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Victoria Transport Policy Institute
"Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
Winter 2008 Vol. 11, No. 1
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi.org ) has many resources addressing a wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.
"Tax-Free Transit Benefits In Canada" ( http://www.vtpi.org/TT_alert.htm )
For more than a decade VTPI has promoted employer-based incentives for public transit, called "tax-free transit benefit" or "tax-free transit passes" ( http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm8.htm ). There is now a promising opportunity to have this policy established in Canadas tax code. If you are a Canadian resident, your support can help. Please click the link above for information.
"Smart Transportation Emission Reductions" ( http://www.vtpi.org/ster.pdf )
This report investigates how to identify the optimal (best overall, taking into account all benefits and costs) transportation emission reduction strategies. Current evaluation methods tend to undervalue mobility management due to various types of biases. More comprehensive and objective analysis tends to rank mobility management strategies among the most cost-effective emission reduction options. This report describes ways to correct current planning bias so mobility management solutions can be implemented to the degree optimal.
"Measuring The Performance Of Transit-Oriented Developments In Western Australia," ( http://www.vtpi.org/renne_tod_performance.pdf )
This new report by Professor John Renne summarizes factors to consider when evaluating TOD transport, economic social and environmental impacts. It recommends longitudinal measurement of performance indicators in six categories, including travel behaviour, the local economy, the natural environment, the built environment, the social environment and the policy context.
"Sustainable Transportation Indicators: A Recommended Program To Define A Standard Set of Indicators For Sustainable Transportation Planning" ( www.vtpi.org/sustain/sti.pdf )
This paper, a cooperative effort by the Transportation Research Boards 'Sustainable Transportation Indicators Subcommittee' (ADD40 ), discusses how to develop a standard set of indicators for sustainable transportation evaluation. It describes sustainable transportation definitions and concepts, discusses factors to consider when selecting indictors, recommends specific sustainable transportation indicators, and discusses issues of data quality. We hope this will lead to the development of a standardized set of sustainable transportation indictors for worldwide use.
"Appropriate Response To Rising Fuel Prices" ( www.vtpi.org/fuelprice.pdf )
This paper evaluates public policy options for responding to rising fuel prices. There is popular support for policies to minimize retail prices by reducing fuel taxes or providing production subsidies. But price-minimization policies are likely to harm consumers and the economy overall by encouraging transportation system inefficiency. Rather than reducing fuel prices it would be better to allow prices to rise and simultaneously working to improve transport system efficiency.
"Smart Growth Reforms" ( http://www.vtpi.org/smart_growth_reforms.pdf )
This paper identifies specific policy, planning, regulatory and fiscal reforms that support smart growth.
"Land Use Impacts On Transport" ( http://www.vtpi.org/landtravel.pdf ).
This paper examines how various land use factors such as density, regional accessibility, mix and roadway connectivity affect travel behavior, including per capita vehicle travel, mode split and nonmotorized travel.
IN THE NEWS
"Connected Urban Development" program with Cisco Systems and the Clinton Foundation ( http://commitments.clintonglobalinitiative.org/projects.htm?mode=progressreport&rid=43067&blogId=216 ). I'm a special advisor on transportation and land use planning. The project will include bus transit improvements, a handheld navigation device (a mobile telephone with web-browsing, GPS and automatic fare payment capabilities), road pricing (likely to be implemented in Seoul), some smart growth policies, plus promotion of telework. For more information see Ted Samson's InfoWorld Sustainable IT blog ( http://weblog.infoworld.com/sustainableit/archives/2007/12/cisco_clinton_g.html ).
We Rock Geekaliciously! ( http://www.sightline.org/daily_score/archive/2007/10/15/congestion-is-the-cure-worse-than-the-disease )
Litman's Planetizen Blogs ( http://www.planetizen.com/user/2394 ).
VTPI Executive Director Todd Litman shares information and insites in blogs posted on Planetizen, a public-interest information exchange for urban planners, designs, and developers. Below are examples:
"Smart Emission Reduction Strategies" ( http://www.planetizen.com/node/28841 ).
"Place Trumps Mobility Equals Paradise," Planetizen Blog ( http://www.planetizen.com/node/28195 )
"Smart Growth Safety Benefits," Planetizen Blog ( http://www.planetizen.com/node/28523 )
"Ten Insights on Carbon Policy," Seeking Alpha Stock Market Opinion & Analysis" ( http://seekingalpha.com/article/56026-ten-insights-on-carbon-policy ), by Tom Konrad.
"Transportation model decreased travel costs, added options" The Daily Journal ( http://www.daily-journal.com/archives/dj/display.php?id=406356 ), 26 October 2007.
"Gas prices affect TransLink" Georgia Straight ( http://www.straight.com/article-115501/gas-prices-affect-translink ), 25 October 2007.
BEEN THERE, DONE THAT
"US Conference of Mayors Climate Protection Summit" ( www.seattle.gov/mayor/climateSummit2007.htm )
The two-day U.S. Conference of Mayors' Climate Protection Summit in Seattle, included presentations by former President Bill Clinton, Vice President Al Gore via satellite, New York Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, and VTPI E.D. Todd Litman. This event stressed the importance of local and regional actions to create more livable, efficient and sustainable communities ( http://www.smartgrowth.org/news/article.asp?art=6336&state=52 ).
Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting ( http://www.trb.org/meeting ). Below are some events VTPI will participate in:
Workshop 141, "Cutting Carbs in the Transportation Sector: International Efforts to Address Global Climate Change," Sunday, 13 January 2008, 12:15pm-5:30pm, Hilton, International East
'Macrolevel Collision Prediction Models to Evaluate Road Safety Effects of Mobility Management Strategies: New Empirical Tools to Promote Sustainable Development' (08-2385), http://www.trb.org/am/ip/paper_detail.asp?paperid=21962, Poster Session 253, Monday, January 14, 2008, 9:30am-12:00pm.
"Evaluating Quality of Accessibility for Transportation Planning" (08-0495); SESSION #: 332, Monday, January 14, 2008, 2:30pm- 5:00pm. ( http://www.vtpi.org/access.pdf )
"Valuing Service Quality Improvements in Transport Planning" (08-0998); SESSION #: 337, Monday, January 14, 2008, 2:30pm- 5:00pm ( http://www.vtpi.org/quality.pdf )
Transportation and Sustainability Committee" (ADD40); Monday, January 14, 2008, 7:30 PM - 9:30 PM, Hilton Map Room, Hilton Hotel
"Sustainable Transportation Indicators Subcommittee" (ADD40); SESSION MMM08-035, Tuesday, January 15, 2008, 12:15pm- 1:15pm Bancroft Room, Hilton Hotel
"Performance Measures for Sustainability" (Session 677); Wednesday, January 16, 2008, 10:15 AM - 12:00 PM, Hilton
"New Perspectives on Sustainable Transportation" (Session 734); Wednesday, January 16, 2008, 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM, Hilton
"The Carmichael Conference On The Future of American Transportation," ( http://www.nationalcorridors.org ), St. Louis, MO, January 28-29, 2008.
This conference is organized by the National Corridors Initiative with the support of major transportation advocacy organizations including AASHTO, APTA, NARP, ETC.
"Transportation Demand Management Toolkit" ( http://www.academicimpressions.com/pdf/0108-transportation-demand.pdf ), January 28-30, San Diego, CA.
This conference on Campus Transport Management ( http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm5.htm ) will help participants learn to plan and implement techniques that can reduce parking costs, improve town-gown relations, help green your campus, and reduce single occupant vehicle trips to and around campus.
"Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change," ( http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/gcindex.html ).
This book documents how land development changes could help reduce vehicle greenhouse gas emissions, based on a comprehensive review of dozens of studies. The authors make the case that one of the best ways to reduce vehicle travel is compact development: building places in which people can get from one place to another without driving.
"Transport and Climate Change: A new module of the GTZ Sustainable Urban Transport Sourcebook" ( http://www.sutp.org/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_details/gid,383/lang,uk )
This new module summarises the challenges that climate change mitigation has to face in the transport sector and presents options to deal with them.
"Smart Growth E-Learning Portal" ( http://www.moodleserv.com/smartgrowthca ), is an educational program describing various smart growth concepts and implementation strategies, developed by the Smart Growth Canada Network, sponsored by Natural Resources Canada.
"ITE Journal (http://www.ite.org/itejournal/0711.asp ), Vol. 77, No. 11, November 2007. This issue includes two excellent articles which indicate that the Institute of Transportation Engineers supports multiple modes and community livability:
'President's Award for Merit in Transportation Engineering: Road Diet Handbook,', by Jennifer A. Rosales. This award-winning paper describes the benefits of road diets and how they can be implemented.
"Innovative Intermodal Solutions for Urban Transportation Paper Award: Quantifying Transit-Oriented Development's Ability To Change Travel Behavior," by John Gard. This award-winning paper summarizes information on transit-oriented development impacts on transit rider and automobile trip generation. It indicates that TOD typically increases per captia transit ridership 2-5 times and reduces vehicle trip generation 8% to 32%.
"Your Next Move: Choosing a Neighbourhood with Sustainable Features," ( http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/odpub/pdf/62180.pdf ), helps consumers evaluate community sustainability when selecting a home. It describes features that create safe, convenient, environmentally-friendly and affordable neighborhoods.
'Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany,' by John Pucher and Ralph Buehler, published in "Transport Reviews," Vol. 28, No. 4, July 2008; at http://www.policy.rutgers.edu/faculty/pucher/Irresistible.pdf .
This paper describes the policies and planning practices that result in very high levels of cycling transportation in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany, and the feasibility of applying these strategies in other countries.
"Design Guidelines for 'Greening' Surface Parking Lots," ( http://www.toronto.ca/planning/urbdesign/greening_parking_lots.htm ). These Guidelines by the City of Toronto are designed to deal with common urban design and environmental challenges found within and around surface parking lots.
Two Cool Videos:
"Ciclovia and Recreovia" ( http://www.streetfilms.org/archives/ciclovia ). This video clip shows the 'Ciclovia and Recreovia' program, in which major streets in Bogota, Columbia are closed to motor vehicle traffic so residents can walk, bike, run, skate, recreate, picnic, and visit.
"Parking Illustrated: Toy Cars And Stop-Motion Animation Show How Parking Reform Can Work, (http://www.streetsblog.org/2007/12/21/donald-shoup-plays-with-parking-fees-and-matchbox-cars ). A fun video with Parking Master Professor Donald Shoup.
Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our email list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.
Todd Alexander Litman
Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)
Phone & Fax 250-360-1560
1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, CANADA
Efficiency - Equity - Clarity