Yoga Sutras 1.5-1.11: Un-coloring your thoughts
Thinning the veil: The joy of deeper meditation comes through
uncoloring the mental obstacles that veil the true Self. While Yoga
was defined in sutras 1.1-1.4, the process of experiencing the goal of
Yoga, Self-realization, begins in this section, sutras 1.5-1.11
1.5 Those gross and subtle thought patterns (vrittis) fall into five
varieties, of which some are colored (klishta) and others are
1.6 The five varieties of thought patterns to witness are: 1) knowing
correctly (pramana), 2) incorrect knowing (viparyaya), 3) fantasy or
imagination (vikalpa), 4) the object of void-ness that is deep sleep
(nidra), and 5) recollection or memory (smriti).
1.7 Of these five, there are three ways of gaining correct knowledge
(pramana): 1) perception, 2) inference, and 3) testimony or verbal
communication from others who have knowledge.
1.8 Incorrect knowledge or illusion (viparyaya) is false knowledge
formed by perceiving a thing as being other than what it really is.
1.9 Fantasy or imagination (vikalpa) is a thought pattern that has
verbal expression and knowledge, but for which there is no such object
or reality in existence.
1.10 Dreamless sleep (nidra) is the subtle thought pattern which has
as its object an inertia, blankness, absence, or negation of the other
though patterns (vrittis).
1.11 Recollection or memory (smriti) is mental modification caused by
the inner reproducing of a previous impression of an object, but
without adding any other characteristics from other sources.