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RE: Forum on African Transport Systems and Infrastructure

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  • Professor Chris Nwagboso
    Dear Colleagues Project: Network on African Transport Systems and Infrastructure. We are currently putting together an information gathering trip to Africa as
    Message 1 of 2 , May 23, 2007
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      Dear Colleagues


                            Project: Network on African Transport Systems and Infrastructure.


      We are currently putting together an information gathering  trip to Africa as part of the work we are doing on the State of African Transport Systems and Infrastructure.


      I am looking for experts and practitioners working in this area . I also need to establish the organisation (e.g Universities and Industries) with interests in this area of work


      I will be visiting Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria from middle of June to first week of July 07. Any of our colleagues  who has expertise in this area and will be available in these countries during this period and wish to meet up to discuss further on this please contact me before 14th June


      I am also looking at putting together a network of experts from industry, University and public sector,  with interest on African Transport Systems and Infrastructure. If any of our colleague are willing to  join this group, please email me your full details


      Prof Chris Nwagboso


      Midlands Institute of transport, UK

      Director(Innovation and Development)

      University of Wolverhampton, UK



      From: WorldTransport@yahoogroups.com [mailto:WorldTransport@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Todd Alexander Litman
      Sent: 19 May 2007 00:07
      To: litman@...
      Subject: WorldTransport Forum VTPI NEWS - Spring 2007


                                        VTPI NEWS
                            Victoria Transport Policy Institute
                               "Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
                            ------------ --------- --------- -------
                                Spring 2007    Vol. 10, No. 2
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      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi. org ) has many resources addressing a wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.
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      The VTPI "Online TDM Encyclopedia" (http://www.vtpi. org/tdm ) is a comprehensive information resource to help identify and evaluate innovative management solutions to transport problems, available for free on our website.
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      ============ ==
      "Valuing Transit Service Quality Improvements: Considering Comfort and Convenience In Transport Project Evaluation" ( http://www.vtpi. org/traveltime. pdf )
      This paper investigates the value travelers place on qualitative factors such as comfort and convenience, and practical ways to incorporate these values in project evaluation. This can help identify cost-effective transit service improvements.
      "Transportation Market Distortions" ( http://www.vtpi. org/distortions_ BPJ.pdf )
      This article, published in the Berkeley Planning Journal, investigates various market distortions that reduce travel options and underprice motor vehicle travel. It describes reforms that can correct these distortions, increasing transport system efficiency and equity.
      "Reassessing 'The Social Desirability of Urban Rail Transit Systems': Critique of Winston and Maheshri" ( http://www.vtpi. org/warner. pdf ) This paper, by scientist Jay Warner, evaluates the statistical analysis used by Winston and Maheshri in their 2006 article, "The Social Desirability of Urban Rail Transit Systems," which concluded that most U.S. urban rail systems have a negative social desirability. This is a companion to our report "Evaluating Rail Transit Criticism" ( http://www.vtpi. org/railcrit. pdf ).
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      "Appropriate Response to Rising Fuel Prices: Citizens Should Demand, 'Raise My Prices Now!'" ( http://www.vtpi. org/fuelprice. pdf )
      This paper evaluates options for responding to rising fuel prices in terms of various planning objectives. Recent fuel price increases make this paper timely.
      "Socially Optimal Transport Prices and Markets; Principles, Strategies and Impacts" ( http://www.vtpi. org/sotpm. pdf )
      This paper investigates the socially optimal level of mobility, that is, the amount and mix of transport activity that consumers would choose in an efficient market that reflects the economic principles of efficient pricing, consumer options and optimal planning. It discusses market principles, identifies existing transport market distortions, estimates how correcting these distortions would affect mobility and investigates the economic impacts. This analysis indicates that in more optimal transport and land use markets, consumers would choose to drive significantly less, use alternative modes more, choose more accessible locations, and be better off overall as a result.
      "Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis," ( http://www.vtpi. org/tca ). Many of the chapters in this comprehensive study have been updated to include new information, particularly extensive transportation costing analysis by the research CE Delft ( http://www.ce. nl/eng/index. html ), described below.
      Errata. the book, "Parking Management Best Practices" ( http://www.planning .org/apastore ) contains an embarrassing error. Table 2-1 ('Typical Minimum Parking Standards') has measurement units of "square miles", which is totally inappropriate. ..the correct unit is "square meters". Unfortunately, the abbreviation "sq. m." was misunderstood when it was expanded, and we failed to catch the error in the final review. The corrected Table 2-1 is available on the VTPI website at http://www.vtpi. org/PMBP_ Table2-1. pdf .
                          ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~
      Below are recently published reports and articles.
      'Transportation Market Distortions, ' in the "Berkeley Planning Journal," Volume 19, 2006, pp. 19-36; issue theme: "Sustainable Transport in the United States: From Rhetoric to Reality?" ( http://www-dcrp. ced.berkeley. edu/bpj ); available at http://www.vtpi. org/distortions_ BPJ.pdf .

      Auckland, City of Cars: Episode 3 ( http://www.youtube. com/watch? v=LO3d13EOfRI )
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      VTPI will participate in these upcoming events:
      "Transportation Problem Solving for Healthy Communities" Roads, Rails, and Trails Lecture Series ( http://uvic. commonenergy. org/wiki/ Roads,_Rails, _and_Trails )
      19:00 (7:00pm), Tuesday, May 22nd, Engineering and Computer Science Building, University of Victoria, British Columbia.
      "Sustainable TransForum" ( http://www.sustaina bletransforum. ca )
      May 28-29, 2007, Metro Toronto Convention Centre
      Over 30 speakers from across Canada and around the world will cover topics such as building sustainable communities, encouraging more active forms of transportation and transit use, using market based strategies to affect change, adapting infrastructure to address the challenges of climate change, and enhancing the efficiency of all modes of transportation. Sponsored by the Ontario Ministry of Transportation.
      "Making Compact Development Work for Everyone: Full Day Smart Growth"
      Coalition for Smart Growth, Lancaster County, PA
      Forum ( http://www.coalitio nforsmartgrowth. org/summit07. html )
      This conference will provide practical solutions and guidance to help decision makers, officials, planners, developers and community members for implementing the recommendations of Balance and assuring the future of Lancaster county balances growth, conservation and affordable housing and community development.
      "Transportation Land Use Impacts"
      June 4, 2007 - Vancouver, BC
      ( http://www.apeg. bc.ca/prodev/ events/transport _land_use_ van.html )
      This workshop describes practical methods for comprehensive evaluation of land use impacts resulting from transportation policy and planning decisions. It will explore these issues in the context of concerns about the costs of sprawl and the potential of smart growth development policies. For more information or to register for this session, please visit:
      "Parking Management Best Practices"
      June 5, 2007 - Vancouver, BC
      ( http://www.apeg. bc.ca/prodev/ events/parking_ mgmt.html )
      This workshop will investigate various parking management strategies and how they can be used to support transportation and land use planning objectives. It will discuss problems with current parking planning practices, discusses the costs of parking facilities and the savings that can result from improved management, describes specific parking management strategies and how they can be implemented, describes how parking planning decisions affect transportation and land use patterns, discusses parking management planning and evaluation, and describes how to develop the optimal parking management program in a particular situation. For more information or to register for this session, please visit:
      "Transportation and Air Quality" workshop at the Metropolis Commission Meeting on Urban Mobility Management in Seoul, Korea, June 11-15. Participants will also be able to experience for themselves Seoul's world-famous public transport and urban livability improvements ( http://www.nctr. usf.edu/jpt/ pdf/JPT%208- 5%20Pucher. pdf ). Metropolis ( http://www.metropol is.org ) is an international association of large cities. It is also the metropolitan section of the United Cities & Local Government organization (UCLG). Its mission is to promote international cooperation and exchanges among members, i.e., local and metropolitan governments.
      "How To Measure Access: Definition, Measurement And Consequences Of A Changed Set Of Objectives In Transportation Designed To Meet The Needs Of People" European Science Foundation Exploratory Workshop ( http://www.esf. org/activities/ exploratory- workshops/ social-sciences- scss/workshops- detail.html? ew=4854 )
      Sept 27-28, Dresden, Germany
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      "How to Handle Parking" Transit-Friendly Development: Newsletter of Transit-Oriented Development and Land Use In New Jersey
      ( http://policy. rutgers.edu/ vtc/tod/newslett er/vol3-num1/ TODParking. html )
      This article summarizes interviews with four experts discussing parking demand, design, financing, and management.
      FHWA (2007), Advanced Parking Management Systems: A Cross-Cutting Study, Report FHWA-JPO-07- 011, Intelligent Transportation Systems (www.its.dot. gov), FHWA, USDOT; available at www.its.dot. gov/jpodocs/ repts_te/ 14318.htm.
      Manual For Streets ( www.manualforstreet s.org.uk)
      The Manual for Streets, published by the UK Department for Transport and Communities and Local Government, provides practical guidance for balancing multiple, often conflicting objectives in roadway planning and management. This document:
      ·       Creates a new classification of roads which incorporates multi-functional streets such as 'main roads'.
      ·       Uses a new hierarchy of users, which places pedestrians at the top.
      ·       Proposes a new design process, designed to cater for engineering concerns about risk when adopting new design approaches.
      ·       Summarizes research into the relationship between street geometry, speed and so road crashes.
      ·       Summarizes extensive design guidance in one volume.
      David Banister (2007), "Visioning and Backcasting for UK Transport Policy" Bartlett School of Planning, University College London (www.ucl.ac.uk); at www.ucl.ac.uk/ ~ucft696/ vibat2.html. This research project involves estimating emission reductions needed to achieve 60% reduction in climate change emissions from baseline by 2030, and evaluates various packages of policies to achieve such reductions, including new technologies and travel reduction incentives.
      The research organization CE Delft has performed extensive analysis of transportation costs and pricing reforms, available free on their website ( http://www.ce. nl/eng/index. html ). These include:
      ·       "Infrastructure Expenditures and Costs: Practical Guidelines to Calculate Total Infrastructure Costs for Five Modes of Transport," for the European Commission (www.ec.europa. eu).
      ·      "Marginal Costs of Infrastructure Use – Towards a Simplified Approach."
      ·      "The Price of Transport: Overview of the Social Costs of Transport."
      John Pucher (2007), Cycling for Everyone: Key to Public and Political Support, keynote address at the 2007 National Bike Summit, League of American Bicyclists, Washington, DC, March 16, 2007; available at www.policy.rutgers. edu/faculty/ pucher/BikeSummi t2007COMP_ Mar25.pdf.
      John Pucher and Ralph Buehler (2006), “Why Canadians Cycle More Than Americans: A Comparative Analysis Of Bicycling Trends And Policies,” Transport Policy, Vol. 13, May, 2006, pp. 265–279; available at www.policy.rutgers. edu/faculty/ pucher/Transport PolicyArticle. pdf .
      Ethan M. Berke, Laura M. Gottlieb, Anne Vernez Moudon, Eric B. Larson (2007), "Protective Association Between Neighborhood Walkability and Depression in Older Men," Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (www.blackwell- synergy.com ), Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 526–533. This article reports on a study in Seattle of older men, and walking.  Not only did men living in walkable neighbourhoods get more exercise, but, mile for mile (after controlling for distance walked), their walks brought them into more contact with others, thereby reducing their chance of experiencing depression.
      CCAP (2005), Transportation Emissions Guidebook: Land Use, Transit & Transportation Demand Management, Center of Clean Air Policy (www.ccap.org/ guidebook). This Guidebook provides information on various smart growth and mobility management strategies, including rules-of-thumb estimates of VMT and emission reductions. Each part of the guidebook contains a series of policy briefs which include information about each strategy, including an overview, cobenefits, implementation, case studies and information resources. It includes a spreadsheet model that calculates total emission reductions from specific combinations of these strategies.
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      Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our email list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.

      Todd Alexander Litman
      Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)
      litman@vtpi. org
      Phone & Fax 250-360-1560
      1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, CANADA
      “Efficiency - Equity - Clarity”

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