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VTPI News, Fall 2003

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  • Todd Alexander Litman
    ... VTPI NEWS ... Victoria Transport Policy Institute Efficiency - Equity - Clarity ... Fall 2003 Vol. 6, No. 4 ... The Victoria Transport Policy
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 10, 2003
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      Victoria Transport Policy Institute
      "Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
      Fall 2003 Vol. 6, No. 4

      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research
      organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation
      problems. The VTPI website (www.vtpi.org) has many resources addressing a
      wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides
      consulting services.

      The VTPI "Online TDM Encyclopedia" (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm) is the most
      comprehensive resource available anywhere to help identify and evaluate
      innovative management solutions to transport problems. We have been busy
      expanding and updating the Encyclopedia. Below are new chapters. Many other
      chapters have been updated and expanded.

      * "Asset Management" (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm109.htm)
      Asset Management refers to policies and programs designed to preserve the
      value of assets such as vehicles, roads, parking facilities and buildings,
      which often support TDM.

      * "Multi-Modal Access Guides" (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm113.htm)
      This chapter describes how to develop a Transportation Access Guide (TAG),
      which provides concise, customized directions to a particular destination
      by walking, cycling, driving and public transit.

      * "Change Management" (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm114.htm)
      Change Management involves various attitudes, techniques and resources that
      support innovation and reform. Change Management recognizes that there
      tends to be inertia in existing institutions which must be overcome in
      order to implement innovative solutions and create more efficient,
      responsive and resilient systems.

      We have posted several important new documents on our website.

      William Vickrey, "Automobile Accidents, Tort Law, Externalities, and
      Insurance: An Economist’s Critique," originally published in Law and
      Contemporary Problems, 33, 1968 (http://www.vtpi.org/vic_acc.pdf).
      This is a seminal article concerning traffic accident costs and vehicle
      insurance pricing reform by Professor William Vickrey, winner of the 1996
      Nobel Prize for economics. It describes how to determine the marginal
      accident costs of vehicle travel, identifies several problems associated
      with current insurance pricing and compensation practices, and proposes
      innovative solutions. It recommends distance-based pricing, that is, basing
      premiums directly on annual vehicle mileage.

      "Financing Transit Systems Through Value Capture: An Annotated
      Bibliography" (Previously titled: "Does Public Transit Service Raise Nearby
      Property Values Enough To Pay For Itself Were The Value Captured?") Jeffery
      J. Smith and Thomas A. Gihring (http://www.vtpi.org/smith.htm).
      This paper examines research on the land value impacts of public transit
      service, and particularly whether the value increases can repay some or all
      of public transit service costs. It summarizes the results of more than 70
      studies. Many studies indicate significant increases in property values
      near transit stations, often representing enough incremental value and
      potential tax revenue to fund a significant portion of transit investment
      funding requirements.

      "Induced Travel Bibliography," By Robert Noland
      This bibliography provides several dozen references concerning induced
      vehicle travel and its implications.

      Todd Litman, "Evaluating Criticism of Smart Growth"
      (www.vtpi.org/sgcritics.pdf), 2003.
      This paper evaluates criticisms of Smart Growth land use policies. It
      defines the concept of Smart Growth and the benefits it can provide. It
      examines various criticisms of Smart Growth. This analysis indicates that
      many claims by critics reflect an incomplete understanding of Smart Growth,
      and inaccurate analysis.


      "Economic Value of Walkability," Transportation Research Record 1828,
      Transportation Research Board (www.trb.org), 2003, pp. 3-11; also available
      at the VTPI website (www.vtpi.org/walkability.pdf).
      This paper describes ways to quantify the value of walking (the activity)
      and walkability (the quality of walking conditions, including safety,
      comfort and convenience). Current transport planning practices tend to
      undervalue walking. More comprehensive analysis can increase public support
      for walking and other nonmotorized modes of travel.

      "Measuring Transportation: Traffic, Mobility and Accessibility," ITE
      Journal (www.ite.org), Vol. 73, No. 10, October 2003, pp. 28-32; available
      at the VTPI website (www.vtpi.org/measure.pdf).
      This article compares three approaches to measuring transportation system
      performance and discusses their effects on planning decisions.

      "Integrating Public Health Objectives in Transportation Decision-Making,"
      American Journal of Health Promotion (www.healthpromotionjournal.com), Vol.
      18, No. 1, Sept./Oct. 2003, pp. 103-108; also available at the VTPI website
      This editorial explores how transportation decision-making can better
      support public health objectives, including reduced crashes and pollution
      emissions, and more physical activity. Raising the priority of health
      objectives supports planning reforms that result in a more balanced
      transportation system. Integrating health objectives into transportation
      planning may be a cost-effective way to improve public health.

      "Mobility Management," Sustainable Transport Sourcebook,
      (http://www.vtpi.org/gtz_module.pdf), published by the Sustainable Urban
      Transport Project in Asia (www.sutp.org) and GTZ (www.gtz.de). The
      Sourcebook is a toolkit to help policy-makers develop more sustainable
      urban transportation systems. The full set of modules are now available in
      print, and some are posted at the SUTP website

      "Non-Motorized Transportation Demand Management," Sustainable Transport:
      Planning for Walking and Cycling in Urban Environments (Rodney Tolley,
      ed.), Woodhead Publishing Ltd (www.woodhead-publishing.com), 2003. This
      book includes more than four-dozen chapters by leading experts in
      nonmotorized transportation planning covering a wide range of issues.

      As mentioned in our Summer newsletter, we are currently writing a "Parking
      Management Best Practices" book, to be published by Planners Press. We
      would like to find case studies and practioners’ experience implementing
      any form of parking management strategies. Please let us know if you can
      help with this project.

      During the last few months we have participated in several exciting events:

      * "TDM and Planning: Best Practices," Travel Smart Program, Melbourne,
      Australia, 24 November 2003. During this presentation a local planner
      described how he had used information posted on the VTPI website to
      overcome resistance to their parking management program and successfully
      implement new policies. It’s wonderful to receive such positive feedback!

      * "Valuing Non-Motorized Transport," keynote presentation at the Connecting
      Cycling Conference, 20 November 2003, Canberra, Australia
      (www.bfa.asn.au/conference/index.htm). A wonderful conference covering all
      aspects of bicycle planning and program development.

      * "Sustainable Mobility: Reducing Car Use through TDM and Least-Cost
      Planning," presented at the Institute for Sustainable Futures, Sydney,
      Australia, 19 November 2003. This workshop attracted a diverse range of
      transportation planning professionals from the Sydney region.

      * "TOD Parking Management: Balance Between Transit and TOD Parking,"
      Rail~Volution (http://www.railvolution.com), Atlanta, Georgia, 13 September
      2003. This presentation described ways to use management strategies to
      address parking problems around rail transit stations.

      * "Transit Supportive Policies: Mobility Management and Smart Growth To
      Increase BRT Ridership and Efficiency," presented at the Seminario
      Internacional Sobre Las Implicaciones Del Provecto De Corredores Ecxlusivos
      Para El Transporte Publico De La Ciudad De Mexico (International Seminar
      Concerning Implications of Dedicated Busways In Mexico City), 3 September
      2003. Mexico City officials are planning to construct a Bus Rapid Transit
      system, similar to the successful TransMilenio Busway in Bogota, Columbia
      (www.transmilenio.gov.co) and Bus Rapid Transit in Curitiba, Brazil. Our
      presentation explored the benefits that such a system can provide, and
      identified transport and land use policies to help optimize these benefits.

      * "The Great Debate: Smart Growth Pro and Con," with Wendell Cox at the 2nd
      Urban Streets Symposium, Anaheim, California, 30 July 2003. This was an
      opportunity to examine and respond to criticisms of Smart Growth by a
      leading advocate of urban sprawl and automobile dependency. For more
      information see our paper "Evaluating Criticism of Smart Growth," described

      The Victoria Transport Policy Institute announces a new partnership with
      SIGEA (Sistemas Integrales de Gestión Ambiental or “Integral Systems for
      Environmental Management”) in Mexico City. SIGEA is an established
      environmental management firm directed by Dr. Leonardo Martínez Flores. It
      will provide VTPI services directly in Mexico, and will work to promote
      sustainable transportation concepts among decision makers.

      Mexico is struggling with various problems resulting from growing motor
      vehicle traffic. Addressing these problems will require innovative
      management solutions to encourage more efficient use of transportation
      resources. This requires more comprehensive analysis to help identify the
      solutions that are most cost-effective overall, when all economic, social
      and environmental impacts are considered.

      Transportation Research Board (TRB) 83rd Annual Meeting (http://www.trb.org).
      The TRB Annual Meeting is a major international event held each January in
      Washington DC. This year it is likely to attract more than eight thousand
      transportation professionals from all over the world. It is an opportunity
      for people involved in a wide range of transportation research issues to
      exchange information and collaborate on projects.

      VTPI is involved in several sessions.

      * Workshop 121 "Best Practices in Value Pricing," Sunday, January 11,
      2004, 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM, Hilton. Litman: 'Economic Theory and Pricing
      Reforms' and 'Non-facility Transportation Pricing Reforms'

      * Session 421 "London: Pricing Sustainable Urban Transport," Hilton,
      Tuesday, 8:009:45 AM. Litman: session coordinator (For an overview see
      http://www.vtpi.org/london.pdf ).

      * Session 629 "Segway Technology and Experience," Hilton, Wednesday,
      8:009:45 AM. Litman & Blair: 'Managing Personal Mobility Devices in
      Nonmotorized Facilities' (04-2286)

      * Session 698, "Nonmotorized Transport: Asia and Africa," Wednesday,
      January 14, 2004, 2:30 PM - 4:00 PM, Hilton. Litman: 'Emerging Research
      Issues in Nonmotorized Transport'(P04-1120)

      3rd Annual New Partners for Smart Growth Conference
      (http://www.outreach.psu.edu/C&I/SmartGrowth) Portland, Oregon, January
      22-24, 2004
      On-line registration is now open for the 3rd Annual New Partners for Smart
      Growth Conference. This multidisciplinary event will highlight cutting-edge
      smart-growth issues and will feature the latest research, implementation
      tools and strategies, successful case studies, new partners, new projects,
      and new policies.

      Pro Walk - Pro Bike Victoria 2004, September 7 10, 2004, Victoria, British
      Columbia (http://www.bikewalk.org).
      Next year, the major bi-annual international walking and cycling conference
      will be held in our home town, Victoria, BC. The National Center for
      Bicycling and Walking (NCBW) in Washington, DC is preparing the call for
      papers for the Pro Walk Pro Bike conference, on the theme of "Creating
      Active Communities", to focus on the link between community design and
      health. Pro Walk - Pro Bike is a forum for sharing practical solutions,
      best practices and successful strategies for supporting healthy and
      sustainable lifestyles and transportation choices. It will both inspire
      participants and provide them with specific, hands-on tools for making more
      walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.


      European Transport Pricing Initiative Newsletter
      (http://www.mcicam.net/MCICAM-news.pdf) is produced by MC-ICAM, a pricing
      reform research project.

      Dom Nozzi, "Road to Ruin: An Introduction to Sprawl and How To Cure It,"
      Praeger (www.praeger.com), 2003.
      This book, written by a senior planner, discusses how automobile dependency
      results in sprawled land use, and the economic, social and environmental
      costs that result. It discusses the costs of sprawl, and recommends
      specific policy and planning reforms to create more efficient land use
      patterns and more balanced transportation systems, including various
      mobility management strategies, walkable communities, improved street
      design, and development regulatory reform. Provides recommended development
      standards for urban centers, suburbs and rural areas.

      Douglas Kolozsvari and Donald Shoup, "Turning Small Change Into Big
      Changes," ACCESS 23, University of California Transportation Center
      (www.uctc.net), Fall 2003, pp. 2-7.
      Whether you are interested in urban redevelopment, parking management,
      transportation demand management, or transportation pricing reform, you
      should enjoy this short but sweet article describing the success of Old
      Pasadena’s downtown redevelopment financed by parking meter revenue.

      Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information
      in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our mailing
      list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.

      NOTE: Please use our current email address (litman@... or
      info@...), rather than litman@..., which will be
      discontinued in the future.

      Todd Litman, Director
      Victoria Transport Policy Institute
      "Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
      1250 Rudlin Street
      Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, Canada
      Phone & Fax: 250-360-1560
      Email: litman@...
      Website: http://www.vtpi.org
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