Yoga Sutra 2.8: The nature of aversion
- Yoga Sutra 2.8: The nature of aversion
(for more info)
2.8 Aversion (dvesha) is a modification that results from misery
associated with some memory, whereby the three modifications of
aversion, pain, and the memory of the object or experience are then
associated with one another.
(dukha anushayi dvesha)
* dukha = pain, sorrow, suffering
* anushayi = sequential attraction to, closely following, secondary
accompaniment, resting on
* dvesha = aversion or pushing away, hatred
AVERSION IS A FORM OF ATTACHMENT: Aversion is actually another form of
attachment. It is what we are trying to mentally push away, but that
pushing away is also a form of connection, just as much as attachment
is a way of pulling towards us.
AVERSION IS A NATURAL PART OF THE MIND: Dvesha actually seems to be a
natural part of the universal process, as we build a precarious mental
balance between the many attractions and the many aversions.
AVERSION IS BOTH SURFACE AND SUBTLE: It is important to remember that
aversion can be very subtle, and that this subtlety will be revealed
with deeper meditation. However, it is also quite visible on the more
surface level as well. It is here, on the surface that we can begin
the process of witnessing our aversions.
AVERSION CAN BE EASIER TO NOTICE THAN ATTACHMENT: In relation to
individual thought patterns, aversion is one of the two colorings that
is most easily seen, along with attachment. Actually, aversion can be
easier to notice than attachment, in that there is often an emotional
response, such as anger, irritation, or anxiety. Such an emotional
response may be mild or strong. Because of these kinds of responses,
which animate through the sensations of the physical body, this aspect
of witnessing can be very easily done right in the middle of daily
life, along with meditation time.
ATTENUATING THE COLORINGS: Notice the process of attenuating the
colorings in the next section. To follow this attenuating process, it
is first necessary to be aware of the colorings, such as aversion and
attachment. Gradually, through the attenuating process, we truly can
become a witness to the entire stream of the thinking process. This
sets the stage for deeper meditation.
BREAKING THE ALLIANCE: Three types of modifications of mind are
mentioned in this sutra: aversion, memory, and sequence of memory. To
break the alliance between these, and between seer and seen is the key
to freedom from the bondage of karma in relation to aversion. Breaking
of such alliances is discussed in upcoming sutras (2.12-2.25).