this sutra). You may not
      know the underlying reason, but you can sure spot the symptom on the
      surface. Similarly, we may not know that something is going on inside
      with ourselves, at the subtler level. Yet, if we observe our own
      gestures, body language, general level of pain and mood, we can more
      easily see that something is going on at the subtler level.

      SEEING CAN LEAD TO MAKING CHANGES: Once those surface four lead you
      to awareness of the subtler obstacles, then it is much easier to take
      corrective action, to get back on track. At first, this can sound
      like a lot of intellectual analysis, but it is actually quite simple
      and extremely useful. You may discover that a simple refocusing back
      to your practices, your personally chosen philosophy of life, or
      useful attitudes will weaken those obstacles. Most importantly, it
      can be a reminder that you have temporarily lost your focus, and to
      return to one-pointedness.

      http://www.swamij.com
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