VTPI NEWS - Spring 2010
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
"Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
Spring 2010 Vol. 13, No. 2
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi.org ) has many resources addressing a wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also provides consulting services.
NEW VTPI DOCUMENTS
"Affordable-Accessible Housing In A Dynamic City: Why and How To Increase Affordable Housing Development In Accessible Locations" ( http://www.vtpi.org/aff_acc_hou.pdf )
This report describes how to create more affordable-accessible housing, which refers to lower priced homes located in areas where common services and activities are easy to access without requiring an automobile. This helps achieve numerous economic, social and environmental objectives. Demand for affordable-accessible housing is growing, but many current policies discourage such development, leading to a growing shortage in many communities, particularly in growing cities. More than two dozen policy and planning reforms described in this report can increase affordable-accessible housing development.
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"Are Vehicle Travel Reduction Targets Justified? Evaluating Mobility Management Policy Objectives Such As Targets To Reduce VMT And Increase Use Of Alternative Modes" ( http://www.vtpi.org/vmt_red.pdf )
This report investigates whether transportation policies should include mobility management objectives, such as targets to reduce vehicle travel and encourage use of alternative modes. It evaluates the justificatons and criticisms of such targets. Mobility management can provide many benefits, and specific policy objectives provide guidance for strategic planning.
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"The Role of Integrated Planning in Developing Sustainable Transportation Strategies" ( http://cte.ncsu.edu/CTE/Education/TRB-Workshop-Lane-2010.asp), TRB Annual Meeting, Workshop, 14 January 2010
This workshop presented information on best practices for developing more integrated transportation planning.
Recent Planetizen Blogs ( http://www.planetizen.com/blog/2394 ):
"New USDOT Report Identifies Win-Win Transportation Emission Reduction Strategies"
"Healthy Community Planning - What's It Worth?"
"Way-To-Go Vancouver Olympics - Lessons For Transport Planners"
"Parking Policy Reform More Important Than LEED Certification"
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BEEN THERE, DONE THAT
Todd Litman participated in a two-day conference sponsored by the U.S. Center for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta, GA to help guide development of a North American version of the HEAT Model ( http://euro.who.int/transport/policy/20081219_1 ). This will provide science-based estimates of the lives saved and monetized benefits of increased walking and cycling activity. Several leading researchers on this subject from around the world attended.
VTPI Executive Director Todd Litman was appointed to the US Green Building Council (http://www.usgbc.org ) Location & Planning Technical Advisory Group (LP TAG) which develops specific requirements for LEED requirements and credits related to location, accessibility, walkability, parking and transport management.
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is financially supported by consulting and speaking engagements ( http://www.vtpi.org/documents/consulting.php ). Please consider us is you ever need assistance with innovative transportation policy research, analysis, program development or public presentations.
"Benefit/Cost Analysis for Transportation Infrastructure: A Practitioners Workshop" ( http://tti.tamu.edu/conferences/benefit_cost10 ).
Monday 17 May 2010, US DOT, Washington, DC. The workshop will be broadcast live via the internet and presentations will be available after the workshop.
This workshop provides an overview of benefit/cost analysis and explores ways to incorporate a broader range of impacts and objectives, including economic development, safety, livable communities, and environmental sustainability. Todd Litman will present information on evaluating social objectives.
"ADB Transport Forum: Changing Course - Pathways to Sustainable Transport" ( http://www.adb.org/documents/events/2010/transport-forum/default.asp )
Manila, Philippines, 25-27 May 2010
The three day Asia Development Bank (ADB) Transport Forum, featuring the world's leading transport experts, will provide a unique forum for discussing and debating some of the most crucial issues facing transport in Asia. Todd Litman will give a presentation, 'New Integrated Approach to Evaluation of Transport Projects' based on his report, "Comprehensive Transport Planning Framework" ( http://www.vtpi.org/comprehensive.pdf )
"TRB Environment and Energy Research Conference: Better Delivery of Better Transportation Solutions" ( http://cte.ncsu.edu/CTE/EEConference/index.asp )
6-10 June 2010, Raleigh, North Carolina
This conference will discuss ways to improve transportation planning through better integration of environmental (human and natural) impacts and objectives. It brings together more than a dozen Transportation Research Board (TRB) Energy and Environmental committees and the AASHTO Standing Committee on the Environment. Todd Litman will give presentations on 'Livability: What Is It and How Do You Measure It?' and 'Comprehensive Transportation Planning: Practical Tools for Considering All Impacts'
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"Mobility and Transport For Our Tomorrow Roads" by Pasquale Colonna, Europeanroads Review 14, Spring, pp. 44-53; at www.vtpi.org/colonna.pdf.
"Google Maps Adding Bike Directions" ( http://news.cnet.com/8301-30684_3-10466313-265.html )
Google Maps is starting to provide biking directions. Google Maps users looking for directions between two points will have the option of selecting "bicycling" in addition to walking, driving, and public transportation options when customizing their trip guidance.
"Updating the 'Granny Cart'" ( http://daily.sightline.org/daily_score/archive/2010/04/16/updating-the-granny-cart ), by Alan Durning
This charming blog discusses the growing utility of handcarts and wheeled luggage for urban transportation, and features to consider when selecting a cart for personal use.
"GreenTRIP" ( www.transformca.org/GreenTRIP )
GreenTRIP is a Traffic Reduction + Innovative Parking certification program for new residential and mixed use developments. It expands the definition of green building to include accessibility impacts (how people travel to and from the building, and park their vehicles there) and rewards projects that reduce traffic and greenhouse gas emissions. This typically includes features such as an accessible and multi-modal location (near shops and other services, good neighborhood walkability, near public transit), unbundled parking (parking spaces rented separately from building space), carshare services, discounted public transit passes, and affordable housing. Certified projects receive a Project Evaluation Report which describes the project location, details and inventories how the project meets GreenTRIP standards.
"Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares: A Context-Sensitive Approach, An ITE Recommended Practice " ( http://www.ite.org/bookstore/RP036.pdf )
This report by the Institute of Transportation Engineers and Congress for New Urbanism provides detailed guidance for applying Context Sensitive Design principles to create more walkable urban roadways. It includes discussion of context oriented design, walkability and multi-modalism, and specific information on pedestrian and bicycle facility design, optimal lane width and geometry, bicycle lanes, accommodating transit, stormwater management, traffic calming, crosswalks,
"Mixed-Income Transit-Oriented Development Action Guide" (http://www.mitod.org ), by the Center for Transit-Oriented Development, is a comprehensive website providing information on ways to create mixed-income housing in transit-oriented development, in order to create more affordable-accessible housing.
"U.S. Parking Policies: An Overview of Management Strategies, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy" ( http://www.itdp.org/documents/ITDP_US_Parking_Report.pdf )
This report by Rachel Weinberger, John Kaehny and Matthew Rufo identifies core sustainable parking principles and illustrates how smarter parking management can benefit consumers and businesses in time and money savings, while also leading to more livable, attractive communities.
"New York Sustainable Streets Index" ( www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/about/ssi.shtml )
The New York City Department of Transportation�s Sustainable Streets Index allows the agency to implement more performance-driven transportation policy, geared toward achieving the sustainability, mobility, infrastructure and quality of life goals. It includes a section on "project indicators", which evaluates various types of impacts. The 2009 report includes case studies of street redesigns and bus improvements across the city:
"Active Design Guidelines: Promoting Physical Activity and Health Through Design" ( http://ddcftp.nyc.gov/adg/downloads/adguidelines.pdf ).
This publication by the New York City Department of Design + Construction provides information for planners and designers about opportunities to increase daily physical activity. Implemented over a broad range of urban and architectural projects these measures can contribute significantly toward bringing about healthier lifestyles in our communities. A number of the strategies in these guidelines can also reduce energy use in buildings and transportation, thereby benefiting the environment.
"Cycling in New York: Innovative Policies at the Urban Frontier," World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 16, summer 2010, forthcoming.
( http://policy.rutgers.edu/faculty/pucher/CyclingNY.pdf )
This paper by John Pucher, Lewis Thorwaldson, Ralph Buehler, and Nick Klein evaluates recent improvements in cycling conditions, increases in cycling activity, and reductions in cycling crash rates; and discusses additional actions cities can take to better support urban cycling.
"New York City�s Green Dividend" ( http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/nyc_greendividend_april2010.pdf ).
This study by economist Joe Cortright evaluates New York City�s Green Dividend, the economic benefits that result from more efficient transportation. It estimates that City residents save $19 billion annually in auto-related expenses. These savings leave residents with more purchasing power, which stimulates the city�s economy.
"New York City�s Congestion Pricing Experience and Implications for Road Pricing Acceptance in the United States" ( www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/schaller_paper_2010trb.pdf )
This paper by Bruce Schaller analyzes how the 2007 congestion pricing proposal gained widespread public support but was ultimately blocked in the State Legislature. It assesses the implications of New York�s experience for pursuing congestion pricing and mileage-based taxes in the United States.
"Transportation's Role in Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions" ( http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/32000/32700/32779/DOT_Climate_Change_Report_-_April_2010_-_Volume_1_and_2.pdf )
This USDOT study, mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act, evaluates potentially viable strategies to reduce transportation greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It examines strategies' potential impacts on air quality, petroleum savings, transportation goals, costs, and various co-benefits. Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) vehicle insurance fares particularly well in both total emission reductions and cost effectiveness. Also see the Secretary of Transportation�s blog: http://fastlane.dot.gov/2010/04/on-earth-day-reminders-of-dots-role-in-reducing-us-greenhouse-gas-emissions.html#more and Todd Litman�s Planetizen blog, "New USDOT Report Identifies Win-Win Transportation Emission Reduction Strategies" ( http://www.planetizen.com/node/44048 )
"Road Work Ahead: Holding Government Accountable for Fixing America�s Crumbling Roads and Bridges" ( http://www.uspirg.org/home/reports/report-archives/transportation/transportation2/road-work-ahead-holding-government-accountable-for-fixing-americas-crumbling-roads-and-bridges )
This report by Travis Madsen, Benjamin Davis and Phineas Baxandall, investigates current and future roadway maintenance and repair conditions based on various statistics. It investigates planning biases that favor highway capacity expansion at the expense of repair and maintenance. It recommends 'fix-it first' policy reforms.
"Effects of Fossil-Fuel Subsidy Reform" ( http://www.globalsubsidies.org/en/research/economic-social-and-environmental-effects ), by Jennifer Ellis.
This paper summarizes modeling studies that analyzed economic and environmental impacts of fuel subsidies. It describes research needs but concludes there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate significant environmental and economic benefits of phasing out fossil-fuel subsidies.
"EIA Energy Subsidy Estimates: A Review of Assumptions and Omissions" ( http://earthtrack.net/files/uploaded_files/EIA%20subsidy%20review%20final_17Mar10.pdf )
This study investigates U.S. federal tracking of energy subsidies. In addition to evaluating the research approach used by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), it assesses how key assumptions and omissions in EIA's work resulted in a substantial undercounting of federal energy subsidies and an inaccurate portrayal of subsidy distribution across fuels.
"IMF Note - Petroleum Product Subsidies: Costly, Inequitable, and Rising" ( http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/spn/2010/spn1005.pdf )
Petroleum product subsidies have again started to rise with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that it is necessary to reform the policy framework for setting petroleum product prices in order to reduce the fiscal burden of these subsidies and to address climate change. In 2003, global consumer subsidies for petroleum products totaled nearly $60 billion.
Todd Alexander Litman
Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)
Phone & Fax 250-360-1560
1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, CANADA
�Efficiency - Equity - Clarity�