Re: Augustus Warburton: details, details, details
- The Royal Military Calendar, 3rd edition, 1820, volume 4, page 370
says that as of that date, Warburton stood #1053 in seniority in the
British army. It gives a run-down of his career, that jives in some
respects with Tom's posting earlier today, but I've inserted more
detail and noted some inconsistencies.
The Royal Military Calendar is an interesting read. The details
provided for each entry, other than the bare-bones dates of
promotions, can vary terrifically in their length. The entry for
Pearson, for example, goes on for several pages. All the entry for
Warburton provides by way of general comments is that "in 1813 he
served as an Inspecting Field Officer of Militia in Canada"... which
is true, but omits his services in 1811 and 1812 in this capacity...
--- In WarOf1812@yahoogroups.com, "Tom Fournier" <tom4141fournier@...>
>JY: date of commission 28 August 1799;
> He was originally commissioned in the 4th Foot.
Lieutenant 4th Foot as of 27 February 1800
>JY: as of December 12, 1801.
> He was a captain in the 60th Foot
before being appointed to a brevet
> rank of lieutenant colonel and inspecting field officer of the LowerJY: The Calendar says he transferred as a Captain to the 57th Foot on
> Canada Militia in 1811.
25 May 1803, then became a Major in the 91st as of 18 December 1806.
Brevet Lt. Col. as of Auust 1, 1811.
>JY: the Calendar does not record his posting to the 41st at all -
> He was assigned to Upper Canada to replace the incapacitated St.
> George who was wounded at Frenchtown.
> He arrived in early 1813 to serve as Procter's second in command.
> Originally he was not a member of the 41st. He led the second column
> for the attack on Fort Stephenson. Entered the 41st as a Lieutenant-
> Colonel on 30/09/1813.
obviously, an error of omission on its part!
>JY: the Calendar says he was gazetted as Lt. Col of the 85th on 30
> He may not have known that he was gazetted Lieutenant-Colonel until
> after Moraviantown.
> He was in command of the 1st line of defense at Moraviantown where
> he was captured.
> He was held at Frankfort Kentucky. He went on 1/2 pay with the
> amalgamation of the 2 battalions of the 41st. He returned to full
> pay in 1825 with the 85th Foot where he was lieutenant colonel until
> his death in 1837.
September 1819, and that's his rank as of the date of its
publication. We also know that he was serving with the 85th on Malta
in 1824, from the court martials of the two artillery officers that
year for refusing to obey direct orders to give a gun salute to a
In trying to determine what actual experience of campaigning that
Warburton might have brought to the table in the War of 1812, it would
appear that we should primarily be examining the movements of the 91st
from late 1806 to early 1811.
A quick check shows the 91st was in the Corunna campaign, then in the
1809 Walcheren campaign. Most Regiments in Walcheren suffered severely
from a "fever" and took quite a while to rebuild themselves. The 91st
was only sent back to the Peninsula in 1812, by which time Warburton
was already in the Canadas.
So, Warburton could have had his health affected in the nightmare
retreat to Corunna, or he could have caught Walcheren fever. It seems
likely his posting as an IFO was for health reasons. The IFO's were
supposedly all "deserving" officers who had these sorts of problems.
Evidently, he eventually recovered to the point where active service
again became possible. Certainly this was the case by the time he was
put in command of the 85th, which went out on foreign service under him.
Whether his health was only restored after the Napoleonic Wars, or
earlier, in time for the 1813 campaign in Upper Canada, remains to be
He could have been shipped to Upper Canada in 1813, despite health
problems, because the need for general officers was so severe. This
might also be an explanation for his lack-luster acquiescence in
Proctor's antics, his over-all lack of initiative in the Retreat, and
even his rather flat testimony at the court martial.
A quick look at 34 screens of google hits on Warburton didn't produce
any personal information on him - like, his marital status, offspring,
etc. But it is a fascinating game to play!