VTPI NEWS - Summer 2006
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
"Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
Summer 2006 Vol. 9, No. 3
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi.org ) has many resources addressing a wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.
ONLINE TDM ENCYCLOPEDIA
The VTPI "Online TDM Encyclopedia" (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm ) is a comprehensive information resource to help identify and evaluate innovative management solutions to transport problems, available for free on our website. We continually update and expand the Encyclopedia.
As always, we appreciate feedback. Please let us know if you have suggestions for improving the Encyclopedia or our other resources.
"Smart Congestion Reductions: Reevaluating The Role Of Highway Expansion For Improving Urban Transportation " ( http://www.vtpi.org/cong_relief.pdf ).
This report investigates claims that highway capacity expansion is a cost effective and desirable solution to urban traffic congestion problems. It identifies errors in proponents' analysis that overestimate the congestion reduction impacts and economic benefits of roadway capacity expansion, overlook negative impacts of induced travel, and ignore more cost effective alternatives.
"Smart Congestion Reductions II: Reevaluating The Role Of Public Transit For Improving Urban Transportation" ( http://www.vtpi.org/cong_reliefII.pdf ).
This report investigates the role that public transit can play in reducing traffic congestion and achieving other transportation improvement objectives. It evaluates criticism that urban transit investments are ineffective at reducing traffic congestion and wasteful.
"Rethinking Malahat Solutions: Or, Why Spend A Billion Dollars If A Five-Million Dollar Solution Is Better Overall?" ( http://www.vtpi.org/malahat.pdf ).
This report evaluates various options for addressing traffic problems on the Malahat highway corridor, north of Victoria, British Columbia. It compares the costs and benefits of proposed highway expansion projects with an alternative that emphasizes improving vanpooling and public transit services.
"Win-Win Emission Reductions" ( http://www.vtpi.org/wwclimate.pdf )
This report describes a set of smart transportation emission reduction strategies that can achieve Kyoto emission reduction targets and provide other economic, social and environmental benefits
Below are recently published articles.
Todd Litman, "Managing Diverse Modes and Activities on Nonmotorized Facilities: Guidance for Practitioners," ITE Journal, Vol. 76, No. 6 (http://www.ite.org), June 2006, pp. 20-27.
This article explores the appropriate way to manage nonmotorized facilities (sidewalks, bikelanes, paths and trails), taking into account the increasingly diverse range of potential activities and modes. It is based on the paper "Managing Personal Mobility Devices On Nonmotorized Facilities" ( http://www.vtpi.org/man_nmt_fac.pdf ) by Todd Litman and Robin Blair.
"Issues In Sustainable Transportation," International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, Vol. 6, No. 4 ( http://www.vtpi.org/sus_iss.pdf ).
This paper by Todd Litman and David Burwell discusses issues related to the definition, evaluation and implementation of sustainable transportation.
Stephen Hume, "Premium, High-Quality' Transit Analyst's Idea To Boost Ridership," Vancouver Sun ( http://www.canada.com/vancouversun/news/archives/story.html?id=fab0bad4-14ae-4c0c-a3b2-0ea1df3da8ce ), 17 June 2006. This article, based on an interview with VTPI Director Todd Litman, describes innovative ways to improve transit service and encourage transit ridership in the Vancouver region.
BEEN THERE/DONE THAT
VTPI presented papers at the following events:
"How to Evaluate Travel Demand Programs Taking Into Account Their Multiple Benefits, " plenary address, Southern Africa Transport Conference ( http://www.up.ac.za/academic/civil/satc.html ), Pretoria, South Africa, July 2006.
"Cities Connect: How Urbanity Helps Achieve Social Inclusion Objectives, " presented at the Metropolis Conference ( http://www.metropolis.org ), 15 June 2006, Toronto, Canada; presentation available at www.vtpi.org/citiesconnect.pdf.
"Dialogue Panel Energy: Location Action, Global Impact," World Urban Forum III ( http://www.unhabitat.org/wuf ), Vancouver, Canada, 22 June 2006.
VTPI will present papers at the following events:
"First International Conference on Citizens and Mobility Management" ( http://www.congresomovilidad.com/eng/welcome.htm ), September 25-27, Madrid, Spain.
"2006 CIVITAS Forum Annual Meeting" ( http://www.civitas-initiative.org )
"Cities in motion: towards a new role for cities in European transport policy". Burgos (Spain), 25-27 September 2006
"AutoConsequences: Automobilization and its Social Implications," ( http://www.sfu.ca/traffic-safety/events.html ), hosted by the Traffic Safety Project, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada.
"New Zealand Walking Conference," ( http://www.livingstreets.org.nz/walking_2006.htm ), Christchurch, New Zealand, 3 - 4 Nov.
"Best Practices in Parking Management: Symposium," Rail~Volution 2006 (http://www.railvolution.com ), Chicago, Illinois, November 5 - 8, 2006.
"National Conference for Disaster Planning for the Carless Society" ( http://www.carlessevacuation.org ), University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 8-9, 2007 (Note: The first weekend of Mardi Gras parades begin February 10th)
Below are new information resources that you may find useful.
"Cascadia Scorecard 2006: Focus on Sprawl and Public Health" ( http://www.sightline.org/research/cascadia_scorecard/res_pubs/cs2006 ), by the Sightline Institute (previously Northwest Environment Watch). This years report summarizes research on the connections between the shape of cities and health. It found that:
* Cities are safer than suburbs.
* Residents of walkable communities are less likely to be obese and suffer from related diseases.
* Simple steps that increase walking can help save billions of dollars in medical costs and lost productivity in a region.
DCE, et al, "Understanding The Relationship Between Public Health And The Built Environment: A Report Prepared For The LEED-ND Core Committee," ( http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=1480 )2006.
This report summarizes research regarding the links between public health and neighborhood design, and provides recommendations about how this knowledge can be integrated into the LEED-ND rating system.
"Plan for Active Transportation & Health" (www.nrsrcaa.org/path)
This program developed transportation policy reforms suitable for Humboldt County, California and other rural communities.
Bill Hillier and Ozlem Sahbaz, "High Resolution Analysis of Crime Patterns in Urban Street Networks: An Initial Statistical Sketch From An Ongoing Study Of A London Borough," University College London ( www.spacesyntax.tudelft.nl/media/Long%20papers%20I/hilliersahbaz.pdf ), 2006. This paper evaluates claims that smart growth increases crime. The analysis indicates that smart growth features such as compact development and connected streets tend to increase natural surveillance and community interactions which reduce crime.
Michael M'Gonigle and Justine Starke, "Planet U: Sustaining the World, Reinventing The University," New Society Publishing ( http://www.newsociety.com ), 2006.
This new book by researchers at the University of Victoria describes ways that campuses can be managed to achieve sustainability objectives, including increased energy efficiency, reduced vehicle travel, and improving planning practices. The authors provide numerous examples and case studies of successful campus resource management programs.
"Climate Protection Manual For Mayors" ( http://www.natcapsolutions.org/ClimateProtectionManual.htm ).
This report provides case studies, best practices, cost/benefit analyses, legislation, and contacts to facilitate local energy conservation and emission reduction planning and program implementation.
"Travel-time Maps and their Uses" ( http://www.mysociety.org/2006/travel-time-maps/index.php ).
This website describes how 'Travel-time Maps' can be used to indicate the time needed to travel from a particular origin to other areas, and compare accessibility by different modes.
William H. Lucy and David L. Phillips, "Tomorrow's Cities, Tomorrow's Suburbs" Planners Press ( http://www.planning.org/bookservice/description.htm?BCODE=ATCT ), 2006.
This book examines development trends in cities and suburbs. It finds evidence of urban growth and risks of decline in suburbs. It examines popular perceptionsand misperceptionsabout safety and danger in cities, suburbs, and exurbs. It also offers practical policies to create conditions in which both cities and suburbs can thrive.
San Francisco Parking Policies ( www.livablecity.org/campaigns/c3.html)
The city of San Francisco recently implemented policies that require parking spaces be sold or leased separately from dwellings in certain types of developments (called unbundling), reduces or eliminates minimum parking requirements so developers can supply parking based on market demand, requires bicycle and carshare parking, and improves parking facility design.
"On Common Ground: New Urbanism Is Blooming," ( http://www.realtor.org/SG3.nsf/Pages/summer06 ) is a special issue of the magazine of the National Association of Realtor which has several articles on new urbanism and smart growth.
Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our email list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.
Todd Alexander Litman
Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)
Phone & Fax 250-360-1560
1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, CANADA
Efficiency - Equity - Clarity