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Cars and Marriages are Made in Heaven

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  • eric britton
    On Behalf Of Asija, Navdeep Sent: Tuesday, 02 November, 2010 05:54 Cars and Marriages are Made in Heaven * * There was a time when one out of a hundred
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 1, 2010
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      On Behalf Of Asija, Navdeep
      Sent: Tuesday, 02 November, 2010 05:54


      Cars and Marriages are Made in Heaven

      * *

      There was a time when one out of a hundred marriages used to end in a
      divorce, in India. That was back then. Recent findings show that divorce
      rates in India have been rising alarmingly. In the capital city of India,
      Delhi, the divorce rates have literally doubled over the past five years. In
      one of the most hi-tech cities of India, like Chandigarh and Bangalore, the
      divorce rates have tripled in the last 3-4 years. These are pretty shocking
      statistics, given the fact that India used to be one of the most traditional
      countries with one of the lowest divorce rates in the world. This dangerous
      trend coincides with an increase of money in market and motorized vehicles
      on the roads.

      According to Harman Sidhu, President of Arrive Safe, Chandigarh based NGO
      working in the area of safe mobility and access through better
      transportation policies and planning, "Indian urban lives are moving at a
      high
      RPM[1]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%2
      0Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn1>rate
      because of the increase in personalized motor vehicle use for
      commuting". Commuting distances have been increased three-fold by virtue of
      wrong transportation policies in the last few decades; the meager and
      inefficient public transport system has made walking and cycling in urban
      areas unsafe. This daily unsafe commute has generated high stress levels in
      the population.

      Our visionless urban planners believe that the numbers of vehicles on the
      roads are an indicator of the degree of development with country. Flyovers
      and expressways are the buzz words within corridors of power today. More
      road crash fatalities, crime on roads and road rages in our daily lives are
      source of the symptoms of the high stress levels in our urban life.

      *Rationale*

      Financial independence followed by temperamental and attitudinal problems
      are the key reasons for
      divorces[2]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20
      and%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn2>.
      The first investment after attaining financial independence in a family is
      the desire of ownership for a private motor vehicle. This is primarily
      because our urban planners and road engineers with their wrong planning and
      policies have added to the problem. This is a never ending loop; migrations
      of more and more people to the city followed by a never ending increase of
      personalized vehicles continue to this day. Even after constructing hi-tech
      expressways and flyovers, urban traffic is going to face complex problems
      because transport infrastructure has certain expansion limits and
      capacities. Transportation in urban cities in India are made more complex
      because we have heterogeneous traffic, mixed land use, unplanned traffic
      policies, and no holistic approach to public transport. Increased average
      trip length forces people to spend more time and money on roads and less
      with their families. This leads to high stress levels in urban life followed
      by temperamental issues which leads to disintegration of family life.

      *International
      Scenario[3]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20
      and%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn3>
      *

      Analyzing the international trends in personal relationships in highly
      motorized/high income developed counties it was found that 51% of women in
      America were living without their husbands. Four out of 10 marriages in UK
      end in divorce. Since a decade, divorce rates, while still fluctuating, have
      shown an upward trend in Australia. In China, the divorce rate is escalating
      at a rate of 21.2%. Although the overall divorce rate in china is still
      lower than in Europe or the US, but the long-term trend is tending upwards.
      80% of marriages in Russia end up in divorce.


      *Our Indian Metro Scenario*

      *Delhi**[4]*<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%2
      0and%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn4>
      **

      New Delhi leads with the highest number of divorces in the country, with
      more than 8,000-9,000 cases every year. The number has almost
      doubled[5]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20a
      nd%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn5>of
      last four years, according to data compiled from various State courts
      and
      the Crime Records Bureau.

      Registered private vehicles increased by almost 100% growth in comparison to
      base year vehicle population in 1999. The number of private registered
      vehicles increases from 197181 to 244040. The modal share of cars in this
      increase is in the order of 22 to 25%.
      *
      *

      *Mumbai*

      The registered vehicle population of Mumbai was 15.03 lakh as on March 2007;
      in 1999 it was 8 lakh this account an average increase of 82 thousand
      motorized vehicles per year.

      Study conducted by Mr Ajay Kumar Singh & Dr. R K Sinha of International
      Institute for Population Sciences,
      Mumbai[6]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20an
      d%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn6>,
      revealed that there was 56% increase in the divorce rate till 2001 in
      Mumbai. Since 2002, the number of divorce petitions filed in the special
      family court in Mumbai was 20929. The situation in Thane is worse, where
      23993 divorce petitions were filed during the same period. The figure is
      alarming as the total number of marriages that were registered in places
      taken together from 2002 to 2007 was
      104287[7]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20an
      d%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn7>.
      Jump of almost 50 per cent in the number of divorce cases filed over 2002.

      *Pune[8]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and
      %20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn8>
      *

      According to Mr Vinay Borikar, principal judge at the family courts, Pune, "
      During 2006, there were an average of 150 divorce cases a month but the
      number went up to approximately 240 cases a month during 2007 indicating an
      compounding increase of 160%.

      In the old days Pune was a bicycle city. The registered motorized four
      wheelers for March 2006 were 179252; this year the registered motorized four
      wheeler vehicles increased to 211768 indicating an increase of
      132%[9]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%
      20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn9>.


      *Chandigarh**[10]*<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/
      Cars%20and%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn10>
      **

      In 1997, 216 cases of divorce were filed by residents in the district courts
      in the 2005 the number touched 1000. This is almost a five fold increase.
      During the same period the motorized vehicle population increased from a
      total of 326,278 to 547,225 with an estimated growth of 100% per year.

      *Conclusion*

      The trends of the four Indian cities mentioned above, there is an unexpected
      degree of disintegration in the social structure of our cities. Personalized
      vehicle growth is proportionate to the divorce rate. International trends of
      highly motorized/high income developed nations show similar trends. All
      major transportation related infrastructure schemes are promoted in terms of
      travel time saving by the promoters, who increased the commuting distances
      in the first place by relocating while communities from the city to the
      suburbs.

      We need to take stock of our urban structure holistically and plan not only
      for today but all our future generation's tomorrow.

      * *

      *Divorce rate and Global
      Warming[11]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20
      and%20Marriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftn11>
      *

      Already proven that divorce is bad for the environment and contributing a
      lot to global warming; as it leads to more households with fewer people and
      greater consumption of water and energy, says a study published in this
      week's online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of
      Sciences, United States.

      In the U.S. in 2005, divorced households consumed an extra *73 billion
      kilowatt hours* of electricity and *627 billion gallons of water*.
      *Thirty-eight
      million* extra rooms required heating and lighting that same year, costing
      $6.9 billion in additional utility costs, plus a further $3.6 billion for
      water, and other costs such as land use.

      The study concluded that a married household uses resources more efficiently
      than a divorced household because people watch the same television, share
      air conditioning and heat, and use the same refrigerator.


      http://navdeepasija.blogspot.com/2008/05/cars-and-marriages-are-made-in-heav
      en.html

      ------------------------------

      [1]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref1>Revolution
      Per Minutes

      [2]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref2>Singh,
      Ajay Kumar Singh & Sinha (Dr) R K (2005) "Growing Incidence of
      Divorce in Indian Cities: A Study of Mumbai, International Institute for
      Population Sciences, Mumbai, India

      [3]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref3>
      http://pooja.instablogs.com/entry/is-marriage-a-dying-institution/

      [4]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref4>
      http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070717/main2.htm

      [5]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref5>
      http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Delhi_Times/Whatmakes_Delhi_the_divorce_c
      apital/articleshow/2253106.cms

      [6]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref6>
      http://iussp2005.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=50689

      [7]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref7>
      http://www.deccanherald.com/Content/Jan262008/national2008012648685.asp

      [8]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref8>
      http://www.medindia.net/news/Divorce-Rates-Shooting-Up-in-Pune-in-Western-In
      dia-31612-1.htm

      [9]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20Ma
      rriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref9>
      http://pune360.com/News/2007/05/07/pune-gets-into-fast-lane-to-don-city-of-c
      ars-mantle/

      [10]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20M
      arriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref10>
      http://chandigarh.nic.in/owin.htm?id="http://chdtransport.gov.in/chk_reg.asp
      "

      [11]<file:///F:/General/Literature/Final%20Technical%20Papers/Cars%20and%20M
      arriages%20are%20Made%20in%20Heaven.doc#_ftnref11>
      http://www.desmogblog.com/soaring-divorce-rates-cited-as-factor-in-global-wa
      rming-environmental-stress
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