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VTPI News - Autumn 2008

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  • Todd Alexander Litman
    ... VTPI NEWS ... Victoria Transport Policy Institute Efficiency - Equity - Clarity ... Autumn 2008 Vol. 11, No. 4 ... The Victoria Transport Policy
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 5, 2008
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                                        VTPI NEWS
                            Victoria Transport Policy Institute
                               "Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
                                Autumn 2008    Vol. 11, No. 4
      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi.org ) has many resources addressing a wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.
      "A Good Example of Bad Transportation Performance Evaluation: Critique of the Fraser Institute Report, 'Transportation Performance of the Canadian Provinces'" ( http://www.vtpi.org/per_ind.pdf )
      This paper discusses transportation performance evaluation concepts and critiques the recent report, 'Transportation Performance of the Canadian Provinces,' By David T. Hartgen, Claire G. Chadwick and M. Gregory Fields. That report uses a unique set of 23 indicators to evaluate and compare transportation system performance of Canadian provinces. A few of these indicators are appropriate and widely used, but several are ambiguous and biased, and some are illogical. This paper examines these indicators in detail and grades their appropriateness for planning and management applications.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Multi-Modal Transport Planning" ( http://www.vtpi.org/multimodal_planning.pdf ). This short paper summarizes basic principles for transportation planning. It describes conventional transport planning, which tends to focus on motor vehicle traffic conditions, and newer methods for more multi-modal planning and evaluation.
      Planetizen Blogs ( http://www.planetizen.com ): 
      "Parking Management Best Practices," ITE Journal on the Web, Vol. 78, No. 9; at http://www.vtpi.org/PMBP_ITE_SEPT2008.pdf .
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "National Study on Carless and Special Needs Evacuation Planning: A Literature Review" ( http://www.planning.uno.edu/docs/CarlessEvacuationPlanning.pdf ) by John L. Renne, Thomas W. Sanchez and Todd Litman for the Federal Transit Administration.
      This report investigates how transportation agencies and local governments can consider the unique needs of minority, low-income, elderly, disabled, and limited English proficient persons in their emergency preparedness planning.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Managing Transport Challenges When Oil Prices Rise" ( http://www.ltsa.govt.nz/research/reports/357.pdf ), by Stuart Donovan, et al., Research Report 357, New Zealand Transport Agency.
      This report provides practical guidance to central, regional, and local government agencies on how to manage the transport challenges associated with rising oil prices.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Transport Network Optimisation Think-Piece" ( http://viastrada.co.nz/pub/network-optimisation-think-piece ) by Andrew Macbeth and Megan Fowler for the New Zealand Transport Agency. 
      The document examines ways of optimising New Zealand's road transport network. It describes specific local and regional government policies that can increase transport system efficiency and equity.
      Connected Urban Development ( http://www.connectedurbandevelopment.org )
      During the 23rd-24th September Amsterdam Conference several new CUD projects were launched, including Amsterdam's Smart Work Center, Seoul's Smart Road Pricing and San Francisco's EcoMap prototype. VTPI presented information on Connected Public Transit planning and benefit analysis ( http://www.connectedurbandevelopment.org/connected_and_sustainable_mobility/connected_public_transit )

      Pay-As-You-Drive Vehicle Pricing Workshop
      When: Friday, 21 November 2008, 1:00-4:30 pm
      Where: UBC Robson Square (downtown Vancouver), Room C150
      Price: Free, but registration is limited (70 maximum participants)
      For more information: Todd Litman (litman@... or 250-360-1560)
      This workshop explores Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) vehicle pricing, which means that insurance premiums are based directly on the amount a vehicle is driven during the policy term. Pay-As-You-Drive pricing provides several benefits: it is more actuarially accurate (premiums better reflect a vehicle's insurance claim costs), is more affordable and progressive with respect to income (most lower-income motorists would save money), can help reduce uninsured driving, and by rewarding mileage reductions PAYD helps reduce traffic congestion, traffic accidents, energy consumption and pollution emissions.


      "Pay-As-You-Drive Pricing in British Columbia" ( http://www.vtpi.org/paydbc.pdf ).  
      "Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance" ( http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm79.htm )
      "Pay-As-You-Drive Auto Insurance: A Simple Way to Reduce Driving-Related Harms and Increase Equity" ( http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2008/07_payd_bordoffnoel.aspx )
                  *     *     *     *     *
      Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting (http://www.trb.org )
      11-15 January 2009
      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute will present papers in the following TRB sessions:
      Workshop 117, "Developing Transportation Data Quality Standards"
      11 January 2009, 9:00 am 12:00 noon, Hilton, Military

      Workshop 169, "Sustainability and Social Measures for Transportation" Sunday, January 11, 2009, 1:30pm- 4:30pm, Hilton, Lincoln East
      Session 314, "Taxing Our Way to a Greener Future?"
      DATE: Monday, January 12, 2009, 1:30pm- 3:15pm, Hilton, International East
      Session 364, "Integration and Co-Benefits of Climate Change Mitigation Policies"
      Monday, January 12, 2009, 3:45pm- 5:30pm, Hilton, Monroe West
      Session 713, "Sustainable Transportation"
      DATE: Wednesday, January 14, 2009, 10:15am-12:00pm, Hilton, International East
                  *     *     *     *     *
      UrbanRAIL ( www.informa.com.au/urbanrail/spk )
      17th-18th March 2009, Sydney, Australia
      This conference will bring together government agencies, rail operators, track owners, transport consultancies and engineering companies to discuss key trends, major projects, and the future of Australasia�s urban rail. VTPI Executive Director Todd Litman will speak about rail benefit evaluation. Please contact VTPI if you are interested in having Todd speak at other events in Australia or New Zealand during March 19-30.
      "Comments on the Notice of Preparation for Draft Environmental Impact Report For the Transportation 2035 Plan" ( http://ag.ca.gov/globalwarming/pdf/comments_MTC_RT_Plan.pdf ). This letter by the California Attorney General indicates that regional transport plans must support state emission reduction targets, including consideration of induced travel impacts. It references our report, "Generated Traffic and Induced Travel: Implications for Transport Planning" ( http://www.vtpi.org/gentraf.pdf)
                  *     *     *     *     *
      California PAYD Rules ( http://www.insurance.ca.gov/0400-news/0100-press-releases/0070-2008/release089-08.cfm )
      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute contributed to the development of draft California State insurance rules that will explicitly allow Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) insurance pricing. The rule is expected to be finalized in 2009.
      "Improved Methods For Assessing Social, Cultural, And Economic Effects Of Transportation Projects" ( http://www.statewideplanning.org/_resources/234_NCHRP-8-36-66.pdf ) This report identifies existing and emerging community and social impact assessment practices that can be used as indicators of community quality of life.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Smart Transportation Guidebook: Planning and Designing Highways and Streets that Support Sustainable and Livable Communities" ( http://www.dvrpc.org/asp/pubs/publicationabstract.asp?pub_id=08030A ) Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. This comprehensive guidebook integrates roadway and community planning to help increase efficiency and create more livable communities.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Addressing Climate Change Without Impairing the U.S. Economy: The Economics and Environmental Science of Combining a Carbon-Based Tax and Tax Relief" ( http://www.climatetaskforce.org/pdf/CTF_CarbonTax_Earth_Spgs.pdf ), by Robert Shapiro, Nam Pham and Arun Malik.
      This study used the U.S. Department of Energy�s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to evaluate the economic impacts of a Carbon Tax ( http://www.vtpi.org/carbontax.pdf ) that begins at $14 per ton and increases to $50 per ton of CO2 by 2030, with 90% of the revenues returned to households and businesses in tax relief. They conclude that this would reduce climate change emissions 30% while only reducing GDP growth from 33.6% to 33.4%, and would provide other social and environmental benefits.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "80in50 Scenarios for Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from California Transportation: Meeting an 80% Reduction Goal in 2050" ( http://steps.ucdavis.edu/research/Thread_6/80in50 ) by Christopher Yang, et al, for the Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways Project, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California.
      This report analyzes options for meeting California's ambitious greenhouse gas emission reductions goal (80% below 1990 levels by 2050) in the transportation sector. This document identifies vehicle and fuel technologies that might achieve this goal, but concludes that reductions in total motor vehicle travel are important and deserve research.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "The Green Bean Commuting Newsletter" by Accor Services provides information on commuter benefits. To subscribe visit http://accorservicesusa.com/eNews.aspx and select "Accor Services USA Newsletter".This document describes a recent commuter survey in which 44% of respondents report that rising fuel prices have affected their travel decisions (http://www.accorservicesusa.com/Images/email/commuting_habit_change.jpg)
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Commuter Benefits Now Extended to Cover Bicyclist" ( http://blog.wired.com/gadgets/2008/10/bailout-bill-gi.html)
      H.R. 1498 - The Bike Commuter Act, adds "bicycles" to the definition of transportation covered by qualified transportation fringe benefit to IRS Code 132(f). This gives bicycle commuters the same financial incentive as commuters using other modes.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Active Transportation for America: A Case for Increased Federal Investment in Bicycling and Walking" ( http://www.railstotrails.org/ATFA ), by Thomas Gotschi and Kevin Mills. This report quantifies the transportation, energy, climate, public health, and economic benefits of bicycling and walking.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "Suburbanizing the City: How New York City Parking Requirements Lead to More Driving" ( http://www.transalt.org/files/newsroom/reports/suburbanizing_the_city.pdf ), by Rachel Weinberger, Mark Seaman and Carolyn Johnson. This study shows how generous minimum parking requirements increase vehicle ownership and use in New York City neighborhoods.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "An International Review of The Significance of Rail in Developing More Sustainable Urban Transport Systems in Higher Income Cities" ( http://www.eco-logica.co.uk/pdf/wtpp14.2.pdf ), by J. Kenworthy.
      This study divides 60 high-income cities into strong rail, weak rail and no-rail cities based on its rail performance and competitiveness with automobile transport. It finds that more strongly rail-oriented cities generally experience various positive impacts.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      The Impact of Fuel Prices on Consumer Behavior and Traffic Congestion, ( http://scorecard.inrix.com/scorecard).
      This study evaluated the effects of fuel price increases on U.S. vehicle travel and traffic congestion, using INRIX�s �Smart Dust Network� of GPS-enabled vehicles which report roadway travel conditions. It also includes results of a survey concerning the effects fuel prices have on consumer travel behavior. The results indicate that increased gas prices in the first half of 2008 significantly reduced VMT and traffic congestion.
                  *     *     *     *     *
      "The GPI Transportation Accounts: Sustainable Transportation in Halifax Regional Municipality" ( http://www.gpiatlantic.org/pdf/transportation/hrmtransportation.pdf ). This study uses various indicators to evaluate regional transportation system performance.
      Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our email list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.

      Todd Alexander Litman
      Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)
      Phone & Fax 250-360-1560
      1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, CANADA
      �Efficiency - Equity - Clarity�

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