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  • eric.britton@ecoplan.org
    Greetings! I am forwarding to you the following newsletter on transport in developing countries. I think you will find it really useful. The announcements of
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 15, 2000

      I am forwarding to you the following newsletter on transport in developing
      countries. I think you will find it really useful. The announcements of new
      books, web sites and of new conferences are always very helpful. The
      news items are short and interesting with links on where to find out more.
      I find that it's a good way to keep up with this issue without being too
      overwhelmed by emails.

      If you want to get it regularly by email just ask Paul Barter at
      the SUSTRAN Resource Centre (sustran@... or you can
      look at their website http://www.malaysiakini.com/sustran).

      Best wishes.

      SUSTRAN NEWS FLASH #38 14 June 2000
      News update on people-centred, equitable and sustainable
      transport with a focus on countries in the global 'South'.

      Produced for the Sustainable Transport Action Network for
      Asia and the Pacific (the SUSTRAN Network)

      by the SUSTRAN Resource Centre, P.O. Box 11501,
      50748 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. E-mail: sustran@...,
      URL: http://www.malaysiakini.com/sustran/

      1. Transport at CSD
      2. ANNOUNCEMENT: New SUSTRAN Network Secretariat from October
      3. Car Free Asian Cities on Earth Day
      4. Hanoi Public Transport Plan Stalls
      5. Fuel Price Woes in Nigeria and Indonesia
      6. More Worry over "Ho Chi Minh Highway"
      7. Japanese Victory for Accessible Transport
      8. Bogotá and Ecoplan Win Stockholm Environment Prize
      9. Delhi CHAOS over Ban of Old Buses
      10. Australian "Safety" Plan to Discourage Cycling and Walking
      11. Cycling Promotion Fund from Bicycle Industry
      14. Quick Quote

      Did you get this News Flash from someone else? Contact
      sustran@... to make sure you don't miss future editions.

      Do you have your copy of "TAKING STEPS: A COMMUNITY ACTION GUIDE
      web site (http://www.malaysiakini.com/sustran) for information on
      how to order or to download sample pages. The book is free for
      relevant non-profit organisations in the South. But numbers are

      Transport is to be a key focus of the 9th Session of the UN
      Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) in April 2001.
      Transport is considered in Agenda 21 in the context of several
      chapters, including, among others, Chapter 9 on Atmosphere and
      Chapter 7 on Human Settlements. Over the next twenty years,
      transportation is expected to be the major driving force behind
      growing world demand for energy. It is the largest end-user of
      energy in developed countries and the fastest growing one in most
      developing countries. (http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/transp.htm
      and http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd9/csd9_2001.htm).

      Starting on 1 October 2000 the Sustainable Transport Action
      Network for Asia and the Pacific (the SUSTRAN Network) will have
      a new host for its Secretariat. This decision was one of the
      highlights of the successful SUSTRAN Network Assembly meeting in
      Jakarta on 1 June. Pelangi Indonesia will be taking over from the
      SUSTRAN Resource Centre in Kuala Lumpur. Dr Bambang Susantono,
      Pelangi's chief transport person, will be coordinating the new
      secretariat on behalf of the new Indonesian Forum on
      Transportation (Infortrans), a coalition of Indonesian NGOs and

      Congratulations to Pelangi, to Infortrans and to Bambang. The
      SUSTRAN Resource Centre will continue to contribute to the
      network by focusing on research and information services (such
      as these News Flashes). (Contact: Dr Bambang Susantono, Pelangi
      Indonesia, Jl. Danau Tondano no. A-4, Jakarta 10210, Indonesia.
      Fax: +62 21 573-2503, Email: bsantono@..., Web:

      MANY THANKS to all who made the effort to help organise and to
      attend the SUSTRAN Network Assembly meeting, to Pelangi
      Indonesia for hosting the meeting, to the Institute for
      Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) (http://www.itdp.org)
      for sponsoring several participants. Thanks also to the
      organising committee of the excellent and inspiring International
      Conference on Sustainable Transport and Clean Air for sponsoring
      several SUSTRAN Network members to attend the conference, which
      then also allowed them to be able to attend the SUSTRAN meeting.

      Sixteen cities in South Korea went "car-free" on April 23rd to
      celebrate Earth Day. In Seoul a major thoroughfare, Sejong Street,
      and the surrounding area was filled with an environmental fair,
      including a bicycle parade and environmental art exhibit, to draw
      attention to air pollution problems. Japan, Indonesia and Nepal
      also participated in car-free days as part of an Asian focus on
      air pollution.
      See http://www.gnet.org/Coldfusion/News_Page2.cfm?NewsID=10000

      An ambitious plan for buses to meet one-third of Hanoi's public
      transport needs by the end of this year has stalled due to lack
      of funds. Currently only 300 buses run in Hanoi and (partly due
      to fare leakage) all three-bus companies rely on sideline
      businesses such as children's toys, garaging cars and operating
      maintenance workshops to help run their services. (see April 19
      message on the sustran-discuss list at

      A 50% rise in fuel prices in NIGERIA in early June sparked riots
      and a general strike across the south-western part of Nigeria.
      Today the Government has relented and will now impose a much
      smaller price rise. Indonesia is also struggling again with the
      thorny issue of its huge subsidy on fuels. It is an enormous
      drain on Government resources at a time of continuing economic
      crisis. And most of the benefits of the subsidy seem to go to
      the wealthier parts of the population. Yet no-one seems to have
      an answer on how to phase out the subsidy without hurting the poor
      and without endangering the fragile political stability. (See
      messages on 3 and 14 April, 6 and 9 June 2000 on sustran-discuss
      at http://www.malaysiakini.com/sustran/discussion.htm).

      Fears over this road project and its potential impacts on Cuc
      Phuong National Park (NP) were the focus of a dialogue on 17 May
      at the National Environment Agency organised by the Vietnam Forum
      of Environmental Journalists (VFEJ). Local environmentalists and
      international organisations expressed concern over the planned
      project. (Source: Nguyen Diep Hoa, Forum of Environmental
      Journalists (VFEJ) and distributed by the Asia Pacific Forum of
      Environmental Journalists (AFEJ) HQ. Fax:(+94-1) 826607, Email:
      sobacine@..., http://www.oneworld.org/slejf also see
      message on May 19, 2000 on sustran-discuss at

      The campaign to win accessible transport for people with
      disabilities scored a success in JAPAN this year. After a 12-year
      struggle a "Barrier-free Transportation Act" (albeit still with
      defects) will be passed in this Diet session in Japan. More
      information is at http://member.nifty.ne.jp/shojin/ (this was
      passed on by Topong Kulkhanchit, Access Officer, DPI-Thailand.
      Email: handipro@...)

      The Commons (an initiative of Ecoplan) and the City of Bogotá
      were awarded the Stockholm Challenge Award in Environment for
      their collaboration on the successful Bogotá Car Free Day which
      took place on Thursday, 24 February 2000 see News Flash #37
      They were competing with 94 finalists chosen from 612 nominated
      projects. Enrique Peñalosa, Mayor of Bogotá, and Eric Britton
      of Ecoplan were in Stockholm to receive the award. For more
      information go to "@World Car Free Day" at

      New Delhi public transport was severely disrupted in early April
      when a Supreme Court Order forced the withdrawal of 1,750 Delhi
      Transport Corporation (DTC) buses (the State-owned operator) and
      2,100 contract buses (mostly school buses). The court order
      banned all buses over 8 years old from operating in the city
      unless they were converted to compressed natural gas (CNG). DTC
      pressed its entire fleet of 750 inter-state buses onto city routes
      but this was still grossly inadequate. Many people were stranded
      during the first few days.

      Environmentalists and others criticised the Delhi State Government
      for not taking action in the 22 months between the court order and
      its enforcement. Public transport operators and unions faulted the
      government for not arguing its case for an alternative plan or
      postponement well enough in court. DCT had opposed the blanket
      ruling, proposing instead that Euro II emissions standards be
      adopted - allowing older diesel engines to remain on the road if
      they could meet the standards. It failed in a last minute attempt
      to have the court postpone the order. In fact, the court has also
      ordered that ALL buses in Delhi must run on CNG by April 1, 2001.
      The Delhi Government in turn blamed the Central government for
      failing to provide enough infrastructure for CNG refuelling in the

      The influential environment group, Centre for Science and
      Environment (CSE) supports the Court's CNG ruling, saying that
      DCT was simply stalling,. CSE says the Euro II standards are too
      lax and points to the extreme particulate pollution problem with
      winter PM10 levels reaching as incredibly high as 800
      microgrammes per cubic meter (µg/cum).

      However, most economists would point out in this situation that
      it is not efficient to require specific technologies. They would
      argue that policy-makers should set emissions standards and allow
      manufacturers and operators to find ways to meet the target with
      whatever technology can do the job. But the court has already

      (For more on this see messages in early April on sustran-discuss
      at http://www.malaysiakini.com/sustran/discussion.htm).

      In February 1999 the Australian Minister for Transport and
      Regional Development launched a national cycling strategy which
      promised to promote cycling in all spheres of government and
      improve cyclist safety. A year later the same minister's
      department prepared a national road safety strategy that
      identifies cycling as less safe than motorised transport AND
      that transport and land use planning should discourage less-safe
      transport modes. Submissions from cyclists all over Australia
      were ignored by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB).

      Around the world a new approach to road safety is gaining
      ground. This "Road Danger Reduction" approach urges that
      vulnerable road users be both protected AND encouraged. Instead
      this new draft road safety strategy puts most priority on car
      occupants and explicitly aims to discourage vulnerable road
      users, such as cyclists. A senior member of the ATSB even said
      that promoting cycling and walking might be "health" and
      "environment" policy but it is not transport policy.
      Fortunately, State transport ministers in Australia declined to
      endorse the strategy at the last minute (although for other
      reasons). So a high level task force has been established to
      review the NRSS. Australian cycling and pedestrian advocates are
      pushing for the environment and health effects of transport to
      be given appropriate weight in the revised document. (Source:
      based on information from Dr Harry Owen, Bicycle Federation of
      Australia, Email: Harry.Owen@..., Web:

      A Cycling Promotion Fund has been set up by the Australian
      bicycle industry to assist Australian voluntary organisations
      and individuals with projects aimed at increasing bicycle use.
      Such initiatives seem to be a growing (and welcome) trend, even
      if it has often taken a very long time for cycling advocates to
      persuade their business friends. Similar things have begun to
      happen in Taiwan and the United States. (Contact: Michael Oxer,
      Cycling Promotion Fund Secretariat, c/- PO Box 5085 Alphington,
      Vic 3078, Australia. Fax +60 3 9499 2552, Email:
      oxerm@..., http://www.cycling-australia.com).


      available free of charge under The Commons web site. World
      Transport Policy and Practice provides a high-quality medium
      for original and creative ideas in world transport. Volume 6,
      Number 1 is now available at http://ecoplan.org/wtpp/
      "ONLINE TDM ENCYCLOPEDIA" (draft version) by the Victoria
      Transport Policy Institute is now posted at
      http://www.vtpi.org/tdm. This is a unique and comprehensive
      resource for Transportation Demand Management planning and

      Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP) in Surabaya
      (being conducted by GTZ) http://www.sutp.org/

      NEW BOOK: "Carfree Cities" by J.H. Crawford (2000) - a
      "groundbreaking new book" 324 pages, 60 drawings, 170 photos.
      (for more information see http://www.carfree.com).

      "RURAL ACCESSIBILITY PLANNING TOOL" - an 8-step tool to help
      communities and local organisations identify their access
      problems and propose solutions (Contact: Dr Fatemeh Ali-Nejadfard,
      Senior Technical Advisor, Access and Rural Employment, ILO/ASIST,
      PO Box 210, Harare, Zimbabwe. Fax: +263 4 759427, email:

      The Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa
      (ATNESA) is developing a website at URL http://www.atnesa.org

      Article on gender and urban transport issues with a focus on
      Bangkok, "Faring Badly: The Gender Aspects of Travelling", by
      Teena Gill of PANOS news service is at:

      TOUR OF THE FIREFLIES (Metro Manila's annual mass bike ride
      against pollution) http://www.fireflybrigade.org/

      "Forum News" from the International Forum for Rural Transport
      and Development (IFRTD). A must read newsletter for anyone with
      an interest in addressing rural poverty and rural transport.
      (PLEASE TAKE NOTE: IFRTD has moved premises!! Their new
      contact details are: Priyanthi Fernando and Mike Noyes, IFRTD
      Secretariat, 2 Spitfire Studios, 63-71 Collier Street, London
      N1 9BE, United Kingdom. Tel: +44 20 7713 6699, Fax: +44 20
      7713 8290, Email: ifrtd@..., Web:

      "Urban Transport in the Asian and Pacific Region" theme of
      Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific
      No. 68 and "Participatory Approach to Transport Infrastructure
      Development" theme of Transport and Communications Bulletin for
      Asia and the Pacific No. 69 - both now available from the United
      Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
      (UN-ESCAP). UN publicaton sales numbers E.00.II.F.22, E.00.II.F.23.

      **CALL FOR PAPERS: The Transport and Communications Bulletin for
      Asia and the Pacific is now calling for papers for the next two
      Issues: No. 70 on "Logistics for the improvement of transport
      efficiency of domestic goods traffic" and No. 71 on "Governance
      for sustainable development in the transport sector" (Contact:
      Director, TCTIDD, UN ESCAP, Fax: +662-280 6042, E-mail:
      moon.unescap@..., http://www.unescap.org/tctd/index.htm).

      "Public Transport International" is the official publication of
      UITP (International Union of Public Transport). Bimonthly, 48
      pages published in English, French, German and Russian and with
      a shortened version in Japanese and Chinese. (Contact: Doriano
      ANGOTZI, Sales, International Association of Public Transport -
      UITP, avenue Herrmann-Debroux 17, B-1160 Bruxelles Belgium. Fax:
      +32 2 660 1072, E-mail: publications@...,
      doriano.angotzi@..., Web: http://www.uitp.com/).


      "VELO MONDIALE 2000 World Bicycle Conference", June 18-22, 2000,
      Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (Contact: Congress Organisation
      Services, PO Box 1558, 6501 BN Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Fax:
      +31 24 360 1159, http://www.velomondial2000.nl/).

      "Reinventing Mobility - Challenge of the 21st Century", June
      24 - 27, 2000, Bremen, Germany. Organised by Bremen initiative,
      the global campaign for business-municipality partnership towards
      a sustainable future for cities. (For further information:
      Ecolo-Ecology and Communication, Leher Heerstr. 102, D-28359
      Bremen - Germany. Tel: +49-421-2300110; Fax:+49-421-23001118;
      E-mail: conference2000@..., Visit

      American Urban Mass Transportation Trade Mission to Thailand,
      Singapore, Malaysia. July 19-28, 2000 jointly developed by the
      Federal Transit Administration, The American Public Transportation
      Association and the US Department of Commerce. [Contact: Mark C.
      O'Grady, USDOC Liaison Officer, International Mass Transportation
      Partnership, Federal Transit Administration, USDOT, Office of
      Research, Demonstration & Innovation, 400 Seventh St., SW; Room
      9401, Washington, DC 20590. Fax: +1 202.366.3765, Email:
      mark.ogrady@..., Web: http://www.usatrade.gov/imtp)

      "6th International Conference on Urban Transport and the
      Environment for the 21st Century", July 26-28, 2000, Cambridge,
      UK. (Contact: Sally Walsh, Conference Secretariat, UT 2000,
      Wessex Institute of Technology, Ashurst Lodge, Ashurst,
      Southampton, SO40 7AA, United Kingdom. Fax: +44 238 029 2853,
      Email: slwalsh@...)

      "Traffic Safety on Three Continents", September 20-22, 2000,
      CSIR Conference Centre, Pretoria, South Africa. (Contact: Dr
      Richard Pain, Transportation Research Board, 2101 Constitution
      Ave. NW, Washington DC, 204 18 USA. Fax: +1 202 334 2003,
      Email: rpain@...).

      "UITP Melbourne 2000 Public Transport Conference Event", 8 - 13
      October 2000, includes the UITP Light Rail Conference and the
      Asia/Pacific Congress and City Transport Exhibition. (See
      http://www.lightrail2000.vic.gov.au or http://www.uitp.com).

      "Smart Urban Transport - Using Transitways and Busways"
      conference, 17-20 October 2000, Brisbane, Australia (Contact:
      Ozaccom Conference Services, PO Box 164, Fortitude Valley QLD,
      Australia 4006. Tel: +617-38541611 Fax: +617-38541507, Email:

      "XI Panamerican Conference in Traffic and Transportation
      Engineering" , 19-23 November, 2000, Gramado, state of Rio
      Grande do Sul, Brazil. [Contact: Dr. Luis Antonio Lindau,
      President of the Organising Committee, Escola de Engenharia/UFRGS,
      Praça Argentina n.9 Sala 408, 90040-020 Porto Alegre, Brasil.
      Tel: +55 51 316 3596, Fax : +55 51 316 4007, email:
      panam@..., http://www.ufrgs.br/panam/eng/index.htm).

      "4th International Workshop on Transportation Planning &
      Implementation Methodologies for Developing Countries: Transport
      Infrastructure (Contact: Prof. S. L. Dhingra / Dr K. V. Krishna
      Rao, Co-ordinators, TPMDC-2000, Transportation Systems Engineering
      Group, Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of
      Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai - 400 076, India. Fax:
      +91 22 5767302/5783480, Email: tpmdc2k@...).

      "Australia: Walking the 21st Century - An International Walking
      Conference", 20-22 February 2001. Perth, Western Australia.
      (Contact: John Seaton - Manager, Pedestrian Strategy,
      Metropolitan Division, Department of Transport, PO Box 7272
      Cloisters Square, Perth 6850, Western Australia, Australia. Tel:
      +61 8 9313 8680, Fax: +61 8 9320 9497, e-mail:

      54th UITP International Congress to be held in London, 20-25 May
      2001. International Exhibition of Public Transport - City
      Transport 2001. London, England, 21-24 May 2001. In conjunction
      with the 54th UITP International Congress. (International
      Association of Public Transport (UITP), Avenue Herrmann-Debroux 17,
      B-1160 Brussels, Belgium, Tel:+32 2 673 6100, Fax: +32 2 660 1072,
      E-mail: administration@..., URL: http://www.uitp.com).

      "Transed 2001: Towards Safety, Independence and Security. 9th
      International Conference on Mobility and Transport for Elderly
      and Disabled People." Warsaw, Poland, 2-5 July 2001.
      ABSTRACTS DEADLINE 20 June 2000. (Contact: TRANSED, 02-783
      Warsaw 59, PO Box 10, Poland. Fax: +48 22 8316526, Email:

      "9th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR)" to be held
      at ASEM International Convention Center, Seoul, July 22-27, 2001.
      Co-organisers: Korean Society of Transportation & The Korea
      Transport Institute. Deadline for submission of abstracts April
      15, 2000. (For further information, contact: Secretariat of 9th
      WCTR Conference, The Korea Transport Institute, 2311 Daehwa-Dong,
      Ilsan-Gu, Koyang-city, Kyonggi-Do, 411-410, KOREA. Tel :
      +82-344-910-3100, Fax: +82-344-910-3200, Email:
      wctr@..., Web: http://www.koti.re.kr/~wctr).

      "Fourth Conference of the Eastern Asian Society for Transportation
      Studies (EASTS)", Hanoi, Vietnam, 24-26 October 2001 hosted by the
      Transportation Science Society of Vietnam (TSSV) [Contact: Office
      of the EASTS Secretary General, c/o Association for Planning and
      Transportation Studies, K-Wing 6F, 5-2-1 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku,
      Tokyo 102-0083, Japan. Tel: +81 3 32651774, Fax: +81 3 32215489,
      Email: easts@...-net.ne.jp,

      14. QUICK QUOTE
      Dato' Seri Samy Vellu, Malaysian Minister for Public Works,
      responded as follows to attacks from civic groups over Government
      plans to go ahead with a massive new bridge-tunnel between Penang
      Island and the mainland:

      "This is not a privatised project. This is a government project
      and there is no need for public opinion...". He went on to say
      that there would be no proper roads in the country if public
      opinion was needed for construction of roads. He said the
      Government was borrowing money from overseas to undertake the
      project and not utilising public funds.

      (for more details on the Penang "Third Link" controversy see
      several messages in late March on the Malaysia Transport list

      Written and compiled by A. Rahman Paul Barter

      We rely on you for our news. Please keep the contributions coming.
      We welcome brief news and announcements from all over the world.

      The Sustainable Transport Action Network for Asia & the Pacific
      (the SUSTRAN Network) promotes and popularises people-centred,
      equitable and sustainable transport with a focus on Asia and the
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