Re: 1812 Re: avoiding cross-infection in American hospitals
- From the British publication, "Regulations for Surgeons 1799"
"The sides and floors of the wards, if of wood, to be washed
occasionally with soap and water; the walls, if plastered, to be
frequently whitewashed and the wards to be fumigated with the nitrous
vapour. Upon the death of a patient, the whole of his bedding to be
well steeped in running water, or in a tub, then dried and baked in an
oven, and afterwards washed with soap and boiling water, before it is
either used again or put into regimental stores: and when the disease
is subdued, the like to be done with the bedding of the whole ward.
The straw about the bed of a man who dies, to be taken out and burned
and the place or bed where he lay to be well scowered with soap and
All men with infectious diseases, putrid fevers, fluxes, small pox, or
measles, to be removed immediately from camp or barracks to a separate
house, or, in certain cases of exigency, to a hospital tent. In all
cases of this sort and particularly after the removal of a corpse, the
ward is to be well fumigated."
On 6-Feb-11, at 3:13 PM, tom4141fournier wrote:
> --- In WarOf1812@yahoogroups.com, "mikerendell1801"
> <mikerendell1801@...> wrote:
> Does anyone know of other steps to avoid cross-infection
> (particularly in an era when hygeine and sterilization of
> instruments was practically unheard of)?
> > Mike
> > http://mikerendell.com
> While not an American hospital, this may still be interesting, here
> is an excerpt from a letter written by Lt. Col. William Thomas of
> the 41st Regiment describing efforts to deal with a deadly outbreak
> of fever on board the Transport Asia, during the 41st's passage to
> Quebec from Cork in 1799:
> "I gave the most particular Orders to have the Decks well scraped
> and washed every Morning; the Hammocks, Bedding & Bottom Boards of
> Berths to be constantly exposed on Deck to the Air; and the Vessel
> to be fumigated with Pitch or Gun Powder as often as possible,
> sprinkling the Decks with Vinegar. � I also directed a Tier of
> Berths to be made on the Upper or Gun Deck for the Sick, in Order to
> cut off as much as possible all communication with the rest of the
> men, as well as to give the Sick a free Circulation of Air, which it
> was impossible to procure for them on the lower or Horlop Deck"
> Tom Fournier
> 41st Regiment
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