Good morning Bob,
Dave Bennett and I have found the following regarding the paying of compliments/saluting for US troops. See below.
All the best,
A "salute" is with the hand / removing the hat/cap.
"Honours" to an officer includes "Present Arms". Honours are givien
to particular Officers by their guards once a day or by a
"Regulations for the Field Exercise, Manoeuvres, and conduct of the
Infantry of the Unite States...1812:
[page187] To major Generals: They will turn out with presented arms
and beat two ruffles.
To Brigadier generals; they ....presented arms, and beat one ruffle.
To officers of the day; They will ....presented arms, and beat
according to their rank.
To Colonels; Their own quarter guards turn out once a day with
presented arms; after which they only turn out with ordered arms.
To lt.Cols; Their own quarter guard ...once a day with shouldered
arms; after which they only turn out and stand by their arms.
To majors; Their own quarter guards turn out once a day with ordered
arms; at all other times they stand by their arms.
When a Lt. Col or Major commands a regiment, the quarter guard is to
pay him the same honours as are due to a colonel.
All Sentinels present their arms to general officers, and to the
field officers of their own regiments; to all other commissioned
officers they stand with shouldered arms.
No honours are to be paid to any officer of the army unless he wears
When a detachment with arms passes before a guard, the guard shall be
under arms, and the drums of both beat a march.
When a detachment without arms passes before a guard, the guard shall
turn out and stand by their arms.
After retreat no honours are to be paid; and when near the enemy, no
honours are to be paid with the drum. "
"Standing orders of the First Infantry [ National Archives RG98,
Clemson/Symmes Company book, Originaly issued 1802 1807-1815 ]
Soldiers to Salute their Officers
As the non-commissioned officers and men are subject to take off
their hats so frequently, to the injury of the Hat, the practice is
forbidden; and for future whenever a non-commissioned officer or
soldier, passes an officer of the navy, or army, speaks to him out of
Door, he is to raise his right hand briskly to his hat, with the elbow
square with the shoulder, and look the officer full in the face. A
non-commissioned officer or a soldier with arms, coming up to speak
to an officer is to march up boldly, Recover his arms and deliver his
message without fear or diffidence."
Below is information on orders of the 7th Infantry. This is dated 1813/15 and from the recruiting depot in Knoxville, TN
" A soldier will rise when an officer enters the room and remain
standing during the visit. [ 1813 ]
The Saluation among Officers in Uniform, will be made by touching the
cap or chapeau without inclination of the head or body; out of
uniform by uncovering the head, in the case the inferior would be the
last to recover the head. [ 1815 ]
The non-commissioned staff and Sergeants when in uniform, without
halting salute officers as above; Out of uniform they would take off
their hats or police cap and hold it down by the right side until the
officer passes or is passed. [ 1815 ]
Every Corporal or private soldier, will in general, salute officers
in like manner; but if the officer by a general the colonel or other
commander of the regiment or Post, and the Corporal or soldier be in
uniform, he would halt, fact to, and salute such officer by touching
the cap as above and then remain as under arms for a moment or until
passed. By this form, at the same time the compliment is rendered,
the individual submits himself to an Inspection. [ 1815 ]
A non-commissioned officer or soldier being seated and without
particular occupation, will rise on the approach of an officer and
make the customary salutation. If standing, it would be proper to
turn towards the officer for the same purpose. [ 1815 ]
If the parties remain in the same place, or on the same ground, such
compliments would not, in general be repeated. [ 1815 ]"
In Conclusion, presenting of arms was on the parade ground, or by
sentinels or the guard to high ranking officers. To their Captains
they would recover arms.
Reenactors frequently get silly and start presenting arms to anyone
Officers are saluted when they are in uniform, if they are running
around out of uniform for whatever reason, they are not saluted, only
remove the cap.
If enlisted men ( Corporals and privates ) are in uniform they are to
halt and salute, thus submitting them self to be inspected. This is
to their regimental commander, a general or a Post commander.
--- In WarOf1812@yahoogroups.com, "Bob" <braunwis@...> wrote:
> Von Steuben and Smyth seem to be silent on compliments (salutes) paid to officers when the soldier is without arms. I would appreciate any thoughts or enlightenment on whether or not such compliments are appropriate in 1812-1815.