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Alternatives to conventional parking requirements?

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  • Eric Britton
    Paul Barter Sent: Thursday, 06 May, 2010 07:53 In response to an item at PT s Parking
    Message 1 of 1 , May 5, 2010
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      Paul Barter
      Sent: Thursday, 06 May, 2010 07:53


      In response to an item at PT's Parking
      Blog<http://parkingtoday.typepad.com/parking_blog/2010/05/a-step-in-the-righ
      t-direction.html> I wrote the following (in his comments and at
      http://reinventingtransport.blogspot.com/) I think it may be of interest to
      sustran-discussers.
      Paul
      ---------------------------
      Are parking requirements the solution in Asian
      cities?<http://reinventingtransport.blogspot.com/2010/05/are-parking-require
      ments-solution-in.html>
      ...
      I have been looking into parking policy around Asia. A report on it should
      be out next month (with luck).

      It is true that Mumbai and Delhi have parking chaos and are now trying to
      follow the conventional suburban parking policy approach of minimum parking
      requirements with buildings. Dhaka, with car ownership below 50 per 1000
      people, is doing the same.

      In a situation like that, is it really a good idea to force building
      managers and all of their customers to subsidize the parking of the tiny
      elite? So far, it is not working very well (see
      http://reinventingtransport.blogspot.com/2010/04/parking-dramas-in-south-asi
      an-cities.html). Off-street parking does not magically suck cars off the
      streets if the streets are easy and cheap to park in.

      By contrast, Japanese cities mostly have rather low parking requirements
      (typically one parking space per 150 to 400 square metres of floor space).
      And Japanese parking requirements ONLY apply to large buildings.
      Modest-sized buildings (below about 1500 to 2000 square metres of floor
      space) usually have no parking required. The full requirements only apply
      above 6000 sq.m. (they phase in between 2000 and 6000 sq.m).

      Yet Japanese cities don't have parking chaos. In fact, they have very little
      on-street parking. And since 2006 on-street parking rules are quite strictly
      enforced. Where do people park then? (they are not ALL using the trains or
      bicycles).

      Answer: spillover parking goes mostly into commercial off-street parking,
      which seems to be ubiquitous (and some city-owned parking lots, usually
      underground).

      The Japanese parking arrangements are not perfect but maybe they point
      towards a workable solution that is akin to John's (and Donald Shoup's)
      market-oriented one. At least it suggests that high parking standards are
      not necessary to avoid parking chaos.


      Paul A. Barter http://reinventingtransport.blogspot.com/

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