10 Principles for Sustainable City Governance - have a look
Dear Kyoto World Cities and New Mobility colleagues ,
I guess there are thousands of earnest sustainability manifestos and swear sheets out there twisting slowly slowly in the wind, but here is one – the just-out Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Cities – that I suggest you might usefully to take a few minutes with.
At first I think all our eyes tend to glaze over any next list of “Principles for Sustainable City Governance” with that creeping feeling of déjà vu all over again -- but may I ask you to let the ten you will find in the attached swirl around in your mind a bit and you will, I think, see that the whole construct fits together in a rather interesting way. And really does succeed in breaking a few of those old and clearly not very effective patterns.
Just below to give you a running start are the summary lines on the ten basic principles that their rather considerable panel has put together. For the full document go to http://mm.dk/filer/10principles.pdf.
The 10 principles and their content are up for discussion and are to be regarded as work-in-progress. So if you have any remarks or suggestions on any of this, I am copying this note to the organizers in Copenhagen, and would suggest that we discuss this as useful on the New Mobility Agenda Idea Factory (on the top menu of http://www.invent.newmobility.org), of which the posting address is NewMobilityCafe@yahoogroups.com. I suggest this on the grounds that sustainability and sustainable transport is above all about cities and people, and not about vehicles, throughput, or even for that matter our beloved bikes.
Eric Britton - from the city of 20,000 free bikes and an idea that is going to change the face of cities all over the world
(Check it out at http://www.invent.newmobility.org -- The Greening of Paris.)
Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Cities –
10 PRINCIPLES FOR SUSTAINABLE CITY GOVERNANCE
- REDISCOVER THE CITY. We need a radical change of mindset:
A city is much more than a consumption exhaust. It must
become a self-sustaining organism – complementary to
nature, rather than hostile opposition.
- REDEFINE CITY VALUE. A sustainable city depends on the attitude
and behaviour of each urban individual and user. We
must encourage a sense of citizenship and individual responsibility
towards sustainable values rather than plain consumerism.
- INVOLVE EVERYDAY EXPERTS. Sustainable cities are participatory
cities. We must encourage user-driven self-governance.
Through new partnerships between city users, a common
understanding of the sustainable city must be developed and
initiatives agreed upon.
- BREAK DOWN SILOS. Sustainable city planning is inherently
multidisciplinary. Therefore, old administrative structures
should be abandoned in favour of innovative, cross-sector
- REDISTRIBUTE URBAN DECISION-MAKING. Environmental
changes do not respect city borders. Vertical cooperation
between local, national and international public institutions
is crucial to sustainable city planning.
- DE-DESIGN URBAN PLANNING. City planning should be people
centred, rather than design centred. A city is a constantly
evolving organism, and city planning must take a broader
perspective than the design of individual buildings.
- PROMOTE CORPORATE URBAN RESPONSIBILITY. Sustainable
cities and successful commerce are interdependent.
Companies must be considered stakeholders and invited to
participate in city planning and assume responsibility for
- GO GLOBAL. Climate change is a global challenge. Global
cooperation on the development of environmental technologies
is essential, and a joint effort to solve the massive problems
of the developing world’s cities is urgently required.
- EMBRACE CHAOS, CRISIS AND CHANGE. A sustainable city
must be adaptable to unexpected change. The ability to both
fight current and future climate change is crucial. Flexible
governance and an innovative mindset to overcome crisis is
- ENCOURAGE PASSION IN URBAN LEADERSHIP. More will be
expected of urban leaders of the future. They must be able to
manage the complex interconnection of new institutions and
partnerships. A mix of business management, political leadership
and creativity is demanded from the future generation
of urban leaders.
- - - - - - - - -
To secure our urban future, we need quick action. Thus, we
have asked 50 of the world’s most important urban experts to
tell us what it is will take to create sustainable cities.
Representing all parts of the world and from a wide range of
disciplines, they all agree to that to make cities sustainable
we need a radical change of mindset, new strategies, and –
finally, but crucially – new governance models to support
development and foster a new generation of urban leadership.
Andrew Boraine, CEO, Cape Town Partnership;
Barbara Southworth, Director, City Spatial Development, City of Cape Town;
Fabio Todeschini, Professor, School of Architecture, Planning and Geomatics, University of Cape Town;
José Forjaz, Director, Faculty of Architecture and Physical Planning, University Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo;
Lars Reuterswärd, Director, UN-Habitat Global Division, Nairobi;
Omar Maani, Mayor, City of Amman
Alfredo Brillembourg, Founder, Urban Think Tank, Caracas;
Enrique Penãlosa, former Mayor of Bogota;
Jaime Lerner, Architect and former Mayor of Curitiba
Haixiao Pan, Director, Transportation Research Lab, Tongji University, Shanghai;
John Keung, CEO, Ministry of National Development, Singapore;
Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Professor of Engineering, Kyoto University;
Mee Kam Ng, Professor, Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, University of Hong Kong;
Noboru Harata, Professor, Department of Urban Engineering, University of Tokyo;
Sheela Patel, Founding Director, The Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centers, Bombay; Somsook Boonyabancha, Director, Community Organizations Development Institute, Bangkok;
Sue-Ching Jou, Professor, Department of Geography, National Taiwan University
Anthony Capon, Professor, The Australian Health Policy Institute, University of Sydney;
Peter Newman, Director, Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy, Murdoch University, Perth;
Rob Adams, Director, Design and Culture, City of Melbourne;
Tim Flannery, Chairman of Copenhagen Climate Council and Professor, Macquarie University, Sydney
Charles Landry, Director, COMEDIA, United Kingdom;
Chris Luebkeman, Director, ARUP Foresight Innovation and Incubation, London;
Colin Fudge, Director, WHO Collaborative Centre in Healthy Cities and Urban Policy, Bristol;
Dritan Shutina, Director, Co-Plan Institute for Habitat Development, Tirana;
Eric Britton, Founding Director, The Commons, Paris;
George Ferguson, Architect and former President of Royal Institute of British Architects, Bristol;
Jan Gehl, Partner, Gehl Architects, Copenhagen;
Joan Busquets, Professor and former chief planner, The City of Barcelona;
Leo van den Berg, Professor and Director, European Institute for Comparative Urban Research, Rotterdam;
Mats Olsson, former Director of City Planning, City of Malmö;
Sir Peter Hall, Professor of Planning, University College London;
Richard Burdett, Professor, Cities Programme, London School of Economics;
Stein Kolstø, Head of Office, Oslo Waterfront Planning Office;
Winy Mass, Principal, MVRDV Architects, Rotterdam;
Wolfgang Nowak, Director, Alfred Herrhausen Gesellschaft, Berlin
Ann Ferebee, Founder, Institute for Urban Design, New York;
Carol Coletta, CEO, CEOs for Cities, Chicago;
Chris Steins, Director, Urban Insight, Los Angeles;
Craig Williams, Founder, Architects Without Borders;
David Harvey, Professor, Graduate Center, City University of New York;
Fred Kent, President, Project for Public Spaces, New York;
Gil Penãlosa, Director, Walk and Bike for Life, Ontario;
Jennifer Siegal, Founder, Office of Mobile Design, California;
John Nordquist, President, Congress for the New Urbanism, Chicago;
John Peterson, Founder and Chairman, Public Architecture, San Francisco;
Julie Wagner, Brookings Metropolitan Policy Programme, Washington D.C.;
Larry Beasley, Professor, former Co-Director of Planning, City of Vancouver;
Robert McNulty, President, Partners for Liveable Communities, Washington D.C.;
Timothy Beatley, Professor, Urban & Environmental Planning Faculty, University of Virginia