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Smart Oil Spill Policy Response
VTPI NEWS Special Edition
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
"Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute (VTPI) is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi.org ) has many resources addressing a wide range of transport policy and planning issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.
The Deep Water Horizon catastrophic oil spill is the latest in a series of problems that result from transportation system inefficiency. This special Newsletter highlights some of VTPI's research on oil consumption external costs and smart transportation energy conservation strategies.
Sacrificing Pelicans To Petroleum Gods: Deep Water Horizon Spill Forces Energy Policy Rethink ( http://www.planetizen.com/node/44891 ).
"Many ancient religions required animal sacrifice to satisfy their gods desires. We now sacrifice pelicans, marine mammals and sea turtles to satisfy our desire for cheap oil." This new Planetizen blog discusses the roots of catastrophic oil spills, the costs to society of resource inefficient transportation systems, and implications for transport energy policy.
Resource Consumption External Costs ( http://www.vtpi.org/tca/tca0512.pdf )
This newly revised chapter from our report Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis ( http://www.vtpi.org/tca ) provides detailed analysis of the full external costs of resource (mainly petroleum) consumption, and therefore the full benefits of energy conservation policies. These externalities include macroeconomic costs of importing petroleum, military costs of maintaining access to foreign petroleum resources, environmental costs of producing, processing and distributing fuel, and various subsidies. It includes recent estimates of oil spill environmental costs, and a new section that discusses implications of these costs for optimal energy policy and pricing.
"Smart Transportation Emission Reduction Strategies" ( http://www.vtpi.org/ster.pdf )
This report investigates the optimal (best overall, taking into account all benefits and costs) transportation emission reduction strategies. Current evaluation methods tend to undervalue mobility management (also called Transportation Demand Management or TDM) strategies that increase transport system efficiency by changing travel behavior, due to biases that include (1) ignorance about these strategies; (2) failure to consider co-benefits; (3) failure to consider rebound effects of increased fuel economy; (4) belief that mobility management impacts are difficult to predict; (5) belief that mobility management programs are difficult to implement; and (6) belief that vehicle travel reductions harm consumers and the economy. More comprehensive and objective analysis tends to rank mobility management strategies among the most cost-effective emission reduction options. This report describes ways to correct current planning bias so mobility management solutions can be implemented to the degree optimal.
"Win-Win Transportation Emission Reduction Strategies" ( http://www.vtpi.org/wwclimate.pdf )
Win-Win Transportation Solutions are cost-effective, technically feasible market reforms that solve transportation problems by improving mobility options and removing market distortions that cause excessive motor vehicle travel. They provide many economic, social and environmental benefits. If implemented to the degree economically justified, Win-Win Solutions could achieve the transport component of Kyoto emission reduction targets while helping to address problems such as traffic congestion, accidents and inadequate mobility for non-drivers, and supporting economic development. This paper discusses the Win-Win concept and describes various Win-Win strategies.
"Fuel Taxes" ( http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm17.htm )
This chapter of our Online TDM Encyclopedia ( http://www.vtpi.org/tdm ) discusses various reasons to increase fuel taxes, fuel price impacts on travel and energy consumption, and fuel tax increase implementation strategies.
Todd Alexander Litman
Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)
Phone & Fax 250-360-1560
1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, CANADA
Efficiency - Equity - Clarity