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VTPI News - Fall 2001

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  • Todd Litman
    ... VTPI NEWS ... Victoria Transport Policy Institute Efficiency - Equity - Clarity ... Fall 2001 Vol. 4, No. 3 ... The Victoria Transport Policy
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 14, 2001
      Victoria Transport Policy Institute
      "Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
      Fall 2001 Vol. 4, No. 3

      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research
      organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation
      problems. The VTPI website has many resources addressing a wide range of
      transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.



      The VTPI "Online TDM Encyclopedia" is a unique and comprehensive Internet
      resource to help transportation professionals identify and evaluate
      innovative solutions to transportation problems. The Encyclopedia is now
      significantly expanded and updated. It has more than 90 chapters with
      hundreds of pages of text and thousands of Internet links, providing
      convenient information for Transportation Demand Management (TDM) planning,
      evaluation and implementation. It is available free at


      · Success Stories: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm71.htm
      This chapter provides information on successful and cost-effective TDM

      · Energy Conservation and Emission Reductions Strategies:
      This chapter identifies strategies that are particularly effective at
      reducing vehicle energy consumption and pollution emissions.

      · Livability Strategies: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm97.htm
      This chapter describes strategies that help create more livable
      communities. Livability refers to environmental and social qualities that
      make a community a desirable place to live, work and visit.

      · Congestion Reduction Strategies: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm96.htm
      This chapter describes strategies that are particularly effective at
      reducing congestion problems.

      · Smart Growth Policy Reforms: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm95.htm
      This chapter describes various planning, regulatory and fiscal reforms that
      encourage more efficient land use.

      · Resilience and Security: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm88.htm
      This chapter explores the concepts of resilience and security, and their
      implications for transportation policy and TDM. Resilience refers to a
      system's ability to accommodate variable and unexpected conditions.
      Security refers to freedom from danger or fear, and can be considered a
      subcomponent of resilience.

      · Accessibility: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm84.htm
      This chapter discusses the concept of accessibility and its implications
      for transportation planning.

      · Wit and Humor: http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm94.htm
      To add a little fun we include jokes in some chapters. We try to find ones
      that relate to transportation and demand management, but some we just think
      are funny. The jokes are introduced in this chapter. Follow the link to the

      Many chapters have been updated. In particular, see revised chapters on
      nonmotorized transportation (walking, cycling, universal access and
      small-wheeled transport), parking management, road pricing, equity, and
      evaluation methods.


      The following new documents are posted at the VTPI website:

      "Efficient Vehicles Versus Efficient Transportation: Comprehensive
      Comparison of Fuel Efficiency Standards and Transportation Demand Management"
      Strategies that increase vehicle fuel efficiency reduce per-mile vehicle
      operating costs, increasing annual vehicle mileage. This "rebound effect"
      typically offsets 20-30% of long-term energy conservation, so a 10%
      increase in average fuel efficiency causes a 2-3% increase in vehicle
      mileage, resulting in net fuel savings of 7-8%. The additional vehicle
      mileage imposes a number of costs on society, including increased traffic
      congestion, road and parking facility costs, crashes, and some
      environmental impacts. TDM-based emission reduction strategies reduce total
      vehicle mileage and therefore provide additional benefits. These
      mileage-related impacts are significant compared with fuel savings
      benefits. Emission reduction strategies that increase total vehicle mileage
      by even a small amount may be harmful to society overall, while those that
      also reduce vehicle mileage can provide far greater total benefits.

      End-0f-The-Trip Facility Design Program Materials
      The excellent information sheets on bicycle parking facilities listed below
      were produced by Rick Browning for the Oregon Department of Environmental
      Quality. The ODEQ gave permission to post them at the VTPI website:
      "Installing Secure and Convenient Bike Racks" (www.vtpi.org/bp1.pdf)
      "Providing Covered Bike Parking" (www.vtpi.org/bp2.pdf)
      "Bike Parking in Public Areas" (www.vtpi.org/bp3.pdf)
      "Indoor Bicycle Parking" (www.vtpi.org/bp4.pdf)
      "Lockers, Showers and Changing Rooms" (www.vtpi.org/bp5.pdf)

      Variable Work Hours Guide
      "Variable Work Hours: An Implementation Guide for Employers"
      This excellent guidebook was also produced for the Oregon Department of
      Environmental Quality, and is posted with permission. Thanks to the ODEQ
      for their generosity!

      "Bicycling Renaissance in North America? Recent Trends and Alternative
      Policies to Promote Bicycling," by John Pucher, Charles Komanoff, and Paul
      Schimek, originally published in Transportation Research A, Vol. 33, No.
      7/8, 1999.
      Over the past two decades, the number of bicycle trips in the United States
      has doubled. Since 48% of trips by all modes in American cities are shorter
      than three miles, the potential for further growth in bicycling seems
      enormous. So far, efforts to promote bicycling have focused on building
      bike paths and bike lanes. Although necessary, separate cycling facilities
      must be complemented by a comprehensive program to make all roads bikeable,
      through both physical adaptations and enforcement of cyclists' right to use
      the road. Bicycling in Canada and especially the United States is impeded
      by the lack of a tradition of cycling for utilitarian purposes, and by the
      marginal legal, cultural and infrastructure status of cyclists in both
      countries' automobile-based transport systems.

      "Cycling Safety on Bikeways vs. Roads," by John Pucher, reply to John
      Forester's Spring 2001 Transportation Quarterly article "The Bikeway
      This short article, published in the Autumn 2001 issue of Transportation
      Quarterly, replies to arguments by John Forester opposing all separate
      facilities and other special provisions for cyclists, written in response
      to the Pucher and Dijkstra summer 2000 TQ article listed above.


      Below are articles published in professional journals:

      Todd Litman, "Win-Win Transportation Management Strategies: Cooperation for
      Economic, Social and Environmental Benefits," in Bringing Business On
      Board; Sustainable Development and B-School Curriculum (P.N.Nemetz ed.),
      UBC Press (www.ubcpress.ca), 2002, pp. 293-308. Also published in the
      Journal of Business Administration and Policy Analysis, Vol. 27-29, 1999-2001.

      Todd Litman, "Generated Traffic: Implications for Transport Planning," ITE
      Journal, Vol. 71, No. 4, Institute of Transportation Engineers
      (www.ite.org), April 2001, pp. 38-47.

      Todd Litman, "What's It Worth? Life Cycle and Benefit/Cost Analysis for
      Evaluating Economic Value," Presented at Internet Symposium on Benefit-Cost
      Analysis, Transportation Association of Canada (www.tac-atc.ca), 2001;
      available at VTPI (http://www.vtpi.org).



      TRB Annual Meeting
      The Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, held each January in
      Washington DC, attracts thousands of transportation professionals to share
      information and plan research activities. For information see the TRB
      website at http://www.trb.org).

      Todd Litman will present the following papers at the 2002 Annual Meeting:

      "Efficient Vehicles Versus Efficient Transportation: Comprehensive
      Comparison of Fuel Efficiency Standards and Transportation Demand
      Management," paper 02-3330, Poster Session 208, Monday, January 14,
      2:30-5:30pm, Hilton Exhibit Hall.

      "Online TDM Encyclopedia; A Practical Tool for Identifying Innovative
      Solutions to Transportation Problems," paper 02-2888, Poster Session 340,
      Tuesday, January 15, 9:00am-12:00pm.


      We are involved in several interesting consulting projects:

      Rail Transit Evaluation
      This project involves evaluating the potential economic, social and
      environmental benefits of a light rail system in the Victoria, BC region.
      (Client: Capital Area Regional Rail Initiative Group.)

      Transportation Energy Conservation Evaluation
      This project is a review of best practice in energy efficiency, energy
      conservation and use of renewables in the transport sector and to identify
      those programmes that would be most appropriate for implementation by the
      New Zealand Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority. (Project Manager:
      Booz-Allen & Hamilton, New Zealand. Client: EECA, New Zealand.)

      Pay-As-You-Drive Vehicle Insurance Implementation Study
      We are helping to develop program guidelines and promotional materials for
      Pay-As-You-Drive (distance-based) automobile insurance. (Project Manager:
      ICF Consulting. Client: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Time Period:
      May to December 2001).

      Parking Management Study
      Worked with a multi-disciplinary team to develop a comprehensive parking
      management plan for a commercial center in the Vancouver region.


      Residential Parking Guide
      Ryan Russo, "Planning for Residential Parking: A Guide For Housing
      Developers and Planners," Non-Profit Housing Association of Northern
      California (www.nonprofithousing.org) and the Berkeley Program on Housing
      and Urban Policy (http://urbanpolicy.berkeley.edu), 2001. This new Internet
      document contains information on many strategies for reducing parking costs
      and problems. (Also see the "Parking Solutions" chapter of our Online TDM
      Encyclopedia at http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm72.htm.)

      * Parking Cash-Out Tax Policy
      The U.S. federal tax code now makes it easier to "cash out" parking, which
      means that employers can offer employees tax exempt transit benefits or
      cash as an alternative to subsidized parking. For information see:

      Commuter Choice website (http://www.commuterchoice.com)

      Federal Transit Administration Commuter Choice website

      "Commuter Financial Incentives" chapter of our Online TDM Encyclopedia

      Transportation Elasticity Database
      The Australian Bureau of Transport Economics has produced a comprehensive
      "Transport Elasticities Database Online"
      (http://dynamic.dotrs.gov.au/bte/tedb/index.cfm), which contains
      approximately 200 separate bibliographic references and 400 table entries
      from international literature on transportation elasticities. (Also see the
      "Transport Elasticities" chapter of our Online TDM Encyclopedia at

      * Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance
      The Federal Highway Administration's Value Pricing Pilot Program is now
      providing funding for before/after PAYD insurance simulation pilots in
      Georgia and Massachusetts. The Georgia pilot will, after gathering baseline
      data, provide payments to participating households that reduce their
      vehicle travel, and thus their crash exposure. In a second phase, payments
      will be provided to households that reduce all crash exposure factors
      (vehicle mileage, risky driving behavior, and driving in dangerous
      corridors and at risky times). A similar pilot simulation is being
      conducted in Massachusetts. In addition to gathering before and after data,
      this simulation is designed to provide the Massachusetts Division of
      Insurance with the data it needs to allow PAYD insurance to be offered on a
      permanent basis.

      For more information on the Value Pricing program contact Allen Greenberg,
      Federal Highway Administration Office of Policy, at 202-366-2425 or
      Allen.Greenberg@.... For more information on vehicle insurance
      price reform see the "Pay-As-You-Drive-Insurance" chapter of our Online TDM
      Encyclopedia (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm79.htm). Contact VTPI is you would
      like to receive updates on PAYD insurance issues.

      * Moving Beyond Planning: Implementing Transportation Solutions
      March 6 - 8, 2002, Harbour Centre, Downtown Vancouver, B.C.
      The first national Canadian conference on Transportation Demand Management
      (TDM) for transportation professionals, workplace TDM coordinators,
      policy-makers, business leaders, and community organizations from across
      Canada and the Pacific Northwest.

      Sample presentation and workshop topics:
      · Promotional and social marketing techniques for the workplace.
      · Economic tools & innovative strategies.
      · Workplace incentive programs.
      · Transportation Management Associations (TMAs).
      · Parking management strategies and policies.
      · Integrating TDM principles into land use planning.
      · U-Pass programs.

      Speakers Include:
      * Don Chen, Executive Director, Smart Growth America
      * Beth Johnson, Former Chair of the GVRD Transportation and Strategic
      Planning Committee, and former board member of the Federation of Canadian
      * Eric Mann, LA Bus Rider's Union
      * Cynthia Thompson, City of Portland
      * David Collenette, Minister of Transport
      * Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute

      Presented by:
      B.E.S.T. (Better Environmentally Sound Transportation) (http://www.best.bc.ca)

      Sponsored by:
      Transport Canada
      BC Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection
      Washington State Ridesharing Organization
      Victoria Transport Policy Institute

      For more information:
      Joy Schellenberg
      Conference Coordinator
      joys@... <mailto:joys@...>

      UBC Chair in Sustainable Urban Transportation
      The University of British Columbia is seeking applications for the J.
      Armand Bombardier Chair in Urban Transportation. This new position will
      provide leadership to UBC's research and teaching on sustainable urban
      transportation and spearhead the development of new capability in this
      area. The tenured position is jointly established in the School of
      Community and Regional Planning (SCARP) and the Sustainable Development
      Research Institute (SDRI). Candidates will have an established record of
      research focusing on urban transportation systems from the broad and
      integrative perspective of sustainability in its technological, economic,
      environmental, social and political-institutional dimensions. Within this
      context applicants will be knowledgeable about transportation technology
      and demand-side management and have research interests and experience in
      policy analysis and implementation, methods of policy assessment, transport
      modeling, and multistakeholder processes. The competition closes on January
      31, 2002 and the position is available immediately. Salary and rank will be
      negotiated on the basis of qualifications and experience. Information is
      available at http://www.scarp.ubc.ca, http://www.chs.ubc.ca and


      Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information
      in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our mailing
      list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.


      Todd Litman, Director
      Victoria Transport Policy Institute
      "Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
      1250 Rudlin Street
      Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, Canada
      Phone & Fax: 250-360-1560
      E-mail: litman@...
      Website: http://www.vtpi.org
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